In a class, students first take part in a preliminary activity that introduces the topic (i.e., ordering food), the situation, and the
script that will subsequently appear in a role play. Then the students work in pairs with food ordering. Assessment is primarily
based on whether the intended meal is successfully ordered rather than on the accuracy of language forms. This is an example
(A) the audiolingual method (B) the direct method (C) task-based instruction (D) form-based instruction
請依下文回答第 36 題至第 40 題
LOHAS is an acronym for Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability, a way of life that originated in the United States
about a decade ago. LOHAS consumers are those who are passionate about the environment, sustainability, social issues,
and health. To push social and environmental responsibility, they purchase products such as organic soap, recycled paper,
hybrid cars, solar heating, and herbal tea.
Approximately 30% of American people are currently considered LOHAS consumers. The top product selection
criterion for 40% of American consumers is organic quality. For 20% of the consumers, sustainability is a key criterion in
deciding what to buy. The idea of LOHAS consumption continues to boost organic sales in the US. The US market for
organic food is growing by about 3.5 billion US dollars a year, according to the result of Sustainability Research.
The LOHAS trend is also beginning to catch on in Japan, where workaholic “salarymen” are looking for quick fixes
for stress and thinking green is becoming fashionable. Japan is receptive to LOHAS because the nation’s traditional
culture embraces a nature-loving view on life with hot springs and seasonal gourmet. A Tokyo department store has a
section for LOHAS goods. Magazines are singing the praises of the LOHAS lifestyle, including yoga, organic wine, and
aroma therapy. A restaurant serving ordinary but healthy dishes such as brown rice and vegetable curry claims to be
LOHAS. Not littering is also LOHAS. The values touch something as cheap as a hammock to something more expensive
as Louis Vuitton luggage.
【題組】37 Which item is NOT mentioned as an example of LOHAS?
(A) Yoga. (B) Organic food. (C) Solar energy. (D) Bicycle.
5. The teaching activity of spot-the-difference or description of a given picture to another
student, who creates a drawing from the description is the example of ___________.
(A) an opinion gap task
(B) a reasoning gap task
(C) a language exchange task
(D) an information gap task