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syntactic bootstrapping

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    vocabulary learning by 教甄►英文
    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(linguistics)    In p..
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    vocabulary learning by 教甄►英文
    The syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis (Landau & Gleitman 1985, Gleitman 1990, Gillette et al..
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    lexcal set by 教甄►英文
    Lexical set A lexical set is a group of words with the same topic, function or form. Examp..
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    語言發展遲緩類型 by 教甄►幼教專業試題
    語言發展遲緩 (1)說話發展遲緩:因構音器官在構造、功能或協調上面有障礙,使個體說話之發音錯誤,導致語意傳達的功能產生障礙者;沒有語意、語用及語法方面的障礙者,應排除各式之聽力障礙。 ..
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    Grammatical collocations and lexical collocations by 教甄►英文
    y. “Collocation falls into two main syntactic groups. They may be either grammatical co..
實驗者在四歲小莉的家裡對著她說「請把電視機拿給我」,小莉很疑惑的問實驗者「什麼?」小莉展現 的是那一種能力?
(A)指示的溝通技巧(referential communication skills)
(B)電報式言談(telegraphic speech)
(C)語彙對比侷限(lexical contrast constraint)
(D)語法線索法(syntactic bootstrapping)
專技高考►諮商的心理學基礎(原人類行為與發展)- 102年 第一次 諮商心理師 諮商的心理學基礎#9840
答案:A
難度:適中
考用筆記:沒有考用筆記,新增
Syntactic bootstrapping is a process about how children acquire a language. Which of the following is the best description of syntactic bootstrapping?
(A) children use telegraphic speech as a temporary solution in communication
(B) children use their knowledge of syntax to construe meanings of unknown words
(C) children are able to supply correct morphemes on novel words according to the sentence structure
(D) children put words together to form phrases and sentences by analogy, such as by using He is singing as a sample to form He is talking
教甄►英文- 教甄►英文問達人
答案:B
難度:困難
考用筆記:沒有考用筆記,新增
最佳解!

Yun Feng Chang 小六下 (2012/06/23 08:49):
From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bootstrapping_(linguistics) In psycholinguistics, bootstrapping refers to the question of how language acquisition "gets started." A child gradually acquires a great deal of interlocking knowledge about the structure and vocabulary of his or her language. It has sometimes been proposed that some specific type of linguistic knowledge can be acquired early, and that this enables the child to analyze words or sentences well enough to acquire further knowledge..

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1F
Michelle Liu 國一上 (2012/06/17 16:48):
Syntactic bootstrapping 的中文翻譯是什麼意思? 又這題在問什麼?不懂
3F
Grace Liao 小四下 (2012/07/12 11:12):

The syntactic bootstrapping hypothesis (Landau & Gleitman 1985,
Gleitman 1990, Gillette et al. 1999), which corresponds to the latter of these two
possibilities, depends crucially on these mapping rules. The central claim of this
theory is that children can observe the syntactic structures in which a novel verb
occurs and then use that distributional information and the mapping rules
(coupled with observation of the real-world context of use) to infer important
information about the meaning of the verb: if a verb is used in X way, then it
must be describing Y event or Y perspective on some event.

主要是在說小孩對"字彙"學習的方式,以以語法形式來推想詞意
小孩可以根據一個字在句法中使用的情形,利用他擁有的句法知識來推測這個字其他更多的使用方式.

例如: http://www.lsu.edu/cdlab/projects/sli/video2.html

These video clips are from stimuli that were used in a study published by Oetting (1999). The study examined the syntactic bootstrapping skills of children with SLI to interpret and retain the meanings of novel verbs. Syntactic bootstrapping is the ability to use the surrounding grammar of a sentence to “hone in” on the meaning of a novel verb. Consider the first clip of the monkey and bear and suppose you heard the word Kibbing while you viewed it. What does kibbing mean? It all depends on the syntax that you hear with the word.
當小孩看到這個影片,並且聽到下面這個句子,句子中出現一個小孩沒聽過的動kibbing, 小朋友會根據這個句子的句法推測此新字字義為"吃"的意思:)If you heard
The bear is kibbing the monkey, kibbing would mean feeding.

Syntactic bootstrapping is a process about how children acquire a language. Which of the following is the best description of syntactic bootstrapping?
(A) children use telegraphic speech as a temporary solution in communication
(B) children use their knowledge of syntax to construe meanings of unknown words
(C) children are able to supply correct morphemes on novel words according to the sentence structure
(D) children put words together to form phrases and sentences by analogy, such as by using He is singing as a sample to form He is talking
答案:B
難度:適中
最佳解!

Dex Shih 高二下 (2012/08/27 20:14):
學者Gleitman在1990年提出Syntactic Bootstrapping Hypothesis。其要義是說:小朋友在學..

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18 兒童利用早期習得的語意架構(如:語意關係,semantic relations)來分析及理解母親話語中所含的 語法元素和結構,這種語言習得的策略稱為:
(A)語法推論(syntactic reasoning)
(B)語意鷹架學習(semantic scaffolding learning)
(C)語意提攜(semantic bootstrapping)
(D)語法訊息處理(syntactic information processing)
專技高考►語言治療師►兒童語言障礙學- 101年專技高考-兒童語言障礙學#15204
答案:C
難度:適中
考用筆記:沒有考用筆記,新增
53 研究顯示,孩子在很小的時候,就已經「知道」很多事情,他們似乎會運用一些策略來嘗試理解大 人說的話,進而習得語詞或句法。以下是一些實驗研究的發現:  19 個月大的嬰兒在聽媽媽語時,相對於子句內插入空白的媽媽語,他們對子句之間有空白的媽 媽語會注意較久。 孩子早期習得的語詞經常是選用自己已經具備的語音和音節型式。 孩子會從語詞在句子中的位置判斷出是名詞還是動詞。 以上這些研究發現是嘗試驗證以下那一個假說?
(A)快速對應(fast mapping)
(B)搭便車(bootstrapping)
(C)操作制約(operant conditioning)
(D)社交趨向(social orienting)
專技高考►語言治療師►兒童語言障礙學- 98年專技高考-兒童語言障礙學#15268
答案:B
難度:適中
考用筆記:沒有考用筆記,新增