盡力了,放下,再出發>试卷(2015/07/06)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

100 年 - 上校軍官轉任公務人員-社會行政、政風 英文#23084 

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1.1 John appeared embarrassed and ill at_____ with the compliment made by his teacher.
(A)ease
(B)all
(C)first
(D)loss
2.2 The film was a _____________commercial failure both in Taiwan and in Hong Kong.
(A)prestigious
(B)magic
(C)miserable
(D)profound
3.3 ________technology’s advances in medicine, it becomes debatable whether survival or quality of life is the paramount goal of medicine.
(A)For the benefit of
(B)For the sake of
(C)Under the control of
(D)In the wake of
4.4 The whole building collapsed, but luckily there were no ___________.
(A)elevators
(B)wrecks
(C)casualties
(D)survivals
5.5 The film that won the Oscar Award is an___________of a famous writer’s novel.
(A)abduction
(B)adoption
(C)adaptation
(D)abbreviation
6.Our blood holds the secrets to who we are. Human genomes are 99.9 percent 6 ; we are far more similar than diverse. But that tiny 0.1 percent difference reveals 7 to our ancestries. In recent years, as companies have sprung up claiming to trace one’s background through genetic testing, tens of thousands of people have swabbed their cheeks and mailed in their DNA to discover more about where they came from. 8 cousins are finding each other; family legends are being overturned. Six years ago the term “genetic genealogy” was meaningless, says Bennett Greenspan, head of Family Tree DNA, a testing firm with 52,000 customers. “Now the interest is huge.” As individuals track down their personal family narratives, population geneticists are seeking to tell the larger story of humankind. The most ambitious effort 9 is the National Geographic Society’s $40 million Geographic Project, which aims to collect 100,000 DNA samples from 10 populations around the world over the next five years. The goal: to trace human roots from the present day back to the origin of our species. To create, says project director Spencer Wells, “a virtual museum of human history.”
【題組】6
(A)indefinite
(B)indistinct
(C)idealistic
(D)identical
7.【題組】7
(A)means
(B)effects
(C)goals
(D)clues
8.【題組】8
(A)Far-flung
(B)Far-fetched
(C)Far-gone
(D)Far-reaching
9.【題組】9
(A)by far
(B)by then
(C)by no means
(D)by all means
10.【題組】10
(A)indifferent
(B)indigenous
(C)indignant
(D)indiscreet
11.11 The procedures used to judge guilt in athlete doping do not address the question correctly.
(A)thletes who fail to pass drug tests are found guilty.
(B)Correct procedures of drug testing are hard for athletes to follow.
(C)Athletes found guilty of doping do not answer the question correctly.
(D)What is administered to convict athletes of doping does not cope with the issue appropriately.
12.12 The new Rolls-Royce looks big from the outside, and of course it is big, but the feeling sitting inside is that you just drive with your fingertips and your toes.
(A)Despite its big size, the new Rolls-Royce can be maneuvered as easily as only with your fingertips and toes.
(B)Thanks to its big size, the new Rolls-Royce makes you feel as small and light as your fingertips and toes.
(C)Although the new Rolls-Royce looks big, it is difficult to move your fingertips and toes inside the vehicle.
(D)ue to the new Rolls-Royce’s big size, it is difficult to drive the vehicle without moving your fingertips and toes.
13.13 Some people get their jobs simply because of who they know, not because of who they are.
(A)Some people get their jobs just because of their good social skills, not because of their professional skills.
(B)Some people get their jobs just because they know the right people, not because they have what it takes for the jobs.
(C)Some people get their jobs just because they have good family backgrounds, not because they have good qualifications.
(D)Some people get their jobs just because of their connections with the right people, not because of where they come from.
14.14 We are facing a major national crisis. To do nothing right now is to do what was done during the Great Depression.
(A)If nothing is done about the major national crisis we are having now, it will be just like what happened during the Great Depression.
(B)Something should be done about the major national crisis our country is facing instead of nothing done during the Great Depression.
(C)The same mistake should be avoided in handling the major national crisis we are having now as it was during the Great Depression.
(D)If the government does not wish to repeat the mistake made during the Great Depression, it should do nothing about the major national crisis our country is facing.
15.15 The funnyman is our collective conscience who can utter uncomfortable truths that more solemn critics evade.
(A)Representing our social belief, the humorous person can argue for truths to make other critics feel uneasy.
(B)Some serious critics would not talk about truths while the humorous person, a social model, can express them easily.
(C)Expressing our common sentiments, the humorous person expresses some painful truths that serious critics would avoid.
(D)Those somber-minded critics would not talk about the general truths that the humorous person could bluntly express consciously.
16.16 Although we have lost beauty and elegance in the modern world, we have gained much, through science and technology and democratic pressures, in the material well-being of the masses.
(A)If we have lost beauty and elegance, the modern world will turn out nothing but a mess.
(B)Science and technology help gain much material welfare for the public, but not beauty and elegance.
(C)People haven’t gained the material well-being as much as beauty and elegance they have lost today.
(D)Modern people have gained no less beauty and elegance than the material well-being through science and technology. In early times fortresses of earth and wood were raised throughout a large part of Europe. No specialized knowledge was needed to erect these structures: the earth excavated from a circular moat was piled up in the center of the circle to form a mound, varying in height and diameter. Then tower of wood was erected on the top. The sloping sides of the mound were protected by thornbushes, the barbed wires of the time. It was not a very effective means of protection, for it could easily be set alight by the use of burning missiles. The development of residential architecture is striking proof of the growth of building in stone. This technical advance was closely linked to the desire for increased defenses. From the middle of the 11th century, chroniclers drew attention to the use of masonry, and this became the norm in the next century. Nevertheless, the first stone castles kept the rectangular shape of the wooden fortresses. This was not only due to conservatism: they had specific functions—to serve as dwelling places, to contain the great state room or hall as well as the living rooms—so both their shape and their size were determined, at ground level and above. In the mid-12th century, when the lord gave up the tower for a more comfortable dwelling, it took on a purely defensive character. Its rectangular plan was abandoned in favor of a circular one.
17.17 What surrounded the fortress in the early times?
(A)Desert
(B)Moat
(C)Mound
(D)River
18.18 For the sake of protection, what was planted around the wooden fortress?
(A)Barbed wires
(B)urning missiles
(C)Tall trees
(D)Thornbushes
19.19 In which century did the use of stones in building become very popular?
(A)10th
(B)11th
(C)12th
(D)13th
20.20 What was the shape of the first stone castle?
(A)Circle
(B)Oval
(C)Rectangle
(D)Triangle
21.21 When the lord moved away to live somewhere else, what was the function left for the tower?
(A)Academic
(B)Defensive
(C)Entertaining
(D)Religious
22.
編號第 22 題至第 25 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複
 More than 40 years ago, Gordon Moore, co-founder of the computer-chip maker Intel, observed that computer
processing power roughly doubles every two years. 22 At this very moment, heavily caffeinated software
engineers are designing programs that will overtax and befuddle your new turbo-powered PC when you try running
them a few years from now. 23 According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, an estimated 30 to 40
million PCs will be ready for “end-of-life management” in each of the next few years.
 Computers are hardly the only electronic hardware hounded by obsolescence. A switchover to digital
high-definition television broadcasts is scheduled to be complete by 2009, rendering inoperable TVs that function
perfectly today but receive only an analog signal. 24 Moreover, in the fashion-conscious mobile market, 98
million U.S. cell phones took their last call in 2005. All told, the EPA estimates that in the U.S. that year, between 1.5
and 1.9 million tons of computers, TVs, VCRs, monitors, cell phones, and other equipment were discarded. 25 So
what happens to all this junk? 

【題組】22
(A) An unstated corollary to “Moore’s law” is that at any given time, all the machines considered state-of-the-art are simultaneously on the verge of obsolescence.
(B) If all sources of electronic waste are tallied, it could total 50 million tons a year worldwide, according to the UN Environment Programme.
(C) Many governments are conscious that electronic waste wrongly handled damages the environment and human health.
(D) As viewers prepare for the switch, about 25 million TVs are taken out of service yearly.
23.【題組】23
(A)For instance, the memory and graphics requirements of Microsoft’s recent Vista operating system spell doom for aging machines that were still able to squeak by a year ago.
(B)An unstated corollary to “Moore’s law” is that at any given time, all the machines considered state-of-the-art are simultaneously on the verge of obsolescence.
(C)In theory, recycling gold from old computer motherboards is far more efficient and less environmentally destructive than ripping it from the earth.
(D)If all sources of electronic waste are tallied, it could total 50 million tons a year worldwide, according to the UN Environment Programme.
24.【題組】24
(A)For instance, the memory and graphics requirements of Microsoft’s recent Vista operating system spell doom for aging machines that were still able to squeak by a year ago.
(B)In theory, recycling gold from old computer motherboards is far more efficient and less environmentally destructive than ripping it from the earth.
(C)If all sources of electronic waste are tallied, it could total 50 million tons a year worldwide, according to the UN Environment Programme.
(D)As viewers prepare for the switch, about 25 million TVs are taken out of service yearly.
25.【題組】25
(A)For instance, the memory and graphics requirements of Microsoft’s recent Vista operating system spell doom for aging machines that were still able to squeak by a year ago.
(B)An unstated corollary to “Moore’s law” is that at any given time, all the machines considered state-of-the-art are simultaneously on the verge of obsolescence.
(C)In theory, recycling gold from old computer motherboards is far more efficient and less environmentally destructive than ripping it from the earth.
(D)If all sources of electronic waste are tallied, it could total 50 million tons a year worldwide, according to the UN Environment Programme.