Natalie Yu>试卷(2013/05/15)

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101 年 - 中正國防幹部預備學校101學年度教師甄試試題#10064 

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1.1. Our speech teacher told us to omit the extras and concentrate on the ____ material when giving a talk.
(A) germane
(B) extraneous
(C) impertinent
(D) incessant
2.2. The TV Travel Channel provides popular programs that often ____ people’s appetite for travelling abroad.
(A) cut
(B) whisk
(C) whet
(D) extend
3.3. The older, classical musicians often ____ the new, rock-influenced music.
(A) disrupt
(B) disintegrate
(C) dissipate
(D) disdain
4.4. The ____ critic carps at such institutions as government, marriage, and religion and attacks the beliefs, customs, and opinions that most people in a society accept.
(A) indefatigable
(B) loquacious
(C) iconoclastic
(D) phlegmatic
5.5. ____ refers to the use of soldiers or aircraft to go into an area and get information about an enemy.
(A) Reconnaissance
(B) Reconciliation
(C) Recollection
(D) Repercussion
6.6. After a long day of teaching English to high school students who are not interested in the subject at all, my energy ____.
(A) flapped
(B) flopped
(C) flared
(D) flagged
7.7. If a soda or beer is ____, I don’t like to drink it because it does not taste good.
(A) rancid
(B) flat
(C) palatable
(D) ripe
8.8. After 20 years of teaching at a university, my wife and I wanted a ____ from our professional lives, so we considered the possibility of an extended period in another country.
(A) sabotage
(B) sacrament
(C) sabbatical
(D) salutation
9.9. When my feet hurt, I go see a very good ____ in town.
(A) pediatrician
(B) veterinarian
(C) optometrist
(D) podiatrist
10.10. Rafael Nadal was ____ with joy when he won the French Open the fifth time.
(A) deliberate
(B) delirious
(C) deferential
(D) defamatory
11.Today’s topic is blood. Blood is indeed in the news, for on the __(1)__ of that announcement comes a report of tests __(2)__ in the United States and Japan __(3)__ artificial blood. After an accident, time is crucial for a person suffering from extensive blood loss, and transfusion of real blood must often __(4)__ a time-consuming test for blood type. Plasma does not require such a test but, because it can carry little oxygen, it is not a wholly satisfactory substitute. Perfluorocarbons appear to offer an answer. They are utilized in combination with an emulsion called Fluosol-DA, which provides a number of additional advantages __(5)__ real blood. These include the absence of a need for blood tests, the fact that it can be frozen for as long as two years, its elimination eventually as a gas through the lungs, and the impossibility of its transmitting such problems as hepatitis.
【題組】1.
(A) feet
(B) heels
(C) legs
(D) steps
12.【題組】2.
(A) carried
(B) carrying
(C) carrying out
(D) carried out
13.【題組】3.
(A) in
(B) on
(C) with
(D) through
14.【題組】4.
(A) proceed
(B) precede
(C) be processed by
(D) be preceded by
15.【題組】5.
(A) over
(B) of
(C) for
(D) to
16.Portfolio assessment is getting popular nowadays. A portfolio is a purposeful collection of students’ work __(6)__ time that contains samples of their language performance at different stages of completion, as well as the student’s own observations on his or her progress.  In spite of these potential difficulties, __(7)__, it has been argued that the positive impact of portfolios on both teachers and learners is in itself sufficient reason to continue their use, __(8)__ it cannot be demonstrated that portfolio assessment is technically more reliable than more traditional means of assessment. In addition, with the __(9)__ of new technology, the practical problems of data management and storage associated with paper-based portfolios do not __(10)__, since the contents can be stored, displayed and transmitted electronically. A wide variety of work samples can now be captured in different electronic formats.
【題組】6.
(A) in
(B) on
(C) by the
(D) over
17.【題組】7.
(A) but
(B) however
(C) notwithstanding
(D) on the other hand
18.【題組】8.
(A) even
(B) even if
(C) therefore
(D) furthermore
19.【題組】9.
(A) advance
(B) purpose
(C) exception
(D) advent
20.【題組】10.
(A) rise
(B) arise
(C) rouse
(D) arouse
21.
In the study of language, it has been recognized that words used to convey sensory perceptions, feelings, and emotions carry no meaning of themselves. They can trigger feelings or sensations that the listener has experienced -- not more than that.  We know that the perception of color varies with light, background, and distance.  What is green seen by a color-blind person?  Which is the "real" color?  Are we not, in asking that question, implying that color exists independent of the observer?
Similarly, when we characterize an individual or a social behavior as "good" or "bad", we are communicating the contention that this evaluation is absolute, objective, and unchanging.  Yet it should be apparent that varying observers would present disparate evaluations.  We may, then, attempt to win agreement by describing the behavior in question, offering criteria on which judgment was based, indicating that these criteria are personal.  This communication style, the semanticist holds, will help bridge the gap between individuals and make it more likely that people will understand each other.
Students of language have experimented with the use of nonsymbolic language as a means of overcoming linguistic barriers.  The language of sounds, as in the cases of infants and animals, and the language of facial expression and body pose, have been termed "phatic communion" by Bronislaw Malinowski.  We all know people who have good "poker faces."  We also know some whose faces communicate -- sometimes contradicting their spoken sentiments.  Kyrsybski has pointed out that signal reactions, instantaneous and unmediated, if undifferentiated according to the appropriateness of the situation, reflect immature, impulsive personalities, while the development of the ability to delay response will permit modified, thoughtful symbol behavior, a characteristic of the mature person.

【題組】 1. The statement that shows the best understanding of the first two sentences of the passage is
(A) color blind people are not good judges of paintings
(B) bring me a champagne-colored blouse that matches this swatch
(C) the perception of color varies with light
(D) modern music is not as good as baroque music
22.【題組】2. In line two of the first paragraph, the word “trigger” means
(A) shoot
(B) spark
(C) influence
(D) change
23.【題組】3. According to the passage,
(A) "phatic communion" is the form of communication which children employ with animals
(B) linguistics will overcome the language barrier through the use of symbols
(C) one characteristic of the mature person is the ability to delay response appropriate to the situation
(D) a poker face conceals reactions to threatening stimuli
24.【題組】4. In line three of the second paragraph, the word “disparate” means
(A) different
(B) homogeneous
(C) regular
(D) critical
25.【題組】5. Which of the statements that follow is neither expressed nor implied in the passage?
(A) Nonsymbolic language has been used by some researchers in an effort to breakdown linguistic barriers
(B) Phatic communion is exemplified by body language
(C) Color is not an absolute attribute; it does not exist independent of the perceiver
(D) Sensory perceptions can be communicated through the use of analogy and other linguistic devices
26.【題組】6. A view expressed by the author is that
(A) signal reactions reflect impulsive, immature personalities
(B) the ability to delay response is characteristic of the thoughtful, mature person
(C) semantics will help bridge the gap between individuals and make it more likely that people will understand each other
(D) words that convey emotions can only trigger feelings that the listener has experienced, not necessarily those that the speaker or writer has in mind
27.【題組】7. In line six of the third paragraph, the word “instantaneous” means
(A) gradual
(B) distant
(C) immediate
(D)prolonged
28.
Have you ever wondered what it was like in the early days of movie making in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
Before the pioneering films of D. W. Griffith, film makers were limited by several misguided conventions of the era.  According to one, the camera was always fixed at a viewpoint corresponding to that of a spectator in a theater -- a position now known as the long shot.  It was another convention that the position of the camera never changed in the middle of a scene.
In last week's films, we saw how Griffith ignored both these limiting conventions and brought the camera closer to the actor.  This shot, now known as a full shot, was considered revolutionary at the time.  "For Love of Gold" was the name of the film in which we saw the first use of the full shot.
After progressing from the long shot to the full shot, the next logical step for Griffith was to bring in the camera still closer in what is now called the close-up.  The close-up had been used before, although only rarely, and merely as a visual stunt, as for example for in Edwin S. Porter’s “The Great Train Robbery” which was made in 1903.  But not until 1908 in Griffith’s movie called “After Many Years” was the dramatic potential of the close-up first exploited.  In the scene from “After Many Years” that we are about to see, pay special attention to the close-up of Annie Lee’s worried face as she awaits her husband’s return.  In 1908 this close-up shocked everyone in the Biograph studio.  But Griffith had no time for argument.  He had another surprise, even more radical to offer.  Immediately following the close-up of Annie, he inserted a picture of the object of her thoughts – her husband, cast away on a desert isle.  This cutting from one scene to another without finishing either of them, brought a torrent of criticism on the experimenter.



【題組】8. What kind of motion picture camera shot was generally used in early films?
(A) Close-up shots.
(B) Full shots.
(C) Long shots.
(D) Action shots.
29.【題組】9. What occupation did Edwin S. Porter probably have?
(A) Film producer.
(B) Movie critic.
(C) Stuntman.
(D) Actor
30.【題組】10. Why was the close-up of Annie Lee followed by a shot of Annie’s husband?
(A) To shock Griffith’s contemporaries.
(B) To show who Annie Lee was thinking about.
(C) To indicate when Annie Lee’s husband would return.
(D) To avoid criticism of the close-up shot.