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99 年 - 九十九南區國中教甄英文#11985 

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1.1. t is difficult to _____ UFO sightings, although independent witnesses simultaneously see many.
(A) abduct
(B) verify
(C) prompt
(D) culminate
2.2. Despite my close familiarity with the wolf family, deeply ingrained _____ and fear gripped me when I realized that I was with at least two wolves in the den.
(A). prejudices
(B). vouchers
(C). resemblance
(D). leniency
3.3. Alice wanted the name brand purse so _____ that she didn’t mind upsetting her parents and maxing out her credit card.
(A) grudgingly
(B) desperately
(C) resiliently
(D) exuberantly
4.4. When the soccer player was called for a foul, he _____ waved his arms and shouted at the referee in disbelief, so he ended up getting a yellow card.
(A) animatedly
(B) covertly
(C) discreet ly
(D) lavishly
5.5. Spam, the unsolicited mass commercial email, is often associated with advertisements for _____ websites, drugs or surgery that can enhance the sex life.
(A) infeasible
(B) legitimate
(C) scrum ptious
(D) pornographic
6.6. The _______ from our professor is quite important to our research.
(A). critic
(B). critical
(C). critique
(D). criticize
7.7. The current _______ for becoming an English teacher is very demanding.
(A). qualification
(B). acquisition
(C). livelihood
(D). operation
8.8. When we go to a conference, we usually can learn __________ knowledge or skills on a certain topic.
(A). state of the artist
(B). state of art
(C). state of arts
(D). state of the art
9.9. Every employee must be _______; otherwise, the opponents can get the latest development from the company easily.
(A). friendly
(B). trustworthy
(C). worthwhile
(D). questionable
10.10.It _______ me that my mother’s birthday is on the same day with my little daughter’s, so we can celebrate their birthdays together.
(A). happen to
(B). came about
(C). thought
(D). occurred to
11.11. The watch that my boyfriend gave me for Valentine’s Day is a(n) ______ timepiece of Switzerland.
(A). genuine
(B). character
(C). optimistic
(D). expertise
12.12. By the garden over there ________ an apple tree that was planted by my grandfather twenty years ago.
(A). stands
(B). has
(C). standing
(D). it stands
13.13. ________ any difficulty, please come to us and find a solution together.
(A) In facing with
(B) Facing with
(C) Faced with
(D) In face of
14.14. Pregnant women are ______ to maternity leave in our country.
(A) encouraged
(B) endorsed
(C) enti t led
(D) served
15.15. A hemi-hydrate is a hydrate containing ____ a molecule of water to every one of the compound forming the hydrate.
(A) double
(B) multiple
(C) triple
(D) half
16.16. In the past, ____ was often necessary to provide a large army.
(A) subscription
(B) prescription
(C) transcription
(D) conscription
17.17.George feels relieved now because the lump proves to be ____ rather than malignant.
(A) beneficial
(B) benevolent
(C) beni gn
(D) beneficent
18.18. I was a rebel when I was young. Hence, I never ____ to my parents’ opinions.
(A) conferred
(B) inferred
(C) pref erred
(D) deferred
19.19. Since my professor ____ on the syntactic structures of conditional sentences, I have been able to use them in my daily life.
(A) expounded
(B) compounded
(C) pounded
(D) expended
20.20. ____, he i s now becoming more interested in American football .
(A)He was once an avid soccer fan
(B) He once an avid soccer fan
(C) Once was he an avid soccer fan
(D)Once an avid soccer fan
21.21 A short time before she died, the old woman ____ a will, leaving her entire estate to her beloved dog.
(A) has written
(B) had written
(C) was writing
(D) had been writing
22.22. The geographic position of North America, ____ in the early days of the European settlement.
(A) laying between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, isolating it
(B) lying between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, isolated it
(C) isolated it as it laid between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans
(D) isolating it between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans as it was lied
23.23. The spellings of many Old English words have been preserved in the living language, ____ thei r pronunciations have changed.
(A) and
(B) owing to
(C) not withstanding
(D) although
24.24.Weathering ____ the action whereby surface rock is disintegrated or decomposed.
(A) is
(B) being
(C) it is
(D) is that
25.25. When any two English words that differ in meaning but are identical in every way except for one sound segment at the same place in the string, they are referred to as ‘______.’
(A) allophonic pairs
(B) identical pairs
(C) lexical pairs
(D) minimal pairs
26.26. When you try to add both –ing and ed suffixes to the verb ‘age’, which of the following statements is not true about their new derived forms and the rules involved?
(A). You need to drop the final ‘e’ when adding ed suffix to the base.
(B). The only correct new derived forms should be ‘aging’ and ‘aged’.
(C). You can add –ing directly to the base without making any changes.
(D). You can either optionally drop the final ‘e’ or not when adding ing to the base.
27.27. The following are three attitudinal variables:

 1. Motivation. Learners with high motivation generally do better. 
 2. Selfconfidence. Learners with selfconfidence and a good selfimage tend to be more successful.
 3. Anxiety. Low personal anxiety and low classroom anxiety are more conducive to second language acquisition. 

 What i s the proper hy pothesis in second l anguage acquisi t i on that best matches them?
(A) The Monitor Hypothesis
(B) The Natural Order Hypothesis
(C) The Affective Filter Hypothesis
(D) The Acquisition/Learning Hypothesis
28.28.Identify the teaching method or approach that best matches the following characteristics: 1. Language teaching begins with the spoken language. Material is taught orally before it is presented in written form. 2. The target language is the language of the classroom. 3. Vocabulary selection procedures are followed to ensure that an essential general service vocabulary is covered. 4. Items of grammar are graded following the principle that simple forms should be taught before complex ones.
(A) The GrammarTranslation Method
(B) Community Language Learning
(C) Communicative Language Teaching
(D) Situational Language Teaching
29.
Cloze Passage: Choose the best answer to make the passage coherent.
In the former chapter, we looked at some of the principles of word formation in English. We noted that words can be formed by the addition of prefixes and suffixes – a process called (29)____. We also saw how, by (30)____, two or more words can join up to make one. Or, new words can be created by a process called (31)____, when a word that in one context is one part of speech, in another context can be enlisted to (32)____ a different function. Hence, you may have heard the relatively recent term to board as in The teacher boarded the new words and the students wrote them down. Then again words can cluster (but not join up) to form multiword units – loosely called chunksthat behave as if they (33)____ single words, for example, black and white, black sheep and in the black.
【題組】29.
(A) affixation
(B) assimilation
(C) germination
(D) elision
30.【題組】30.
(A) clipping
(B) compounding
(C) expounding
(D) gliding
31.【題組】31.
(A) diversion
(B) perversion
(C) conversion
(D) aversion
32.【題組】32.
(A) make
(B) serve
(C) list
(D) do
33.【題組】33.
(A) be
(B) are
(C) should be
(D) were
34.
Cloze Passage: Choose the best answer to make the passage coherent.
        Many researchers are wondering: “Do computers improve language learning?” This question has (34) ____ computer assisted language learning (CALL) research. It is regarded as a crucial question as it is tied to funding decisions and (35) ____ overhaul. It is certainly not a simple question to ask its (36) ____ with answer yes or no. As with other learning resources, we need to narrow down the question to find out the numerous ways in which computers are being used, by whom, in what contexts, and for what (37) ____. When these various questions are pinned down, the answer is sometimes yes, often no, sometimes yes for some learners but not for others. 
        Zhao (2003) recognizes three issues with (38) ____ the effectiveness of technology in his recent literature review and metaanalysis. First is what (39) ____ as technology (videos, CALL tutorials, and chat rooms, for example, are obviously very different). The second issue is separating a technology (40) ____ its special uses. Because any given technology may be used in various ways, some effective, some not, it is difficult to (41) ____ about the effectiveness of a technology itself. The third issue has to do with the effects of other mediating factors, such as the learners, the setting, the task(s), and the type of assessment. Zhao attempted to address these issues by performing a metaanalysis of (42) ____ selected studies published between 1997 and 2001. 
        However, Zhao points out that most studies were not perfect, because they only had few sample sizes, seldom used (43) ____ sampling, and were often controlled by the students’ teachers, introducing the possibility of a Pygmalion effect. 
                Source: Kern, R. (2006). Perspectives on Technology in Learning and Teaching Language, TESOL QUARTERLY, Vol. 40, No. 1, p. 183210.

【題組】34.
(A) drove
(B) driven
(C) driver
(D) drive
35.【題組】35.
(A) currency
(B) curricular
(C) ci rcular
(D) concurrent
36.【題組】36.
(A) cause
(B) attribute
(C) effect iveness
(D) reason
37.【題組】37.
(A) propose
(B) purpose
(C) suppose
(D) oppose
38.【題組】38.
(A) calculating
(B) recessing
(C) processing
(D) assessing
39.【題組】39.
(A) counts
(B) takes
(C) makes
(D) goes
40.【題組】40.
(A) for
(B) wit
(C) from
(D) by
41.【題組】41.
(A) generalize
(B) stabilize
(C) realize
(D) commemorate
42.【題組】42.
(A) extremely
(B) stringent ly
(C) ti ghtly
(D) loosely
43.【題組】43.
(A) inappropriate
(B) insufficient
(C) random
(D) accidental
44.Reading Comprehension: Choose the best answer to each question.

        When it comes to globalization, one of the top issues in our time is that there are two points for us to keep in mind. First, it is not a new process. The economic forces that have created globalization have been existing since at least the 19 th century. The process was disrupted by the Great Depression and by two world wars. After World War II; however, it continued, growing even stronger in the 1980s and 1990s. It was slowed by economic meltdowns in Korea, Brazil, Russia, Mexico, Thailand, and other countries. Meanwhile, terrorism began to impact on these countries. Second, the process has not spread evenly throughout the world. Each year, A.T. Kearney, Inc., and Foreign Policy Magazine rate nations according to their degree of global integration. This year, Ireland edged out Singapore as the most globalized country.
        Defenders of globalization believe that it is the key to international peace and prosperity. They want to create a borderless world and remove as many stumbling blocks to globalization as possible. However, opponents view it with hostility. They oppose organizations such as World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Bank, and the Great Eight (G8), and protest their meetings. The antiglobalization movement actually consists of many different kinds of organizations, including labor unions, human rights groups, and environmental organizations. Some radical antiglobalizationists, called “localists,” believe that international trade and activity should be greatly curtailed and that power should be returned to the national, regional and local levels. Most antiglobalizationists are more moderate; however, they consider the localists’ views provincial. They favor an approach called “anticorporation globalization” or “fair globalization,” in which international trade and cooperation still exist but benefit people in general rather than giant corporations.
        One issue that antiglobalizationists often discuss concerns the gap between haves and havenots. As union leader Jay Mazur said, “globalization has dramatically increased inequality between and within nations.” However, those in favor of globalizaiton argue that income is distributed more evenly in developing countries that have made some effort to globalize, such as China, India and Poland, than it is in “nonglobalizers” such as Nigeria, Myanmar and Ukraine.
        Another objection is that globalization has taken wellpaid jobs away from workers in developed countries’ and has moved them to developing countries. International companies take advantage of lax labor laws in developing countries, and pay low wages and force workers – including children – to work long hours under unsafe, miserable conditions. Globalizationists admit that there has been some loss of jobs in developed countries. However, they believe that retraining programs can help workers find new jobs in other fields, such as in serviceoriented and information technologybased industries. Globalizationists also point out that, in developing countries, wages and the
working environment in international factories are usually better than those in local factories.
        Many environment organizations also oppose globalization. On the one hand, they say that environmental laws in developing countries are likely to be weaker than those in industrialized countries. They believe that international corporations use the air and water of developing nations to get rid of toxic materials. Globalizationists, on the other hand, argue that international corporations usually use the latest computerregulated technology in their factories, and produce less pollutions than local factories. Furthermore, there has been an increased awareness of environmental issues around the world, spread by global media. The people of many nations are reluctant to tolerate environmental destruction for the sake of development. Costa Rica, South Africa and other nations have learned that pristine natural areas attract tourism.

【題組】44. What kind of country is Ireland based on the description of the passage?
(A) A country that has tried to minimize the gap between haves and havenots.
(B) A country that has survived an economic meltdown.
(C) A country that has become fully globalized.
(D) A country that has rejected globalization.
45.【題組】45.Which of the following is a stumbling block to globalization?
(A) The wide spread of media.
(B) The fear of attacks from terrorists.
(C) The flow of money across borders.
(D) The movement of people, both tourists and immigrants.
46.【題組】46. According to the passage, which of the following antiglobalizationists are least likely to support the integration of different areas around the world?
(A) Localists.
(B) Provincialists.
(C) Fair globalizationists.
(D) Anticorporate globalizationists.
47.【題組】47. Which of the following effects of globalization is not a concern to antiglobalizationists?
(A) Unemployment.
(B) Income distribution.
(C) Disposal of poisonous wastes.
(D) International flow of information.
48.【題組】48. According to the view of globalizationists, which of the following countries has the biggest gap between haves and havenots?
(A) South Africa.
(B) India.
(C) Myanmar.
(D) Thailand.
49.【題組】49. Why is Costa Rica mentioned in the passage?
(A) To prove that the pollution is not as serious as once thought.
(B) To show that tourism is a very profitable industry.
(C) To illustrate the powerful influence of the global media.
(D) To show that people are paying attention to conserve nature.
50.【題組】50. What does the word “They” (in the second line of the last paragraph) refer to?
(A) Environmental laws.
(B) Environment organizations.
(C) Developing countries.
(D) Industrialized countries.