103 年 - 公職-地方特考三等-英文#19103
1.31.Dr. James Lin_______ his entire career to the research of food safety.
2.32._______the brave general who sacrificed his life in the war, the city built a statue of him and placed it in front of the City Hall.
(A) By means of
(B) At the cost of
(C) In time of
(D) In memory of
3.33.The official was held in_______when he was found to be involved in the bribery.
4.34.Because of the _______ of two major roads, there is always a traffic problem.
5.第35 題至第39 題為題組
After terrorists struck New York City on September 11, 2001, airport videotapes from Boston revealed a lost opportunity. One of the 35 hijackers, Mohammed Atta, was captured on the security cameras at Boston’s Logan Airport just before boarding his flight. What if that camera 36 a computer database with Atta’s picture in it? Could security personnel have identified him as a risk and removed him from the plane? 37 of face-recognition technology say yes. It is technically possible, they say, to build a reliable system to pick suspicious people out of a crowd by digitally photographing their faces. The possibility of preventing a terrorist attack by spotting the bad guys is 38 . Face-recognition sweeps have been used at football stadiums, in crowded streets, and at airports in the hope of doing just that. The world’s best face-recognition device is the human brain. You may wonder, 39 , how a mother or father can tell the difference between identical twins. The two children may look exactly the same to you, but the parent has no trouble telling one from the other. Somehow, the parent has focused on small combinations of features that distinguish each child. No matter how hard you try, you cannot see the same patterns.
(A) being linked to
(B) has been linked to
(C) had been linked to
(D) was linked to
(A) by contrast
(B) for example
(D) in addition
10.第 40 題至第44 題為題組
Cave men did not live in caves. But some died in them and their 40 thus protected from scavengers and the elements, lasted long enough for palaeontologists to discover and examine them. 41 between 600,000 and 300,000 years ago, quite a few died in La Sima de los Huesos near Burgos, in Spain. The Bone Pit, as the name translates into English, has yielded 6,500 pieces of human skeletons, 42 at least 28 individuals.
Who those people were is a matter of 43 --one that shows the difficulty of popping fossils neatly into boxes marked “species.” They are usually 44 as Homo heidelbergensis, the name given to the first humans who lived in Europe, starting about 600,000 years ago. But they also have features of Homo neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man), a younger species believed to have evolved from heidelbergensis.
(A) Some time
(B) Some timing
15.45.The city council wants traders to sign up to a voluntary code of conduct agreeing not to sell lagers and ciders stronger than 5.5 percent in a bid to stamp out drink-fuelled anti-social behavior.
(A) The city council wants traders to voluntarily limit the sale of lagers and ciders to 5.5 percent of their daily businesses in order to reduce cases of anti-social behavior in the city.
(B) The city council has asked traders in the city to agree to a proposal that no more than 5.5 percent of lagers and ciders can be sold through bidding for the sake of social order.
(C) The city council wants traders to sign a voluntary contract limiting the sale of lagers and ciders that are overpriced so as to reduce anti-social behavior.
(D) The city council has made a plan with traders to clear higher-strength lagers and ciders from shop shelves around the city so as to curb anti-social behavior.
16.第 46 題至第50 題為題組
Are you a Mac user? For many, home computers have become synonymous with Windows and Bill Gates, but there has always been a loyal band of Apple and Macintosh users whose devotion to the Apple brand and its co-founder Steven Jobs is almost religious.
Steven Jobs and Steven Wozniak dropped out of college and got jobs in Silicon Valley, where they founded the Apple Computer company in 1976, the name based on Jobs’s favorite fruit. They designed the Apple I computer in Jobs’s bedroom, having raised the capital by selling their most valued possessions—an old Volkswagen bus and a scientific calculator. The later model, the Apple Macintosh, introduced the public to point and click graphics. It was the first home computer to be truly user friendly, or as their advertisements put it, "the computer for the rest of us." When IBM released its first PC in 1981, Jobs realized that Apple would have to become a more grown-up company to compete effectively. He brought in John Sculley, the president of Pepsi-Cola, to do the job, asking him, "Do you want to just sell sugared water, or do you want to change the world?" Sculley and Jobs began to argue bitterly, however, and after a power struggle, Jobs was reluctantly forced to resign.
By 1996 Apple was in trouble due to the dominance of Windows software and the increasing number of PC clones that used it. Jobs, having had great success with his animation studio Pixar, was brought back to the ailing firm for an annual salary of $1, and the company gradually returned to profitability.
Apple’s computers cost more than most PCs and have a more limited range of software available for them, but their great appeal has been the attention to design, making Apple the cool computer company. The launch of the stunning multicolored iMac in 1997, followed by the sleek new iMac in 2002, marked the end of the computer as an ugly, utilitarian machine and brought the home computer out of the study and into the lounge. As Steve Jobs put it, "Other companies don’t care about design. We think it’s vitally important."
Apple’s fortunes were transformed again with the development of the iPod in 2003 and the iPhone in 2007, which soon became must-have gadgets that brought about a boom in Internet music sales and transformed the cell phone industry. And, of course, they were beautifully stylish.
46.Where did the Apple Computer company begin?
(A) New York
(C) Silicon Valley
47.According to the article, what best describes Jobs’s character?
48.According to the article, what is the main feature that sets Apple computers apart from PCs?
(A) An attention to design
(B) A broader range of applicable software
(C) A more manageable filing system
(D) A lower price
49.According to the article, why did Jobs leave his job?
(A) Because he was tired of his job.
(B) Because he had a better offer.
(C) Because he could not get along with Sculley.
(D) Because he could not deal with the stress of running a company.
50.According to the article, which statement best describes Jobs’s return to the company?
(A) It was welcome by Pepsi-Cola.
(B) He came back to save the ailing company.
(C) He came back to found Pixar.
(D) It was irresponsible and damaging to his career.