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楊子龍>试卷(2015/03/16)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

103 年 - 原住民族特考三等英文#19795 

选择:15题,非选:0题
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1.第 36 題至第 38 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 We prize knowledge work—work that relies on our intellectual abilities. Yet, we increasingly feel that we have no time to think simply because we are so distracted. And how? ___36___ It seems that the greatest casualty of our mobile, high-tech age is attention. ___37___ And, being distracted, we are undermining our capacity to thrive in a complex, ever-shifting world. Let’s take a look at the mounting costs of this wide-spread distraction according to findings of some recent research studies. In general, the average knowledge worker switches tasks every three minutes. ___38___ The interruptions and the requisite recovery time now consume 28 percent of a worker’s day. Under deadline pressure, workers produce creative work when they are focused, not when they are scattered and interrupted.
【題組】36
(A)That is why a few pioneering companies are creating places or times for uninterrupted, focused creative thought.
(B)What we urgently need is a revaluing and cultivating of the art of attention.
(C)Beeped and pinged, interrupted and inundated, overloaded and hurried—that is how we live today.
(D)However, in meetings where everyone is checking e-mail, opportunities for collective creative energy and critical thinking are lost.
2.【題組】37
(A)Such distraction is fragmenting and diffusing our powers of attention.
(B)The first step is to learn to speak a language of attention.
(C)Beeped and pinged, interrupted and inundated, overloaded and hurried—that is how we live today.
(D)That is why a few pioneering companies are creating places or times for uninterrupted, focused creative thought.
3.【題組】38
(A)Such distraction is fragmenting and diffusing our powers of attention.
(B)And, once distracted, a worker takes nearly a half-hour to resume the original task.
(C)That is why a few pioneering companies are creating places or times for uninterrupted, focused creative thought.
(D)The first step is to learn to speak a language of attention
4.第 39 題至第 42 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 For many of us, while we are reading something, we may be listening to music or the radio at the same time. For people who work online, they may be used to e-mailing or instant-messaging or checking stocks at the same time. Since the 1990s, we have accepted multitasking without question. ___39___ While multitasking may seem to be saving time, psychologists and neuroscientists are finding that it can put us under a great deal of stress and actually make us less efficient. Basically, multitasking is shifting focus from one task to another in rapid succession. ___40___ It gives the illusion that we are simultaneously tasking, but we are really not. In plain language, it is like playing tennis with three balls. Of course, it depends what we are doing. For some people, listening to music while working actually makes them more creative because they are using different cognitive functions. ___41___ We may all be familiar with the so-called “e-mail voice,” when someone we are talking to on the phone suddenly sounds, well, disengaged. ___42___ They point out that it is a big illusion that people think they can shift back and forth between tasks.
【題組】 39
(A)According to psychologists and neuroscientists, we cannot divide our attention like that.
(B)But the researchers say that many of us do not like, or even hate, to do many things in a short period of time at work.
(C)Virtually all of us spend part or most of our day either rapidly switching from one task to another or juggling two or more things at the same time.
(D)Although doing many things at the same time can be a way of making tasks more fun and energizing, we have to keep in mind that we sacrifice focus when we do this.
5.【題組】40
(A)According to psychologists and neuroscientists, we cannot divide our attention like that.
(B)We may think that it would be nice to focus on just one thing at a time, but the real would does not seem to work that way.
(C)Virtually all of us spend part or most of our day either rapidly switching from one task to another or juggling two or more things at the same time.
(D)Although doing many things at the same time can be a way of making tasks more fun and energizing, we have to keep in mind that we sacrifice focus when we do this.
6.【題組】41
(A) According to psychologists and neuroscientists, we cannot divide our attention like that.
(B)But despite what many of us think, people cannot simultaneously e-mail and talk on the phone.
(C)But the researchers say that many of us do not like, or even hate, to do many things in a short period of time at work.
(D)Although doing many things at the same time can be a way of making tasks more fun and energizing, we have to keep in mind that we sacrifice focus when we do this.
7.【題組】42
(A)According to psychologists and neuroscientists, we cannot divide our attention like that.
(B)But despite what many of us think, people cannot simultaneously e-mail and talk on the phone.
(C)But the researchers say that many of us do not like, or even hate, to do many things in a short period of time at work.
(D)Virtually all of us spend part or most of our day either rapidly switching from one task to another or juggling two or more things at the same time.
8.第 43 題至第 46 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 Before the opening ceremony of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing took place, several athletes had faced charges of taking substances banned by the International Olympic Committee. ___43___ Far from quelling such practices, the advent of drug testing in sports in the late 1960s stimulated an arms race between regulators and the cheats. Today, some athletes and their coaches continue to risk their reputation, and sometimes the athletes’ long-term health, for the chance to dope undetected. ___44____ The latest drugs are designed with testing in mind, so that they either clear from the body quickly or do not produce the tell-tale metabolite spikes in blood and urine samples. As a result, the testing labs must also push to stay one step ahead of the cheats. Donald Berry, a biostatistician, summarizes what he sees as problems with the way doping tests are conducted. ___45___ The ability of an anti-doping test to detect a banned substance in an athlete is calibrated in part by testing a small number of volunteers taking the substance in question. But Berry says that individual labs need to verify these detection limits in larger groups that include known dopers and non-dopers under blinded conditions that mimic what happens during competition. ___46___ Only by publishing and opening to broader scientific scrutiny the methods by which testing labs engage in study may the anti-doping authorities avoid a sporting culture of suspicion, secrecy, and fear.
【題組】 43
(A)Some scientists believe that accepting “legal limits” of specific metabolites without such rigorous verification goes against the foundational standards of modern science.
(B)These were just a few in a long line of cases in which competitors had been accused of using performance-enhancing substances.
(C)Drug testing should not be exempt from the scientific principles and standards that apply to other biomedical sciences.
(D)In the process, they push the human body to its limits and go beyond what is known about the drugs being taken.
9.【題組】44
(A)He argues that anti-doping authorities have not adequately defined and publicized how they arrived at the criteria used to determine whether or not a test result is positive.
(B)These were just a few in a long line of cases in which competitors had been accused of using performance-enhancing substances.
(C)The alternative could see the innocent being punished while the guilty escape on the grounds of reasonable doubt.
(D)In the process, they push the human body to its limits and go beyond what is known about the drugs being taken.
10.【題組】45
(A)He argues that anti-doping authorities have not adequately defined and publicized how they arrived at the criteria used to determine whether or not a test result is positive.
(B)Some scientists believe that accepting “legal limits” of specific metabolites without such rigorous verification goes against the foundational standards of modern science.
(C)These were just a few in a long line of cases in which competitors had been accused of using performance-enhancing substances.
(D)Drug testing should not be exempt from the scientific principles and standards that apply to other biomedical sciences.
11.【題組】46
(A)Some scientists believe that accepting “legal limits” of specific metabolites without such rigorous verification goes against the foundational standards of modern science.
(B)These were just a few in a long line of cases in which competitors had been accused of using performance-enhancing substances.
(C)The alternative could see the innocent being punished while the guilty escape on the grounds of reasonable doubt.
(D)In the process, they push the human body to its limits and go beyond what is known about the drugs being taken.
12.第 47 題至第 50 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 Corporations live and die by ideas. Many enterprises have used Web-based technologies, like blogs, wikis, and social networks to gather thoughts as part of the decision-making process. ___47___ They use these markets to transform the creation and implementation of ideas inside their companies—by tapping the collective insight of the workforce. ___48___ Seeing the potential of prediction markets, companies like General Electric and Hewlett-Packard are using them to try to improve forecasting, reduce risk, and accelerate innovation. Corporate prediction markets work like this: players—employees and potential outsiders—make their wagers over the Internet using virtual currency, betting anonymously. ___49___ The payoff for the most accurate players is typically a modest prize, cash, or an iPod. The idea behind predication markets is that the collected knowledge of many people will almost surely be more accurate than that of an individual or a small group or even experts. ___50___ That is , whether prediction markets are mainly an innovative way to gather information from employees or a source of reliable answers. More testing of the concept is in need to see how it goes.
【題組】 47
(A)Now executives say they are harnessing a new Web tool, called “prediction markets.”
(B)While prediction markets are getting popularized, however, an important issue remains.
(C)The results are encouraging, and companies are placing bets on the wisdom of their workers.
(D)They bet on what they think will actually happen, not what they hope will happen or what the boss wants.
13.【題組】48
(A)Now executives say they are harnessing a new Web tool, called “prediction markets.”
(B)The early results are encouraging.
(C)These markets have often been more accurate than professional pollsters or market researchers.
(D)They bet on what they think will actually happen, not what they hope will happen or what the boss wants.
14.【題組】49
(A)While prediction markets are getting popularized, however, an important issue remains.
(B)The potential is that prediction markets may be the thing that leads to right corporate decisions.
(C)These markets have often been more accurate than professional pollsters or market researchers.
(D)They bet on what they think will actually happen, not what they hope will happen or what the boss wants.
15.【題組】50
(A)Now executives say they are harnessing a new Web tool, called “prediction markets.”
(B)While prediction markets are getting popularized, however, an important issue remains.
(C)The results are encouraging, and companies are placing bets on the wisdom of their workers.
(D)These markets have often been more accurate than professional pollsters or market researchers.