5.5. The _____ system in Taiwan is different from that in the US. In Taiwan the judge is
the only person who makes the final decision in the court.
6.6. He has been _______ as one of the representatives of the government in negotiating
the treaty with another country, which means he will be going abroad beginning to have a formal talk with the officials from another country.
11.11. My friend’s father is a _____ . If you have any heart problems, you can go to his personal clinic for further examination.
15.15. You can easily ______ the data that you need by following the instruction on the computer. Thus, you should be able to obtain the information that you want soon.
21.21. Because industry and human activities are producing enormous amounts of gases,
the Earth is experiencing something _____ as the greenhouse effect.
(C) being known
(D) to know
25.25. _____ a harsh working market with the ECFA signed with China, the young
generation in Taiwan stood out recently to fight for a brighter future for themselves and the country.
(C) To give
27.27._______ the Easter, a lot of schools in Christian countries will bring their students out of the classroom to do outdoor activities such as egg hunting, picnicking or hiking.
28.28. The Earth Day of April 22 is celebrated annually since 1970 to demonstrate support
for environmental protection and to remind humans ____ the significance of ecological sustainability on our mother Earth.
29.29. The environmental impact assessment general assembly concluded that a road
construction plan, ____has sparked protests over a perceived threat to endangered leopard cats in Miaoli County, should be returned to an EIA specialists’ meeting for further review.
(B) in which
III. Reading (40%)
Our image of what goes on in a newspaper firm is probably shaped by popular movies. TV shows, books, and movies such as The Front Page (1931), All the President’s Men (1976), Absence of Malice (1981), and The Paper (1994) portray newspaper work in different ways, with a greater or lesser emphasis on glory and heroics. What they and TV versions of newspapering such as Lou Grant and Ink have in common, though, is that they portray the creation of hard news stories as almost the sole activity of a paper. Not only is this version of newspaper reality wrong, but for many newspapers a substantial amount of what they publish doesn’t even get created by that company!
What actually goes on differs between dailies and weeklies, and between newspapers with large circulations and those with small ones. We can, however, generalize about the basic approach to creating content. The newspaper’s publisher is in charge of the entire company’s operation, which includes financial issues (getting advertising, increasing circulation, etc.), printing issues, and editorial issues. Editorial in this case has two meanings. In a narrow sense it means the creation of opinion pieces by the firm’s editorial writers. More broadly, it means all non-advertising
matter in the paper.
【題組】31. The main idea of the first paragraph of this passage is that
(A) many movies about newspaper firms have been made.
(B) a newspaper’s publisher is in charge of all operations.
(C) the word editorial has two meanings.
(D) media portrayals of newspapers are wrong.
(E) many movies have been made about newspapers.
34.【題組】34. After reading this passage, you can conclude that media portrayals of newspapers
(A) distort reality in order to entertain.
(B) emphasize the role of the publisher.
(C) accurately portray the way newspapers are produced.
(D) are based on true stories.
(E) define the term editorial incorrectly.
35.【題組】35. Which statement from the passage is the author’s personal opinion?
(A) Movies and TV programs portray the creation of hard news stories as almost the
sole activity of a paper.
(B) What actually goes on differs between dailies and weeklies.
(C) The newspaper’s publisher is in charge of the entire company’s operation.
(D) For many newspapers a substantial amount of what they publish doesn’t even
get created by that company.
(E) Our image of what goes on in a newspaper firm is shaped by popular movies,
TV shows, and books.
36.A stout old lady was walking with her basket down the middle of a street in Taichung to the great confusion of the traffic and with no small peril to herself. It was pointed out to her that the pavement was the place for pedestrians, but she replied: “I'm going to walk where I like. We’ve got liberty now.” It did not occur to the dear old lady that if liberty entitled the pedestrian to walk down the middle of the road, then the end of such liberty would be universal chaos. Everybody would be getting in everybody else’s way and nobody would get anywhere. Individual liberty would have become social anarchy.
There is a danger of the world getting liberty-drunk in these days like the old lady with the basket, and it is just as well to remind ourselves of what the rule of the road means. It means that in order that the liberties of all may be preserved, the liberties of everybody must be curtailed. When the policeman steps into the middle of the road and puts out his hand, he is the symbol not of tyranny, but of liberty. You may not think so. You may, being in a hurry, and seeing your car pulled up by this insolence of office, feel that your liberty has been outraged. How dare this fellow interfere with your free use of the public highway? Then, if you are a reasonable person, you will reflect that if he did not interfere with you, he would interfere with no one, and the result would be that the road would be a maelstrom that you would never cross at all. You have submitted to a curtailment of private liberty in order that you may enjoy a social order which makes your liberty a reality.
Liberty is not a personal affair only, but a social contract. It is an accommodation of interests. In matters which do not touch anybody else’s liberty, of course, I may be as free as I like. If I choose to go down the road in a dressing-gown, who shall say no? You have liberty to laugh at me, but I have liberty to be indifferent to you. And if I have a fancy for dyeing my hair, or waxing my moustache, or wearing an overcoat and sandals, or going to bed late or getting up early, I shall follow my fancy and ask no man’s permission. I shall not inquire of you whether I may eat mustard with my mutton. And you will not ask me whether you may follow this religion or that, whether you prefer Lady Gaga to Kate Perry, or pearl milk tea to coffee. In all these and a thousand other details you and I please ourselves. We have a whole kingdom in which we rule alone, can do what we choose, be wise or ridiculous, harsh or easy, conventional or odd. But directly we step out of that kingdom, our personal liberty of action becomes qualified by other people’s liberty. I might like to practice on the trombone from midnight till three in the morning. If I went on to the top of Everest to do it, I could please myself, but if I do it in my bedroom my family will object, and if I do it out in the streets the neighbors will remind me that my liberty to blow the trombone must not interfere with their liberty to sleep in quiet. There are a lot of people in the world, and I have to accommodate my liberty to their liberties. We are all liable to forget this, and unfortunately we are much more conscious of the imperfections of others in this respect than of our own.
A reasonable consideration for the rights or feelings of others is the foundation of social conduct. It is in the small matters of conduct, in the observance of the rule of the road, that we pass judgment upon ourselves, and declare that we are civilized or uncivilized. The great moments of heroism and sacrifice are rare. It is the little habits
of commonplace intercourse that make up the great sum of life and sweeten or make
bitter the journey.
【題組】36. The author might have stated his “rule of the road” as
(A) follow the orders of policemen.
(B) do not behave inconsiderately in public.
(C) do what you like in private.
(D) do not walk in the middle of the road.
(E) liberty is more important than anarchy.
39.【題組】39. Which sentence best sums up the author’s main point?
(A) The great moments of heroism and sacrifice are rare.
(B) There is a danger of the world getting liberty-drunk in these days like the old
lady with the basket.
(C) A reasonable consideration for the rights or feelings of others is the foundation
of social conduct.
(D) It is in the small matters of conduct, in the observance of the rule of the road,
that we pass judgment upon ourselves, and declare that we are civilized or uncivilized.
(E) It is the little habits of commonplace intercourse that make up the great sum of
life and sweeten or make bitter the journey.
40.【題組】40. A situation analogous to the “insolence of office” (paragraph 2, line 7) would be
(A) a teacher correcting grammar errors.
(B) an editor shortening the text of an article.
(C) a gaoler locking up a prisoner.
(D) a tax inspector demanding to see someone’s accounts.
(E) an army office giving orders to a soldier
41.We might marvel at the progress made in every field of study, but the methods of testing a person’s knowledge and ability remain as primitive as ever they were. It really is extraordinary that after all these years educationists have still failed to device anything more efficient and reliable than examinations. For all the pious claim that examinations text what you know, it is common knowledge that they more often do the exact opposite. They may be a good means of testing memory, or the knack of working rapidly under extreme pressure, but they can tell you nothing about a person’s true ability and aptitude.
As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none. That is because so much depends on them. They are the mark of success of failure in our society. Your whole future may be decided in one fateful day. It doesn’t matter that you weren’t feeling very well, or that your mother died. Little things like that don’t count: the exam goes on. No one can give of his best when he is in mortal terror, or after a sleepless night, yet this is precisely what the examination system expects him to do. The moment a child begins school, he enters a world of vicious competition where success and failure are clearly defined and measured. Can we wonder at the increasing number of
‘drop-outs’: young people who are written off as utter failures before they have even embarked on a career? Can we be surprised at the suicide rate among students?
A good education should, among other things, train you to think for yourself. The examination system does anything but that. What has to be learnt is rigidly laid down by a syllabus, so the student is encouraged to memorize. Examinations do not motivate a student to read widely, but to restrict his reading; they do not enable him to seek more and more knowledge, but induce cramming. They lower the standards of teaching, for they deprive the teacher of all freedoms. Teachers themselves are often judged by examination results and instead of teaching their subjects, they are reduced to training their students in exam techniques which they despise. The most successful candidates are not always the best educated; they are the best trained in the technique of working under duress.
The results on which so much depends are often nothing more than a subjective
assessment by some anonymous examiner. Examiners are only human. They get tired and hungry; they make mistakes. Yet they have to mark stacks of hastily scrawled scripts in a limited amount of time. They work under the same sort of pressure as the candidates. And their word carries weight. After a judge’s decision you have the right of appeal, but not after an examiner’s. There must surely be many simpler and more effective ways of assessing a person’s true abilities. Is it cynical to suggest that examinations are merely a profitable business for the institutions that run them? This is what it boils down to in the last analysis. The best comment on the system is this illiterate message recently scrawled on a wall: ‘I were a teenage drop-out and now I
are a teenage millionaire.’
【題組】41. The main idea of this passage is_____ .
(A) examinations exert a pernicious influence on education
(B) examinations are ineffective
(C) examinations are profitable for institutions
(D) examinations are a burden on students
44.【題組】44. According to the author, the most important of a good education is ____.
(A) to encourage students to read widely
(B) to train students to think on their own
(C) to teach students how to tackle exams
(D) to master his fate
45.【題組】45. Why does the author mention a judge’s decision in court?
(A) Give an example
(B) For comparison
(C) It shows that teachers’ evolutions depend on the results of examinations
(D) It shows the results of court are more effective
46.Advertisers tend to think big and perhaps this is why they’re always coming in for criticism. Their critics seem to resent them because they have a flair for self-promotion and because they have so much money to throw around. ‘It’s iniquitous,’ they say, ‘that this entirely unproductive industry (if we can call it that) should absorb millions of pounds each year. It only goes to show how much profit the big companies are making. Why don’t they stop advertising and reduce the price of their goods? After all, it’s the consumer who pays…’
The poor old consumer!He’d have to pay a great deal more if advertising didn’t create mass markets for products. It is precisely because of the heavy advertising that consumer goods are so cheap. But we get the wrong idea if we think the only purpose of advertising is to sell goods. Another equally important function is to inform. A great deal of the knowledge we have about household goods derives largely from the advertisements we read. Advertisements introduce us to new products or remind us of the existence of ones we already know about. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc., from an advertisement.
Lots of people pretend that they never read advertisements, but this claim may be seriously doubted. It is hardly possible not to read advertisements these days. And what fun they often are, too! Just think what a railway station or a newspaper would be like without advertisements. Would you enjoy gazing at a blank wall or reading railway byelaws while waiting for a train? Would you like to read only closely printed columns of news in your daily paper? A cheerful, witty advertisement makes such a difference to a drab wall or a newspaper full of the daily ration of calamities.
We must not forget, either, that advertising makes a positive contribution to our pockets. Newspapers, commercial radio and television companies could not subsist without this source of revenue. The fact that we pay so little for our daily paper, or can enjoy so many broadcast programmes is due entirely to the money spent by advertisers. Just think what a newspaper would cost if we had to pay its full price!
Another thing we mustn’t forget is the ‘small ads.’ which are in virtually every newspaper and magazine. What a tremendously useful service they perform for the community! Just about anything can be accomplished through these columns. For instance, you can find a job, buy or sell a house, announce a birth, marriage or death in what used to be called the ‘hatch, match and dispatch’ column but by far the most fascinating section is the personal or ‘agony’ column. No other item in a newspaper provides such entertaining reading or offers such a deep insight into human nature. It’s the best advertisement for advertising there is!
【題組】46. What is main idea of this passage?
(B) The benefits of advertisement.
(C) Advertisers perform a useful service to communities.
(D) The costs of advertisement.
48.【題組】48. Why do the critics criticize advertisers?
(A) Because advertisers often brag.
(B) Because critics think advertisement is a “waste of money”.
(C) Because customers are encouraged to buy more than necessary.
(D) Because customers pay more.
49.【題組】49. Which of the following is NOT true?
(A) Advertisement makes contribution to our pockets and we may know everything.
(B) We can buy what we want.
(C) Good quality products don’t need to be advertised.
(D) Advertisement makes our life colorful.
【非選題】 51.IV. Writing: The Characteristics of a Good Teacher (20%)
Since many of you have experiences teaching in elementary schools, high schools or cram schools, please reflect on your own teaching experiences and describe the characteristics of a good teacher. You might delineate your viewpoints one by one with concrete examples or define a good teacher by identifying the important features for the role. There should be at least 3 paragraphs in this essay.