Bullying can threaten students’ physical and emotional safety at school and can negatively impact their ability to
learn. The best way to address bullying is to stop it 31 it starts. Here are a number of things school staff can do
to make schools safer and prevent bullying.
First of all, conduct assessments in your school to 32 how often bullying occurs, where it happens, and
how students and adults intervene. Create school-wide rules and a bullying reporting system to establish a climate
33 bullying is not acceptable. Then, build bullying prevention material into the curriculum and school activities.
Train teachers on the school’s rules and policies. Give them the skills to intervene consistently and appropriately.
It is also important for everyone in the community to work together to send a unified message 34 bullying.
Launch an awareness campaign to make the objectives 35 to the school, parents, and community members.
Establish a school safety committee or task force to plan, implement, and evaluate your school’s bullying prevention
program. Saying goodbye to bullying can be achieved by everyone’s effort.
【題組】31. (A) for (B) before (C) since (D) until
There was once a farmer in the State of Song. He went to his paddy fields to check on the growth of his
seedlings every day. 36 the seedlings were growing very slowly, he became rather worried. One day, when
the farmer was on his way to the fields, a wild idea suddenly flashed through his head. He hurried on his way and
jumped into the field. 37 great care, he lifted each seedling up a little from the soil. When the day’s work was
done, he dragged his weary body home, 38 very content.
39 he got to the door, he hollered to his wife, “Honey, I’m totally exhausted!” “What did you do in the
fields today?” asked his wife. “Go to the fields and see for yourself!” replied the man proudly. “I helped the
On hearing these words, his son ran joyfully to the paddy fields. It was now sunset, and 40 was
shrouding the whole earth. From a distance the little boy could see that the seedlings in the paddy fields had all
withered and died.
【題組】36. (A) Because (B) So (C) Whether (D) Before
Paul van der Velpen, the head of Amsterdam’s health service, wants to see sugar tightly regulated. “Just like alcohol
and tobacco, sugar is actually a drug. There is an important role for government. The use of sugar should be discouraged.
And users should be made aware of the dangers,” he wrote on an official public health website. “This may seem
exaggerated and far-fetched, but sugar is the most dangerous drug of the times and can still be easily acquired
Mr. Van der Velpen cites research claiming that sugar, unlike fat or other foods, interferes with the body’s appetite,
creating an insatiable desire to carry on eating, an effect he accuses the food industry of using to increase consumption of
their products. “Sugar upsets that mechanism. Whoever uses sugar wants more and more, even when they are no longer
hungry. Give someone eggs and he’ll stop eating at any given time. Give him cookies and he eats on even though his
stomach is painful,” he argued. “Sugar is actually a form of addiction. It’s just as hard to get rid of the urge for sweet
foods as of smoking. Thereby diets only work temporarily. Addiction therapy is better.”
The senior health official wants to see sugar taxes and legal limits set on the amount that can be added to processed
food. He also wants cigarette-style warnings on sweets and soft drinks telling consumers that “sugar is addictive and bad
for the health.” “Health insurers should have to finance addiction therapy for their obese clients. Schools would no longer
be allowed to sell sweets and soft drinks. Producers of sports drinks that are bursting with sugar should be sued over
misleading advertising and so on,” he said. The number of obese people in the Netherlands has doubled over the last two
decades; more than half of Dutch adults and one in seven children are overweight in a country famed for its deep fried
【題組】41. What is the main idea of the article?
(A) A Dutch senior health official proposes to set up some tight regulations on sugar.
(B) A Dutch senior health official provides some tips on maintaining a good diet.
(C) A Dutch senior health official gives the reasons why people love to eat sweet foods.
(D) A Dutch senior health official shows the symptoms of sugar addiction.
43.【題組】43. Which regulation on sugar is NOT mentioned by Paul van der Velpen?
(A) Having the same regulations as the ones on alcohol and tobacco.
(B) Setting up legal limits on the amount that can be added to processed food.
(C) Not allowing schools to sell sweets and soft drinks.
(D) Having health insurance companies fund addiction therapy for their obese clients.
44.【題組】44. What can be inferred about the use of sugar?
(A) The food industry has decreased the use of sugar in their products.
(B) The use of sugar can be better controlled by addiction therapy.
(C) The obese people in Denmark will consume more sugar in the future.
(D) The use of sugar can be continuously discouraged by keeping diets.
45.【題組】45. Which of the following is the most appropriate title to the article?
(A) Why Sugar Makes Us Fat?
(B) Decoding Your Sugar Addiction
(C) Stopping Addiction to Sugar: Willpower or Genetics?
(D) Sugar Addiction: The Most Dangerous Drug of the Times
In asking about the origins of human language, we first have to make clear what the question is. The question is not
how languages gradually developed over time into the languages of the world today. Rather, it is how the human species
developed over time so that we — and not our closest relatives, the chimpanzees and bonobos — became capable of
And what an amazing development this was! No other natural communication system is like human language.
Human language can express thoughts on an unlimited number of topics (the weather, the war, the past, the future,
mathematics, gossip, fairy tales, how to fix the sink...). It can be used not just to convey information, but to solicit
information (questions) and to give orders. Unlike any other animal communication system, it contains an expression for
negation — what is not the case. Every human language has a vocabulary of tens of thousands of words, built up from
several dozen speech sounds. Speakers can build an unlimited number of phrases and sentences out of words plus a
smallish collection of prefixes and suffixes, and the meanings of sentences are built from the meanings of the individual
words. What is still more remarkable is that every normal child learns the whole system from hearing others use it.
Animal communication systems, in contrast, typically have at most a few dozen distinct calls, and they are used
only to communicate immediate issues such as food, danger, threat, or reconciliation. Many of the sorts of meanings
conveyed by chimpanzee communication have counterparts in human 'body language'. For animals that use combinations
of calls (such as some songbirds and some whales), the meanings of the combinations are not made up of the meanings
of the parts (though there are many species that have not been studied yet). And the attempts to teach apes some version
of human language, while fascinating, have produced only rudimentary results. So the properties of human language are
unique in the natural world.
【題組】46. What is the article mainly about?
(A) A problem in technology.
(B) Wild animals.
(C) The origin of language.
(D) The human brain.
48.【題組】48. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Normal children learn the whole system of language from hearing others using it.
(B) Other animals like chimpanzees and bonobos can express thoughts and feelings like human beings.
(C) The attempts to teach apes some version of human language are limited to some fundamental results.
(D) Animal communication system is used to express something immediately present in space and time.
50.【題組】50. What is the conclusion of the passage?
(A) Every human language has a vocabulary of thousands of words, built up from several dozen speech sounds.
(B) Animal communication systems typically have at most a dozen distinct calls.
(C) The properties of human language are unique in the natural world.
(D) Human language can express thoughts on an unlimited number of topics.