1.1. The workforce in this company used to be _____ by men; now the numbers of men and women are equal.
(A) situated (B) indicated
(C) dominated (D) replicated
2.2. Being divorced or single later in life no longer carries the _____ that it did for previous generations.
(A) stigma (B) glory
(C) convention (D) expectation
3.3. The occasional watching of a funny YouTube video can offer _____ during the hard work of a long day.
(A) instinct (B) commitment
(C) devastation (D) solace
4.4. One common way to _____ a conversation is by asking people about themselves.
(A) stimulate (B) interrupt
(C) release (D) contribute
5.5. The result of the Taipei mayoral election is a _____ of Taiwan’s democratic values and Taipei citizens’
determination to pursue progress.
(A) deprivation (B) connection
(C) subversion (D) manifestation
6.6. If you want to continue to _____ your interest in photography, you will need to buy a new camera.
(A) conduct (B) pursue
(C) engage (D) involve
7.7. The government issued broad _____ orders for people living in the coastal areas, asking them to leave
before the typhoon hit the island.
(A) evacuation (B) radiation
(C) demonstration (D) emancipation
8.8. Although this margarine tastes fine, I think it’s a very poor _____ for real butter.
(A) ingredient (B) texture
(C) substitute (D) institute
9.9. “To fight against terrorism, we must remain _____ at home and abroad,” said the president.
(A) radical (B) vigilant
(C) merciful (D) critical
10.10. If you drop something on the train tracks, ask a rail worker to _____ it for you.
(A) revive (B) speculate
(C) retrieve (D) revolve
11.11. Lying on a special shelf in John’s room is a teddy bear, _____ to him by a good friend.
(A) which has given (B) and gives
(C) giving (D) given
12.12. The retailer said that his shops sold about half as many copies of the album as he _____.
(A) had expected (B) would expect
(C) has expected (D) was expected
13.13. It is amusing to see how much penguins resemble humans in dress suits _____ in a comical fashion.
(A) walk (B) to walk
(C) have walked (D) walking
14.14. Last year, LED sales grew faster than _____ any other lighting technology, according to statistics.
(A) much of (B) such of
(C) those of (D) ones of
15.15. A recent study shows that unmarried baby boomers are five times more likely to live in poverty _____
their married counterparts.
(A) as (B) than
(C) from (D) with
16.16. As the gap between the rich and poor increases, _____ poverty and homelessness.
(A) so are (B) and so is
(C) and so does (D) so do
17.17. A total of 389 poultry farms have been sampled, with 330 of them _____ to have been infected by the
new sub-strain of H5 bird flu.
(A) which confirmed (B) confirmed
(C) confirming (D) to confirm
18.18. If these strict measures had not been taken, there _____ a widespread transmission of H2N5.
(A) would be
(B) had been
(C) would not have
(D) would have been
19.19. Angry villagers accused the rescue team of moving too slowly to help _____ in the mountains.
(A) trapping those still
(B) those still trapped
(C) trap those still
(D) those have trapped
20.20. The old beggar was _____ overwhelmed by the kindness of the hostess that tears rushed to his eyes.
(A) very (B) much
(C) such (D) so
Shared backgrounds and value systems make it easier to befriend people from our home countries. Yet,
because these elements can’t be taken 21 with people from other cultures, making friends with them can be
challenging. Learning to accept the differences that 22 is easier said than done. According to anthropologists
Kevin Avruch and Peter W. Black, people tend to view things they don’t understand 23 wrong or strange.
Compounding the problem are stereotypes, which are typically 24 the truth. For instance, one stereotype
about Americans is that they’re all outgoing, whereas many are actually quite 25 . So we should start by
recognizing the stereotypes that we have, after which we can take steps to overcome them.
【題組】21. (A) for granted (B) into consideration (C) use of (D) as examples
Ten years ago, most experts would have agreed that the first people in the Americas arrived about 14,000
years ago by walking across a land bridge that crossed the Bering Strait—the boundary between Siberia and
Alaska. They then traveled south through an open area of ground between great sheets of ice that stretched
across North America at that time. Today, however, this theory is being challenged.
An alternative theory suggests that instead of a single first migration, various groups of people came to the
Americas at intervals spaced well apart in time. Another theory proposes that, rather than walking across a land
bridge, some came by boat. According to this theory, ancient people might have kayaked their way along the
shoreline just as adventurous tourists do today.
Looking at ancient tools found in America, archeologist Dennis Stanford noticed that their shape is
analogous to tools used by the Solutrean culture of southwestern Europe. He thinks it is conceivable that people
of that culture may have kayaked across the Atlantic from Europe to America perhaps 20,000 years ago or
The science of archeology often produces theories that are based on very small bits of evidence. Today’s
archeologists know that being stubborn and holding on to one theory while shutting out the others isn’t good
science. They know they need to be patient as more buried pieces of the puzzle are dug out of the ground. As
new evidence is discovered that disrupts existing theories, they adjust those theories to explain the new facts.
【題組】26. Which could be the title for this reading?
(A) Why Ancient People Left Their Places
(B) How Archeologists Created Their Theories
(C) Why Archeologists Enjoyed Working
(D) How Ancient People Migrated to the Americas
27.【題組】27. Which of the following statements is a fact, not just a theory?
(A) The ancient tools found in America are analogous to those used by people in southwestern Europe.
(B) The first people in the Americas arrived about 14,000 years ago.
(C) Various groups of people came to the Americas at intervals.
(D) Ancient people might have traveled to the Americas by boat.
28.【題組】28. How many theories are mentioned in this reading?
29.【題組】29. What is the significance of Dennis Stanford’s finding in paragraph 3?
(A) It proves that ancient people must have been good at making tools.
(B) It excludes any close relation among ancient people in Europe and America.
(C) It suggests that ancient people probably came to the Americas by boat 20,000 years ago.
(D) It denies the possibility that ancient people crossed the Atlantic from Europe to America.
30.【題組】30. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) The first people in the Americas probably traveled through a land bridge across the Bering Strait.
(B) It is difficult for archeologists to change their attitude and adjust to a new theory.
(C) Ancient people must have been adventurous while making their migration.
(D) It is natural for archeologists to challenge an old theory with new evidence.