5.35. It is difficult for poor language learners to organize their linguistic input
into a coherent system; _____, they see the input as an unconnected, untidy
collection of individual items.
(A) on the one hand (B) instead
(C) by and by (D) furthermore
8.38. A group of scientists have warned the United States against weaponizing space,
saying the move would be prohibitively expensive and could spark a new arms
race in the cosmos.
(A) Scientists have been against the United States＇weaponizing space because
this move would cost a huge amount of money and could initiate a new arms
race in space.
(B) Scientists have warned the United States not to travel into space because
it could be extremely expensive and dangerous.
(C) Scientists have been against the United States to arm the moon with
expensive weapons because it will destroy the space.
(D) Many scientists in the United States have warned the government not to
weaponize the cosmos because it is too expensive.
9.39. For developing countries, migration eases the pressure to employ the poor.
(A) For developing countries, more poor people are employed because of foreign
(B) Developing countries solve their migration problems by employing more poor
(C) Poor people＇s working abroad eases the pressure of unemployment in
(D) Migrating people to developing countries is a way to ease the pressure to
employ the poor.
10.40. What is most obvious in this book are all those details of daily living which
make Mrs. Smith anything but common.
(A) Mrs. Smith is quite an ordinary person as the book shows all the details of
her daily living.
(B) The book＇s detailed description of Mrs. Smith＇s daily life shows that she
is an unusual person.
(C) Mrs. Smith is obviously a common person because of the details of daily
living shown in this book.
(D) The details of Mrs. Smith＇s daily life in the book show what a common
person she is.
11.Art ultimately must be valued because of its capacity to improve the quality
of life: by increasing __41__ others and our surroundings, by sharpening our
perceptions, by reshaping our values so that moral and societal concerns __42__
material well-being. Of all the arts, theater has perhaps the greatest potential as
a humanizing force, for at its best it asks us to enter __43__ into the lives of
others so we may understand their aspirations and motivations. Through role-playing
(either in daily life or in the theater) we come to understand who and what we are
and to see ourselves in relation to others. Perhaps most important, in a world given
increasingly to violence, the value of being able to understand and feel for others
as human beings cannot be overestimated, because violence __44__ most fully when we
so dehumanize others that we __45__ think of their hopes, aims, and sufferings but
treat them as objects to be manipulated.
【題組】41 (A) our sense about (B) our sensation of
(C) our sensitivity to (D) our sensibility into
16.Long before Admiral Byrd＇s well-publicized expeditions and the race to the
South Pole by Scott and Amundsen, other, now long-forgotten explorers, adventurers
and ordinary seal hunters made or tried to make their way to Antarctica. Today,
scientists regularly bivouac for months on end in the vast frozen wastes of
Antarctica, and adventurous travelers can even find tours to take them to the bottom
of the world. But it was not so long ago that a voyage to the South Pole was a
perilous undertaking, one that required tremendous courage, stamina, and skill.
Before explorers actually saw this frozen continent, its existence was posited by
geographers, though 18th-century seafarers ventured no further than the ring of cold
air and icy water, the Antarctic Convergence, which surrounded it. The discovery and
exploitation of Antarctica is the subject of Alan Gurney＇s book, Below the
Gurney, a Scots yacht designer and photographer, tells the story of some dozen
of those men, beginning with the astronomer Halley (of comet fame) in 1699 and
finishes with an 1839 whaling/sealing ship— the Eliza Scott— whose crew discovered
boulders imbedded in Antarctic ice, a geological mystery that caught Darwin＇s
interest. But to mention only the detailed accounts of these voyages— and they are
very detailed— fails to give a sense of the treasure-trove quality of this unusual
book. Along the way are interesting discussions of the history of astronomy,
geography, navigation (especially the problems of working out correct longitude),
cartography and ornithology (how the penguin got its name), diet (the problem of
scurvy) and the economics of the whale-oil trade. And how many of us have seriously
considered the question “Is there indeed a ｀Southern Ocean＇ below the Pacific?＂
Gurney＇s somewhat dogged interest in describing exactly which routes various ships
took to get from here to there is more than made up for by his curiosity about what
they encountered along the way. This book, written for serious sailors, should
entertain anyone curious about history＇s backwater.
【題組】46This passage is most likely taken from _____.
(A) the atlas of the Antarctic Convergence
(B) the bibliography of a thesis on penguins
(C) the mechanical manual of the Eliza Scott
(D) the book review section of an online bookstore
17.【題組】47According to the passage, which of the following statements about Antarctica
(A) Antarctica and the South Pole do not belong to the same area on earth.
(B) By the 18th century geographers had already been to the ice world by sea.
(C) The Antarctic Convergence encircles the Antarctic continent.
(D) Nowadays tours will take travelers to places under the ice.
18.【題組】48According to the passage, which of the following subjects is NOT mentioned in
Below the Convergence?
(A) The discovery of ice rocks
(B) The discovery of a gold mine
(C) The linguistic origins of penguins
(D) The discussion of standardizing longitude