104 年 - 四技二專統測 專業科目(二)：英文閱讀與寫作#21048
1.▲ 下篇短文共有 5 個空格，為第 1− 5 題，請依短文文意，選出一個最適合
Coffee is the world’s second most valuable market commodity after petroleum.
U.S. consumers drink 1 of the beans traded in the global market. Coffee is a significant
source of foreign exchange for many Latin American countries and has played a major role in
the political histories of nations 2 Mexico, Colombia, Guatemala, and Brazil. It was
traditionally developed as a colonial cash crop, 3 by serfs or wage laborers on large
plantations, and then exported to imperial countries. In its natural shaded habitat, coffee is a
sustainable crop. In the mid-20th century, 4 ,with the advent of the Green Revolution—
an agribusiness-oriented scheme that pressed high technology on traditional farmers—different
kinds of high-yielding coffee were pursued. In the 1970s, a well-known organization gave
over $ 80 million to coffee plantations in Latin America to “ modernize” — to strip coffee
of shaded trees and purchase chemical pesticides and fertilizers. This 5 to severe
environmental problems, including contamination of air and water through pesticide poisoning.
(A) one four
(B) one fourths
(C) one fourth
(D) first four
(A) compared to
(B) instead of
(C) in spite of
(D) such as
(A) planting and harvesting
(B) planted and harvested
(C) to plant and harvest
(D) been planted and harvested
(A) have led
(B) has been led
(C) has led
(D) has leading
6.▲ 下篇短文共有 5 個空格，為第 6 − 10 題，請依短文文意，選出一個最適合
Almost all of the most famous buildings throughout the world are constructed or
decorated with natural stones of some sorts. It has long been a tradition to use stones in its many
forms to build structures for a 6 of uses. Among these stone buildings, pyramids of Egypt
are perhaps the oldest in the world. They have stood for almost five thousand years, and will
probably stand for several thousand years to come. Some of the pyramids still look the same as
when they 7 many years ago. Some have been greatly damaged, not by natural forces,
but by human efforts. A lot of people 8 stone from the pyramids to build their own houses.
In fact, besides the dry weather and their architectural shapes, the most important
reason 9 they can last is that they were planned to last forever. Although there are no
writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids, 10 have
formed a clear picture of the methods they used by examining the actual pyramids and
the different tools which have been found. More studies are still under way, but one thing
is quite clear: there must have been very careful plans before the Egyptians could begin
to build the pyramids.
(B) were built
(C) have been built
(D) were building
(A) gave back
(B) brought about
(C) took away
(D) caught on
11.▲ 下篇短文共有 5 個空格，為第 11 − 15 題，請依短文文意，選出一個最適合
In the animal world there is social space, which is the region like the animal’s territory;
additionally, there is personal space, which is the small area very close to the animal. If a person
enters an animal’s social space, the animal may just 11 a warning. If the invader
then 12 and enters the animal’s personal space, the animal may attack the invader.
However, a dog will allow people it knows to enter its space without harm 13 it may also
fight to protect its space like other animals.
Most animals are smart and try to find ways to co-inhabit in peace. Some animals will
mark their territory with scent to 14 fights with other animals of the same species.
On the other hand, except for animals that live in groups, almost all animals have their own
territory. They occupy the area around their nest or hole for their own use and 15 any
animal that tries to enter the area. In addition to marking their territory with scent, they bark
to warn other animals against entering their territory.
(B) only if
(A) take over
(B) leave out
(C) bring in
(D) drive off
16.二、閱讀測驗 (第 16 − 30 題，每題 2 分，共 30 分)
▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 16−20 題
Motor skills are skills of balance and coordination. Through the development of
motor skills, you are able to control movement. You see well-developed motor skills in action
when you watch great athletes or dancers. The standing long jump and the shuttle run are two
general tests to assess your motor skills.
The standing long jump is a measure of body power and coordination. How to do
standing long jump? First, stand with both feet on the floor. Second, bend your knees and
swing your arms backward. Then jump forward as far as you can. When jumping, swing your
arms forward to help yourself go farther. Finally, mark the spot where your heels land and
measure the distance of the spot from the starting line.
The purpose of the shuttle run is to measure agility. Agility is the ability to stop, start, and
change directions quickly. Speed, balance, and coordination all contribute to agility. To take the
shuttle run test, place two blocks, or other objects you can pick up easily, at a spot 30 feet away.
On the command to start, run to the point 30 feet away and pick up one block, and run back to
the starting point and place the block behind the starting point. Then run back to pick up
the second block and return it to the starting point as well. When the second block is
placed behind the starting point, the test is completed. The score is recorded as the number of
seconds it takes to complete the test. Each test has a rating chart. The ratings, which range from
poor to excellent based on performance will be discussed next.
【題組】16. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
(A) Dancers and athletes have well-developed motor skills.
(B) With the development of motor skills, people can control their movement.
(C) In order to jump farther, you swing your arms backward when jumping forward.
(D) Speed, balance, and coordination all contribute to agility.
17.【題組】17. Which of the following has the closest meaning to the word “ agility” in the third paragraph?
18.【題組】18. Which of the following is true about the shuttle run test?
(A) You place two blocks with 30 feet distance in between.
(B) You place the two blocks behind the starting points before you run.
(C) You have to run for 30 feet to pick up the blocks.
(D) You have to pick up two blocks at the same time.
19.【題組】19. In what magazine would you probably read this passage?
(A) Geography magazine.
(B) Health magazine.
(C) Wine magazine.
(D) Fashion magazine.
20.【題組】20. Which of the following would be probably mentioned in the next paragraph of this passage?
(A) The criteria for evaluating levels of motor skills.
(B) The guidelines regarding how to eat right.
(C) The information about how to become an athlete.
(D) The instruments used for choosing blocks.
21.▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 21 − 25 題
Good manners are a set of behaviors which mark someone as a civilized and cultured
member of a society. A person is considered well-mannered if he or she behaves politely.
However, good manners do not come naturally and should be taught from a very young age.
If children do not receive additional training in etiquette, they might grow up boorish.
People with good manners are always agreeable companions. They are delightful because
they always think of others, not of themselves. They do not have their own way or seek
their own comfort. Instead, they always think of the happiness of others.
Different countries and different races have different manners. For example, if you receive
a gift in Japan, opening it upon receiving it would be impolite. However, in Austria, do open
your gift immediately; otherwise you will be seen as being rude. Another example is that
a guest in a Chinese house never finishes a drink. He leaves a little in order to show that
he has had enough. Similarly, in a Malay house, a guest alwa ys leaves a little food.
In England, however, a guest always finishes a drink or food to show that he has enjoyed it.
The other example about table manners is that in Japan, it is not only acceptable to slurp
the noodles in your soup, but considered good table manners to do so. However, if you are
enjoying a nice bowl of soup in England, slurping is considered rude. In fact, it would seem
rather uncouth if you drink a liquid while making a sucking sound in England.
Therefore, we must find out the customs of other countries before our visit, so that
they will not think us ill-mannered. By reading up on a country’s customs, traditions,
and etiquette, you will not only fit in better, but also show respect for the locals of the country
you are visiting. But one thing that people all over the world all agree is that being
well-mannered really means being kind and helping others, especially those older or weaker
than ourselves. If we remember this, we will not go very far wrong.
【題組】21. What is the passage mainly about?
(A) To compare ill manners with good manners.
(B) To introduce good table manners.
(C) To train people to learn good manners.
(D) To discuss good manners.
22.【題組】22. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT the behavior of a well-mannered
(A) Think of others’ happiness.
(B) Seek his own comfort.
(C) Be kind to those in need.
(D) Help the elderly.
23.【題組】23. Which of the following has the closest meaning to the word “agreeable” in the first paragraph?
24.【題組】24. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
(A) People are born with good manners.
(B) Good manners differ in countries around the world.
(C) Without training, children might behave impolitely.
(D) People with good manners help those weaker than themselves.
25.【題組】25. According to the passage, which behavior is considered as ill-mannered in some European
(A) Always finish drinks or food.
(B) Drink without sucking sounds.
(C) Slurp a nice bowl of soup.
(D) Open a present upon receiving it.
26.▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 26 − 30 題
You’ve likely heard that multitasking is problematic, but new studies show that it kills
your performance and may even damage your brain. Research conducted at Stanford University
found that multitasking is less productive than doing a single thing at a time. The researchers
also found that people who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information
cannot pay attention, recall information, or switch from one job to another as well as those
who complete one task at a time.
But what if some people have a special gift for multitasking? The Stanford researchers
compared groups of people based on their tendency to multitask and their belief that it helps
their performance. They found that heavy multitaskers— those who multitask a lot and feel that
it boosts their performance — were actually worse at multitasking than those who like to
do a single thing at a time. The frequent multitaskers performed worse because they had more
trouble organizing their thoughts and filtering out irrelevant information, and they were slower
at switching from one task to another. Multitasking reduces your efficiency and performance
because your brain can only focus on one thing at a time. When you try to do two things at once,
your brain lacks the capacity to perform both tasks successfully.
A study at the University of London found that participants who multitasked during
cognitive tasks experienced IQ score declines that were similar to what they’d expect if they had
smoked marijuana or stayed up all night. Multitasking men showed IQ score drops of 15 points,
resulting in a score equivalent to the average score of 8-year-old children. So the next time
you’re writing your boss an email during a meeting, remember that your cognitive capacity is
being diminished to the point that you might as well let an 8-year-old write it for you.
共 8 頁 第 6 頁
【題組】26. Why does the author mention a study by researchers from Stanford University?
(A) To highlight the importance of multitasking.
(B) To give examples of how people can benefit from multitasking.
(C) To illustrate that multitaskers perform worse than those who do one thing at a time.
(D) To emphasize the relationship between multitasking and IQ.
27.【題組】27. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
(A) Why people multitask.
(B) Multitasking damages your brain and career.
(C) A special skill—Multitasking.
(D) Multitasking lowers IQ.
28.【題組】28. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?
(A) Multitaskers experienced IQ score declines during cognitive tasks.
(B) Although multitaskers are slower at switching from one task to another, their brains have
better capacity to perform tasks successfully.
(C) Multitaskers performed worse because they had more difficulties sorting out unnecessary
information for their tasks.
(D) Multitaskers who have a lot of data to process cannot recall information.
29.【題組】29. Which of the following has the closest meaning to the word “diminished” in the last paragraph?
30.【題組】30. What can be inferred from the passage about multitasking?
(A) Multitasking might fuel any existing difficulties with concentration.
(B) Multitasking can be learned.
(C) Cognitive impairment from multitasking might be temporary.
(D) Multitasking lowers not only IQ but also EQ
31.(一) 中譯英 (8分)
32.(二) 英譯中 (8分)
The invention of computers has brought about the coming of the age of information and
communication. (3) A computer can gather a wide range of information for many purposes, so
can it speed up the development of communication. In this ever changing world, knowledge is
power; the country that can get the latest information faster than other countries and quickly make it
known to its people is likely to become the strongest. (4) Therefore, in order to catch up with
other countries in this age of information, we should try our best to promote our science and
33.二、寫作測驗 ( 24 分)
即將畢業的 Jamie 收到祖母寄來的畢業禮物。Jamie 寫一封信向祖母表達感謝之意，同時表示自己很喜歡這個禮物，並說明這個禮物有多麼實用。最後，邀請祖母來參加畢業典禮，並告知確切的舉辦時間和地點，以及非常期待她的參與。
(2) 請以 Jamie 的身份依下列格式寫出信件，並務必將寫信的日期、收信人、寄信人謄寫至答案卷上。
May 2, 2015