Chun Yu Lin>试卷(2015/04/29)

教甄教程◆英文題庫 下載題庫

101 年 - 國立台灣師範大學101學年度中等學校師資類科 教育學程甄選考試 語文測驗 英文#20968 

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1.31. People in the far north _____ chiefly on fish and meat.
(A) abet
(B) condone
(C) subsist
(D) impend
2.32. The apartment is not _____ enough for a big family to live in.
(A) corpulent
(B) commodious
(C) superfluous
(D) unquenchable
3.33. In the time of economic recession, most people fret about whether the society will _____ in opportunities for gaining a basic standard of living.
(A) utilize
(B) rife
(C) abound
(D) comprise
4.34. This film _____ to a historical event most people know nothing about.
(A) alludes
(B) complies
(C) induces
(D) commemorates
5.35. To ensure a long life span and a high standard of edibility, the packaging of the “indestructible” sandwich has to be as _____ as possible, with layers of heat-resistant chemical and metal foil.
(A) imperious
(B) imperishable
(C) impervious
(D) imminent II. Grammar: What follows are 10 incomplete sentences. Four choices, marked A, B, C, D are given after each sentence. You are to choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.(10%)
6.36. _____ it to have rained this morning, I would not have gone jogging.
(A) Should
(B) For
(C) Would
(D) Were
7.37. Individuals who are eligible _____ a grant ought to speak to Mrs. Chu.
(A) from
(B) in
(C) for
(D) with
8.38. Contrary to widespread belief, the making of her movie is already _____ progress.
(A) in
(B) to
(C) on
(D) with
9.39. _____ their premises are in Kaoshiung, I cannot take the job unless I relocate.
(A) Due to
(B) Due
(C) Because of
(D) Because
10.40. Not only _____ by three days, it also contained several unwanted items.
(A) was the delivery delayed
(B) the delivery delayed
(C) the delivery was delayed
(D) was the delivery delaying
11.41. It is imperative that errors _____ to the Technical Department the minute they are spotted.
(A) are reported
(B) is reported
(C) be reporting
(D) be reported
12.42. If the text is not simplified, it _____ incomprehensible.
(A) is
(B) being
(C) would be
(D) will be
13.43. _____ had I emptied my in-tray than another load of applications arrived.
(A) Hardly
(B) Barely
(C) No sooner
(D) As soon as
14.44. The _____ he grew, the more bitter he became.
(A) elderly
(B) older
(C) more elderly
(D) oldest
15.45. They hoped that the misunderstanding _____ before it affected the negotiations.
(A) resolves
(B) is resolved
(C) be resolved
(D) would be resolved
16.Today, in cultures which think of themselves as modern, most of the food we speak of as raw comes elaborately prepared to the table. It is important to specify “food we speak of as raw” because _46_ is a culturally constructed, or at least culturally modified, concept. Though we commonly eat many fruits and some vegetables with minimal preparation, we take their rawness for granted because it is culturally _47_. No one speaks of raw apples or raw lettuce. Only if the food in question is normally cooked, but _48_ raw, do we specify raw carrots or raw onions or whatever. When meat and fish are served raw in the west, their rawness is so exceptional that it takes on extra connotations of _49_ and risk, of barbarism and primitivism. The Chinese traditionally classified barbarian tribes into “raw” and “cooked” according to the degree of _50_ they saw in them; and a similar mental classification of the world comes easily in the west, where literary tradition has long equated lust for raw flesh with savagery, blood-thirst and the rage of gastric impatience.
【題組】46.
(A) modernity
(B) rawness
(C) cuisine
(D) manners
17.【題組】47.
(A) unusual
(B) superfluous
(C) normal
(D) exceptional
18.【題組】48.
(A) essential
(B) incorrigible
(C) accurate
(D) acceptable
19.【題組】49.
(A) delusion
(B) assertion
(C) subversion
(D) profusion
20.【題組】50.
(A) prejudice
(B) morality
(C) civilization
(D) opulence
21.A community, whether spatially organized or defined according to other criteria such as ethnicity or sexuality, is a particular kind of social group. It will be remembered that Benedict Anderson insists that all communities are imagined; they vary, however, according to their style of imagining, and this style is expressed in both the nature of the group's boundaries and the narratives that constitute the group imaginary. In situations of intercommunal conflict—which, as we have seen, have economic, social, and/or political determinants—processes of identity construction take on a particular character because of the way in which they enlist the kinds of powerful group emotions described by Georg Simmel and others. In particular, they become infused by a complex amalgam of hatred and paranoia that give such conflicts an indeterminacy that is irreducible to the material factors. Such conflictual relations constitute, in Walter Benjamin's schema, a breakdown in the relationship between self and other and thus lead to a paranoid style of imagined community. This is equivalent to a defensive and paranoid struggle in which each party experiences the existence of the other as a threat and seeks to obliterate the difference. As we have seen, Simmel calls attention to the integrating effect of antagonism—the way in which it brings cohesion. Echoing Hegel, Simmel argues that "the first instinct with which the individual affirms himself is the negation of the other." And, if we follow this line of analysis, so it is with the group: the group identity is affirmed in the act of negating the other. This idea—that identity requires the negation of difference—has been a tenet of much contemporary social and political theory, particularly poststructuralist theory. But this suggests that identity is always constructed agonistically, not through constructive relations with the other but in struggle with the other. What Simmel referred to as polar differentiations we might think of as antinomies. For Freud, love and hate constituted the basic antinomy underlying emotional life. However, unlike Simmel and the poststructuralists, Melanie Klein argues that there are two different ways of dealing with such antinomies. One is to split them apart, thereby creating binary oppositions; the other is to hold the tension implicit in the antinomy and live the contradiction. The first state of mind Klein refers to as paranoid-schizoid; here, what is experienced as being bad is repudiated in the self and projected onto the other while what is experienced as good is attributed to the self. So in place of ambivalence—the mixture of love and hate we feel toward ourselves and others—we appropriate love for ourselves and our group by projecting hatred onto the other, an other that is henceforth experienced as a source of danger and persecution. Similarly with the group, solidarity and fellow feeling can be strengthened so long as the rivalries, hostilities, resentments, and hatreds that would otherwise dog the group can be projected onto the other.
【題組】51. What is the passage mainly about?
(A) Conflict is an integral part of a community.
(B) Social relations consist in imaginary feelings toward different groups.
(C) Group identities are constituted as a result of some conflictual relations.
(D) People tend to hate those who project negative feelings onto them.
22.【題組】52. What is Anderson's conceptualization of community?
(A)A community is constituted through its competing interests with the other.
(B) A community is constituted through the expression of its own economic, social and political determinants.
(C) A community is constituted through narratives that characterize its identity and its difference from other groups.
(D)A community is constituted through the imaginary power of a group.
23.【題組】53. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Each group may hold paranoid feelings toward other groups.
(B) Each group will only show powerful feelings toward its own members.
(C) Group conflicts cannot be easily resolved because they may involve the factor of emotions.
(D)Antagonism may help bring solidarity to the construction of group identity.
24.【題組】54. What is the shared principle of contemporary social and political theory?
(A) Each group tends to affirm itself through inner struggle.
(B) Antagonism is an integral part of identity.
(C) Antinomy is the foundation of group identity.
(D)Differentiations form the dynamics of group identity.
25.【題組】55. What aspect does Klein wish to address by the term paranoid-schizoid ?
(A) People hold ambivalent feelings toward themselves and others.
(B) People have difficulty coping with the emotional antinomy in social life.
(C) The hostility people tend to hold toward their social others is irreconcilable.
(D) People get to affirm themselves through the repudiation of the other.