Yi-Ling Liu>试卷(2012/04/28)

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101 年 - 台中教育大學教師專業碩士--英文#8021 

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1.____ which year did she go to Rome?
(A) On
(B) In
(C) At
(D) With
2.I’m really thirsty. Do you think we’ll pass a convenience store ____?
(A) on the way
(B) to the way
(C) in the way
(D) at the way
3.____ no circumstances are you to leave the room.
(A) From
(B) Under
(C) On
(D) With
4.A street should ____ traffic-free, so we can walk around shops.
(A) make
(B) making
(C) be made
(D) be making
5.Los Angeles was ____ I stayed in the United States.
(A) when
(B) what
(C) where
(D) that
6.The employer will not be happy ____ the current turmoil has died down.
(A) while
(B) until
(C) which
(D) how
7.The rhododendron, which ornaments so many English gardens, ____ not native to Europe.
(A) are
(B) been
(C) being
(D) is
8.Most tigers are fiercely protective of their ____.
(A) territory
(B) expansion
(C) aspect
(D) reality
9.The negotiations would have continued if either party had figured out a ____.
(A) determination
(B) resolution
(C) foundation
(D) construction
10.The trauma has created a ____ effect on her behavior.
(A) profound
(B) feasible
(C) cosmetic
(D) nurturing
11.Upon graduation, Jessie got a job as a financial ____ with the Bank of America.
(A) proponent
(B) enforcement
(C) analyst
(D) hacker
12.Tired of wearing contacts, the girl decided to have ____ laser eye surgery done.
(A) innovative
(B) indispensable
(C) inherent
(D) infectious
13.Several celebrities have openly ____ this product.
(A) bestowed
(B) lured
(C) varied
(D) endorsed
14.They canned the foods to ____ them.
(A) preserve
(B) remain
(C) reserve
(D) acquire
15.Most residents in the neighborhood ____ the construction of a nuclear power plant.
(A) decreased
(B) resisted
(C) supplied
(D) smuggled
Do the right thing: A text about a Korean girl, Kim Su-Jung, who went to live in the USA. 
I moved from Korea to the USA when I was 14 years old. The first few weeks were great—everything was exciting and different. Going to the supermarkets was an adventure: the foods were all new to me and everything was so big!  
The biggest culture shock for me was going to high school. First of all, I looked different. All the other girls looked so much older than me. They wore make-up and colored their hair. And I never went to a school with boys before.  
So the first thing I did to try to fit in was have a perm. I also started wearing make-up, but I wasn’t very good at putting it on. My eyeliner always seemed to smudge and my lipstick was always the wrong color. I loved nail polish though. I used to wear different colors on each finger. I also got my ears pierced.  
I found Americans a lot more open than Koreans. When I ate my dinner in the cafeteria, I always tried to ignore the boys and girls kissing each other over the table. People don’t do that in Korea. I found it hard to eat my dinner! The other thing I found hard was holding hands (or not holding hands). In Korea girls hold hands with girls, but in America people think that’s really weird. Instead girls hold hands with their boyfriends. I thought that was really weird! I wasn’t cool either. In Korea it’s good to be clever and do well at school, but in America I was a nerd for liking to study (and I wore glasses, which made it worse). 
I found making friends really hard. My English wasn’t great, which made me shy to speak, but also I didn’t understand the rules of conversation. When people made me compliments like ‘that’s a nice sweater’, I said ‘thanks’, but I didn’t know what to say next. I didn’t understand that they were just trying to start a conversation with me. So, I didn’t have many friends at school.

16. What did Kim Su-Jung enjoy about America?

(A) Making friends 

(B) Conversations 

(C) Holding hands

(D) Wearing nail polish
17. From the list below, which trend made Kim Su-Jung feel untrendy? 

(A) Wearing make-up 

(B) Boyfriends and girlfriends holding hands

(C) Studying hard

(D) Perming hair
18. Which of the following statements is incorrect about Kim Su-Jung? 

(A) She liked the supermarkets

(B) She didn’t have many friends at school

(C) She was competent at putting on make-up 

(D) She got her ears pierced
19.There are about 70,000 wild horses in the U.S. They live on grassy land in the West. Ranchers say there are too many horses. They take space from sheep and cattle and eat the land bare. Where did these horses come from? In the 1500’s, Spanish explorers came to America. They brought their horses with them. In time, some of the animals ran away. Others were let loose. Today, the offspring of these horses still run wild in the West. The U. S. had two million wild horses in the early 1900’s, some ranchers began to kill them. By 1950, only 17,000 wild horses were left. Many people became angry and worked to get a law passed. The law protected the horses on public lands. However, soon the wild horse herds became too large again. Finally, the government set up a program. People could adopt the horses. Since 1973, more than 20,000 horses have been adopted. It costs the government $300 to catch each horse and put it up for adoption. Now the government is cutting the amount of money it will spend. No one knows how many new horses will be offered for adoption. Animal lovers hope that all the wild horses can be saved.
【題組】19. Ranchers worry that their sheep will _____.
(A) be attacked
(B) go hungry
(C) run away
(D) grow to big
20.【題組】20. What happened after a law was passed to protect wild horses?
(A) The horses went east
(B) No horses were left
(C) All the horses were adopted
(D) There were too many horses
21.【題組】21. How many horses can be put up for adoption with $1,500?
(A) 5
(B) 50
(C) 300
(D) 500
22.An important new industry, oil refining, grew after the Civil War. Crude oil, or petroleum—a dark, thick ooze from the earth—had been known for hundreds of years. But little use had ever been made of it. In the 1850’s Samuel M. Kier, a manufacturer in western Pennsylvania, began collecting the oil from local seepages and refining it into kerosene. Refining, like smelting, is a process of removing impurities from a raw material. Kerosene was used to light lamps. It was a cheap substitute of whale oil, which was becoming harder to get. Soon there was a large demand for kerosene. People began to search for new supplies of petroleum. The first oil well was drilled by E. L. Drake, a retired railroad conductor. In 1859 he began drilling in Titusville, Pennsylvania. The whole venture seemed so impractical and foolish that onlookers called it “Drake’s Folly.” But when he had drilled down about 70 feet (21 meters), Drake struck oil. His well began to yield 20 barrels of crude oil a day. News of Drake’s success brought oil prospectors to the scene. By the early 1860’s these “wildcatters” were drilling for “black gold” all over western Pennsylvania. The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement and Wild West atmosphere. And it brought far more wealth to the prospectors than any gold rush. Crude oil could be refined into many products. For some years kerosene continued to be the principal one. It was sold in grocery stores and door-to-door. In the 1880’s and 1890’s refiners learned how to make other petroleum products such as waxes and lubricating oils. Petroleum was not then used to make gasoline or heating oil.
【題組】22. What is the best title for the passage?
(A) The California Gold Rush: Get Rich Quickly
(B) Oil Refining: a Historical Perspective
(C) Kerosene Lamps: a Light in the Tunnel
(D) Private Property: Trespassers Will Be Prosecuted
23.【題組】23. It can be inferred from the passage that kerosene was preferable to whale oil because whale oil was too _____.
(A) hard to get
(B) hot
(C) thick
(D) polluted
24.【題組】24. According to the passage, many people initially thought that E. L. Drake had made a mistake by _____.
(A) going on a whaling expedition
(B) moving to Pennsylvania
(C) searching for oil
(D) retiring from his job
25.【題組】25. According to the passage, what is “black gold”?
(A) Whale oil
(B) Stolen money
(C) Gold ore
(D) Crude oil
26.【題組】26. Why does the author mention the California gold rush?
(A) To explain the need for an increased supply of gold
(B) To argue that gold was more valuable than oil
(C) To indicate the extent of United States mineral wealth
(D) To describe the mood when oil was first discovered
27.The Dream Pill As society continues to evolve, scientists are hard at work on medications to solve our modern woes. One area that shows great promise is the so-called "Dream Pill," a magic pill that will help prevent insomnia and also will offer relief to those who suffer from a sleep disorder called narcolepsy. Insomnia is a common problem for around 20-30% of the U.S. adult population. There are many kinds of insomnia and many causes for it: stress, poor diet, irregular sleeping habits. As anyone who has not had a full night's sleep can attest to, not getting enough sleep has many negative side effects. Yet the current medication taken for insomnia can cause dependence, even addiction. More than this, most people on insomnia medication report drowsiness, problems with alertness, and poor memory retention, even a full day after taking the medication. Narcolepsy is a severe disorder that affects the brain's ability to remain awake and alert. Those who suffer from this condition can fall asleep at any moment of the day, often with embarrassing and tragic effects. For example, some people with narcolepsy may fall asleep in the middle of a conversation, even when they are the ones talking! Scientists who study this disorder believe that there is something in the way that the brain processes sleep at night that causes the narcoleptic effects during the day. Scientists studying these disorders think that they may have found the answer in one tiny pill nicknamed the "Dream Pill." What the pill allows is a quick shift in the sleeping brain into REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, a state of deep sleep where dreaming occurs. Early trials suggest that the ability to fall into REM sleep quickly allows sufferers of several sleep-related disorders to awaken refreshed. The pill also reduces the negative effects of insomnia and narcolepsy. More than this, the pill shows low levels of dependence in research subjects, an important consideration when testing any medicine. An added bonus to the pill is that its subjects report increased memory capacity when awake. Scientists are excited about the future of this medicine. The new generation of sleeping pills may involve more dreaming than sleeping!
【題組】27. The main idea of the passage is to _____.
(A) detail how the Dream Pill works on a chemical level in the brain.
(B) explain some sleep disorders and how the Dream Pill might offer some relief.
(C) discuss the background of certain scientists as they research on sleep disorders.
(D) communicate how important it is to get a good night's sleep when working.
28.【題組】28. According to the second paragraph, the side effects of drugs for insomnia _____.
(A) will always be a problem as long as insomnia is a problem in our society.
(B) include drowsiness during the day and risk of dependence, even addiction.
(C) may cause one to fall asleep at any moment of the day.
(D) only affect those who have high levels of stress or don't eat a healthy diet.
29.【題組】29. Since one of the benefits of the Dream Pill is low risk of dependence, _____.
(A) there is no way for the medicine to offer much relief for those suffering from insomnia or narcolepsy.
(B) it is not suitable for people who wish to stop drinking alcohol or taking illegal drugs.
(C) this may offer relief to people with insomnia, since they might worry about becoming addicted to traditional sleeping pills.
(D) people with sleeping disorders are likely to become addicted to this pill, causing some fear among scientists.
30.【題組】30. What might be an alternate title for this passage?
(A) One Pill Treats Two Serious Sleep Disorders
(B) Sleep Disorders and Their Causes
(C) How to Sleep Well at Night
(D) Scientists Work Hard to Stay Awake