第 41 題至第 45 題為題組
For decades, childhood obesity rates have been on the rise. Now some U.S. cities are seeing progress in their fight
against fat. New York City showed a 5.5% drop in the number of overweight children from 2007 to 2011. Philadelphia
showed a 4.7% drop, and Los Angeles a 3% drop. Declining childhood obesity rates have also been reported in parts of
Mississippi, the state with the highest obesity rate in the nation.
In 2011, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began a project to combat childhood obesity. The
project’s goal is to find ways to make healthy changes in a community’s schools, food stores, parks and other places. For
example, Philadelphia works with an organization called the Food Trust to connect schools with local farms and bring
fresh vegetables to cafeterias. New York City has required chain restaurants to post calorie information on their menus.
Mississippi created a program called “Fruits & Veggies: More Matters” to teach kids how to add healthy foods to their
daily diets. These examples send a clear message: Any community that makes these kinds of changes over a few years
will see their children get healthier.
Now schools nationwide are doing their part. Fried food has disappeared from many cafeteria menus. Whole-wheat
bread has replaced white bread. Drinks like water and low-fat milk have replaced sugary beverages, including fruit punch,
sports drinks and soda. Many schools have banned junk food and require healthier snack options in vending machines.
【Group】41 What does the word “obesity” in the article most likely mean?