11.Many animals of the deep sea are strange-looking creatures. They _____11_____ very different from their relatives in shallower waters. They may have hundreds of kilograms of _____12_____ pressure on every square centimeter of their bodies. We do not feel the pressure of the air on our bodies _____13_____ the pressure from the inside outward is as great as the pressure from the outside inward. Deep-sea animals are fitted to their environment in a _____14_____ way. The inside pressure is equal to the outside pressure.
Most deep-sea animals are very small. Those that get to a meter long are considered _____15_____ . An adult sea animal would have over two and a half million kilograms of pressure on its body at a depth of a kilometer. It is not surprising that most deep-sea creatures are small. 【題組】11. (A) look (B) watch (C) see (D) gaze
16.The modern time traveler transported back to the late middle ages might be particularly struck by the medieval lack of privacy. Peasant families were likely to live in one-room thatched cottages, often in close _____16_____ to their animals. According to the _____17_____ investigation of the excavation site, many peasant dwellings of the “longhouse” type were built to human beings at one end and animals at the other end of the same long chamber; the bodies of the _____18_____ often provided a source of warmth in winter.
Even at higher levels of society, however, there was also a lack of privacy; great nobles were not often alone but were constantly surrounded by courtiers and servants. Even the bedchamber would not offer much _____19_____ ; it was often used as a room in which to conduct business. While grand castle or manor walls might be hung with lavish tapestries, which were thick enough to keep out the _____20_____ , other rooms were frequently cold and damp. 【題組】
16. (A) proximity (B) adherence (C) junction (D) similarity
21.Early in the 20th century it was noticed that odd things were happening to some science experiments. Rays of a strange kind were reaching them. They were like X rays, but they were not X rays.
Scientists wondered if the rays could be coming from far outside the earth. To find out, and to learn more about these strange rays, they went here, there, and everywhere studying them. They went into caves and into the great cracks in glaciers. They went deep down under the sea and up to the tops of high mountains. In balloons they went higher in the air than anyone had ever gone before. They even went into such out-of-the-way places as the mouth of a big cannon and the underside of great piles of salt. Finally they could say for certain that the rays come from out beyond the earth. They named them cosmic rays.
Knowing about cosmic rays has proved useful in important ways. It brought about, for instance, the use of Carbon 14 in dating things from the past. And it has led to a far better understanding of the great universe around us.
【題組】21. What do the “odd things” refer to in the 1st paragraph?
(A) sun rays (B) moon rays (C) cosmic rays (D) X rays
24.【題組】What is the major concern of the 2nd paragraph?
(A)The out-of-the-way places of the earth
(B) The sophistication of the experiments
(C) The untiring efforts of the scientists
(D)The understanding of the strange rays
25.【題組】What is one of the functions of the rays in question?
(A)to increase the flavor of the salt
(B) to detect the existence of Carbon 14
(C) to understand the mystery of the universe
(D)to determine the age of an ancient artifact
26.When the steamship Sully sailed from France for New York on 1 October 1832, one of the passengers on board was Samuel F. B. Morse. He was an artist. He had just spent three weeks in Europe visiting art galleries and painting pictures. Now he was returning to New York. He planned to paint a great historical picture.
On the trip , Morse heard one of the passengers, Charles T. Jackson, talk about an electromagnet he had with him. Electromagnets were very new then. At university , Morse had been interested in electricity and magnetism. It is not surprising that he was interested in the new kind of magnet. One day someone onboard asked Jackson how long it took electricity to flow through his magnet. Jackson answered that electricity went so fast that it took almost no time at all. Morse then suggested that so fast a traveler might be used to carry messages. He set to work at once on this idea.
By the time he landed in New York, Morse had the plan for the telegraph well worked out. As he left the boat , he turned to the captain and said, “Well, Captain, should you hear of the telegraph one of these days as the wonder of the world, remember that the discovery was made on the good ship Sully.”
Morse spent all his spare time on his new idea. The work was not easy because he had to do everything by hand. It was hard to buy even bare copper wire. But at last, in 1835, he finished the first telegraph set. It worked well.
【題組】26. Which in the following is TRUE about the 1st paragraph?
(A)Morse was on his way to France.
(B) Morse visited art galleries in Europe.
(C) Morse painted a historical picture.
(D)Morse was the captain of the ship.
30.【題組】What is the subject matter of this essay?
(A)the invention of the telegraph
(B) the tour to art galleries in Europe
(C) the importance of the electromagnet
(D)the discovery of the steamship Sully
31.His name was Joshua Adam Parker and he weighed eight pounds, six ounces, a perfectly formed baby. Jennifer knew that babies were supposed to be ugly at birth, wrinkled and red and resembling little apes. Not Joshua Adam. He was beautiful. The nurses at the hospital kept telling Jennifer what a handsome boy he was, and Jennifer could not hear it often enough. The resemblance to Adam was striking. Joshua Adam had his father’s gray-blue eyes and beautifully shaped head. When Jennifer looked at him, she was looking at Adam.
Jennifer had wondered how she would feel about her baby. Babies were surely boring to be around. They messed their diapers, and demanded to be fed constantly; they cried and slept and cried again. There was no communication with them.
【題組】31. According to Jennifer, which animal does a newly born baby look like?
(A) snake (B) rat (C) lizard (D) monkey
35.About 500 years ago, a man could remark in all seriousness that the ostrich and the spider hatched their eggs by looking at them, that the glance of the basilisk could kill, and that the snake could draw the nightingale to her death by the mesmerism of its gaze. Leonardo da Vinci certainly thought as much, and a century later, Sir Thomas Browne remained faithful to the notion that looks could kill while doubting that the basilisk, for instance, was much more lethal than the Uraeus serpent, token of sovereignty which the Egyptian Pharaohs once bound upon their foreheads.
Sir Thomas was undoubtedly correct in his views about the basilisk, nor was he entirely off the mark in claiming that eyes can “receive offensive impressions from their objects,” as he put it. Students of behaviorism have observed that an exchange of looks between animals is the usual prelude to all manner of social interactions, from casual acquaintance to fierce fighting.
The very form of the eye lends itself to being the natural image of its own function. Nature herself has made play with this fact, for animals such as dogs may sport a pair of spots upon their foreheads which intensify their gaze and the expression of their faces. The effect of this can be quite mythological: is not folk-lore full of ogres who are safe to approach only when their eyes are open, for they must therefore be sound asleep?
【題組】35. Which statement in the following is considered TRUE 500 years ago?
(A)A snake is capable of drawing pictures.
(B)A man will die when a basilisk looks at him.
(C)A spider is capable of hatching an ostrich egg.
(D)The Ostrich and the spider are biologically related.
37.【題組】What is the meaning of the claim that eyes can “receive offensive impressions from their objects”?
(A)The eyes are offensive objects.
(B) The eyes are impressive objects.
(C) The eyes can sense the coming of danger.
(D)The eyes can be open to good intentions.
38.【題組】According to the 2nd paragraph, what do animals do when they meet each other for the first time?
(A)They lick each other.
(B) They smell each other.
(C) They howl to each other.
(D)They look at each other.
39.【題組】How do dogs increase their facial expression?
(A)By opening up their mouth as big as possible.
(B) By using the two small marks above the eyes.
(C) By staring at the objects with their two fierce eyes.
(D)By baring their teeth and snarling at the same time.
40.【題組】What is most probably the author’s explanation that ogres can sleep with their eyes open?
(A)Those eyes are evil.
(B) Those eyes are not real.
(C) Those eyes are magical.
(D)Those eyes are always open.