103 年 - 外語群英語專二#17927
1. aha! experience of creative discovery. If you can laugh at something, then you are more
likely to challenge the rules 1 the idea and look at it in unusual ways.This is borne out
by a creativity test that was given to a group of high school students a few years ago. The
participants were divided 2 two equal groups. One group sat silently in a study hall for
half an hour prior to the test. 3 group spent the same time in another room 4 to a
tape recording of a standup comedian. Then both groups took the creativity test. The
5 group did significantly better than the former one in all phases of the test. The comedy
had opened up their thinking.
(C) The other
(D) Each other
(B) and listening
(D) to listening
6.▲ 下篇短文共有 5 個空格，為第 6 − 10 題，請依短文文意，選出一個最適合該空格
The artist is your role model for “doing something” to your materials, or for taking
various patterns and ideas and 6 them into something new. The tools for “doing
something” might consist of changing context, fooling around, and looking at what you are
doing from strange 7 . It might also include adding something, taking something away,
or using your imagination. In the end, you’ll produce an 8 idea. The greatest danger
an artist faces is becoming a prisoner of 9 . The more often you see or do something
in the same way, the more difficult it is to think about it in any other way. The famous artist
Pablo Picasso must have had this in mind when he said, “Every child is an artist. The problem
is how to remain an artist after he grows up.” 10 , you never know where all your
“doing” may lead you: to nothing at all ( wasted time ), to a lot of criticism ( wounded pride ),
or to a creative original new idea ( bingo!).
(A) After all
(D) On the contrary
11.▲ 下篇短文共有 5 個空格，為第 11 − 15 題，請依短文文意，選出一個最適合該空格
In a move to enforce food safety standards, health authorities in Taiwan inspected over
1,000 stores to see if the cooking oil products on the shelves were properly labeled last Friday.
The inspection, dubbed “Oil Safety Operation,” was coordinated by the Ministry of Health and
Welfare (MHW) 11 the discovery of questionable oil products from two major suppliers.
The MHW said manufacturers can 12 label their cooking oil as simply “vegetable oil,”
as they are required to disclose the exact kind of vegetable they use. Any mislabeled products
should 13 from store shelves, and their makers will be required to submit plans for
improvements. Makers who fail to make improvements as required will receive a fine ranging from
NT$40,000 14 NT$200,000, the officials added. Alfred Chen, chairman of another major
Taiwan-based food company, the Namchow Group, said the frequent food scares in Taiwan
over the past two years have stemmed from a 15 of government mechanisms to prevent
them. He said an effective mechanism would need the government to invest 100 times more
human resources and money compared to the present efforts made to oversee food safety.
(A) in place of
(B) in the wake of
(C) in memory of
(D) in front of
(A) not yet
(B) no longer
(C) not much
(D) no sooner
(B) have removed
(C) be removed
16.二、閱讀測驗 ( 第 16 − 30 題，每題 2 分，共 30 分)
▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 16−18 題
Since World War II, as more women have assumed jobs outside the home, eating out
has become a part of the lifestyle of people in the U. S. and elsewhere. With one hour as the
average time allowed for lunch, if a worker does not bring food from home, a fast-food restaurant
becomes the worker’s choice. As a result of this expanding trend, many fast-food restaurant
chains have developed, and the competition among them is keen. McDonald’s is one of the
world’s most renowned chains—it is the one with the huge golden arch as its symbol.
No matter where a McDonald’s may be located, it is a home away from home for Americans
and many people in other countries. At any outlet, they know how to behave, what to expect,
and what to eat. The food is standard with only minor regional variations. Most menus, however,
from one place to another, offer the same items. The prices are also the same and the menu is
usually located in the same place in every restaurant. Utterances across each spotless counter
are standardized. Not only are customers limited in what they can choose but also in what they
can say. Each item on the menu has its appropriate McDonald’s designation: “Quarter Pounder
with Cheese” or “Filet-O-Fish” or “Fries.” The customer who asks, “What’s a Big Mac?” is as
out of place as a Buddhist at a Roman Catholic church.
【題組】16. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) The development of fast-food restaurants.
(B) The uniformity of services at McDonald’s.
(C) The difference between McDonald’s and other fast-food chains.
(D) The description of golden arch as the symbol of McDonald’s.
共 8 頁 第 4 頁
17.【題組】17. What does the word keen in the first paragraph mean?
18.【題組】18. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Location was the only reason for McDonald’s to be popular.
(B) McDonald’s was first developed at the turn of the 21st century.
(C) People don’t like to eat at McDonald’s while traveling to other places.
(D) Items on a McDonald’s menu can be easily named by customers.
19.▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 19−21 題
All cultures have their own set of ideal standards for appropriate communication.
The process of communicating across cultures can be short-circuited when at least one party
assumes that its communication standards are universally understood. Even when the cross-cultural
communication takes place using the same language, there are a number of parameters that
can lead to misunderstanding or even a breakdown in the dialogue. For example, is the
speaker the appropriate person to deliver the message? Is the addressee the appropriate
person to receive the message? Is the content of the message mutually understood by both
parties? Is the location of the communication appropriate for the message? In a world in
which business becomes increasingly global, in order to succeed in global business, it is
necessary to study both the language and the culture of those with whom one is conducting
business. As language and culture are closely related, it is virtually impossible not to learn about
one while studying the other.
【題組】19. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Culture does not influence the use of language.
(B) Communication standards are culturally universal.
(C) Standards for appropriate communication are culturally constrained.
(D) Miscommunication will not happen if conversation partners speak the same language.
20.【題組】20. What does the word virtually in this passage means?
21.【題組】21. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT mentioned as a factor that
influences communication appropriateness?
(A) The sender of the message.
(B) The setting where the message takes place.
(C) The topic of the message.
(D) The length of the message.
22.▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 22 − 25 題
Anita Cooper was recently elected president of a charitable organization that serves her
local hospital. One of her duties is to find and train volunteers who will work as nurses’ aides.
In many hospitals, these volunteers are called “candy stripers” because their red and white uniforms
resemble candy canes. Several weeks after taking office, Anita discovered that the candy striper
program was a mess. In order to straighten things out, she would have to spend a lot more time
at the hospital than she originally thought.
Anita has just returned home from a long day at the hospital. She noticed the light blinking
on her telephone answering machine. When she pushed the button, she heard the following
messages from her daughter, Felicia:
Felicia: Hi, mom. It’s just me. It’s five o’clock. Call me when you get in. I need to talk to
you about something. Bye.
Felicia: Mom, it’s me again. It’s now a little after seven. I guess you’re still at the hospital.
I need to talk to you tonight about maybe taking care of Tommy tomorrow if you
can manage it. I just found out today that I have to be out of town on business. The
regular sitter can’t do it, so I’m really counting on you. Talk to you soon. Bye, now.
Anita looked at her calendar and saw that she had scheduled training sessions for the whole
next day. She picked up the phone and dialed her daughter’s number. She would have to say no.
She knew that Felicia would feel she was letting her down, but she felt she had no choice.
【題組】22. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Anita was too busy to give her daughter a hand.
(B) Felicia joined the candy striper program.
(C) Anita did not like to take care of Tommy.
(D) Felicia was a regular sitter.
23.【題組】23. What can be inferred from this passage?
(A) The candy striper program was well-organized.
(B) The candy striper program was expensive to run.
(C) Long working hours in the hospital made Anita ill-tempered.
(D) Anita had made a commitment to the hospital to do the training sessions.
24.【題組】24. What does the phrase letting her down in this passage refer to?
(A) Failing to help her
(B) Informing her directly
(C) Looking down upon her
(D) Giving comfort to her
25.【題組】25. Why were the hospital volunteers called “candy stripers”?
(A) Because they gave sweets to patients.
(B) Because they strip searched the patients.
(C) Because they liked to eat candy canes.
(D) Because their uniforms looked like candy canes.
26.▲ 閱讀下文，回答第 26− 30 題
The word chemistry comes from the word alchemy, a practice of changing ordinary metals
into gold. Alchemy arouse independently in many regions of the world. It was practiced in
China and India as early as 400 B.C. In the eighth century, Arabs brought alchemy to Spain, and
from there it spread quickly to other parts of Europe. The main concern of alchemists, people
believe, was to find a way to change other metals, such as lead, into gold. Although alchemists
did not succeed with this quest, the work they did spurred the development of chemistry.
Alchemists developed the tools and techniques for working with chemicals. For example,
alchemists developed processes for separating mixtures and purifying chemicals. They designed
equipment that is still used today, including beakers, flasks, and the mortar and pestle.
What they did not do was to provide a logical set of explanations for the changes in matter
that they observed. By the 1500s in Europe, there was a shift from alchemy to science. Science
flourished in Britain in the 1600s, partly because King Charles II was a supporter of the
sciences. With his permission, some scientists formed the Royal Society of London, aiming to
encourage scientists to base their conclusions about the natural world on experimental evidence,
not on philosophical debates.
In France, Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier did work in the late 1700s that would revolutionize
the science of chemistry. Lavoisier helped to transform chemistry from a science of observation
to the science of measurement that it is today. To make careful measurements, Lavoisier
designed a balance that could measure mass to the nearest 0.0005 gram. Lavoisier also settled a
long-standing debate about how materials burn. The accepted explanation then was that
materials burn because they contain phlogiston, an element which is released into the air as a
material burns. To support this explanation, scientists had to ignore the evidence that metals can
gain mass as they burn. By the time Lavoisier did his experiments, he knew that there were two
main gases in air—oxygen and nitrogen. Lavoisier was able to show that oxygen is required for
a material to burn.
【題組】26. What was the main concern of alchemists according to the passage?
(A) To burn metals quickly.
(B) To purify gold effectively.
(C) To invent a metal detector.
(D) To turn other metals into gold.
27.【題組】27. How did alchemists help to develop modern chemistry?
(A) They devised tools used for chemical experiments.
(B) They formed societies to conduct experiments together.
(C) They settled the debate on how to do chemical experiments.
(D) They emphasized the importance of experimental evidence.
28.【題組】28. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) A shift from alchemy to science existed in Europe by the 1500s.
(B) Chemistry saw a great improvement in France in the 1600s.
(C) Science in Britain flourished in the late 1700s.
(D) Alchemy started as early as 400 B.C. in Spain.
29.【題組】29. What was Lavoisier’s contribution to modern chemistry?
(A) He explained that phlogiston causes material to burn.
(B) He designed a way to measure mass more accurately and precisely.
(C) He proved that there are two main gases required for matters to burn.
(D) He changed chemistry from a science of measurement to a science of observation.
30.【題組】30. What is the main idea of this passage?
(A) To compare alchemy with chemistry.
(B) To discuss the development of chemistry.
(C) To explain the origin of the word “chemistry.”
(D) To introduce an experimental approach to chemistry.
31.( 一 ) 中譯英 ( 8分 )
2.請依序作答，並標明題號。每題 4分，共 8分。
使用熱水器時瓦斯燃燒不完全。( 1 )因此，使用瓦斯熱水器洗澡時，需要注意保持室內
空氣流通。( 2 )此外，外出或就寢前必須檢查瓦斯是否關閉，以確保安全。
32. ( 二 ) 英譯中 ( 8 分 )
2.請依序作答，並標明題號。每題 4分，共 8分。
( 3 )Dog walking, both a pastime and a profession, is one of the daily exercises needed to
keep a dog healthy. It has become popular in recent years because studies show that dog walking
also provides exercise and companionship for the walkers. Some people are now professional dog
walkers and take clients’ dogs to walk daily. However, many people do not pick up after their dogs.
( 4 ) To maintain a sanitary environment, some cities now provide free bags in parks to
encourage dog walkers to clean up the wastes of their dogs.
33.二、寫作測驗 ( 24分 )
請以 “A Helpful Wish” 為題，依提示在「答案卷」指定位置上寫一篇約 120 字的短文。
提示： ( 1 ) 描述你想要幫助的人或事或物。
( 2 ) 說明許這個願望的原因。
( 3 ) 願望實現後，預期會有什麼結果。