1.1. _______________ The majority of superstitions about crows and ravens suggest that these birds bring
bad luck. People should beware when they see such birds. Maybe these birds have bad reputations
because they are scavengers. Because these birds often accompany scenes of terrible events, like battles,
people connect the birds with misfortune. There is even an old wives’ tale that says when a single crow
flies over your head, death is in the near future!
(A) We should beware of crows flying over our heads.
(B) Old wives’ tales are all superstitions.
(C) Some people are inclined to believe certain animals can bring bad luck with them.
(D) Some people suggest wiping out all crows and ravens because they bring nothing but bad luck.
2.2. _______________ Supply is the amount of a product or service that is available for people to buy or use.
Demand is people’s desire or need for a product or service. The term “supply and demand” means the
balance between the amount for sale and the amount that people want or need. Recent stories in the
news offer two unusual examples of how “supply and demand” functions in the changing world of
(A) “Supply and demand” is a term that we often use when we talk about business.
(B) There are a number of stories about supply and demand.
(C) Real businessmen seldom talk about supply and demand.
(D) In the changing world of international business, supply and demand are usually decided by
3.3. _______________ Some restorations are moderate, the statue of David being a case in point. After the
accumulated streaks and grime were removed, he was revealed to the public. Only experts could notice
that the dirty irregularities were no longer there. But some restorations are more dramatic. The
Michelangelo’s work in the Sistine Chapel resulted in a noticeable difference. Although some critics
maintain that the frescoes are now less authentic, most think the restoration was for the better.
(A) People sometimes disagree about restoring historical treasures.
(B) As works of art age and collect dust, they need to be restored from time to time.
(C) Michelangelo was considered one of the greatest sculptors in the Renaissance.
(D) The appearance of the statue of David changed after restoration.
4.4. _______________ First, the person can communicate directly, without someone else to translate or
explain. Second, people are usually more open in their communication with someone who speaks their
language. Third, an understanding of the language allows the person to notice the implied meaning and
other information that is not said directly. Finally, language helps the person to understand the culture
(A) There are four ways to do international business, and learning the local language is the most useful
(B) A knowledge of international business can help us communicate with others in four ways.
(C) There are four ways to learn a foreign language, and the most effective one is to learn it with an
(D) A knowledge of the local language can help an international businessperson in four ways.
5.5. _______________ In both places, academic success depends on being a responsible student. This means
attending class regularly, doing your homework, and studying new materials carefully. The social
situation in college is also like that in high school. If you have friends in high school, chances are you
will have friends in college, too. The activities in college also closely resemble the activities in high
school. Musical groups, sports teams, special interest clubs, and other activities are found in both
institutions. High school graduates really don’t need to be nervous about attending college.
(A) The social situation in college is only a little different from that in high school.
(B) There are some important similarities between college and high school.
(C) Being successful in high school does not mean you can stay in college without making too much
(D) The extracurricular activities in colleges are more colorful than those in high schools.
6.6. _______________ First of all, Costa Rica has an excellent system of national parks where visitors can
observe nature. For example, in Tortuguero National Park, visitors can watch sea turtles come ashore to
lay their eggs in nests in the sand. Then they can come back several months later to see the new babies
crawl down to the sea. Second, Costa Rica has many beautiful beaches. For instance, the beaches at
Manuel Antonio National Park are among the most beautiful in the world, and the beaches on Canoa and
Cocos Island offer perfect conditions for snorkeling and scuba diving. Indeed, Costa Rica is a wonderful
place to go if you love the outdoors.
(A) This is a brief introduction to Costa Rica’s two national parks.
(B) Observing wildlife at close range is the major attraction of Costa Rica’s national parks.
(C) There are two reasons to make Costa Rica a great place for vacation.
(D) Costa Rica is a paradise for scuba divers.
7.7. _______________ That is, avoid those who have bad habits, such as stealing, lying, smoking, drinking,
or drug using. Since friends often share things in common, if we make friends with such people, we may
be tempted into doing the same things that they do. We may end up becoming thieves, liars, smokers,
alcoholics, or drug addicts. As a result, our life may be ruined.
(A) We must find friends who can share things together with us.
(B) We must find friends who are not drug addicts.
(C) In choosing friends, we should remain ignorant of their bad habits.
(D) In choosing friends, we should obey a fundamental principle.
8.8. _______________ He brought a set of different sizes of wood blocks to class. The students were
astonished to see him throw the blocks randomly at the wall. He then took the same blocks and again
threw them at the wall. This time, however, he threw them in a special order. The students quickly
recognized the children’s tune “Mary Had a Little Lamb.” “So,” the teacher asked them, “what is
music?” The answer is that it’s organized noise.
(A) A music teacher intended to show the students how to tell music from noise.
(B) A music teacher enjoyed playing different sizes of wood blocks with his students.
(C) A music teacher wanted to try a different way to teach his students how to play wood blocks.
(D) A music teacher wanted to try an unusual way to teach his students to sing “Mary Had a Little
9.9. _______________ They advise parents to give kids four years old or younger a weekly allowance.
Experts suggest parents give preschool children two or three dollars a week and then add a dollar at
every birthday. This might seem like a large amount of money for a child that young. However, experts
say that if parents want their children to understand how to budget money, it’s not. Even preschool
children can learn the value of money.
(A) Money management experts think that parents should help children save their pocket money.
(B) Money management experts think that children need to learn about money at an early age.
(C) Money management experts think that the best birthday present for children is money.
(D) Money management experts think that parents do not listen to their advice about giving children a
10.10. _______________ First of all, Ted is always ready to have fun. Sometimes we play Frisbee in the park.
Sometimes we just sit around in my room, listening to music and talking. Well, I talk. Ted just listens.
Second, he is completely trustworthy. I can tell Ted my deepest secrets, and he doesn’t share them with
anyone else. Third, Ted understands my moods. When I am angry, he tries to make me feel better. When
I am sad, he tries to comfort me. When I am happy, he is happy too. To sum up, my best friend is fun to
be with, trustworthy, and understanding—even if he is just a dog.
(A) Ted works as a vet at a local animal hospital.
(B) My best friend, Ted, knows a lot about popular music.
(C) Ted tries to stay away from me when I am angry.
(D) My best friend, Ted, has three important qualities.
11.11. Although television can help people escape from the difficulties in the real world, unhappy people
watch more TV than happy people, according to new research on American life. The study compares
daily free-time activities with personal sense of happiness. The researchers found that happy people
spend more free hours socializing, reading and participating in religious activities, _______________ In
the short term, people could enjoy watching TV, but in the long term, that could lead to something more
(A) whether this produces additional unhappiness.
(B) if the link between happiness and TV viewing is not understood.
(C) when they describe themselves as “not too happy.”
(D) while unhappy people watch 30 percent more television.
12.12. Omega-3 is a very important fish oil supplement. Even before a baby is born, a deficiency in the womb
can lead to blood pressure problems in adulthood. Doctors also believe that if kids don’t get enough
omega-3, _______________ More evidence is provided in a study done at the University of South
Australia. Fish oil supplements indeed reduced hyperactivity, inattention and impulsiveness in half the
children taking it. Parents can get more omega-3 for kids by giving them fish in foods they enjoy, like
(A) here are tips to get your kids through school and exams.
(B) they may develop learning and behavioral problems later on.
(C) they will never like eating fish.
(D) how smart they must be!
13.13. One way to find a great doctor is to ask the head emergency department nurse at a large hospital,
preferably a teaching hospital. These nurses get a battlefield view of doctors at their best and worst.
_______________ A nurse may say, “Well, to be honest, Dr. John does not have a pleasant personality,
but if you’re in serious trouble, there’s nobody better.” Endorsements like this are not unusual in
(A) If they have a few quiet minutes, you will have a chance to ask for their suggestion.
(B) You are the person most responsible for the success of your health care.
(C) There are a lot of questions that only a spouse can answer.
(D) Smart patients always ask when the test results will be in.
14.14. There are a lot of things you can do to make your wedding eco-friendly and environmentally sustainable.
First of all, print invitations on recycled or recyclable paper, or on paper made without trees. Next, select
an organic flower source and get flowers that are native to your region. _______________ Your
wedding can be even more meaningful as well as memorable if you book a green hotel for your
(A) However, they may not necessarily be cheaper and fresher than imported ones.
(B) Most young ladies at the wedding are waiting to catch the bridal bouquet.
(C) The third reminder is to support local farmers by buying produce and organic food that are in season
in your area.
(D) Don’t forget to choose beautiful flowers that match the color of your wedding dress.
15.15. A South Korean website called OhMyNews is written mostly by a floating staff of 47,000 citizen
journalists all over the country. Different from the mainstream media, the website impressed a
housewife named Kim with its diverse views and perspectives. She had read the site for about a year
before she tried her first piece. _______________ The site awarded her Citizen Reporter of the Year for
(A) Surprisingly, she doesn’t look like a journalist but a housewife.
(B) Not surprisingly, OhMyNews gets over 1 million page views a day.
(C) Pretty soon, more and more journalists are starting to look like her.
(D) Over a period of three years, Kim wrote about 60 pieces for OhMyNews.
16.16. Scientists figured out decades ago that chimpanzees are humans’ nearest evolutionary cousins. They not
only look like us, but share with us some human-like behaviors. They make and use tools and teach
those skills to their offspring. They also have complex social hierarchies and some aspects of culture.
_______________ All in all, when it comes to DNA, a human is closer to a chimpanzee than a mouse is
to a rat.
(A) Their faces are very expressive though look darker and more wrinkled.
(B) Though they can’t form words, they learn to communicate via sign language and symbols.
(C) You need to be a biologist to see how closely chimpanzees resemble humans.
(D) But those few tiny biological changes made all the difference in the world.
17.17. Writing can promote discovery, comprehension, and retention of information in the learning process. In
recent years, teachers have begun to use many phases of the writing process in their content-area
classrooms. They have found that writing helps students clarify their thoughts and remember what they
have learned. _______________ Indeed, many researchers have supported the use of writing in content
areas by showing that students who write tend to understand more and remember more.
(A) We believe that journals and learning logs can be used for different purposes.
(B) Most of the strategies involve organizing information in order to make learning more complicated.
(C) In addition, they can also evaluate and assist their students’ learning by reading students’ journals
(D) Writing summaries is not as easy as writing in journals or notebooks.
18.18. Smoke-free environment is a popular issue nowadays.
(A) The attention came from the public awareness of the effects of second-hand smoke.
(B) These effects include an increased risk of heart disease, respiratory disease, and lung cancer.
(C) Therefore, smoke-free laws are enforced in enclosed public places, so people will not suffer from
(D) The law prohibits selling cigarettes to minors because smoking will greatly damage their health.
19.19. More public schools in the United States are making their students wear uniforms.
(A) This trend started in 1996 for the purpose of increasing student safety and discipline.
(B) More school systems thus have dress code, hoping to make students safer and learn better.
(C) Stores selling teenager’s clothes are closing down because teenagers spend less pocket money on
(D) Fewer fights and greater attendance are found in these schools because the same clothing has
lessened competition and teasing.
20.20. Body mass index ( BMI ) is a measure of body fat based on a person’s weight and height.
(A) It is a useful tool to roughly estimate a healthy body weight based on a person’s height.
(B) BMI is an easy measurement to identify obesity, but it could not tell us the exact percentage of one’s
(C) The latest data indicates that 30 percent of Americans over the age of 20 are overweight.
(D) Therefore, BMI should not be considered as a final indicator for formal medical diagnosis.
21.21. Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo.
(A) Playing video games is appealing to youngsters because it helps release the school pressure.
(B) Wii was first launched, outside of Japan, in the United States in 1996, and later in Taiwan and South
Korea in 2008.
(C) Its most distinguished feature is the wireless controller, called Wii Remote.
(D) The Remote can detect movement in three dimensions and enable players to interact with items on
22.22. The giant panda is a mammal in the bear family.
(A) The koala, another popular animal to most zoo visitors, however, does not belong to the bear family.
(B) The giant panda has a vegetarian-like diet which is 99 percent bamboo.
(C) The molar teeth and strong jaw muscles allow the giant panda to crush tough bamboo.
(D) In addition to bamboo, honey, eggs, fish, oranges, and bananas are foods for the giant panda.
23.23. Communication could be in the form of verbal or nonverbal style.
(A) One study done in the United States shows that 93 percent of a message is conveyed by the
speaker’s tone of voice and facial expression.
(B) In other words, only 7 percent of the person’s attitude is delivered by words.
(C) Obviously, we express our emotions and attitudes more nonverbally than verbally.
(D) Communication is a two-way process, requiring the sender to encode the message and the receiver to
24.24. Yo-Yo Ma is a contemporary cello player with extraordinary achievements.
(A) He was born in Paris in 1955 and began his music career at the age of four.
(B) Younger generations are more interested in hard rock, metal, and alternative than classical music.
(C) Ma later continued his training in music at Harvard and became the master of his instrument.
(D) He is now one of the most successful musicians in the world with multiple Grammy Awards.
25.25. (1) He wanted to find a team game that would interest young people and could be played indoors at any
time of day or night.
(2) His first decision about the new game was that there would only be a ball.
(3) In 1891, a Canadian called Dr. James A. Naismith became a teacher at Springfield International
(4) Then he decided that there would be no tackling and the ball could be touched only by the players’
(5) Later on, he decided that players would score by throwing the ball through a net and that’s how
basketball came into being.
(A) 52341 (B) 12354 (C) 31245 (D) 41523
26.26. (1) It is the last year of high school, and everyone wants to make the most of it.
(2) This is the situation faced by Troy, Gabriella and the rest of the Wildcats in High School Musical 3:
(3) And, even worse, you will likely be separated from your friends.
(4) But it’s also a bit scary since you don’t know what will happen in the future.
(5) The senior year in high school is an exciting time.
(A) 51432 (B) 24513 (C) 34521 (D) 41532
27.27. (1) Showing gratitude is one of the simplest yet most powerful things humans can do for each other.
(2) If you are a B+
student, your handwritten thank-you note will raise you at least a half-grade in the
eyes of a future boss or admissions officer.
(3) Although many love the efficiency of modern technology, thank-you notes are best done with pen
(4) You will become an “A” to them because of your respectful and considerate attitude.
(5) In sum, you never know what magic might happen after your thank-you note arrives in someone’s
(A) 53241 (B) 13245 (C) 43152 (D) 25314
28.28. (1) Other gardeners have adopted a system called xeriscaping.
(2) The approach aims to make the most of available water and sunlight in a self-sustaining way by
(3) In California, water shortages caused by over-use are so acute that some gardeners have resorted to
dyeing their lawns green.
(4) The system involves grouping plants according to their watering needs and concentrating on
(5) In Australia, however, another system called permaculture was pioneered by Bill Mollison.
(A) 31452 (B) 13452 (C) 21543 (D) 54321
29.29. (1) The reason why people gossip behind other’s back is because they are unable to confront people
(2) Or they may simply lack a sense of empathy for the terrible pain that gossip brings to others.
(3) Unsafe people gossip instead of keeping secrets.
(4) Maybe people feel insignificant, so gossip gives them the sense of being on their “inside track.”
(5) The truth is that safe people will hold confidences instead of using your secrets for their own needs.
(A) 52341 (B) 43521 (C) 21354 (D) 31425
30.30. (1) Besides that, Marco also noted many things, such as crafts and farming of the different areas, the
people, and their religion and customs.
(2) On the way they saw many amazing sights, such as a geyser pumping out hot oil and large sheep
with curly horns, each about 1.5 meters in length.
(3) And because he was so observant, the Kublai Khan of Mongolia employed him in his services.
(4) In 1271, the Venetian brothers, Maffeo and Niccolo Polo, set off for China for the second time.
(5) This time they took with them Niccolo’s teenager son.
(A) 21543 (B) 12543 (C) 45213 (D) 32145
31.Recessions are bad—so bad that many people start to feel that they have 31 over their finances.
Some adopt a “victim” posture. Others rely on good luck or the actions of others to get them through a
down economy. This is 32 . The way to survive a recession is to be strategically hard-working,
practical, and flexible.
Well-off people do not rely on a single paycheck to 33 . They diversify their income through
part-time jobs. Individuals today can adopt the “multiple streams” model even on a small scale. The
point is: Learn not to put all eggs in one 34 . It is far better working part-time than just sitting in
front of TV watching the reruns of Three’s Company, Knight Rider or Friends. Why not offer to help
house chores, babysit or elder-sit at a reasonable hourly rate? Or offer graphic design, website
development, telemarketing or secretarial services to local businesses?
Another simple and inexpensive way to earn some cash is to get an online auction account. Ebay,
for example, is a fine choice. People always like bargains. In addition, 3511 you consider rubbish
might just be pure gold to another. Don’t be greedy by asking a high price for your item. Be sensible and
take whatever comes—after all, it is a profit. 36 you only make a small amount each month, that
extra cash is a bonus!
Next, learn some lessons from kids. Kids—and currently a fast-growing number of youngsters and
adults—love bicycles. You don’t need engineering skills to repair a bicycle. Go to pick up a cheap
bicycle or two, sand down the bodywork, use spray-paint and sell them at a reasonable price. It’s a wellknown
fact that kids will find the money to buy a shiny new bicycle, most of them by doing odd jobs.
You could learn and earn extra cash 37 their example.
You should also look for ways to 38 . Keep yourself aware of any FOR SALE ads. Purchase
only indispensable items with as many coupons as you can. Why not try calling phone companies and
negotiate the bills? You will be surprised to find how big a cut could be rewarded to you—bigger than
you can ever imagine.
Last but not least, buy a lottery ticket in the corner stand if you are still able to find yourself an
extra NT$ 50. Why? That is easy to explain. Buying life insurance and buying a lottery ticket are alike,
yet the lottery ticket is far better—it will pay out on the smallest of wins. 39 unexpectedly.
So long as more money is coming into you than is going out, things are turning fine—at least
financially speaking. The bottom line is that you need not play 40 during a bad economy. Through
hard work, self-discipline, creative thinking, and a sound plan, you can survive and beat a recession.
I wish you good luck.
【題組】31. (A) no control (B) an efficient manager
(C) a big role (D) advertisements