【站僕】摩檸Morning>试卷(2015/04/27)

統測◆15外語群英語類◆(二)英文閱讀與寫作題庫 下載題庫

97 年 - 外語群英語類 專業科目(二):英文習作#20912 

选择:50题,非选:0题
立即測驗 
我要補題 回報試卷錯誤 試卷下載
1.So far as humans are concerned, there will be a few positive impacts of the likely climate 1 , in parts of Siberia or northern Canada, increased temperature will tend to lengthen the growing season with the possibility of growing a greater variety of crops in these regions. In some places, increased carbon dioxide will 2 the growth of some types of plants, leading to increased crop yields. However, because, over centuries, human communities have adapted 3 lives and activities to the present climate, most changes in climate will tend to produce an 4 impact. If the changes occur rapidly, quick and possibly costly adaptation to a(n) 5 climate will be required by the affected community. An alternative might be for the affected community to 6 to a region where less adaptation would be needed—a solution which has become increasinglyor, in some cases, impossible in the modern crowded world.
【題組】 1.
(A) For instance
(B) Therefore
(C) In contrast
(D) Furthermore
2.【題組】2.
(A) aid
(B) cease
(C) prevent
(D) measure
3.【題組】3.
(A) them
(B) their
(C) they
(D) theirs
4.【題組】4.
(A) energetic
(B) intentional
(C) adverse
(D) objective
5.【題組】5.
(A) original
(B) new
(C) productive
(D) relevant
6.【題組】6.
(A) settle
(B) deliver
(C) enhance
(D) move
7.【題組】7.
(A) simple
(B) neutral
(C) precise
(D) difficult
8.The early explorers in Australia sometimes ran out of food on their journeys. They almost 8 to death. They did not realize that even though the countryside around them looked bare, there was plenty of food 9 they just knew where to find it. Even in desert areas, Aborigines could always find enough food to 10 . They dug in the banks of streams to find yams and they searched the bush for trees 11 berries. On the plains, they gathered grass seeds or edible roots. If there were few big animals such as kangaroos, emus or wallabies in the area, the Aborigines hunted 12 ones instead. They caught lizards, snakes, rats, bandicoots and small birds. Birds’ eggs were another item on the 13 . The Aborigines needed to gather food nearly every day because they did not have refrigerators to store 14 in. They took just what they needed. This was good for the trees, plants and animals, too. There was no 15 that the Aborigines would take too much and that the species would become extinct.
【題組】 8.
(A) punished
(B) starved
(C) escaped
(D) caught
9.【題組】9.
(A) or
(B) but
(C) if
(D) because
10.【題組】10.
(A) turn down
(B) pass away
(C) call in
(D) live on
11.【題組】11.
(A) bearing
(B) opening
(C) running
(D) standing
12.【題組】12.
(A) huge
(B) strong
(C) little
(D) round
13.【題組】13.
(A) risk
(B) sale
(C) tribe
(D) menu
14.【題組】14.
(A) them
(B) ones
(C) it
(D) amount
15.【題組】15.
(A) danger
(B) policy
(C) solution
(D) medicine
16.二、閱讀測驗 (共 15 題,每題 2 分,共 30 分) Greek legends have been popular stories for many centuries. Even though we no longer believe in the Greek gods, we enjoy hearing of them because they appeal to our imagination. The Greeks thought all the forces of nature were spirits, so that the whole earth was filled with gods. Each river, each woodland, even each great tree had its own god. From very early times, the Greeks began to invent stories to account for the things that went on in the world, such as the change of seasons, the sudden storms, and the good and bad fortune of the farmer’s year. These tales were spread by travelers from one valley to another. They were put together and altered by poets and musicians, until at last a great body of legends arose from the whole of Greece. These tales did not agree with one another in details. However, on the whole, these tales gave a clear picture of who the chief gods were, how men should behave to please them, and what their relationships had been with heroes of the past.
【題組】16. According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Greek legends are imaginary stories.
(B) People all over the world like to worship Greek gods.
(C) The Greeks invented Greek legends according to gods’ will.
(D) Greek legends became popular in recent years.
17.【題組】17. What is paragraph 3 mainly about?
(A) How Greek legends formed.
(B) How Greek legends were spread.
(C) How to enjoy Greek legends.
(D) How to worship Greek gods.
18.【題組】18. What can be inferred from paragraph 4 ?
(A) Greek legends are stories about pictures.
(B) Greek legends have different versions.
(C) The Greeks chose their gods by poets and musicians.
(D) The Greeks could not agree on how men should please gods.
19.DEAR ABBY: Our middle son, Andy, is a very intelligent young man of 19. He went to college for one year just to please us, and then he quit, saying, “I don’t want to waste any more of my time and your money.” His grades were fine, but he said he preferred working with his hands. He’s now enrolled in a trade school and we’re so disappointed in him! I’m not putting down people who work with their hands, Abby, but it seems to me that such people aren’t smart enough to work with their minds. Andy’s father is a professional man, and both of Andy’s brothers plan to enter professions. Please say in your column that a college degree is absolutely necessary these days. After Andy graduates from college, he can do anything he chooses, but we desperately want him to have a college degree first. ANDY’S MOTHER
【題組】19. Why did Andy go to college?
(A) He wanted to get a better job later in life.
(B) He wanted to gain new knowledge.
(C) He wanted to make his parents happy.
(D) He wanted to have something to do for four years.
20.【題組】20. How many brothers does Andy have?
(A) One.
(B) Two.
(C) Three.
(D) Four.
21.【題組】21. What does Andy’s mother think about college education?
(A) College education is crucial for young people.
(B) College education is not suitable for everybody.
(C) College education is necessary only for smart people.
(D) College education can prepare young people for employment.
22.【題組】22. What is Andy’s mother’s opinion of people who work with their hands?
(A) They know how to use technology.
(B) They are diligent.
(C) They are able to find a good job.
(D) They are not smart enough.
23.Wikipedia is revolutionizing the concept of encyclopedias and the way we gather knowledge. Since its birth online, Wikipedia has become the world’s largest reference work. With more than 1.2 million articles in nearly 160 languages, it easily dwarfs the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Encarta Reference and a half-dozen other rivals. How did Wikipedia get started? Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia’s cofounder and leader, began with a simple yet counterintuitive idea: create an open encyclopedia that anyone can contribute to. (The name Wikipedia comes from the “wiki” sort of collaborative software that powers the website.) The project adopted a few rules of order: whenever someone edits an article, a new version of the article is created and saved. This is important because Wikipedia is an open-content project. Such projects are fueled by the authority derived by the contributors from the work that they do. Your contribution to an article, no matter how small, is kept for future generations and clearly identified as such.
【題組】23. Which of the following statements can best describe the main idea of this passage?
(A) More and more people study Wikipedia.
(B) Wikipedia is changing the way an encyclopedia is edited.
(C) Wikipedia sells the best among encyclopedias.
(D) People like to exchange personal information through Wikipedia.
24.【題組】24. What does dwarf in paragraph 1 mean?
(A) To make similar.
(B) To make popular.
(C) To make famous.
(D) To make smaller.
25.【題組】25. According to the second paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Wikipedia welcomes knowledge from people worldwide.
(B) People like to use the software in Wikipedia.
(C) Wikipedia offers a new version once a year.
(D) People have found the idea of Wikipedia traditional.
26.【題組】26. What can be inferred from the passage?
(A) People like to have their own copies of encyclopedia.
(B) People will order encyclopedias from the Internet.
(C) People may keep their names in Wikipedia for a long time.
(D) People used to look for ideas from Wikipedia.
27.In the 15th century, there lived a young man who had a very lively and curious mind. He filled dozens of notebooks with designs for marvelous inventions, including helicopters, snorkels, parachutes, machine guns, submarines and flying machines. It was to be another four hundred years before these inventions were thought up or built by someone else. The name of this young man with an amazing imagination was Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo is best remembered for two of his paintings. They are “The Last Supper” and the “Mona Lisa.” Both of these paintings were unusual in their day because the people in them look very natural and real. Leonardo spent much of his time wandering about the cities of Rome, Florence and Milan, watching people and drawing them in his notebooks. As a result, his paintings look very lifelike. Leonardo liked everything he did to be perfect. He often failed to finish paintings because he decided they were not good enough and started another project instead. In fact, on his deathbed his last words were that he had failed God and man by not striving harder after perfection! Leonardo has not left many paintings for us to enjoy and appreciate. What a pity this is!
【題組】27. According to the passage, when did people begin to build the inventions Leonardo imagined?
(A) In the 17th century.
(B) In the 18th century.
(C) In the 19th century.
(D) In the 20th century.
28.【題組】28. According to the passage, which of the following reasons can best explain why Leonardo’s paintings look very lifelike?
(A) Leonardo liked to watch people.
(B) Leonardo was unusual in his day.
(C) Leonardo had an amazing imagination.
(D) Leonardo wandered about the cities in Italy.
29.【題組】29. Why did Leonardo think he had “failed God and man”?
(A) Because Leonardo liked to start a new project.
(B) Because Leonardo often failed to finish paintings.
(C) Because Leonardo had created many beautiful paintings.
(D) Because Leonardo did not live up to his own high standards.
30.【題組】30. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) Leonardo painted “The Last Summer.”
(B) Leonardo did not leave many paintings.
(C) Leonardo’s wife was called Mona Lisa.
(D) Leonardo lived in France in the 15th century.
31.31. On the second street next to the department store _______________.
(A) is newly opened
(B) some newly opened shops are
(C) is a newly opened gift shop
(D) some are newly opened
32.32. Doctors and scientists are beginning to conduct experiments on _______________ cause different kinds of health risks.
(A) air pollution can
(B) that air pollution
(C) how air pollution
(D) how air pollution can
33.33. Mr. Lin forgot _______________ the telephone bill, so that his telephone line has been disconnected.
(A) paying
(B) being paid
(C) to pay
(D) pay
34.34. The proposal _______________ discussed by all the members on the school board when it was presented by the president in the meeting.
(A) had already
(B) had already been
(C) has already
(D) is already
35.35. If I had gone to New Year’s countdown party last night, I _______________ now.
(A) am tired
(B) would be tired
(C) will be tired
(D) would have been tired
36.36. Ms. Chang _______________ as my birthday gift.
(A) bought a book for me
(B) gave to me a book
(C) gave me to a book
(D) bought for me a book
37.37. It is amazing that _______________ consists of four hundred people.
(A) tennis club
(B) the rich
(C) all group
(D) the team
38.38. Spending too much time on the computer till very late, many young people nowadays are not used to _______________.
(A) get up early
(B) getting up early
(C) be getting up early
(D) being gotten up early
39.39. As far as I know, _______________ don’t visit this part of the city.
(A) none of girls
(B) most my friends
(C) both them
(D) some of their neighbors
40.40. We were wondering whether Ann _______________.
(A) received gift she liked
(B) answered questions I asked
(C) got the job she wanted
(D) deposited money she had
41.41. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) Confronting too many unpleasant truths can be unmanageable.
(B) Rationalization is one of the most common defense mechanisms.
(C) Defense mechanisms are always undesirable.
(D) It is difficult to realize defense mechanisms in ourselves. _______________ Even the ancient Greeks understood defense mechanisms. In the Greek fable of the fox and the grapes, a fox who cannot reach the topmost grapes on a vine tells himself that they were probably sour anyway. The fox was using rationalization to protect his self-image. Likewise, people often think up a logical but untrue explanation that protects the unrealistic picture we hold of ourselves.
42.42. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) A lot of teenagers like to daydream.
(B) All college students should learn to daydream.
(C) Daydreaming has several benefits.
(D) Daydreaming is more useful than exercise. _______________ Daydreaming allows us to exercise our imaginations. When we daydream we feel relaxed and it can reduce our stress. Often, solutions to difficult problems pop into mind while a person daydreams.
43.43. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) Two-year colleges provide better education than four-year universities.
(B) Community colleges are very popular nowadays.
(C) Attending a two-year college has several advantages.
(D) High school graduates should be discouraged from attending a four-year university. _______________ Going to a two-year college can save up to ten thousand dollars in tuition fees. All the course credits that are accumulated can be transferred to a four-year university. Moreover, if the college is nearby, there are no room and board costs.
44.44. Which of the following can best fit into the blank in the paragraph below?
(A) Strangely, though, most people seem unprepared for disappointment.
(B) Blaming others is another negative way to cope with disappointment.
(C) Some people specialize in feeling sorry for themselves.
(D) Ben decides to hang around with a new set of friends. Ben Franklin said that the only sure things in life are death and taxes. However, he left something out: disappointment. No one gets through life without experiencing many disappointments. _______________ They may react to it in negative ways. They feel depressed or try to escape their troubles instead of using disappointment as an opportunity for growth.
45.45. Which of the following can best fit into the blank in the paragraph below?
(A) My cousin and I were celebrating our twenty-fourth birthday.
(B) This photo was taken in my aunt’s home in Da Ling Sugar Factory.
(C) “Grandma Ling” was inspired by my trip to Taiwan in the early 1960s.
(D) There I faced Grandma, who looked like my image acted on by fifty years. They often said to me, “If you dig that hole deep enough you’ll reach China.” Because I was not strong enough to dig that hole, I waited twenty years to sail back to Taiwan, where I first met Grandma. Before she came to view, I heard her soft footsteps on the tatami floor. _______________ She smiled, stretched her arms to take to heart the eldest daughter of her youngest son.
46.46. The basic difference between Americans and Canadians lies in their definitions of the individual in society.
(A) While the American Declaration of Independence defines the goal of society in an individualistic way, the Canadian constitution describes its own in a more collective way.
(B) Along the border between the United States and Mexico is an area blended with Mexican and American cultures.
(C) The following serves as a good example: After guests arrive at a lecture by a popular personality, the first three rows are occupied by a bunch of noisy Americans who shout and laugh loudly.
(D) By the door stand a group of Canadians speaking softly and waiting for the decision of the organizer to find out where it would be all right to sit.
47.47. The living room becomes a dangerous place when I attempt to clean.
(A) The light fixtures on the ceiling refuse to come loose from the screws that anchor them; then they drop like rocks to the floor.
(B) Moving furniture to clean the floor underneath causes trouble, too.
(C) If I drag a heavy armchair across the floor, one of its legs will snap off.
(D) Moving furniture in general is a lot easier with the help of a guy.
48.48. In one of the first districts the social work team entered, Tracy found an unusually large number of widows in one village whose husbands lost their lives in the war.
(A) Their lack of income created financial pressure on their sons to provide for their families.
(B) That was a motive that could drive the young men to join well-paid Taliban rebels.
(C) The quality of a marriage improves when both partners work.
(D) Citing Tracy’s advice, American officers developed a job training program for the widows.
49.49. (1) The children told her not to be absent. (2) One child said, “She didn’t know any of the rules.” (3) Others complained loudly, “She didn’t know anything!” (4) “She made me clean up the sinks, and it was Peter’s turn,” said another girl. (5) Susan asked the students what they thought should be done about the situation. (6) When Susan was absent with the flu for a few days, her students complained about the substitute teacher.
(A) 6 3 1 2 4 5
(B) 2 4 3 6 5 1
(C) 6 3 5 1 2 4
(D) 6 2 4 3 5 1
50.50. (1) Although I love movies, going to see them drives me crazy. (2) And the floor often has a sticky coating that gets on your shoes. (3) A bad smell suggests that there has been no fresh air in the theater since it was built. (4) For one thing, getting to the theater takes a forty-minute drive. (5) Another problem is that the theater itself is often not a pleasant place to be. (6) Then, with a popular movie, I usually have to wait in a long line at the ticket booth.
(A) 1 4 6 5 3 2
(B) 4 6 1 5 3 2
(C) 1 5 6 4 3 2
(D) 4 5 2 6 3 1