93 年 - 外語群英語類 專業科目(二)：英文習作#20940
1.It’s long been part of folk wisdom that birth order strongly affects personality, intelligence
and achievement. _1_,most of the research claiming that firstborns are radically different
from other children has been discredited，and it now seems that any effects of birth order on
intelligence or personality will likely to be _2 by all the other influences in a person’s
life. In other words, the _3 in permanent impact of birth order simply is incorrect.
Consider the question of_4 birth order affects achievement or intelligence. Many
experts today suggest that birth order plays no role at all. When one researcher looked at birth patterns before 1938 and compared them to SAT scores for that group of children，she found no
connection. _5_? the number of siblings does matter. Small families are much more
_6 of the kind of verbal ability that helps people succeed in school. The reason，she
believes, is that parental attention is _7 in larger families.
(A) helped out
(B) figured out
(C) washed out
(D) found out
(B) In short
(C) Little by little
(D) On the other hand
8.A teenage boy died of bird flu in Thailand，adding Asia’s deaths to at least 20 on Sunday. A
thirteen-year-old boy named Ekula Pong，the _8 victim of the H5N1 virus, died after
more than two weeks in a hospital. Fear continues that the virus could_9 a human flu
vims to become a deadly disease that can spread among people. Now there are 10 that it may have spread to other kinds of animals.
Experts say that virus, 11 has forced the killing of some 80 million birds in some areas, mostly in Vietnam and Thailand, is probably spread by birds. The World Health Organization says it expects more people to be 12 by the virus beyond Vietnam and Thailand. 13 the United Nations has asked Asian countries not to relax in the war on bird flu because the disease is still spreading in other countries. The warning came 14 many health officials were due to gather for an emergency meeting on Monday to discuss efforts to fight the disease. They will focus on the possible 15 among nations for dealing with the disease.
(A) wear out
(B) combine with
(C) break up
(D) take off
Western-style conversations develop quite differently from Japanese-style conversations. A Western-style conversation between two people is like a game of tennis. If I introduce a topic，a conversational ball，I expect you to hit it back. If you agree with me，I expect you to add somdhing such as a reason, another example，or an elaboration to carry the idea further. Whether you agree or disagree, your response will return the ball to me. However, a Japanese-style conversation is like bowling. You wait for your turn and you always know your place in line. It depends on your age, familiarity, and social status relative to the previous speaker. When your turn comes, you step up to the starting line with your bowling ball and carefully bowl it. Everyone else stands back and watches politely. Then，after everyone is sure that you have completely finished your turn, the next person in line steps up to the same starting line，with a different ball. He does not return your ball, and he does not begin from where your ball stopped. There is no rush for the ball. No wonder everyone looked startled when I first took part in a Japanese conversation. I paid no attention to whose turn it was and kept snatching the ball halfway down the alley and throwing it back at the bowler. Of course the conversation died. I was playing the wrong game.
【題組】16. The main idea of this passage is that_____ .
(A) people converse differently in different cultures
(B) it is important to take part in conversations in Japan
(C) people always have a good conversation with someone from another country
(D) it is rude to interrupt someone who is speaking
17.【題組】17. Which of the following statements is N OT mentioned by the author?
(A) Japanese-style conversation is like bowling.
(B) Western-style conversation is like tennis.
(C) In Japanese-style conversation，you must wait for your turn to speak.
(D) Western-style conversations are longer than Japanese-style conversations.
18.【題組】18. What does the underlined word “alley，，probably mean in bowling?
(A) The place where players register their scores.
(B) The place where players sit.
(C) The place where players roll the balls.
(D) The place where players change their clothes.
19.【題組】19. In line 6，what does the underlined word “It ’ refer to?
(A) An interesting topic.
(B) A conversational turn.
(C) A helpful elaboration.
(D) A polite response.
20.【題組】20. The passage is mainly about_____ .
21.When we try to teach children, we can experience the finstrations of having these children reject our efforts. Children，in turn, are often frustrated by parents who think teaching is a matter of forcing some learning on them. Therefore to be a good teacher, patience is essential，but it is not enough. A good teacher needs to be able to work up and down on a scale of greater and lesser difficulty. For instance, with a very young kid, you may begin by asking your child to point to something. Then you teach your child to move to “yes” or ccno” responses. The next move is to whole sentence answers. Sometimes adults，who need the practice least, do most of the talking, while children sit by passively. This is unfortunate, because it is the interplay of discussion and experience that encourages children to use their minds actively to form ideas. Probably the best teaching tip is “Don，t talk too much!，，A good teacher keeps explanations short and backs them up with demonstrations. If you are teaching measurement, actually measure a room.
【題組】21. What is the best title for this passage?
(A) The Uses of Patience
(B) Methods to Ensure Learning
(C) The Importance of Children，s Play
(D) Discussion Topics for Today，s Teacher
22.【題組】22. According to this passage, a successful teacher should always _____ .
(A) make use of “yes” and ccno” questions
(B) provide a safe learning environment
(C) engage the student in conversation
(D) make use of guided role-playing
23.【題組】23. According to the passage，the underlined word “This"refers to _____ .
(A) talkative adults and passive children
(B) discussion between principals and children
(C) interplay between supervisors and pupils
(D) discussion and experience combined
24.【題組】24. Which of the following does the author believe to be an essential quality needed by an effective teacher?
25.【題組】25. In which course would this passage most likely be one of the assigned readings?
26.Studies show that 90 % of people who lose weight on a diet gain it all back within a year. There are two reasons for this. First，people don’t want to face the fact that they must eventually change their eating habits. They think they can lose weight and then return to overeating. Ultimately, this yo-yo dieting must fail as it gets harder and harder to lose the weight we have gained. The other reason is that overeaters frequently handle their emotions by overeating. In that sense，the overeating is a way of coping with life as drinking is for alcoholics. Unless they learn another way of handling their feelings，they will be driven back into their addiction. Diet programs that deal only with losing weight and avoid these deeper issues will fail for the vast majority of people.
【題組】26. What is the best title for this passage?
(A) Methods of Avoiding Overeating
(B) Dangers to People about Overeating
(C) Ways to Seek Public Assistance
(D) Results ofWeight-Loss Diets
27.【題組】27. In line 4，what does the underlined word “Ultimately，，mean?
28.【題組】28. Which of the following is used by the author to support the topic sentence in the passage?
(A) Creating documents.
(B) Drawing conclusions.
(C) Making comparisons.
(D) Giving reasons.
29.【題組】29. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a supporting statement in the passage?
(A) Overeaters frequently handle their emotions by eating.
(B) Most people who lose weight on a diet gain it back within a year.
(C) One reason people are overweight is lack of exercise.
(D) Overeaters do not want to change their eating habits.
30.【題組】30. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
(A) Overeaters do not think they can lose weight and return to overeating.
(B) Diet programs which only involve losing weight will probably fail.
(C) Overeating is more serious than alcoholics.
(D) Eating habits are worse today than they were 100 years ago.
31.31. She_____ down for a nap this morning.
32.32. He lives more _____ than anyone else I know.
33.33. I met the lady_____ you thought could manage my business.
34.34. My former teacher told me that，according to observations, a man_____ at
anything unless he has fun doing it.
(A) rarely succeeds
(B) rarely successful
(C) rare success
(D) rare successor
35.35. He began to think of sad things, such as songs that could not be sung because the words_____ .
(A) have forgotten
(B) had been forgotten
(C) were forgetting
(D) to be forgotten
36.36. If you want_____ a pleasing personality, you should first become genuinely
interested in other people.
(C) to be developed
(D) to develop
37.37. Strange, loud，and frightening _____ .
(A) were the sound he heard last night
(B) were the sound he hears last night
(C) was the sound he hears last night
(D) was the sound he heard last night
38.38. Education brought hope to people in Taiwan，_____ .
(A) passing it to the people on mainland
(B) passed it to the people on the mainland
(C) that passed it to the people on mainland
(D) who are passing it to the people on the mainland
39.39. Mr. Lee always does_____ .
(A) what he likes，as regards the feelings of others
(B) that he likes，with regard to the feelings of others
(C) whatever he likes，without regard to the feelings of others
(D) whichever he likes，without regard for the feelings of others
40.40. Looking back over the past four decades，_____ .
(A) we can see the joint efforts of the government and the people
(B) it was the joint efforts of the government and the people
(C) our national joint efforts of the government and the people will be seen
(D) the joint efforts of the government and the people were made nationwide
41.41. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) Good skin care should be done in the morning.
(B) Good skin care is never too late.
(C) Good skin care should be done twice a day.
(D) Good skin care should avoid sunlight.
_____ The first time is in the morning when you wake up. The other time is at
night before you go to bed. In the morning, you should use creams，foams or gels which clean and moisturize your skin and also protect it from sunlight your face will receive during the day. At night，before you go to bed，you should use face cleaning cream to take off makeup, clean your skin， and keep it moist while you sleep at night.
42.42. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) You shouldn’t mark a book which is not yours.
(B) It is a good habit to mark youx book during reading.
(C) Many of the world，s great books are available now.
(D) Books can be cheaply bought in reprinted editions.
_____ Librarians (or your friends) who lend you books expect you to keep them
clean, and you should. If you decide that I am right about the usefulness of marking books，you will have to buy them. Many of the world’s great books are available today，in reprint editions，at less than ten dollars.
43.43. Which of the following is the most appropriate topic sentence for the paragraph below?
(A) The invention of telescope helps mankind see better and understand more.
(B) The range of human perception is widened through radio，telephone，and telegraph.
(C) The microscope has helped mankind see the very small things in the world.
(D) Man has been always interested in extending the range of his senses and the power of his mind.
_____ Through the years，he has invented many instruments to help him see
better and understand more. The telescope，for example，was invented to allow him to look faraway objects. To see the very small things in the world，the microscope was developed. Radio，telephone，and telegraph are means by which man has extended the range of his senses of hearing and speech.
44.44. Which of the following can best fit into the blank in the paragraph below?
(A) artists could handle neither a pen nor a pencil as naturally as people in the Western world could
(B) artists couldn’t handle a brush as naturally as people in the Western world use a pencil
(C) artists could handle a brush as naturally as people in the Western world use a pencil
(D) artists could handle a pencil as naturally as people in the Western world use a brush
The Chinese were masters of calligraphy - the art of beautiful writing. Learning to write the picturesque Chinese characters with a brush was an important part of education. Therefore,
_____ . So varied and so expressive were the brushstrokes of Chinese painters that
bright colors were almost never needed.
45.45. Which of the following can best fit into the blank in the paragraph below?
(A) jumping，running，swimming，and other exercises are also important
(B) nutrition，sleep, rest，and good health habits are also important
(C) eating, sleep，reading，and doing homework are also important
(D) watching television，chatting, staying up late，and having fun are also important
It is true that physical fitness depends greatly on exercise，but_____ . Physical
education programs in schools，therefore，emphasize the learning of good health habits as well as provide opportunities for physical activities.
46.46. The climate of Taiwan is generally subtropical.
(A) The Chinese knew of Taiwan as early as the 7th century.
(B) Temperatures vary little during the year, but sharp seasonal and regional variations in rainfall are caused by the monsoon winds.
(C) The average annual rainfall is about 2,500 millimeters.
(D) The island is periodically battered by typhoons, especially during July and August.
47.47. It is hard for us to imagine how we would get along without precise ways of measuring time.
(A) But thousands of years ago people did live without clocks and calendars.
(B) Time lost is never to be found again.
(C) The world was a much simpler place and people were tuned to the calendar of the earth itself.
(D) Let’s see how you might have managed time in those days.
48.48. Welcome to Internet to Go, the quick and easy way to take advantage of the great Internet tools for Windows.
(A) Let’s get straight to cleaning the windows.
(B) This book is written for people who don’t know anything about the Internet.
(C) If you don’t have a clue as to how to Ret your PC connected to the Internet then you are in the right place.
(D) We start with the very first step of choosing and hooking up a modem.
49.49. (1) At last he had been asleep for an hour or two.
(2) The merchant upstairs was so rich that he hardly knew how much he had.
(3) Then up came the singing of the happy shoemaker，who was an early riser.
(4) He was always counting over his gold and silver coins during the night.
(5) It continued all day and was a trouble to the merchant.
(6) Even in bed his uneasiness about his riches kept him awake.
50.50. (1) Each man within himself understands the real extent of his victory.
(2) And the wise man is always seeking a private place in which to think out his thoughts.
(3) There is health in it for him.
(4) Success is measured by oneself.
(5) He is unafraid of the pain of loneliness.