6.31. She is known chiefly for her ___________ to left-wing politics. Her family does not understand why she is
willing to give so much of her time and energy to her belief.
(A) commitment (B) sideline (C) affectation (D) illusion
The problem with 41 is that they lead to stereotypes and stereotypes lead to generalizations and
generalizations lead to assumptions and assumptions lead back to stereotypes. It’s a 42 cycle, and after
you go around and around a bunch of times you 43 believing that all vegans only eat cabbage and all gay
people love musicals. Stereotypes obviously come from somewhere. There are indeed 44 among
some certain groups of people, but it would be dangerous to assume that all stereotypes are accurate. You
can’t say all New Yorkers are rude or all Californians are hippies. You can’t say all blonds are dumb or all
white men can’t jump. You can’t say all rich people are snobs or all celebrities have big egos and are
self-centered. That’s 45 not true.
【題組】41. (A) stories (B) labels (C) tales (D) humans
Since 1979, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) has been popular. There are nearly 1,000 certified
MBSR instructors teaching mindfulness techniques (including meditation) in more than 30 countries.
Technology has made it easier than ever to fracture attention into smaller and smaller bits. We answer a
colleague’s questions from the stands at a child’s soccer game; we pay the bills while watching TV; we order
groceries while stuck in traffic. In a time when no one seems to have enough time, our devices allow us to be
many places at once—but at the cost of being unable to fully inhabit the place where we actually want to be.
Mindfulness says we can do better. At one level, the techniques associated with the philosophy are intended to
help practitioners quiet a busy mind, becoming more aware of the present moment and less caught up in what
happened earlier or what’s to come. Many cognitive therapists commend it to patients as a way to help cope with
anxiety and depression. More broadly, it’s seen as a means to deal with stress.
But to view mindfulness simply as the latest self-help fad underplays its potency and misses the point of why it
is gaining acceptance with those who might otherwise dismiss mental training techniques closely tied to
meditation—Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, Fortune 500 titans, Pentagon chiefs and more. If distraction is the
pre-eminent condition of our age, then mindfulness, in the eyes of its enthusiasts, is the most logical response. Its
strength lies in its universality. Though meditation is considered an essential means to achieving mindfulness, the
ultimate goal is simply to give your attention fully to what you’re doing.
There’s evidence they’re correct. Researchers have found that multitasking leads to lower overall
productivity. Students and workers who constantly and rapidly switch between tasks have less ability to filter out
irrelevant information, and they make more mistakes. And many corporate workers today find it impossible to
take breaks. According to a recent survey, more than half of employed American adults check work messages on the
weekends and 4 in 10 do so while on vacation. Now, Silicon Valley has become a hotbed of mindfulness classes and
conferences. For example, through the course Search Inside Yourself, thousands of Googlers have learned
attention-focusing techniques, including meditation, meant to help them free up mental space for creativity and big
【題組】46. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) Mindfulness does better than medicine for good health.
(B) Mindfulness has been popular recently because modern people have been too distracted and stressed.
(C) Achieving mindfulness is impossible in the modern world.
(D) Wealthy people need mindfulness more than the poor to deal with stress from their work.
22.【題組】47. What does the word “multitasking” in paragraph 4 mean?
(A) Performing different tasks at the same time.
(B) Running more apps simultaneously.
(C) Maintaining absolute attention on one’s work.
(D) Having more difficulty retaining new information.
23.【題組】48. Why does Google have the in-house mindful program for their employees?
(A) The employees have nothing else to do for entertainment.
(B) The company wants to help the employees to work more efficiently and live better.
(C) The company does not want the employees to check work messages on the weekends.
(D) Googlers are required to develop more meditation apps for tapping technology.
24.【題組】49. Which of the following statements about mindfulness is NOT true?
(A) Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our thoughts.
(B) Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our feelings.
(C) Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our bodily sensations.
(D) Mindfulness means maintaining a moment-by-moment awareness of our enemies.
25.【題組】50. According to this passage, what might be an effect of MBSR teaching?
(A) More companies will be willing to help their employees to be mindful.
(B) Companies are going to fire their employees for multitasking behaviors.
(C) Schools are going to ban smartphones all together for students’ better performances.
(D) Parents are going to enroll mindfulness courses for their kids at Silicon Valley.貳、英文(第 26-50 題，每題 2 分，共計 25 題，佔 50 分)