38.II. Based on the following reading passage, please design a 20-minute speaking activity respectively
for students of three different English ability levels, namely, low, average, and high. (20 分)
What’s in a Name?
The naming of a child is a momentous decision for any family. So how do we end up with the names
we have? Some parents seem to choose based simply on personal preferences. In other families,
grandparents or professional name-makers come up with a child’s name. And in some cases, the time of a
child’s birth influences how the child’s name is determined. How did our parents decide which method to
use? In the end, it seems to depend on the culture we were born in.
In many European cultures, names are typically chosen by parents and may be based on relatives or
ancestors within a particular family. For example, in Italy, children are traditionally named after their
grandparents. If families with several children, the parents generally use the father’s parents’ names first
and then the mother’s parents’ names. Similarly, some people in Eastern Europe name their children after
relatives who have died. This practice is seen as a means to protect the child from the Angel of Death.
Traditionally in some Asian countries, however, parents do not choose the name of a child. Instead,
the child’s grandfather or a fortune-teller chooses the name. And in contrast to the tradition of naming
children after relatives, the child’s name is chosen to influence the child’s character. For example, names
may be based on a connection to certain elements in nature, like fire, water, earth, wood, or metal. Or the
name might include a written character meaning beauty, strength, or kindness.
In certain African cultures, when a child is born plays a large part in determining the child’s name.
In Ghana, the day a child is born determines the child’s name in Akan culture. But each day has different
names for boys and girls. For instance, a boy born on Friday is named Kofi, whereas a girl born on the
same day is named Aufa, Both Kofi and Aufa are names meaning “wanderer” or “explorer,” so children
with these names are seen as travelers.
No matter where the name comes from, a child’s name is the first gift in life. Whether it is chosen
according to preference or dictated by tradition, the name reflects something about a child’s nature. For
the reason, all names should be treasured and respected