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104 年 - 教育部公立高中教師甄選-應用外語科#21191 

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1.1. The tire company had up to 2,000 employees around the world in its _________; however, the number is dwindling to only 50.
(A) heyday
(B) benediction
(C) swing
(D) semblance
2.2. The Malayan tapir is exclusively ____________. It eats grass, fruit and nuts but mainly forages tender shoots and leaves of more than 115 species of plants.
(A) carnivorous
(B) omnivorous
(C) vigorous
(D) herbivorous
3.3. Such world-acclaimed musicians as Beethoven and Mozart are believed to have a high ________ for music by nature.
(A) aptitude
(B) attitude
(C) latitude
(D) altitude
4.4. American Sniper arouses the debate of a _______ issue, which is whether a sniper should be regarded as a national hero.
(A) tangible
(B) gregarious
(C) controversial
(D) credulous
5.5. Opponents warned that dams on the river could be _______ to the river’s ecosystem,permanently harming the fisheries sustaining millions of people.
(A) beneficial
(B) detrimental
(C) impoverished
(D) imperative
6.6. The health authorities are making great efforts to control and ________ the impacts of pandemic influenza on patients.
(A) mutate
(B) pulsate
(C) mitigate
(D) agitate
7.7. The video of Taylor Swift on You Tube has been deleted due to copyright ___________.
(A) ingenuity
(B) incredulity
(C) inflammation
(D) infringement
8.8. The award-nominated actress appeared poised and _____ during her first press interview. She made a good impression on everyone there.
(A) doleful
(B) articulate
(C) unquenchabale
(D) averse
9.9. The property tycoon refused to pay due _______ to his ex-wife and was bitterly criticized by the news media.
(A) alimony
(B) remission
(C) modicum
(D) ultimatum
10.10. Some bad tour guides worked with the local stores to ________ tourists who were often overcharged for cheap products.
(A) disprove
(B) relegate
(C) fleece
(D) spat II. Cloze (每題 1 分,共 5 分) Artificial sweeteners act as sugar substitutes, are much sweeter than the real thing, and come without the guilty calories. Besides being in beverages, these chemicals can be found in many other food products, many of (11) are labeled as sugar free and marketed to (12) who wants to lose weight or suffers from diabetes. Millions of people choose to eat and drink things with sweeteners in an effort to be more health conscious, but a recent study revealed a disturbing discovery. Scientists found that unlike sugar, which is (13) in the stomach, artificial sweeteners are processed in the intestines. This causes changes in intestinal bacteria, which may lead to diabetes and obesity, two diseases that sweeteners are supposed to fight. However, the Food and Drug Administration still (14) artificial sweeteners for human consumption. Like everything else, it’s important to use them in (15) .
11.11.
(A) which
(B) what
(C) that
(D) them
12.12.
(A) one
(B) anyone
(C) those
(D) people
13.13.
(A) spiked
(B) resumed
(C) inspired
(D) digested
14.14.
(A) oppose to
(B) consent of
(C) approves of
(D) accede of
15.15.
(A) moderation
(B) consideration
(C) congestion
(D) optimization
16.III. Fill in the Blanks (12 選 10,每題 1 分,共 10 分) (請忽略大小寫) The 2014 Ebola Outbreak is an ongoing (16) of the Ebola virus disease in West Africa that first began in Guinea in March 2014. Following its subsequent spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, which has (17) the lives of at least 3,100 patients since the initial outbreak, the Ebola epidemic has been (18) “the largest, most complex and most severe we’ve ever seen” by the World Health Organization (WHO) and major news outlets around the world. As the disease progressed, many hospitals, short on both staff and supplies, became overwhelmed and closed, leading some health experts to state that the (19) to treat other medical needs may be causing an additional death toll that is likely to exceed (20) of the outbreak itself. Hospital workers, who work closely with the highly contagious bodily fluids of the diseased, have been especially (21) When to catching the disease. (22) by humans, the Ebola virus induces a disease that can cause fever, sore throat, muscle pains, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys, bleeding problems. Between 50% and 90% of those (23) with the virus are killed by the disease. The virus transmits through contact with blood or other bodily fluids from infected animals, including humans, monkeys, and fruit bats. Treatment for those infected includes re-hydration and administering (24) fluids. But unfortunately, a (25) for the disease has yet to be discovered.
【題組】16
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
17.【題組】17
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
18.【題組】18
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
19.【題組】19
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
20.【題組】20
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
21.【題組】21
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
22.【題組】22
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
23.【題組】23
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
24.【題組】24
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
25.【題組】25
(A) declared
(B) vulnerable
(C) that
(D) infected
(E) intravenous (AB) which (AC) epidemic (AD) inability (AE) cure (BC) claimed (BD) symptom (BE) contracted
26.IV. Discourse (每題 1 分,共 5 分) In 1854, Queen Victoria was on the throne, and Charles Dickens was writing Hard Times. Times were certainly hard for the poor of the London district of Soho, who lived in cramped, unsanitary conditions. (26) Diseases were rife, but few people understood how diseases worked. Most believed they stemmed from a “miasma”—bad air full of pollution. Small wonder that in the summer of 1854, there was a major outbreak of cholera, a deadly bacterial disease. (27) (28) Along with a local churchman, Reverend Henry Whitehead, Snow interviewed the people of Soho about their living habits. He made a map showing where all the cholera cases had occurred, and pinpointed the source of the outbreak. It was a public water pump on Broad Street. Almost all of the cholera victims had used or drunk water from the pump. Snow insisted that the pump be disabled. (29) Snow published his findings in several articles. Later, it was found that a cesspit near the pump well was leaking fecal bacteria into the water. (30) (Adopted from English Digest) This affected the way future cities were built and how sewage and waste were managed, as well as influencing the future study of disease-causing microorganisms. Snow’s work was a huge step forward in both medical science and urban planning, two things we should be immensely grateful for.
【題組】26
(A) These helped to change public perception of how diseases spread and of the importance of improved sanitation.
(B) One person who didn’t accept the miasma theory was physician John Snow.
(C) They didn’t have sewers, so they threw their waste into cesspits.
(D) The evidence he provided was strong enough to convince the local authorities to do so, which helped end the outbreak.
(E) Hundreds died in the first two weeks, and many residents fled the area.
27.【題組】27
(A) These helped to change public perception of how diseases spread and of the importance of improved sanitation.
(B) One person who didn’t accept the miasma theory was physician John Snow.
(C) They didn’t have sewers, so they threw their waste into cesspits.
(D) The evidence he provided was strong enough to convince the local authorities to do so, which helped end the outbreak.
(E) Hundreds died in the first two weeks, and many residents fled the area.
28.【題組】28
(A) These helped to change public perception of how diseases spread and of the importance of improved sanitation.
(B) One person who didn’t accept the miasma theory was physician John Snow.
(C) They didn’t have sewers, so they threw their waste into cesspits.
(D) The evidence he provided was strong enough to convince the local authorities to do so, which helped end the outbreak.
(E) Hundreds died in the first two weeks, and many residents fled the area.
29.【題組】29
(A) These helped to change public perception of how diseases spread and of the importance of improved sanitation.
(B) One person who didn’t accept the miasma theory was physician John Snow.
(C) They didn’t have sewers, so they threw their waste into cesspits.
(D) The evidence he provided was strong enough to convince the local authorities to do so, which helped end the outbreak.
(E) Hundreds died in the first two weeks, and many residents fled the area.
30.【題組】30
(A) These helped to change public perception of how diseases spread and of the importance of improved sanitation.
(B) One person who didn’t accept the miasma theory was physician John Snow.
(C) They didn’t have sewers, so they threw their waste into cesspits.
(D) The evidence he provided was strong enough to convince the local authorities to do so, which helped end the outbreak.
(E) Hundreds died in the first two weeks, and many residents fled the area.
31.V. Reading Comprehension (每題 2 分,共 10 分) ( A ) Scientists, environmentalists and beekeepers, to name a few, are sounding the alarm bells, and they are loud. Yet, no one appears to be taking much notice that the worldwide bee population is rapidly declining. We have heard the stories — repeatedly. From colony collapse disorder to hive abandonment to bee die-off, the humble bumble is under constant threat. While much focus has been on the steady reduction in the number of honeybees, there is also great concern for the fate of wild bees. A well-known ecologist Brenda Van Ryswyk said recently, “The pollinators are key to maintaining our food sources and there is cause for concern.” “If we lost the wild bees, we would lose all of our flowering plants. If we lost all of our wild pollinators, we would really have a very different landscape,” said Van Ryswyk. There is no one simple explanation for the decline in bees. Experts point to pesticides, loss of habitat, climate change, types of crops grown, parasites and foreign species among other things. “In previous farming practices, farmers used to have a lot of hedgerows with a lot of wildflowers and shrubs that grew. That area was prime habitat for bumblebees and wild bees to nest in,” says Van Ryswyk. “A lot of farms these days feel it’s more efficient to clear those away and have more of a factory farm.” In Canada, the bee population has dropped by an estimated 35 percent in the past three years, according to the Canadian Honey Council. There is something, however, homeowners can do to assist the species. Perhaps Burlington residents could lead the way in providing habitat for wild bees. In your garden, plant native flowers that provide nectar and pollen. Encourage nesting areas using old branches and twigs. Also, many of us have become too sterile in our planting practices. No longer can it be about aesthetics; it needs to be about nature’s survival. The bee population is key to that.
【題組】31. What is the best title of the passage?
(A) The Cause and Effect of the Declining Bee Population
(B) The Great Pollinators in Wilderness
(C) The Missing Link Between Wild Bees and Flowering Plants
(D) The Importance of Wildlife Conservation
32.【題組】32. Which below may NOT be a reason for the declining number of bees?
(A) The use of pesticides.
(B) The destruction of habitats.
(C) Climate change.
(D) The sudden attack of butterflies.
33.【題組】33. What can local people do to help the bee population?
(A) Buy more honey
(B) Plant more native flowers.
(C) Set up more factory farms.
(D) Replace traditional hedgerows with brick walls.
34.( B ) The residents of Kotobuki live not far from the glitzy shops and upscale restaurants of Yokohama, Japan’s second-biggest city, adjoining Tokyo, the capital. Yet Kotobuki is an altogether different world: a squalid district, it is a pit stop for local Japanese on their way to destitution. Men living here in cheap hostels have lost jobs and families. Some survive on casual day work, but many have no work at all. A 250-bed shelter dominates the centre of Kotobuki, part of a public network of around 40 built in the past decade. Though these have helped to take 18,000 people off Japan’s streets, it has been harder to check the creeping poverty that put many of them there in the first place. Last year, the Japanese government recorded relative poverty rates of 16%—defined as the share of the population living on less than half the national median income. That is the highest on record. Poverty levels have been growing at a rate of 1.3% a year since the mid-1980s. On the same definition, a study by the OECD in 2011 ranked Japan sixth from the bottom among its 34 mostly rich members. Bookshops advertise a slew of bestsellers on how to survive on an annual income of under ¥2m ($16,700), a poverty line below which millions of Japanese now live. The country has long prided itself on ensuring that none of its citizens falls between the social cracks. Japan’s orderly, slum-free neighborhoods seem to confirm that. Street crime, even in Kotobuki, is minuscule. Unemployment is below 4%, and jobs are being generated as the prime minister, Shinzo Abe, attempts to boost the economy through monetary easing. Yet the poor quality of new jobs is compounding the problem of the working poor, says Kaori Katada, a sociologist at Hosei University in Tokyo. Since Mr. Abe took office in late 2012, the number of irregular workers—often earning less than half the pay of their full-time counterparts with permanent employment contracts—has jumped by over 1.5m. Casual and part-time employees number nearly 20m, almost 40% of the Japanese workforce. Mr. Abe has been pushing Japan’s cash-rich corporations into hiring more people and paying better wages, with some success. In the past few weeks some of the biggest companies have announced pay hikes for elite salaried workers. But people on the margins are losing out even as Japan’s economy recovers. Welfare applications bottomed out at 882,000 in 1995 but have been rising steadily since. Under pressure to limit Japan’s huge public debt, which stands at almost two-and-a half times GDP, the government cut benefits last summer. Yokohama is one of many local governments in the red. Today, construction at least has picked up again. But it is a much smaller industry than before, and wages are lower. Some men have found work. But most in Kotobuki remain a burden. (Adopted from The Economist)
【題組】34. Which is NOT true about Kotobuki?
(A) It is a dirty and impoverished district.
(B) It is adjacent to the capital of Japan.
(C) Some people here support themselves by doing odd jobs.
(D) A shelter is located in the center of Kotobuki.
35.【題組】35. The word check  in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

(A) investigate
(B) ask
(C) mark
(D) stop

【非選題】( Translation )1.在連續三年低於正常的降雨量後, 加州面臨數十年以來最嚴重的旱災緊急狀況。因此,州長 Jerry Brown 已經呼籲加州居民要儘量節約用水。

#20127
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【非選題】( Translation )2.中國前央視記者柴靜製作的紀錄片「穹頂之下」,細細描述中國的空氣污染與霧霾問題。才 播出三天就有超過 1.5 億人次的點閱率,並且引起全國很大的震撼。

#20128
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【非選題】II. Based on the following reading passage, please design a 20-minute speaking activity respectively for students of three different English ability levels, namely, low, average, and high. (20 分) 


          What’s in a Name? 

    The naming of a child is a momentous decision for any family. So how do we end up with the names we have? Some parents seem to choose based simply on personal preferences. In other families, grandparents or professional name-makers come up with a child’s name. And in some cases, the time of a child’s birth influences how the child’s name is determined. How did our parents decide which method to use? In the end, it seems to depend on the culture we were born in. 
    In many European cultures, names are typically chosen by parents and may be based on relatives or ancestors within a particular family. For example, in Italy, children are traditionally named after their grandparents. If families with several children, the parents generally use the father’s parents’ names first and then the mother’s parents’ names. Similarly, some people in Eastern Europe name their children after relatives who have died. This practice is seen as a means to protect the child from the Angel of Death. 
    Traditionally in some Asian countries, however, parents do not choose the name of a child. Instead, the child’s grandfather or a fortune-teller chooses the name. And in contrast to the tradition of naming children after relatives, the child’s name is chosen to influence the child’s character. For example, names may be based on a connection to certain elements in nature, like fire, water, earth, wood, or metal. Or the name might include a written character meaning beauty, strength, or kindness. 
    In certain African cultures, when a child is born plays a large part in determining the child’s name. In Ghana, the day a child is born determines the child’s name in Akan culture. But each day has different names for boys and girls. For instance, a boy born on Friday is named Kofi, whereas a girl born on the same day is named Aufa, Both Kofi and Aufa are names meaning “wanderer” or “explorer,” so children with these names are seen as travelers. 
    No matter where the name comes from, a child’s name is the first gift in life. Whether it is chosen according to preference or dictated by tradition, the name reflects something about a child’s nature. For the reason, all names should be treasured and respected

#20129
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【非選題】III. Essay Question (20 分) What is “flipped classroom”? In your opinion, what are the downsides of it and its implications for teaching and learning?

#20130
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