1.1. Human beings are moving into_______ with the development of cloning and genetic engineering. We are not sure of what effects these scientific advances have on us.
(A) well-trodden path (B) uncharted waters (C) familiar ground (D) square one
2.2. Since New Zealand’s Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay conquered Everest in May, 1953, more than 1300 people have______ the mountain.
(A) shattered (B) descended (C) scaled (D) soared
3.3. Jenny’s co-workers to buy Amy a wedding present.
(A) chimed in (B) made a beeline for (C) glommed on to (D) chipped in
4.4. The kids______ when the clown arrived at the party and applauded loudly.
(A) made the cut (B) turned in their grave (C) went bananas (D) cashed in
5.5. The ______ of mass literacy coincided with the first industrial revolution; in turn, the new expansion in literacy, as well as cheaper printing, help to nurture the_______ of popular literature.
(A) building; mistrust (B) reappearance; display
(C) receipt; source (D) emergence; rise
6.6. The well-trained engineer must understand fields as diverse as physics, economics, geology, and sociology; thus, an overly_____ engineering curriculum should be avoided.
(A) narrow (B) innovative (C) competitive (D) rigorous
7.7. An institution concerned about its reputation is at the mercy of the actions of its members, because the misdeeds of individuals are often used to______ the institutions of which they are a part.
(A) reform (B) coerce (C) honor (D) discredit
8.8. As long as nations can not themselves accumulate enough physical power to dominate all others, they must depend on ____ .
(A) allies (B) resources (C) freedom (D) education
9.9. Although in eighteenth-century England an active cultural life accompanied the beginnings of middle-class consumerism, the_______ of literacy was______ with rise of such consumerism in the different areas of the country.
(A) repudiation; reconciled (B) renewal; inconsistent
(C) spread; compatible (D) degree; uncorrelated
10.10. Laws do not ensure social order since laws can always be______ , which makes them______ unless the authorities have the will and the power to detect and punish wrongdoing.
(A) circumvented; antiquated (B) repealed; vulnerable
(C) violated; ineffective (D) modified; unstable