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104 年 - 新北市立高級中等學校 104 學年度教師聯合甄選 英文#21832 

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1.1. Food safety has become one of the major worries in Taiwan. After the tainted oil scandal, tofu was found to be _____ with carcinogens.
(A) condemned
(B) concentrated
(C) contaminated
(D) concatenated
2.2. According to a Legatum Institute's survey, Norway is the most ______ nation in the world. This Scandinavian country has claimed the top spot over 142 most flourishing countries for six years in a row.
(A) inflating
(B) unoriginal
(C) prosperous
(D) conventional
3.3. If you invest smartly, you may save a _____ amount of money for your retirement years.
(A) sustaining
(B) subsidiary
(C) secondary
(D) substantial
4.4. Customers do not like to be cheated. They appreciate being shown respect, and treated fairly and _____.
(A) obediently
(B) apparently
(C) transparently
(D) superficially
5.5. The three-time Academy Award winner’s grace, skill and virtuosity completely _____ her audiences. They dared not speak nor breathe lest they missed anything in her performance.
(A) enthralled
(B) convinced
(C) authenticated
(D) substantiated
6.6. Working in a noisy factory left him with a slight hearing _____. He can’t hear you clearly if you do not speak loud enough.
(A) impediment
(B) compression
(C) destruction
(D) divergence
7.7. Don’t blame the children for being noisy. I think they were the most _____ members of the audience.
(A) responsive
(B) irrespective
(C) chargeable
(D) categorical
8.8. Pneumonia is a(n) _____ of the lung most often caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, and other organisms.
(A) inhalation
(B) exploitation
(C) falsification
(D) inflammation
9.9. If you _____ and uncompromisingly assert that the moon is made of green cheese, you'll just get laughed at.
(A) voguishly
(B) exclusively
(C) dogmatically
(D) sophisticatedly
10.10. Man is a _____ animal, and much more so in his mind than in his body; he hates to stand alone in his opinions.
(A) gregarious
(B) grotesque
(C) glacial
(D) gluttonous.
11.11. During the divorce process, he still desperately tried to _____their marriage of many years.
(A) sabotage
(B) salvage
(C) stigmatize
(D) stipulate
12.12. The Zoo has been looking after young chimps, _____by customs officials when poachers smuggled them over the border.
(A) vindicated
(B) confiscated
(C) delegated
(D) penetrated
13.13. When we have a tight deadline, we don’t have time to _____– we just have to get on with it.
(A) procrastinate
(B) abscond
(C) transgress
(D) obfuscate
14.14. The _____, used by the mayor to caricature his political opponents, is easily remembered because of it rhyme.
(A) torpor
(B) doggerel
(C) impasse
(D) eulogy
15.15. The fraudulent investment advisor ____ with his sincere manner and generous promises. Most investors lost all their money.
(A) turned everyone in
(B) put everyone on
(C) got everyone up
(D) took everyone in
16.II. 克漏字:20%,每題 2 分 
With the development of modern medical science, people worldwide are living longer. Marketers try to 16 every opportunity to sell remedies and devices that they claim can enhance memory and other cognitive functions and perhaps 17 dementia as people age. Among them are “all-natural” herbal supplements like Luminene, brain-training games on computers and smartphones, and all manner of puzzles, including crosswords, sudoku and jigsaw, that give the brain a workout, 18 a sedentary one. Unfortunately, few such potions and gizmos have been proven to have a meaningful, sustainable benefit beyond 19 the pockets of their sellers. Before you invest in them, you’d better be wise to look for well-designed, placebo-controlled studies that 20 to their ability to promote a youthful memory and other cognitive functions.

【題組】16.
(A) keep on
(B) seize on
(C) bring up
(D) catch up with
17.【題組】17.
(A) stave off
(B) wear off
(C) rip off
(D) log off
18.【題組】18.
(A) besides
(B) if
(C) while
(D) albeit
19.【題組】19.
(A) lining
(B) tipping
(C) accruing
(D) decorating
20.【題組】20.
(A) indicate
(B) detect
(C) attest
(D) verify
21.Digital games are routinely praised or vilified. 21 often cite the research on perceptual skills, whereas critics often cite the research on the effects of violent video games. The 22 is that both pro and con groups are correct about the effects that games can have. What goes too 23 is that they extend their arguments to conclude that video games are ultimately either beneficial or harmful. Recognizing that games have effects on 24 dimensions allows us a way out of this dichotomous thinking; there are numerous possible effects between the good and the bad. In fact, the same game can have both perceived positive and negative effects at the same time. Therefore, the simplistic 25 of games being ‘‘good’’or ‘‘bad’’ applies only to the extent that one focusessolely on a specific dimension of a particular game.
【題組】21.
(A) Victims
(B) Canvassers
(C) Dilettantes
(D) Proponents
22.【題組】22.
(A) metaphor
(B) alliteration
(C) paradox
(D) irony
23.【題組】23.
(A) extreme
(B) anxious
(C) onerous
(D) illusory
24.【題組】24.
(A) temporal
(B) linear
(C) virtual
(D) multiple
25.【題組】25.
(A) resurrection
(B) suffocation
(C) purification
(D) bifurcation
26.III. 閱讀測驗:50%,每題 2 分
 In an age of gender role blurring, the sepia-toned vision of a past filled with men who were men, women who were women, and a clear code of honor and conduct are no doubt appealing to the solitary subject with a fuzzy sense of self. Often historical recreationist Cosplayers extend the reproduction of past mannerisms into their daily lives – men live by the code of chivalry and open doors for female coworkers, women who serve others in volunteer charities, people who refuse to lie, or to act without honor; these are Cosplayers who have formed their own subject positions through the filter of fiction. That the concept of identity is itself in flux is perhaps a sign that in an age of virtual hobbies and digital connections, we no longer know who we are. Many people are turning to the Internet in order to find ever more specialized groups with which to associate themselves, with which to define their own subjecthood, and as some experts believe, fandom is simply the force by which personal disconnect attains interconnectivity, a community of private fantasy, a safety valve for obsessive tendencies that channels our most private attachments toward worthy pursuits. Cosplay allows participants to create and participate in the physical world, to move a hobby that is primarily screen-centric into a concrete medium, and favored texts are both tools for thought and spaces for emotional exploration. Barbara Adams, famous for wearing her Starfleet Uniform to jury duty in the Whitewater trial in 1996, defines her identity via her interaction with the franchise, and her role in the community fanclub. Adams wore her uniform to promote the fanclub's tenant to work towards Rodenberry's utopia created in the American sci-fi TV series Star Trek, as she says,"to see those ideals brought into this community in this century." Adams defines her own social values and ideals based on the mores of a world that does not exist. Actor William Shatner explains that Star Trek is not only "part entertainment," but also "part philosophy." Cosplay provides a natural extension of interest into experimentation, allowing a subject to adopt the mannerisms and dress of a certain "clique" in order to decide what to accept or reject in the formation of their own identity type.

【題組】26. According to the passage, what characterizes Cosplayers?
(A) They are not quite sure about who they are.
(B) They favor the blurring vision of the past.
(C) They are popular among their circle of friends.
(D) They are appealing to the solitary subject.
27.【題組】27. According to the passage, which word of the following best describes the"clear code of honor and conduct" for historical recreationist Cosplayers?
(A) honesty
(B) masculinity
(C) chastity
(D) destiny
28.【題組】28. Which of the following is TRUE about the Cosplay world?
(A) It creates free-floating identities for Cosplayers.
(B) It grants Cosplayers a sense of interconnectivity.
(C) It builds a community of obsessive pursuits.
(D) It is like a safety valve that keeps the private fantasy intact.
29.【題組】29. Which of the following is TRUE about Barbara Adams?
(A) She wore her Starfleet uniform for her Whitewater trial in 1996.
(B) What she wore was the uniform of her community fanclub.
(C) Her idea of Utopia was modeled on a fictional world.
(D) She believed that entertainment and philosophy needed to be separated.
30.【題組】30. What does the author try to suggest in the conclusion?
(A) To acquire a stable identity, Cosplayers are generally not interested in experimentation.
(B) Cosplayers have the privilege to wear a costume inspired from multiple sources.
(C) To form their identity type, Cosplayers have to wear a costume designed by themselves.
(D) Cosplayers think the same way as their identity group does to decide their character and conduct.
31.The internationally rated scientific journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin recently published the results of a conclusive study that showed early achievers (those who throw themselves into work and achieve relative degrees of success) tend to have shorter life spans than people who earn success simply by hanging around long enough. On a high-profile level, the trend is particularly evident among those US presidents and governors who were elected while young, but it can also be seen among international scientists and writers who become Nobel Laureates in record time. It’s also been measured that young women who win Best Supporting Actress Oscars tend to exit stage left well before their time. Less well-known is the disturbing relationship between the year a doctor of any description receives their PhD and their ultimate life span: it seems the earlier the mortar board, the sooner the camphor chest. 
Why is it so? Canadian psychology researcher Professor Stewart McCann believes workrelated stress is the culprit. He says the strains, challenges and obligations associated with busting a gut before the first set of hurdles can accelerate a person’s natural physical and mental decline. Early success can also, he believes, cause motivational levels to peak too early, leaving one without much incentive to bat on and keep scoring runs. 
In another study, the British Journal of Ophthalmology published results showing that power-dressing businessmen could be increasing their risk ofserious eye disease and even death by wearing their ties too tight. (It shouldn’t therefore hurt your own career prospects to inform your stressed-out tie-fiddling supervisor to stop playing with it or he’ll go blind.)
 Even Japan, a nation well-recognized for its endless devotion to production, is finally acknowledging that too much hard work can kill. In a landmark ruling in 2001, a Japanese coroner announced that Nobuo Miuro, a forty-seven-year-old interiors fitter who regularly worked eighteen-hour days, had finally keeled over due to karoshi, or ‘death by overwork’. Since then, hundreds of retrospective civil lawsuits, some pertaining to deaths up to fifteen years earlier, have been filed by Japanese families accusing employers of causing karoshi. With reports of up to 10,000 karoshi-related deaths occurring each year, companies are now understandably growing nervous. Some have even introduced a firm policy of one ‘no overtime’ day each week, wherein employees are only required to work their allotted number of paid hours (unless of course they want to stay longer).

【題組】31. Which profession of the following is NOT mentioned as an example of early death?
(A) film industry
(B) science
(C) politics
(D) medicine
32.【題組】32. What does "the mortar board" (in bold letters) refer to?
(A) military prowess
(B) business reputation
(C) literary talent
(D) academic degree
33.【題組】33. According to the report of an academic journal, what is the possible outcome of wearing a tie too tight?
(A) sudden death
(B) eye disease
(C) serious stress
(D) blindness
34.【題組】34. Which of the following is TRUE about the report of karoshi?
(A) Karoshi is made known by the death of an interiors fitter.
(B) Nobuo Miuro was the first victim of karoshi.
(C) Japan has been promoting the virtue of karoshi since 2001.
(D) Employees in Japan are forbidden to work overtime nowadays.
35.【題組】35. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) Lie back and relax.
(B) Wealth is nothing without health.
(C) No pains, no gains.
(D) Where there is a will, there is a way.
36.Odd as it may seem in a culture so obsessed with appearance, we Americans are probably the most obese nation in the world. We might have more gyms than any other countries, but apparently not enough people are using them. The number of books, videos, and "miraculous" medical procedures designed to beautify you in no time could fill an auditorium large enough for a Richard Simmons dance-a-thon. As P. T. Barnum might have said,"Beware of snake oil salesmen and information guaranteeing you'll 'lose ugly pounds in as little as 10 minutes a day'."
 Interestingly, until recently little focus has been placed on how effective weight lifting can be in the battle of the bulge. How does building muscle help you lose fat? Done properly, strength training will maintain or increase your muscle mass, a phenomenon physiology students and fitness geeks refer to as hypertrophy. In other words, because each pound of muscle burns up to 30-40 calories a day (the exact figure is debatable), someone who lifts regularly will burn more calories than someone who doesn't. 
Here is the beautiful byproduct of weight training: by adding muscle, you may increase your daily calorie expenditure even when you are sitting at a desk, watching the tube, or sleeping. (Now there's an outrageous advertising claim: "Get slim while you sleep") 
There is, of course, a catch. Lifting weights alone won't make you slim. We all know people who come to the gym faithfully for years yet never seem to lose those unwanted pounds. We've even seen some who get fatter. In other words, just because you are strong or diligent about working out doesn't mean you'll be slim, nor does it mean you're actually fit.

【題組】36. Which word of the following best describes the tone of the author in the 1st paragraph?
(A) paradoxical
(B) hyperbolic
(C) cynical
(D) fanatic
37.【題組】37. Why is the muscle mass referred to as "hypertrophy" (in bold letters)?
(A) To describe its unnatural size
(B) To describe its unusual weight
(C) To describe its delicate texture
(D) To describe its refined streamline
38.【題組】38. Which of the following is TRUE about the byproduct of weight training?
(A) You may lose your weight by doing exercise at the desk.
(B) You may increase your daily calories by watching the tube.
(C) You may ignore the outrageous weight loss advertisement.
(D) You may burn your calories even if you are not doing exercise.
39.【題組】39. According to the author of the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
(A) Obese people frequently participate in the dance-a-thon contest.
(B) Weight lifting is the most effective way to make your body fit.
(C) If you do weight-lifting regularly, you will get slim while you sleep.
(D) To gain one-pound muscle means to burn up 30-40 calories.
40.【題組】40. Which paragraph strongly promotes the benefit of weight lifting?
(A) 1st
(B) 2nd
(C) 3rd
(D) 4th
41.On a Peruvian island in the middle of the Lake Titicaca, hundreds of people stand in silence as a priest recites a prayer. Descended in part from Inca colonists sent here more than 500 years ago, they keep many of the old ways. They weave colored cloth, speak the traditional language of the Inca, and work their fields as they have for centuries. Today, they are celebrating the festival of Santiago, or St. James. Walking behind the priest, several people carry a statue of the saint, just as the Inca once held the mummies of their kings. 
For many years, there were few clues to give us insight into the lives of Inca kings. The Inca had no system of writing so we have no written records of life back then. Any portraits that Inca artists may have made were lost. The royal palaces of Cusco, the Inca capital, fell swiftly to the Spanish, and a new colonial city buried or obliterated the Inca past. Yet archaeologists are now making up for lost time—near Cusco, they are discovering thousands of previously unknown sites. These new and exciting discoveries are shedding new light on the Inca. 
In the 1980s, most archaeologists believed that a young leader named Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (also known as Pachacutec) became the first Inca king in the early 1400s. But Brian Bauer, an archaeologist from the University of Illinois at Chicago, believed the Inca dynasty had far deeper roots. With the aid of a colleague and several assistants, they discovered thousands of previously unknown Inca sites in the Cusco Valley. The new evidence revealed for the first time how an Inca state had risen much earlier than previously believed—sometime between 1200 and 1300. The ancient rulers of the region had fallen by 1100, in part because of a severe drought. 
Local leaders battled over scarce water and led their people into neighboring villages in search of food. The frightened villagers fled to cold, windy hideouts nearly 4,000 meters up in the mountains. But in the fertile valley around Cusco, Inca villagers stood their ground. Instead of fighting among themselves, these villages united into a small state capable of defending themselves. Between 1150 and 1300, the Inca around Cusco capitalized on a warming trend. As temperatures climbed, farmers moved up the mountains, creating crop fields by cutting green terraces into the cliffs, and subsequently enjoying large and successful corn harvests. 
Inca kings began eyeing the resources of others. Local leaders in the valleys fell one by one until there was only one mighty state and one capital: the sacred city of Cusco. The kings next set their sights on the lands around Lake Titicaca. Sometime after 1400, the same Pachacutec set his sights on the south. He successfully attacked the area in the mid-1400s. In the years that followed, Pachacutec and his sons subdued all the southern rulers. 
Under Inca rule, Andean civilization flourished. Inca engineers transformed roads into interconnected highways. Inca farmers grew some 70 different native crops, often storing three to seven years’ worth of food in vast storehouses. And Inca builders created architectural wonders like Machu Picchu, which continue to awe visitors today. 
By the time the Inca king Huayna Capac took power around 1493, little seemed beyond the reach of the Inca. For his new capital in Ecuador, 4,500 people carried immense stone blocks all the way from Cusco—a distance of nearly 1,600 kilometers. 
In the Inca heartland, a small army of people built an estate and palace for Huayna Capac and his family. To date, archaeologists have located the ruins of roughly a dozen similar estates built by at least six Inca kings. But things changed in 1531. Foreign invaders had landed in the north, amid a civil war. Covered in metal and carrying lethal new weapons, the Spanish easily overcame the Incas and took prisoner the Inca king, Atahuallpa. Eight months later, they executed their royal captive.
 In 1534, a young prince, Manco Inca Yupanqui, was picked by Spanish leader Francisco Pizarro and allowed to rule as a puppet king. Manco Inca was then only 15 years old and was easily controlled. He thought the Spanish were gods. However, in the months that followed, the Spanish seized the palaces of Cusco. Manco Inca tried desperately to drive them out, but his army suffered defeat.
 Over the next few decades, the Inca’s network of roads, temples, and estates began falling into disrepair. In 2001, Brian Bauer and two Peruvian colleagues went looking for the mummies of these Inca kings, hoping to restore to Peruvians an important part of their cultural heritage. Bauer identified several possibilities for the burial site of Pachacutec and Huayna Capac. Using special equipment, they scanned the likeliest areas and found what appeared to be an underground tomb. Bauer and his Peruvian teammates were thrilled. But when the archaeologists finally dug down and opened the door of the dusty chamber, they found it empty. Today no one can say where Peru’s greatest kings lie. Concludes Bauer sadly, “The fate of the royal Inca mummies remains unknown.”

【題組】41. This passage is mainly about ________.
(A) the Spanish triumph over the Incas
(B) the search to find Inca kings
(C) the Festival of Santiago
(D) the history of the Incas
42.【題組】42. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
(A) Santiago is an important Incan figure.
(B) The Inca civilization still has influence.
(C) Peru was once part of the Inca civilization.
(D) Mummies played an important role in Incan rituals.
43.【題組】43. Why did we know so little about Inca kings until recently?
(A) Nothing about the kings was written down.
(B) The Spanish destroyed all the Inca kings’ tombs.
(C) The Incan people did not have their own language.
(D) The mummies of the Inca kings were burned by their enemies.
44.【題組】44. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) Brian Bauer discovered two mummies of Inca kings.
(B) The Spanish possessed weapons that the Inca lacked.
(C) Brian Bauer found the location of the Inca kings’ burial site.
(D) Machu Picchu was one of the major achievements left by the Spanish.
45.【題組】45. Which statement about the Inca kings is NOT correct?
(A) Atahuallpa was killed by the Spanish.
(B) Huayna Capac built his new palaces in Cusco.
(C) Pachacutec and his sons conquered all the southern rulers.
(D) Manco Inca Yupanqui tried to drive the Spanish out but in vain.
46.【題組】46. Which of the following statements would Brian Bauer be most likely to agree with?
(A) The Inca civilization is not as old as people think.
(B) We should not try to find the bodies of the Inca kings.
(C) The Inca mummies are an important part of Peru’s heritage.
(D) The people of Peru do not appreciate their heritage and history.
47.【題組】47. What does the word “obliterate” in the second paragraph mean?
(A) attack
(B) defeat
(C) destroy
(D) empty
48.【題組】48. The word they in the last sentence in paragraph 8 refers to ________.
(A) the Inca
(B) the Spanish
(C) the Inca kings
(D) the archaeologists
49.【題組】49. Where is the best place to add the sentence “Peruvians continue to serve the legacy of their Inca forefathers”?
(A) End of paragraph 1.
(B) End of paragraph 2.
(C) End of paragraph 3.
(D) End of paragraph 4.
50.【題組】50. Where is this article most likely to be found?
(A) In a general history magazine.
(B) On the front page of a newspaper.
(C) In a training manual for archaeologists.
(D) In a book on festivals of South America