1.In a time when 98 percent of households own at least one television set the degree to which people learn from and _____ the behavior of the characters they see on TV is an academic cottage industry.
(A) plagiarize (B) connote (C) agglomerate (D) emulate
2.Since 1997, when the birth of the cloned Dolly the sheep was announced, scientists, ethicists, and politicians have _____ with the emerging issues surrounding this technology.
(A) severed (B) seduced (C) grappled (D) discomfited
3.Drug use and alcohol use are increasing among youth, leaving parents, teachers, civic leaders, and law enforcement officers at a loss to stop the _____ problem.
(A) escalating (B) descending (C) degrading (D) disparaging
4.A supermodel’s toil may _____ in a fabulous career, but the cost is often a well of inner unhappiness.
(A) culminate (B) lionize (C) perpetrate (D) warrant
5.It seems that older generations have always _____ the generation gap between themselves and the groups that come after them, and the younger generations have ceaselessly struggled to distinguish themselves from their parents.
(A) accumulated (B) conversed (C) lamented (D) commenced
6.Traditional marriage imposed a stock division of labor by gender and _____ unequal power relations between men and women. (A) mandated (B) deplored (C) encapsulated (D) exult
7.Al Qaeda and the movement it has _____ are unlikely to be immediately handicapped by the killing of Osama bin Laden.
(A) dismantled (B) spawned (C) pawned (D) contradicted
8.The _____ of women from the home to the workplace has not been accompanied by a new view of marriage and work that would make this transition smooth. (A) odyssey (B) expediency (C) ark (D) exodus
9.The ethics of what we eat _____ not only how our food is produced, but also how our food is sold. (A) encumbers (B) encompasses (C) abound (D) homogenizes
10.In construction the initial state of affairs is comparatively _____, while the
final state of affairs embodies a purpose. (A) adversarial (B) observant (C) haphazard (D) attuned
11.Distinctions between blue collar and white collar do exist. White-collar work, __11__, often requires a large investment of money and time in formal schooling. And, __12__, white-collar work leads to higher occupational status and income, more autonomy and less physical risk. But these distinctions carry with them unfair assumptions about the intelligence of the people who do physical work. Those assumptions have a long history, from portrayals of 18th century mechanics as illiterate and incapable of participating in government to the autoworkers I heard __13__ as “a bunch of dummies.” If society labels whole categories of people, __14__ their occupations, as less intelligent, then social separations are reinforced and divisions __15__ the kind of civic life we can create or imagine. And if society ignores the intelligence behind the craft, it mistakes prejudice for fact.
11. (A) for example (B) on the contrary (C) to such an extent (D) notwithstanding
12.【題組】 12. (A) paradoxically (B) de facto (C) on average (D) de jure
13.【題組】13. (A) labeling (B) to label (C) label (D) labeled
14.【題組】14 (A) identified by (B) akin to (C) entitled to (D) excused from
16.Computers should be in the schools. They have the potential to accomplish great things. With the right software, they could help make science __16__ or teach neglected topics like art and music. In practice, however, computers make our worst educational nightmares come true. While we bemoan the __17__ of literacy, computers discount words in favor of pictures and pictures in favor of video. While we __18__ the decreasing cogency of public debate, computers dismiss linear argument and promote fast shallow romps across the information landscape.
Take multimedia. The idea of multimedia is to combine text, sound, and pictures in a single package that you browse on screen. By offering children candy-coated books, multimedia is guaranteed to __19__ unsweetened reading. It makes the printed page look even more boring than it used to look. And books will have all the __20__ of a dusty piano to a teen who has a Walkman handy. 【題組】
16. (A) tangible (B) tactile (C) optimal (D) olfactory
21.Can the United States government still keep a secret? In an age of WikiLeaks, flash drives and instant Web postings, leaks have begun to seem __21__. That may be a first impression. Sobered officials are scrambling to stop the __22__ of documents, even as anti-secrecy __23__ are discovering that some secrets may be worth protecting after all. __24__, there’s been a change. Traditional journalism, which has long accepted leaked information bit by bit, has been joined by a new counterculture of information vigilantism that promises disclosures by the terabyte. That account for how the usual __25__ of leaks became a torrent. 【題組】
21. (A) unpredictable (B) unstoppable (C) insufferable (D) irreconcilable