艾游>试卷(2015/07/08)

教甄教程◆英文題庫 下載題庫

104 年 - 桃園市104年國民中學新進教師甄選【 英語科】試題卷 #23187 

选择:50题,非选:0题
立即測驗 
我要補題 回報試卷錯誤 試卷下載
1.1. After taking a long vacation, the basketball player is now full of _____ and enthusiasm again.
(A)vigor
(B)vista
(C)vigil
(D)visage
2.2. The CEO _____ all his employees to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the company.
(A)concealed
(B)conceded
(C)convened
(D)converged
3.3. The city government required all property owners to _____ illegal extensions in three weeks.
(A)dispel
(B)dissipate
(C)disband
(D)dismantle
4.4. Hugo’s “Les Miserables” published by Signet is the only completely _____ paperback edition available today.
(A)unabashed
(B)unabated
(C)unstated
(D)unabridged
5.5. The lifetime achievement award was given to the veteran actor to honor his _____ achievements and significant contribution to the movie industry.
(A)detrimental
(B)laudable
(C)gratuitous
(D)untenable
6.6. She was eager to _____ with the other guests at that party and did not spend too much time chatting with me.
(A)tingle
(B)mingle
(C)bingle
(D)mangle
7.7. If you've gone through a(n) _____ experience, you may be struggling with upsetting emotions, frightening memories, or a sense of constant danger.
(A)ecstatic
(B)traumatic
(C)emphatic
(D)thematic
8.8. Mary was tickled _____ when George surprised her with a dozen red roses.
(A)red
(B)yellow
(C)orange
(D)pink
9.9. The DVD is malfunctioned; the sound track is not _____ with the action.
(A)synthesized
(B)synchronized
(C)sympathized
(D)surmised
10.10. After the earthquake had happened, bad weather and floods hampered rescue efforts and operations, making it even more difficult to find survivors.
(A)restricted
(B)compromised
(C)spurned
(D)sabotaged
11.11. The stupendous rise of the company surprised many investors who did not expect that it would have promising prospects on the market.
(A)decrepit
(B)stunning
(C)bilateral
(D)incumbent
12.12. We believe that the ocean is also a main driver of the climate change, a main mitigator in the way that the ocean and the life in the ocean is storing carbon dioxide, storing heat.
(A)jeopardy
(B)eradicator
(C)crustacean
(D)alleviator 二、文法(共 8 題,計 16 分)
13.13. Recent studies have shown that abrupt climatic changes occur more frequently _____.
(A)than scientists anticipated
(B)than are anticipated by scientists
(C)than do scientists anticipate
(D)than scientists will anticipate
14.14. Besides _____ as a salesman, Daniel is also a professional plumber.
(A)he is
(B)working
(C)to work
(D)have to work
15.15. The relationship between parents and children is so influential to children. It is recommended that every parent _____ his/her own behavior prudently.
(A)to examine
(B)examines
(C)examine
(D)for examining
16.16. The doctor said that the man could have been rescued if he _____ from the rescue team.
(A)heard
(B)has had heard
(C)had heard
(D)was heard
17.17. Before she _____ last June, Melanie _____ a position with a law firm.
(A)graduates… offers
(B)was graduated… already offered
(C)graduated… had already been offered
(D)graduated… has already being offered
18.18. Mr. Wright is such a busy person. It is no use _____ him to host a dinner party.
(A)persuade
(B)persuading
(C)to persuade
(D)persuaded
19.19. I found it difficult to understand British accent at first, but soon I get used _____ to it.
(A)listen
(B)listening
(C)to listening
(D)to listen 第 2 頁,共 4 頁
20.20. The candidates for the job were made _____ for half an hour.
(A)wait
(B)waiting
(C)to wait
(D)waited 三、英語教學理論(共 6 題,計 12 分)
21.21. Which of the following statements about the theory of multiple intelligences is incorrect?
(A)People with high intrapersonal intelligence work more efficiently when they cooperate with others.
(B)People with high naturalistic intelligence are highly aware of their natural surroundings.
(C)People with high musical intelligence are sensitive to melody, pitch and rhythm.
(D)People with high spatial intelligence are more adept at visualizing.
22.22. Match the following learner’s comment with the approach that the teacher uses. “The teacher always asks us to work with what she calls ‘authentic materials’ like magazines, newspapers and articles from the Internet. We use them to find new words, chunks like collocations and idioms. The teacher always asks us to underline them.” This approach that the teacher uses is
(A)Structural Approach
(B)Task-based Learning
(C)Lexical Approach
(D)Communicative Approach
23.23. For teaching listening skills, a number of specific features of spoken language need to be taken consideration. Which of the following is NOT one of the features?
(A)complex syntax
(B)colloquial language
(C)redundancy
(D)rate of delivery
24.24. In Canale’s (1983) definition, the construct of communicative competence was made up by four components. Which of the followings is NOT included in the construct?
(A)grammatical competence
(B)organizational competence
(C)sociolinguistic competence
(D)strategic competence
25.25. Cooperative Learning (CL) is not merely imply collaboration. According to Oxford (1997), CL is more structured, more prescriptive to teachers about classroom techniques, more directive to students about how to work together in groups than collaborative learning. Which of the followings is NOT the advantage of CL?
(A)lowering anxiety
(B)promoting intrinsic motivation
(C)heightening self-esteem
(D)promoting competition
26.26. Which of the following descriptions about “Taskbased Learning” (TBL) is incorrect?
(A)TBL is based on activities in which students use the target language for communication.
(B) TBL values oral accuracy over oral fluency, so teachers should correct student’s language for comprehensibility.
(C)TBL allows teachers to design problem-solving tasks to motivate students and engage their attention.
(D) TBL focuses on how students come up with a solution to a problem with the aid of language. 四
27.、克漏字(共 7 題,計 14 分) (27 ~33 ) Wildlife trafficking is an illegal trade of wild animals or plants by human beings in exchange for cash, food or other objects. This kind of illegal activity involves the sale of various animal or plant resources, such as animal skins, ivory, bones and timber. There are many reasons why illegal wildlife activities take place. For example, people living in poor rural areas need wild meat to 27 livelihoods. There are also private individuals who collect wildlife specimens for personal interest. The increased global demand for wildlife products has also made wildlife trade a highly profitable business, with its estimated value 28 up to hundreds of billions US dollars every year. 29 its high profitability, however, illegal wildlife trafficking is a serious conservation problem. As a critical challenge to the local ecosystem, wildlife trafficking may cause 30 that damages biodiversity and sustainability of natural resources. It is also a direct threat to the populations of protected or endangered animals. Wildlife trafficking is thus a critical conservation concern that needs to be addressed 31 . As wildlife trafficking 32 by the demand for animal or plant resources, one powerful way that truly gets to the source of the problem is that individuals or organizations should stop buying illegal wildlife products. People should also help track illegal wildlife trade and collect evidence 33 illegal wildlife activities. Only by working together will we be able to crash trafficking networks and protect our global wildlife resources.
【題組】 27.
(A)propel
(B)sustain
(C)amend
(D)envision
28.【題組】28.
(A)reaches
(B)to reach
(C)reaching
(D)is reaching
29.【題組】 29.
(A)Although
(B)Instead of
(C)Despite
(D)Owing to
30.【題組】30.
(A)overexpansion
(B)overexertion
(C)overextraction
(D)overexploitation
31.【題組】31.
(A)urgent
(B)by urgency
(C)with urgency
(D)with urgently
32.【題組】32.
(A)drives
(B)is driving
(C)is driven
(D)it to drive
33.【題組】33.
(A)against
(B)about
(C)such as
(D)for
34.第 3 頁,共 4 頁 五、篇章結構(共 8 題,計 16 分) (34~37) Psychologist B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) is recognized as one of the most influential American psychologists and behaviorists. His theory of operant conditioning has had a great impact on what we know about human behaviors today. 34 Instead, he believed that it was more significant to study human behavior by examining an individual’s external behavior. Skinner conducted his famous experiments with animals being placed in a “skinner box”, a laboratory chamber designed to study behavior conditioning. 35 Responses from the environment would affect the probability of a repeated behavior. If a behavior was reinforced, it was likely to occur again. In contrast, nonreinforced behaviors might not be repeated and might even die out eventually. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning can be applied to explain why some learner behaviors are repeated or weakened in the classrooms. 36 Skinner’s theory fails to account for the fact that human beings are strongly influenced by their mental thinking processes and their peers. 37 Despite the fact that Skinner’s theory can not account for all human behaviors, it is undeniable that it has demonstrated that the environment is influential enough to strengthen, weaken or modify human behaviors. (34~37 選項區) ⒶHowever, research today has shown that human behavior cannot be explained simply by behavioral conditioning. ⒷSkinner highlighted that learning was primarily based on trial and error learning. ⒸNeither can it explain why human beings can learn to perform a task simply by watching others do it. ⒹHe proposed that individuals did not have a mind that caused an action and its related effects to occur.
【題組】 34
35.【題組】35
36.【題組】36
37.【題組】37
38.(38~41) When someone is being stiff and acting emotionless, we may have to 38 . Softbank, a Japanese Internet and telecommunications company, introduced the world Thursday to Pepper, a robot designed to read, and respond to, its user's mood. "People may look back 100 years later, or 200 years later (and say) that was a historic moment we are having today." said Masayoshi Son, Softbank's CEO, in a translated video on Softbank's website. Pepper stands about 4 feet tall and weighs just 62 pounds. At the event in Tokyo, the little humanoid offered a traditional Japanese bow to the crowd before chatting with Son, shaking hands and urging him to smile. Pepper gets feedback from its user via 39 , audio recorders and sensors in its head. Softbank says that instead of being programmed, Pepper learns how to behave over time. Feedback is uploaded to cloud storage where it can be used by other units to modify the way they behave. The robots will 40 with users based on what mood they perceive. Pepper has fully articulated arms and hands but no legs, 41 . There's a tablet-like display mounted on the robot's chest for communicating. Softbank's Son, who also is chairman of Sprint Mobile, said the company envisions a future when household robots are commonplace and used for tasks ranging from simple companionship to tending to the sick and elderly. (38~41 選項區) Ⓐtailor their interactions Ⓑrolling on a base that looks something like the bottom of a sleek white vacuum cleaner Ⓒquit calling them a robot Ⓓfacial-recognition technology and a bank of cameras
【題組】38
39.【題組】39
40.【題組】40
41.【題組】41
42.(42 ~45) I received a few emails concerning matching wines with different kinds of fish. While I got a sense from a few readers that all they really wanted was my “OK” for them to drink their favourite red wine with red snapper, a couple of readers wanted me to go a little deeper. Can you drink red with fish? Of course you can. And I’m not joining the current fashion of certain sommeliers who believe that you should “drink what you want.” You can, but my feeling is that it is a bit of a waste if you can go for a marriage that will truly benefit both what you are eating and your wine. When you get that perfect, or even near-perfect match, then you create an even greater taste sensation. It’s also a waste if you drink wines that are too powerful or not strong enough for what’s on your plate. Too strong a wine and you can overpower the taste of the fish; too weak a wine and you might as well be drinking water. Texture is also an important consideration. So let’s dial down the fish thing. For all you red-wineonly drinkers, you have many opportunities to legitimately avoid whites. You just have to pick the right type of fish, and/or preparation. The first thing to look at is what kind of fish you are cooking. Is it a light and flaky, or meaty and rich? For more delicately flavoured, non-oily fish like tilapia, sole, haddock and perch, you want to drink a similarly delicate wine. Unless they are battered and fried, which changes things, these types of fish are generally served with just a wedge of lemon. This is your clue. Go for higher acid, citrusy whites like a New Zealand or Loire Sauvignon Blanc, Grüner Veltliner, Vinho Verde or an Assyrtiko from Greece. For slightly weightier fish, but still delicately flavoured, like trout, cod, red snapper, sablefish and swordfish, you can go for a richer white. Soave, white Burgundy, Rhône whites, Chenin Blanc and southern Italian whites like Fiano are perfect. They aren’t too powerfully flavoured, but offer the right palate weight for the fish. Now, for all you red wine drinkers: darker fleshed fish like salmon and tuna is where you can start cracking open the Pinot Noirs and Cru Beaujolais. While I have experimented with nearly every style of white wine, there is something about the marriage of a silkier, red fruited Pinot and salmon that just works. If you want to stay thematic to the summer, you can open a good Rosé as well, but serve it around 12°C. And finally, for the family of oilier, strong flavoured fish like mackerel and sardines, as well as smoked fish, you need to bring out equally powerful wines. Both red and whites can work here. You still aren’t opening a Napa Cabernet, but I have had Barolo with mackerel, and the oil in the fish is a nice counterpoint to the tannins. Riesling and Alsatian Pinot Gris also work very well.
【題組】42. Who do you think the author may be?
(A)a waiter at a seafood restaurant
(B)a wine critic writing for a newspaper
(C)a wine importer for a retail store
(D)an expert on types of fish
43.【題組】43. According to the author, the reason why you can drink red wine with fish is that:
(A)You can drink whatever you like.
(B)Red wine always pairs with fish much better than white wine.
(C)There can be a perfect match between the right type of fish and the right type of red wine.
(D)Fish is usually served with a wedge of lemon, which is close to the acidity in red wine.
44.【題組】44. The stronger flavored the fish is,
(A)the more delicate the wine should be.
(B)the more citrusy the wine should be.
(C)the lower temperature the wine should be.
(D)the more powerful the wine should be.
45.【題組】45. Which of the following statements is correct?
(A)A richer white such as Soave and Fiano goes well with trout and red snapper.
(B)For smoked salmon, a delicate white is a perfect match.
(C)If the fish is light and flaky, it’s time to open Pinot Noirs.
(D)For red-wine-only drinkers, you can pick fish like sole and cod.
46.46~50) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, also known as MERS, is a new respiratory disease caused by the MERScoronavirus, which is identified as a SARS-like virus. It seriously damages our respiratory system and results in respiratory illness. Research has shown that MERS patients may develop various symptoms. The most common symptoms of all are fever, cough and shortness of breath. Other symptoms include myalgia, diarrhea and vomiting. In addition, this disease is particularly deadly to older adults with pre-existing health problems. The first confirmed case of MERS was identified in Saudi Arabia in June 2012. On May 20, 2015, South Korea also confirmed its first case. Ever since then, the MERS outbreak has been spreading through South Korea and many South Koreans have been infected. All the infected patients were isolated in separate facilities in hospitals. In addition, because MERS is contagious, thousands of people who were into contact with infected patients were placed under quarantine and received medical tests. As of June 2015, there have been more than 120 infected patients and 14 deaths. The MERS outbreak has a great impact on many domestic and international activities. For example, President Park Geun-hye of South Korea decided to reschedule her planned visit to the United States in order to guide their country to fight MERS and alleviate the public fear over this disease. Thousands of schools in South Korea were also temporarily shut down in order to contain the spread. Because the majority of the confirmed cases were linked to hospitals, many people were worried about going to hospitals. Several hospitals were closed down, with all medical staff, patients and visitors being quarantined until they were medically cleared. Several countries have even issued an alert against travel to South Korea during the MERS outbreak, which has considerably hurt South Korea’s economy. As of June 2015, there is no cure for MERS. Medical experts do not understand the source and transmission of the MERS virus clearly enough. Nevertheless, experts and doctors recommend that people enhance their personal hygiene and prevent the spread of viruses and germs by means of three preventive measures: using face masks, washing hands and gargling. They are the first line of defense against the disease. It is hoped that raising the hygiene awareness of the public can help reduce the number of MERS patients and put the disease under control.
【題組】 46. Which of the following is the best title for this passage?
(A)Weaknesses in Health Care
(B)Grappling with MERS Concerns
(C)What We can Learn from MERS
(D)Deadly Infectious Diseases
47.【題組】47. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
(A)South Korea’s president visited the United States as was planned.
(B)Suspected MERS patients were required to stay home for treatments.
(C)Teenagers seem to be more vulnerable to the MERS virus.
(D)Most MERS patients experience fever, cough and shortness of breath.
48.【題組】48. According to the passage, many people were worried about visiting hospitals because _____.
(A)there was no cure for MERS
(B)MERS patients were monitored in hospitals
(C)most infections took place in hospitals
(D)most hospitals had been shut down
49.【題組】49. What does contain in paragraph 3 mean?
(A)curb
(B)refresh
(C)damage
(D)transfer
50.【題組】50. What does they in paragraph 4 refer to?
(A)Experts and doctors
(B)Viruses and germs
(C)Preventive measures
(D)Personal hygiene