5.5. The lifetime achievement award was given to the
veteran actor to honor his _____ achievements and
significant contribution to the movie industry.
10.10. After the earthquake had happened, bad weather and
floods hampered rescue efforts and operations,
making it even more difficult to find survivors.
12.12. We believe that the ocean is also a main driver of the
climate change, a main mitigator in the way that the
ocean and the life in the ocean is storing carbon
dioxide, storing heat.
二、文法(共 8 題，計 16 分)
13.13. Recent studies have shown that abrupt climatic
changes occur more frequently _____.
(A)than scientists anticipated
(B)than are anticipated by scientists
(C)than do scientists anticipate
(D)than scientists will anticipate
15.15. The relationship between parents and children is so
influential to children. It is recommended that every
parent _____ his/her own behavior prudently.
(A)to examine (B)examines
(C)examine (D)for examining
17.17. Before she _____ last June, Melanie _____ a position
with a law firm.
(B)was graduated… already offered
(C)graduated… had already been offered
(D)graduated… has already being offered
21.21. Which of the following statements about the theory
of multiple intelligences is incorrect?
(A)People with high intrapersonal intelligence work
more efficiently when they cooperate with others.
(B)People with high naturalistic intelligence are highly
aware of their natural surroundings.
(C)People with high musical intelligence are sensitive
to melody, pitch and rhythm.
(D)People with high spatial intelligence are more adept
22.22. Match the following learner’s comment with the
approach that the teacher uses. “The teacher always
asks us to work with what she calls ‘authentic
materials’ like magazines, newspapers and articles
from the Internet. We use them to find new words,
chunks like collocations and idioms. The teacher
always asks us to underline them.” This approach that
the teacher uses is
(A)Structural Approach (B)Task-based Learning
(C)Lexical Approach (D)Communicative Approach
23.23. For teaching listening skills, a number of specific
features of spoken language need to be taken
consideration. Which of the following is NOT one of
(D)rate of delivery
24.24. In Canale’s (1983) definition, the construct of
communicative competence was made up by four
components. Which of the followings is NOT
included in the construct?
25.25. Cooperative Learning (CL) is not merely imply
collaboration. According to Oxford (1997), CL is more
structured, more prescriptive to teachers about
classroom techniques, more directive to students
about how to work together in groups than
collaborative learning. Which of the followings is NOT
the advantage of CL?
(B)promoting intrinsic motivation
26.26. Which of the following descriptions about “Taskbased
Learning” (TBL) is incorrect?
(A)TBL is based on activities in which students use the
target language for communication.
(B) TBL values oral accuracy over oral fluency, so
teachers should correct student’s language for
(C)TBL allows teachers to design problem-solving tasks
to motivate students and engage their attention.
(D) TBL focuses on how students come up with a
solution to a problem with the aid of language.
27.、克漏字(共 7 題，計 14 分)
(27 ~33 )
Wildlife trafficking is an illegal trade of wild animals or
plants by human beings in exchange for cash, food or other
objects. This kind of illegal activity involves the sale of
various animal or plant resources, such as animal skins,
ivory, bones and timber. There are many reasons why illegal
wildlife activities take place. For example, people living in
poor rural areas need wild meat to 27 livelihoods.
There are also private individuals who collect wildlife
specimens for personal interest.
The increased global demand for wildlife products has
also made wildlife trade a highly profitable business, with its
estimated value 28 up to hundreds of billions US
dollars every year. 29 its high profitability, however,
illegal wildlife trafficking is a serious conservation problem.
As a critical challenge to the local ecosystem, wildlife
trafficking may cause 30 that damages biodiversity
and sustainability of natural resources. It is also a direct
threat to the populations of protected or endangered
animals. Wildlife trafficking is thus a critical conservation
concern that needs to be addressed 31 .
As wildlife trafficking 32 by the demand for
animal or plant resources, one powerful way that truly gets
to the source of the problem is that individuals or
organizations should stop buying illegal wildlife products.
People should also help track illegal wildlife trade and
collect evidence 33 illegal wildlife activities. Only by
working together will we be able to crash trafficking
networks and protect our global wildlife resources.
【題組】 27. (A)propel (B)sustain
34.第 3 頁，共 4 頁
五、篇章結構(共 8 題，計 16 分)
Psychologist B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) is recognized as
one of the most influential American psychologists and
behaviorists. His theory of operant conditioning has had a
great impact on what we know about human behaviors
today. 34 Instead, he believed that it was more
significant to study human behavior by examining an
individual’s external behavior.
Skinner conducted his famous experiments with
animals being placed in a “skinner box”, a laboratory
chamber designed to study behavior conditioning. 35
Responses from the environment would affect the
probability of a repeated behavior. If a behavior was
reinforced, it was likely to occur again. In contrast, nonreinforced
behaviors might not be repeated and might even
die out eventually.
Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning can be
applied to explain why some learner behaviors are repeated
or weakened in the classrooms. 36 Skinner’s theory
fails to account for the fact that human beings are strongly
influenced by their mental thinking processes and their
peers. 37 Despite the fact that Skinner’s theory can
not account for all human behaviors, it is undeniable that it
has demonstrated that the environment is influential
enough to strengthen, weaken or modify human behaviors.
ⒶHowever, research today has shown that human behavior
cannot be explained simply by behavioral conditioning.
ⒷSkinner highlighted that learning was primarily based on
trial and error learning.
ⒸNeither can it explain why human beings can learn to
perform a task simply by watching others do it.
ⒹHe proposed that individuals did not have a mind that
caused an action and its related effects to occur. 【題組】 34
When someone is being stiff and acting emotionless,
we may have to 38 .
Softbank, a Japanese Internet and telecommunications
company, introduced the world Thursday to Pepper, a robot
designed to read, and respond to, its user's mood. "People
may look back 100 years later, or 200 years later (and say)
that was a historic moment we are having today." said
Masayoshi Son, Softbank's CEO, in a translated video on
Pepper stands about 4 feet tall and weighs just 62
pounds. At the event in Tokyo, the little humanoid offered a
traditional Japanese bow to the crowd before chatting with
Son, shaking hands and urging him to smile. Pepper gets
feedback from its user via 39 , audio recorders and
sensors in its head. Softbank says that instead of being
programmed, Pepper learns how to behave over time.
Feedback is uploaded to cloud storage where it can be
used by other units to modify the way they behave. The
robots will 40 with users based on what mood they
perceive. Pepper has fully articulated arms and hands but
no legs, 41 . There's a tablet-like display mounted on
the robot's chest for communicating.
Softbank's Son, who also is chairman of Sprint Mobile,
said the company envisions a future when household robots
are commonplace and used for tasks ranging from simple
companionship to tending to the sick and elderly.
Ⓐtailor their interactions
Ⓑrolling on a base that looks something like the bottom of
a sleek white vacuum cleaner
Ⓒquit calling them a robot
Ⓓfacial-recognition technology and a bank of cameras
I received a few emails concerning matching wines
with different kinds of fish. While I got a sense from a few
readers that all they really wanted was my “OK” for them to
drink their favourite red wine with red snapper, a couple of
readers wanted me to go a little deeper.
Can you drink red with fish? Of course you can. And I’m
not joining the current fashion of certain sommeliers who
believe that you should “drink what you want.” You can, but
my feeling is that it is a bit of a waste if you can go for a
marriage that will truly benefit both what you are eating and
your wine. When you get that perfect, or even near-perfect
match, then you create an even greater taste sensation. It’s
also a waste if you drink wines that are too powerful or not
strong enough for what’s on your plate. Too strong a wine
and you can overpower the taste of the fish; too weak a
wine and you might as well be drinking water. Texture is also
an important consideration.
So let’s dial down the fish thing. For all you red-wineonly
drinkers, you have many opportunities to legitimately
avoid whites. You just have to pick the right type of fish,
The first thing to look at is what kind of fish you are
cooking. Is it a light and flaky, or meaty and rich? For more
delicately flavoured, non-oily fish like tilapia, sole, haddock
and perch, you want to drink a similarly delicate wine.
Unless they are battered and fried, which changes things,
these types of fish are generally served with just a wedge of
lemon. This is your clue. Go for higher acid, citrusy whites
like a New Zealand or Loire Sauvignon Blanc, Grüner
Veltliner, Vinho Verde or an Assyrtiko from Greece.
For slightly weightier fish, but still delicately flavoured,
like trout, cod, red snapper, sablefish and swordfish, you can
go for a richer white. Soave, white Burgundy, Rhône whites,
Chenin Blanc and southern Italian whites like Fiano are
perfect. They aren’t too powerfully flavoured, but offer the
right palate weight for the fish.
Now, for all you red wine drinkers: darker fleshed fish
like salmon and tuna is where you can start cracking open
the Pinot Noirs and Cru Beaujolais. While I have
experimented with nearly every style of white wine, there is
something about the marriage of a silkier, red fruited Pinot
and salmon that just works. If you want to stay thematic to
the summer, you can open a good Rosé as well, but serve it
And finally, for the family of oilier, strong flavoured fish
like mackerel and sardines, as well as smoked fish, you need
to bring out equally powerful wines. Both red and whites
can work here. You still aren’t opening a Napa Cabernet, but
I have had Barolo with mackerel, and the oil in the fish is a
nice counterpoint to the tannins. Riesling and Alsatian Pinot
Gris also work very well. 【題組】42. Who do you think the author may be?
(A)a waiter at a seafood restaurant
(B)a wine critic writing for a newspaper
(C)a wine importer for a retail store
(D)an expert on types of fish
43.【題組】43. According to the author, the reason why you can drink
red wine with fish is that:
(A)You can drink whatever you like.
(B)Red wine always pairs with fish much better than
(C)There can be a perfect match between the right
type of fish and the right type of red wine.
(D)Fish is usually served with a wedge of lemon, which
is close to the acidity in red wine.
44.【題組】44. The stronger flavored the fish is,
(A)the more delicate the wine should be.
(B)the more citrusy the wine should be.
(C)the lower temperature the wine should be.
(D)the more powerful the wine should be.
45.【題組】45. Which of the following statements is correct?
(A)A richer white such as Soave and Fiano goes well
with trout and red snapper.
(B)For smoked salmon, a delicate white is a perfect
(C)If the fish is light and flaky, it’s time to open Pinot
(D)For red-wine-only drinkers, you can pick fish like
sole and cod.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, also known as
MERS, is a new respiratory disease caused by the MERScoronavirus,
which is identified as a SARS-like virus. It
seriously damages our respiratory system and results in
respiratory illness. Research has shown that MERS patients
may develop various symptoms. The most common
symptoms of all are fever, cough and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms include myalgia, diarrhea and vomiting. In
addition, this disease is particularly deadly to older adults
with pre-existing health problems.
The first confirmed case of MERS was identified in
Saudi Arabia in June 2012. On May 20, 2015, South Korea
also confirmed its first case. Ever since then, the MERS
outbreak has been spreading through South Korea and
many South Koreans have been infected. All the infected
patients were isolated in separate facilities in hospitals. In
addition, because MERS is contagious, thousands of people
who were into contact with infected patients were placed
under quarantine and received medical tests. As of June
2015, there have been more than 120 infected patients and
The MERS outbreak has a great impact on many
domestic and international activities. For example,
President Park Geun-hye of South Korea decided to
reschedule her planned visit to the United States in order to
guide their country to fight MERS and alleviate the public
fear over this disease. Thousands of schools in South Korea
were also temporarily shut down in order to contain the
spread. Because the majority of the confirmed cases were
linked to hospitals, many people were worried about going
to hospitals. Several hospitals were closed down, with all
medical staff, patients and visitors being quarantined until
they were medically cleared. Several countries have even
issued an alert against travel to South Korea during the
MERS outbreak, which has considerably hurt South Korea’s
As of June 2015, there is no cure for MERS. Medical
experts do not understand the source and transmission of
the MERS virus clearly enough. Nevertheless, experts and
doctors recommend that people enhance their personal
hygiene and prevent the spread of viruses and germs by
means of three preventive measures: using face masks,
washing hands and gargling. They are the first line of
defense against the disease. It is hoped that raising the
hygiene awareness of the public can help reduce the
number of MERS patients and put the disease under
46. Which of the following is the best title for this
(A)Weaknesses in Health Care
(B)Grappling with MERS Concerns
(C)What We can Learn from MERS
(D)Deadly Infectious Diseases
47.【題組】47. According to the passage, which of the following is
(A)South Korea’s president visited the United States as
(B)Suspected MERS patients were required to stay
home for treatments.
(C)Teenagers seem to be more vulnerable to the MERS
(D)Most MERS patients experience fever, cough and
shortness of breath.
48.【題組】48. According to the passage, many people were worried
about visiting hospitals because _____.
(A)there was no cure for MERS
(B)MERS patients were monitored in hospitals
(C)most infections took place in hospitals
(D)most hospitals had been shut down