10.10. I like grocery shopping late at night when the store isn’t crowded.
But boxes placed in the aisles for shelves sometimes _____ my progress
through the store. (A) implode (B) impede (C) improve (D) imminent
Henry David Thoreau believed in self-reliance and following his
conscience __33__ blind authority. This often put him at odds __34__
both his neighbors and society. He once spent a night in jail because he
refused to pay a poll tax that would support the Mexican War, __35__ he
opposed. For two years he lived __36__ himself in a simple cabin in the
woods. His observations and experiences there __37__ the basis for one
of the two books, Walden, which were published during his life. 【題組】33. (A) than (B) better than (C) rather than (D) much better than
34. A birthday is usually a happy occasion, but at one point in history,it was considered the most dangerous time in a person’s life. Early people believed that both good and bad spirits appeared when a baby was born and then followed the person around throughout his or her life. People had to be wary on their birthday because it was during this time of change that the bad spirits were able to do the most damage. To protect themselves against the bad spirits, people wouldsurround themselves with friends and relatives on their birthday. The birthday person would throw a party to frighten away the bad spirits before they could get close enough to do any harm. Gifts were alsoimportant because they were thought to help the work of the goodspirits and bring good luck to the person having the birthday. Birthday cakes also evolved from age-old superstitions. One custom called for common objects to be baked in the cake. When the cake was cut at the party, each person finding an object in his or her piece of cake would learn what the future held. Finding a coin, for example, meant wealth; a button predicted poverty; a ring indicatedmarriage; and a thimble foretold a single life, that is, the personwould never get married.
【題組】38. Many years ago, people believed that ___________.
(A) babies are dangerous
(B) birthday was dangerous
(C) a person should forget his or her birthday
(D) a person should celebrate his or her birthday
36.【題組】40. People had birthday parties so that ___________.
(A) they could get together with loved ones
(B) they would receive presents
(C) they would be safe from the bad spirits
(D) they could predict their own future
37.【題組】41. If you found a button in your cake, it meant ___________.
(A) you were going to find a nice spouse
(B) your were going to get married soon
(C) your were going to have a long life
(D) your weren’t going to be rich
38.B. Many health experts say that Africa’s poverty and politics are to blame for diseases that in most developed countries are easily preventable. International health agencies set out more than two years on a $2 billion campaign to stamp out the global threat of polio, the world’s largest-ever health initiative. They believed they could eradicate the virus by the end of this year. Not any more. In Africa, which has most of the world’s polio cases, politics and armed conflict have played a major role in stalling the polio eradication program. In northern Nigeria, government officials suspended the polio program two years ago after rumors spread that the vaccine caused sterility and AIDS. Health workers sent in to vaccinate children were taunted or stoned. Although Nigerian health authorities have resumed the eradication program, the damage was done. Polio rebounded in northern Nigeria and spread to at least 17 other countries that had been polio-free. Sudan is one of them. The number of confirmed cases of polio-induced paralysis in Sudan soared to 54, a dramatic and dangerous rebound in a country that had eradicated the virus just four years ago. 【題組】42. What is the main topic of this passage?
42.【題組】46. What major fear among native people stalled polio vaccination
(A) Outbreak of civil war.
(B) Inability to conceive children.
(C) Spread of tuberculosis.
(D) Limited financial resources.
43. Training to communicate across cultures has long been part of the preparation for executives moving overseas to work. But now, the training is increasingly important for employees who may never leave the country, yet will work closely with companies and people around the world. “Whether a multinational or a start-up business out of a garage,everybody is global these days,” said Dean Foster, president of DeanFoster Associates, an intercultural consultancy in New York. “Intoday’s economy, there is no room for failure. Companies have tounderstand the culture they are working in from Day 1.” Mr. Foster recounted how an American businessman recently gave four antique clocks wrapped in white paper to a prospective client inChina. What the man did not realize, he said, was that the sounds of the words in Mandarin for clock and the number four are similar tothe sounds of the word for death, and white is a funeral color in many Asian countries. “The symbolism was so powerful,” Mr. Foster said,“that the man lost the deal.” The military and foreign service have a tradition of preparingpersonnel and their families, but the corporations “are really the newcomers,” said Anne P. Copeland, executive director of the Interchange Institute, a research and consulting organization inBrookline, Massachusetts.
【題組】47. What is the best title for this reading?
(A) Four means Death in Asian Countries
(B) Do not Bring Clocks to your Asian Client
(C) Cross-Cultural Lessons Grow in Importance
(D) Communication is Essential in Consultancy
44.【題組】48. Which of the following statement is not inferred from the passage?
(A) The symbolism is very powerful.
(B) Companies have to understand the culture they are working
(C) The executive may not have to leave the country to train the
(D) Training to communicate across cultures has long been part of
the preparation for executives moving overseas to work.
45.【題組】49. The American businessman mentioned in the above article lost his
(A) His prospective client in China wants more antique clocks.
(B) He did not wrap his gift when he delivered it to his prospective
(C) There’s no room for his client in China to store the antique
(D) The gift he chose to give raged his client in China.
46.【題組】50. Why do the military and foreign services appear in this passage?
(A) Because they are really the newcomers.
(B) Because they have a tradition of preparing personnel and their
families to cope with the cultural interchange.
(C) Because they have never lost their deals.
(D) Because they have been in China for a long time.