12.13.Which of the following sentences is NOT grammatically correct? (A) Jason walked into the classroom, his shirt tucked in. (B) Jason walked into the classroom with his shirt tucked in. (C) Jason walked into the classroom, his shirt tucking in. (D) Jason walked into the classroom and his shirt was tucked in.
13.14.Which of the following terms means “the version of language which a learner has at any one stage of development and which is continually reshaped as s/he aims toward full mastery”? (A) Overgeneralization. (B) Meta language. (C) Inter language. (D) Schema.
16.17.Which of the following statements about “the effects of learners’ age on language learning” is NOT correct? (A) The older acquirers are faster acquirers for early stages. (B) The younger acquirers are superior in terms of ultimate attainment. (C) The older acquirers’ disadvantage is their being unable to obtain comprehensible input. (D) The younger acquirers’ superiority is their low affective filter.
17.18.Which of the following about “silent period in language learning” is NOT correct? (A) Silent period means a period of time before the acquirer actually starts to speak. (B) Silent period is noticeable in child second language acquisition. (C) During silent period only some memorized or formulaic expressions may be said. (D) During silent period L2 acquirers are building up competence via output, by speaking and writing.
18.19. Which of the following statements about Total Physical Response (TPR) is NOT correct? (A) TPR is directed to right-brain learning, whereas most L2 teaching methods are directed to left-brain learning. (B) TPR heavily utilizes the imperative mood. (C) TPR is developed on the basis of how children acquire L1. (D) TPR emphasizes speaking.
19.20. Which of the following reasons makes the comprehension selective and partial? (A) With limited memory, we are not able to process information totally. (B) We may lack some necessary knowledge to infer meaning correctly. (C) The message itself may be incomplete. (D) All of the above.
20.21.Which of the following is NOT extensive reading or listening? (A) It suggests reading or listening at length. (B) It is often done for pleasure and in a leisurely way. (C) It frequently takes place when students are on their own. (D) It is often done with the help and/or intervention of the teacher.
21.22.Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the process approach to writing? (A) Planning is a single phase. (B) The writing process is recursive and generative. (C) Revising takes place throughout the process of writing. (D) Linguistic problems should concern the writers least.
22.23.Which of the following about “syllabus” is NOT correct? (A) Syllabus concerns the selection of items to be learnt. (B) Syllabus concerns the grading of those items to be learnt into an appropriate sequence. (C) Syllabus concerns how to plan, implement, evaluate, and administrate education programs. (D) Syllabus may be taken as a starting point in the planning of a new coursebook, or of a term’s or year’s work.
24.25.Which of the following about portfolios is NOT correct? (A) Portfolios can be used as classroom assessment. (B) Portfolios can include samples of students’ work, such as writing, drawings, audio-recordings, performance on tests, etc. (C) The samples of students’ work can be kept in a variety of forms, such as notebooks, loose-leaf binder, and box files. (D) Portfolios are specifically used for reading and writing; they cannot be used for other skills.
25.26.Which of the following strategies does NOT belong to direct mental operations (cognitive strategies) in language learning? (A) Making association. (B) Making word cards. (C) Learning words in groups. (D) Exploring range of meaning.
28.29.Which of the following is NOT shared by all naturally occurring languages? (A) Languages consist of recurrent elements which occur in regular patterns of relationships. (B) Sequences of sounds or letters do not inherently possess meaning. (C) Each language reflects the social requirements of the society that uses it. (D) Linguists traditionally divide a language into different levels for description and analysis, such as phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse, and in actual use these levels do not interact or function simultaneously.
29.30.Which of the following is correct with regard to learners’ errors as sources of insight into the learning processes? (A) Learners’ errors provide evidence of the system of language at any particular point in the course of L2 development. (B) Learners’ errors provide evidence of the strategies or procedures in their discovery of the language. (C) Learners’ errors provide evidence of testing their hypothesis about the nature of the language. (D) All of the above.
30.31.Which of the following about achievement tests is NOT correct? (A) Achievement tests are designed to measure learners’ language and skill progress in relation to the syllabus they have been following. (B) Achievement tests give a general picture of a student’s knowledge and ability. (C) Achievement tests only work if they contain item types which the students are familiar with. (D) Achievement tests can help us to decide on changes to future teaching programs where students do significantly worse in the test than we might have expected.