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102 年 - 民國 102 年大專程度義務役預備軍官預備士官考試試題#16328 

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1.1. The pastor offered wise_to the troubled teenager.
(A) integer
(B) wrap
(C) gale
(D) counsel
2.2. In matters of principle, stand like a_; in matters of taste, swim with the current.
(A) card
(B) rock
(C) bomb
(D) hoof
3.3. Frank would read under the street lamp outside his home because his_house was too shabby to have electricity.
(A) fascinated
(B) reinforced
(C) propped
(D) dilapidated
4.4. What type of oil are you going to use to_that machine?
(A) launch
(B) lubricate
(C) illuminate
(D) illustrate
5.5.
(B)ecause caffeine fights fatigue, it_performance on tasks like driving, flying, and solving simple math problems.
(A) facilitates B exhibits
(C) increases
(D) forbids
6.6. The pilot reported a_in his right engine.
(A) manifestation
(B) maintenance
(C) manufacture
(D) malfunction
7.7.
(D)ue to low_rates, the workforce gets smaller and less tax money is collected.
(A) fluctuation
(B) fertility
(C) fertilizer D florescence
8.8. The rich businessman was_to building a school for the poor.
(A) committed
(B) starved
(C) jeopardized
(D) converged
9.9. Paul stayed home from work because he was feeling under the_.
(A) cold
(B) bridge
(C) weather
(D) world
10.10. The experts calculated that the world economy would_this year.
(A) stave
(B) dunk
(C) imply
(D) stabilize
11.11. The player is ill, so we must find a _______ .
(A) operator
(B) substitute
(C) coordinator
(D) detective
12.12. With job cuts expected to continue, more workers are_their networking efforts, trying to build relationships in these bleak times.
(A) browsing through
(B) strolling in
(C) ramping up
(D) rambling through
13.13. If you have headaches for a_period, you should see a doctor.
(A) sustained
(B) regarded
(C) shielded
(D) isolated
14.14. I need to be more_because my friends are complaining about how long it takes for me to choose.
(A) forgery
(B) intent
(C) decisive
(D) observant
15.15. There was a hole in the hose, and water_out all over me.
(A) sprayed
(B) carried
(C) washed
(D) figured
16.16. When the tickets are ready, the travel agency notifies the clients, lists each ticket on a daily register form, and files a copy of the_.
(A) infringement
(B) refreshment
(C) itinerary
(D) subsidiary
17.17. ____ with the other children in her family, but she also got to meet many boys who stayed with the family while her father taught them Greek and Latin.
(A) She not played only
(B) She could not only play
(C) Not only she could play
(D) Not only could she play
18.18. Mother said that she would be late for dinner, and asked me not to leave for choir practice until
(D)ad ____ home.
(A) come
(B) came
(C) was coming D comes
19.19. The New York Times reported that the extremely cold weather in the eastern area could have_effects on the number of tourists this seaso
(A) worrying
(B) worry
(C) worries
(D) worried
20.20.
(A)vocados have good, unsaturated fats,_growth and development of the central nervous system and the brain. A that helps in
(B) which help with
(C) helped with
(D) helping in
21.21. The copy machine has not been repaired because the part it requires ______ out of stocks.
(A) is
(B) are
(C) to be
(D) to have been
22.22. This shirt should be cleaned with neutral detergents and dried quickly to limit browning as__by the manufacturer.
(A) recommendation
(B) recommending
(C) recommended
(D) recommend
23.23.丨 don't own_Sam owns.
(A) as many lands as
(B) as many as lands
(C) as much as land
(D) as much land as
24.24. If you had set your alarm clock, you_late for the class.
(A) wouldn't have been
(B) might not be
(C) shouldn't be
(D) wouldn't be
25.25.
(B)ill: Have you ever fired a gun? Jack: What did you ask me? Bill: I asked you whether_a gun before.
(A) have you fired B you have fired
(C) you had fired
(D) had you fired
26.26. Mr.
(B)rown, still unable to live with the humiliating defeat of the last match, often talks and behaves as if he_a peerless champion.
(A) is still B would be still
(C) will still be
(D) were still
27.27. Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT?
(A) Abused children commonly exhibit one or more of the following symptoms: withdrawal, rebelliousness, restless, and depress.
(B) Many states are reducing property taxes from homeowners and extending financial aid in the form of tax credits to renters.
(C) I was advised either to change my flight or to take the train.
(D) It is easier to speak in abstractions than to ground one's thoughts in reality.
28.28. Which of the following sentences is CORRECT?
(A) Bob warned me that gun on the top shelf of the cupboard was loaded.
(B) A truck loaded with dynamite cut in front of our van. When truck skidded a few seconds later, we almost plowed into it.
(C) During an eclipse, one should not look directly at sun.
(D) Our petite daughter dated the tallest boy in her class.
29.
III. Reading Comprehension: Questions 29-40. Read the following passages and choose the BEST ANSWER to each question. Questions 29-32

           Judges can be divided, on the basis of their written opinions, into three categories: conservative, liberal, and centrist. Although all judges respect the law, conservative judges have an especially strong belief in the importance of the law and the history surrounding it. They believe that real justice comes only from strictly applying the law to the facts of a case, whether or not the outcome seems fair to an individual. On the other hand, liberal judges look beyond a rigid reading to the “spirit of the law” in their search for real justice in a case. They might broadly interpret the law in order to champion individual rights. The outcome of the case matters more to them than the letter of the law. Finally, centrist judges walk the middle ground between conservative and liberal. They do not apply the law as rigidly as conservative judges, yet they are not as willing as liberal judges to apply the law loosely. Having different types of judges helps balance the legal system; their differing views help protect both the law and individual rights.


【題組】29. What is the topic of this passage?
(A) types of judges
(B) written opinions of judges
(C) spirit of the law
(D) protecting individual rights
30.【題組】30. What kind of judges would hold moderate views while applying the law?
(A) conservative
(B) liberal
(C) centrist
(D) none of them
31.【題組】31. The word “champion” is closest in meaning to
(A) win
(B) defend
(C) beat
(D) respect
32.【題組】32. Which of the following statements is not implied in the passage?
(A)
(D)ifferent judges apply the law in different manners.
(B)
(C)onservative judges value the law more than individual rights. C Centrist judges are the best judges. D Liberal judges do not explain the law strictly.
33.
Questions 33-36

        Gray water, which is also called sullage, is used water that goes down the drain in your kitchen and bathroom. Gray water includes water from sinks, showers, washing machines, and dishwashers, but not toilets. This wastewater can be used more efficiently in two ways: by recycling it in the yard and garden or by sending it back to the bathroom to flush the toilet.

        Nowadays, recycling gray water for use on plants and crops is quite easy. The normal method is simply to redirect the water to the yard. There are systems which are designed specifically to move gray water. These systems can be as easy as running a hose from the dishwasher out a window to the yard, or they can be engineered as part of the plumbing system in the house.

There are also methods to clean the water, such as sand filtering and treatment ponds. Cities have different rules about how gray water allowed to be used. In general, the most common regulations include not storing this water for more than a day and not allowing it to form pools or spread and run off the surface of the property.

          In most regions of Europe and Australia, using gray water inside the house to flush toilets is common. The primary advantage of recycling gray water in this way is that household water use can be reduced by an average of 30 percent. However, it's important to note that laws detailing how long the water can be stored (usually one day) are strictly enforced.


【題組】33. Which of the following words does not have the meaning of “sullage”?
(A) wastewater
(B) filtered water
(C) gray water
(D) used water
34.【題組】34.
(A)ccording to the passage, where can gray water be used? A in the shower
(B) in the swimming pool
(C) in the dishwasher
(D) in the toilet
35.【題組】35. The word “engineered” is closest in meaning to
(A) created
(B) designed and built
(C) cleverly arranged
(D) invented
36.【題組】36. Which of the following statements cannot be inferred from the passage?
(A) Gray water cannot be used to water the flowers directly before it is filtered by sand.
(B) It is possible to reuse gray water in a house without a built-in recycling system.
(C) It is prohibited to let gray water overflow into your neighbor's yard.
(D) Recycling water helps cut down your water bill.
37.
Questions 37-40

        The process of digestion in the human body begins even before food enters the mouth. When your eyes see food, your nose smells food, or your brain thinks about food, the mouth begins to produce saliva, or juices of the mouth, which helps to start the process of breaking down food. After you put food in your mouth, you chew it. When food is small enough to be swallowed, it travels down through the esophagus, a long, stretchy pipe about 10 inches long. Its job is to move the food from the mouth to the stomach.

         The stomach, an organ shaped like the letter “J”, is the next stop along the route. It has three main jobs: (a) to store food, (b) to further break down food with digestive juices and turn it into liquid, and (c) to empty the liquid into the small intestine. Once the liquid mixture produced by the stomach reaches the small intestine, the mixture is broken down even more so that the body can absorb all the vitamins and other nutrients it contains. Slowly the mixture passes through all 22 feet of the intestinal tract before reaching the large intestine. Overall, it takes approximately 24 to 72 hours for the human body to digest food.


【題組】37. Which of the following is the best title of this passage?
(A) The
(D)igestion Organs
(B) The Process of Digestion
(C) Time for Digestion D Food Processing
38.【題組】38. What does the word “saliva” mean?
(A) a kind of starch
(B) a kind of protein
(C) juices of the mouth
(D) sodium in the mouth
39.【題組】39. Which of the following statement is TRUE?
(A)
(D)igestive juices help liquefy food.
(B) Food goes up the esophagus.
(C) It takes two to three weeks to digest a meal. D The J-shaped organ is called the intestine.
40.【題組】40. Which of the following is not the job of the small intestine?
(A) to absorb vitamins
(B) to break down food
(C) to move food to the large intestine
(D) to produce mixture