羅朵拉>试卷(2015/07/14)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

98 年 - 98 地特三等-英文#23423 

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1.31 To make the best use of your time, you have to list your goals in order of _____ .
(A) privation
(B) privacy
(C) priority
(D) privilege
2.32 Every act of abortion _____ the death of a baby.
(A) adapts to
(B) intends to
(C) relies on
(D) results in
3.33 Just _____ something when you forget your speech.
(A) impress
(B) imprison
(C) improve
(D) improvise
4.34 Neither Chinese nor American government is under any illusion that the trade imbalance between the two countries will soon be _____ .
(A) dignified
(B) rectified
(C) specified
(D) verified
5.35 Mary broke up with George mainly because she could not stand his _____ language and rude behavior to her parents.
(A) remorse
(B) vainglorious
(C) physical
(D) vulgar
6.36 It is a _____ of our time in the West that never have so many people been so relatively well off and never has society been more troubled.
(A) maxim
(B) credibility
(C) ambiguity
(D) paradox
7.37 Although John _____ Chinese for three years, he still doesn’t know how to speak the language.
(A) has read
(B) has studied
(C) has understood
(D) has comprehended
8.38 People will choose _____ of these regimes they find suits them best.
(A) whatever
(B) whoever
(C) wherever
(D) whichever
9.39 I _____ from the roller coaster rides and the wild water slides.
(A) was exhausted
(B) was exhausting
(C) being exhausted
(D) had been exhausted myself
10.40 Nikos Mitrelis’ list of chores is long: sweeping steps, hanging laundry, and _____ bathroom.
(A) scrubbed
(B) scrubbing
(C) scrub
(D) scrubs
11.41 According to governmental statistics, the percentage of credit card users in Taiwan is 46 higher now than _____ two years ago.
(A) which was
(B) they were
(C) there were
(D) it was
12.42 題至第 46 題 
Sometimes the normal processes of cell growth, death, and regulation get completely deranged. Cells are transformed and begin robbing their neighbors’ blood supply, like vampires. They defy normal limitations on growth, multiply unceasingly, and then invade space reserved for others. They refuse to die on schedule. These are cancer cells, and they are responsible for about two million new cases of various cancers that occur every year in the United States, and over half a million deaths. One out of five people in industrialized countries will die of cancer, most of them from tumors that originated in a lung, breast, prostate gland, colon, or rectum. And except for a few very clear instances such as lung cancer caused by smoking or exposure to certain chemicals and radiation, no one knows exactly why. Unlike smallpox or malaria, cancer is not a distinctive disease with a single cause. It arises from various kinds of mutations in a cell’s DNA. Some mutations occur naturally. In the course of an average human lifetime, billions of trillions of cell divisions take place. Given this huge number of replications, mistakes are bound to happen. They may result in a disadvantageous change for the organism; some may even spawn cancers. More often, mutations and cancers are prompted by external causes.

【題組】 42 Which of the following statements best characterizes cancer cells?
(A) They are mostly found in human blood.
(B) They can grow and proliferate continuously.
(C) They can be transformed into vampires.
(D) They can defy the process of mutations in a cell’s DNA.
13.【題組】 43 What does “deranged” in the first paragraph mean?
(A) Uncontrollable
(B) Undecided
(C) Unidentified
(D) Unnecessary
14.【題組】44 How many people in the United States may suffer from cancer every year?
(A) Over half a million
(B) One million
(C) About two million
(D) Over two and a half million
15.【題組】45 According to this article, which of the following statements is NOT true about cancer?
(A) No one can be sure of the causes of cancer except for a few clear cases such as lung cancer.
(B) Cancer can occur in various places of the human body.
(C) Cancer may arise from the mistakes that occur in the process of cell divisions.
(D) Cancer is rarely caused by external factors.
16.【題組】46 What does this article suggest about diseases such as smallpox or malaria?
(A) They are diseases caused by exposure to certain chemicals.
(B) They are diseases caused by various kinds of mutations in a cell’s DNA.
(C) They are diseases that cause many deaths in industrialized countries.
(D) They are diseases with a distinctive cause.
17.47 題至第 50 題為篇章結構,各題請依文意,從四個選項中選出最合適者,各題答案內容不重複 
In an early 19th-century best seller, a famous food writer offered a cure for obesity and chronic disease: a low-carbohydrate diet. The notion that what you eat shapes your medical fate has had a strong influence throughout history. 47 For many Americans, it is more a canon than a principle to suggest that what you eat affects your health. Accordingly, they believe that you control your own destiny and that it is never too late to reinvent yourself.48 If not, you get healthy. That very American canon is what lies behind the criticism and disbelief that greeted a recent report that a low-fat diet might not prevent breast cancer, colon cancer, or heart disease, after all. 49 It raises important questions about how much even the most highly motivated people can change their eating habits and whether the relatively small changes that they can make really have an effect on health. The study, of nearly 49,000 women who were randomly assigned to follow a low-fat diet, found that the diet did not make a significant difference in development of the two cancers or heart disease. 50 And when it comes to this urge, it is remarkable how history repeats itself. Over and over again, medical experts and self-styled medical experts have insisted that one diet or another can prevent disease, cure chronic illness, and ensure health and longevity. So, when the study’s results were published in The Journal of the American Medical Association, the study investigators braced themselves for attacks.

【題組】 47
(A) If you eat or drink or inhale the wrong things, you get sick.
(B) And its appeal continues to this day, medical historians and researchers say.
(C) The report was put together from a huge federal study called the Women’s Health Initiative.
(D) The researchers also suggested, though indirectly, that low fat might make a difference in breast cancer.
18.【題組】 48
(A) If you eat or drink or inhale the wrong things, you get sick.
(B) And its appeal continues to this day, medical historians and researchers say.
(C) The usefulness of a healthy diet has become questionable.
(D) The report was put together from a huge federal study called the Women’s Health Initiative.
19.【題組】49
(A) If you eat or drink or inhale the wrong things, you get sick.
(B) And its appeal continues to this day, medical historians and researchers say.
(C) The report was put together from a huge federal study called the Women’s Health Initiative.
(D) The researchers also suggested, though indirectly, that low fat might make a difference in breast cancer.
20.【題組】50
(A) And its appeal continues to this day, medical historians and researchers say.
(B) The report was put together from a huge federal study called the Women’s Health Initiative.
(C) The researchers also suggested, though indirectly, that low fat might make a difference in breast cancer.
(D) The study’s results frustrate our primal urge to control our destiny by controlling what we put in our mouths.