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A Few Aspects of American Life.
Travel,  It’s summertime. For many Americans, this is the season to travel. Why? Because school is over and the weather is great. And most of all, they believe they deserve a break. When Americans take a break, they often head for their favorite vacation spot.  Throughout their history, Americans have been people on the move. The early immigrants had to travel to get to the New World. Once they arrived, the settled along the East Coast. But they weren’t content to stay here. Explorers and traders journeyed to the unknown western territories. Later, settlers moved west to develop new areas. As a result of this west movement, Americans eventually occupied the whole continent—from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Even today, Americans seem unable to stay put. Research says that average American moves every five years.  Americans are used to traveling. Some people make long-distance commuting to work daily. Their jobs may even require them to take frequent business trips. Most companies provide an annual vacation for their employees, and people often use that time to travel. Some people just visit friend or relatives in distant states. Some go on low-budget weekend trips and stay in economy motels. Those with more expensive tastes choose luxurious hotels. Camping out in the great outdoors appeals to adventurous types. Some travel in recreational vehicles to camp out in comfort, while others “rough it” by sleeping in tents. Families often plan their trips with the kids in mind. More and more “family friendly” hotels offer special programs for children.
Pet,  Americans love pets. Many pet owners treat their pets as a part of the family. You might say Americans treat their pets like they treat their children—sometimes even better.  In America, there are more households with pets than those with children. At least 43 percent of US homes have pets of some sort. Usual creatures, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves, find a home with some Americans. More common pets include fish, mice and birds. But the all-time favorites are cats and dogs, even at the White House. Americans sometimes have strong feelings about whether dogs or cats make better pets. “Dog people” and “cat people” often enjoy friendly competition. Many grocery stores in America sell pet foods. Pets can even accompany their owners on vacation. Fancy hotels are beginning to accommodate both man and animal. Animal guests at Four Seasons Hotels can enjoy delicious meals served on fine china and sleep in soft beds.  The average American enjoys having pets around, and for good reason. Researchers have discovered that interacting with animals lowers a person’s blood pressure. Dogs can offer protection from robbers and unwelcome visitors. Cats can help rid the home of unwanted mice. Little creatures of all shapes and sizes can provide friendship and love. In many cases, having a pet prepares a young couple for the responsibilities of parenthood. Pets even encourage social relationships: they give their owners an appearance of friendliness, and they provide a good subject of conversation.  Pets are as basic to American culture as hot dogs or apple pie. To Americans, pets are not just property, but a part of the family.
Marriage,  “I do.” To Americans, these two words carry great meaning. They can even change your life, especially if you say them at your own wedding. Making wedding promises is like signing a contract. Now Americans don’t really think marriage is a business deal. But marriage is a serious business.  It all begins with engagement (婚约). Traditionally, a young man asks the father of his sweetheart for permission to marry her. If the father agrees, the man later proposes to her. Often he tries to surprise her by asking her to marry him in a romantic way.  Sometimes the couple just decides together that the time is right to get married. They may be engaged for weeks, months or even years. As the big approaches, bridal (新娘的) showers and bachelor’s parties provide many gifts. Today many couples also receive counseling during engagement. This prepares them for the challenges of married life.  At last it’s time for the wedding. Although most weddings follow long-held traditions, there’s still room for individualism. For example, the usual place for a wedding is in a church. But some people get married outdoors. A few even have the ceremony while skydiving or riding on horseback! The couple may invite hundreds of people or just a few close friends. They choose their own style of colors, decorations and music during the ceremony. But some things rarely change. The bride usually wears a beautiful, long white wedding dress. She traditionally wears “something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue”. The groom (新郎) wears a formal suit. Relatives and close friends participate in the ceremony.  As the ceremony begins, the groom stands with the minister, facing the audience. Music signals the entrance of the beautiful bride. Nervously, the young couple repeats their promises. Traditionally, they promise to love each other “for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health”. But sometimes the couple composes their own promises. They give each other a gold ring as a symbol of their marriage promise. Finally the minister announces the big moment: “I now pronounce you man and wife. You may kiss your bride!”

【題組】1.What is the top reason Americans travel in the summertime?
(A) School is over.
(B) They think they deserve a rest.
(C) Summer is the season to travel.
(D) The weather is great.

2.【已刪除】【題組】2. Every year, most companies _______.
(A) require a business trip
(B) insist that workers commute
(C) have employees travel together
(D) provide a vacation for workers

3.【已刪除】【題組】3. Many Americans treat their pets as _______.
(A) very usual things
(B) very common things
(C) their own property
(D) their family members

4.【已刪除】【題組】4. According to the passage, some fancy hotels could provide for your pets the following except _______.
(A) good accommodation
(B) some well-served food
(C) a soft bed
(D) delicious Chinese meals

5.【已刪除】【題組】5. It’s discovered that interaction with pet animals is good for health as they can help to _______.
(A) guard against unwelcome visitors
(B) catch unwanted mice
(C) lower blood pressure
(D) keep company

6.【已刪除】【題組】6. Pet can encourage social relationship by _______.
(A) acting as basic element to American culture
(B) providing a subject for chatting
(C) becoming members for the family
(D) having a friendly appearance

7.【已刪除】A few years ago a young mother watched her husband diaper (给…换尿布) their firstborn son. “You do not have to be unhappy about it,” she protested. “You can talk to him and smile a little.” The father, who happened to be a psychologist, answered firmly, “He has nothing to say to me, and I have nothing to say to him.”      Psychologist now know how wrong that father was. From the moment of birth, a baby has a great deal to say to his parents, and they to him. But a decade or so ago, these experts were describing the newborn as a primitive creature who reacted only by reflex, a helpless victim of its environment without capacity to influence it. And mothers accepted the truth. Most thought (and some still do) that a new infant could see only blurry (模糊的) shadows, that his other senses were undeveloped, and that all he required was nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.     Today university laboratories across the country are studying newborns in their first month of life. As a result, psychologists now describe the new baby as perceptive, with remarkable learning abilities and an even more remarkable capacity to shape his or her environment including the attitudes and actions of his parents. Some researchers believe that the neonatal period may even be the most significant four weeks in an entire lifetime.      Far from being helpless, the newborn knows what he likes and rejects what he doesn’t. He shut out unpleasant sensations by closing his eyes or averting his face. He is a glutton for novelty. He prefers animate things over inanimate and likes people more than anything. When a more nine minutes out, an infant prefers a human face to a head-shaped outline. He makes the choice despite the fact that, with delivery room attendants masked and gowned, he has never seen a human face before. By the time he’s twelve hours old, his entire body moves in precise synchrony (同时发生) to the sound of a human voice, as if he were dancing. A non-human sound, such as a tapping noise, brings no such response. 
【題組】57. The author points out that the father diapering his first-born son was wrong because________.
(A) he believed the baby was not able to hear him
(B) he thought the baby didn’t have the power of speech
(C) he was a psychologist unworthy of his profession
(D) he thought the baby was not capable of any response

8.【已刪除】【題組】58. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
(A) A new infant can see only blurry shadows.
(B) A new infant’s senses are undeveloped
(C) All a new infant requires is nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
(D) A new infant is actually able to influence his or her environment

9.【已刪除】【題組】59. What does the sentence “He is a glutton for novelty” probably mean?
(A) The newborn is greedy for new food.
(B) The newborn tends to overeat.
(C) The newborn always loves things that are new to him.
(D) The newborn’s appetite is a constant topic in novels.

10.【已刪除】【題組】60. According to the passage, it’s groundless to think that newborns prefer________.
(A) a human face to a head-shaped outline
(B) animate things to inanimate ones
(C) human voice to non-human sounds
(D) nourishment to a warm bassinet

11.【已刪除】【題組】61. What is the passage mainly discussing about?
(A) What people know about newborns.
(B) How wrong parents are when they handle their babies.
(C) How much newborns have progressed in about a decade’s time.
(D) Why the first month of life is the most significant four weeks in a lifetime.

 For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work, they have to read all kinds of materials. In _67_ a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and  comprehend _68_ can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are _69_ readers.     Most of us develop poor reading _70_ at an early age, and never get over them.  The main deficiency _71_ in the actual component of language itself-words. Take  individually, words have _72_ meaning until they are put together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs.    _73_, however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one  word at a time, often turning back to _74_ words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look  back over _75_ you have just read, is a common 
bad habit in reading. Another habit  which  _76_  down  the  speed  of  reading  is vocalization-sounding each word wither orally or mentally when a _77_ reads.   To overcome these bad habits some reading  clinics use a device called an _78_, which moves a bar (or a curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set at a slightly faster rate _79_ the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him. The accelerator forces the  reader to read fast, _80_ word-by-word reading, regression and  vocalization,  practically  impossible.    At first _81_ is sacrificed for speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you  will not only read faster, _82_ your comprehension will improve.   Many people, business managers, executives and engineers, have found _83_ reading skill   improved dramatically after some training.   _84_ John Muir, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 182 words  a minute _85_ the training, now it is an excellent 1, 378 words a minute. He is delighted that now he can _86_ a lot more reading.

(A) applying
(B) doing
(C) offering
(D) getting

(A) quickly
(B) easily
(C) roughly
(D) decidedly

(A) good
(B) curious
(C) poor
(D) urgent

(A) training
(B) habits
(C) situations
(D) custom

(A) lies
(B) combines
(C) touches
(D) involves

(A) some
(B) a lot
(C) little
(D) dull

(A) Fortunately
(B) In fact
(C) Unfortunately
(D) Logically

(A) reuse
(B) reread
(C) rewrite
(D) recite

(A) what
(B) which
(C) that
(D) if

(A) scales
(B) cuts
(C) slows
(D) measures

(A) someone
(B) one
(C) he
(D) reader

(A) accelerator
(B) actor
(C) amplifier
(D) observer

(A) then
(B) as
(C) beyond
(D) than

(A) enabling
(B) leading
(C) making
(D) indicating

(A) comprehension
(B) meaning
(C) gift
(D) content

(A) but
(B) nor
(C) or
(D) for

(A) our
(B) your
(C) their
(D) such a

(A) Look at
(B) Take
(C) Make
(D) Consider

(A) for
(B) in
(C) after
(D) before

(A) master
(B) go over
(C) present
(D) get through

(A) master
(B) go over
(C) present
(D) get through