33.( 3 )
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Program was established in 1977 and
is designed to assess health technology. The program organizes major conferences that produce
consensus statements and technology assessment statements on controversial issues in medicine
important to health care providers, patients, and the general public. The following statement is from the
NIH Consensus Development Statement on Acupuncture on November 3-5, 1997.
Acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention is widely practiced in the United States. There have been
many studies of its potential usefulness. However, many of these studies provide equivocal results
because of design, sample size, and other factors. The issue is further complicated by inherent
difficulties in the use of appropriate controls, such as placebo and sham acupuncture groups.
However, promising results have emerged, for example, efficacy of acupuncture in adult post-operative
and chemotherapy nausea and vomiting and in post-operative dental pain. There are other situations
such as addition, stroke rehabilitation, headache, menstrual cramps, tennis elbow, fibromyalgia,
myofascial pain, osteoarthritis, low back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and asthma where acupuncture
may be useful as an adjunct treatment or an acceptable alternative or be included in a comprehensive
Findings from basic research have begun to elucidate the mechanisms of action of acupuncture,
including the release of opioids and other peptides in the central nervous system and the periphery and
changes in neuroendocrine function. Although much needs to be accomplished, the emergence of
plausible mechanisms for the therapeutic effects of acupuncture is encouraging.
The introduction of acupuncture into the choice of treatment modalities that are readily available to
the public is in its early stages. Issues of training, licensure, and reimbursement remain to be clarified.
There is sufficient evidence, however, of acupuncture's value to expand its use into conventional
medicine and to encourage further studies of its physiology and clinical value. This statement is
representative of the opinions of current standard medical practice.
【題組】33. What’s the main idea of this article?
(A) The negative effects of acupuncture treatment
(B) The procedure of using acupuncture treatment
(C) The helpfulness of acupuncture treatment
(D) The outcome of adapting acupuncture treatment