1.Todd: So, Shifani, you are ________ in urban planning, and more specifically, in transport. What do you envision in the future, let's say, in fifty years from now?
(A) a student
(B) an expert
(D) a reporter
2.Shifani: Fifty years from now is quite a long time to project, but future cities would be green cities, cities that are able to ______ themselves. They can produce their own energy.
3.They've got transport mode choices, so people can choose whether they want to walk or cycle or bus. A city that has a very well __________ public transport system. So, if you want to get from A to B, you have three main choices - public transport, walking, cycling - each equally good.
4.Todd: So basically, you see a future of ________ urbanization.
Shifani: ________ urbanization, yes, because people are moving to the cities.That's what the figures say. It's what's happening. It's the current trend.
5.And if this continues, the cities need to become more ______. They need to become more resilient. I know these are big words, but what I mean by that is that cities that are able to change with the times.
6.If people are going to become more ______, then we need a city with good transport system.But in the future, there's a possibility that people won't be traveling so much, simply because the internet is taking over. Our social space is being invaded by the internet.
11.I mean, if you think of a city like Beijing, for example, public transport is __________. People travel by it. Why? Because it's __________. . It has to be __________. , because there's such a vast number of people.
12.But if you think about a city like Auckland, where I'm from, our public transport system is not very good, because we're not densely populated, and it doesn't make ______ to put a bus where there aren't people.
13.But then, the counter __________ is, if you put a bus, people would take it. So, it's the 'chicken and egg.' What comes first? Do you put a bus on a route where there aren't people or where the people aren't taking the bus? Or do you do it the other way around?
15.Shifani: I think it all _______ on where you are, but trains will definitely be the way of the future. Trains and buses combined, I think, because people like traveling long distances in the shortest amount of time possible. Trains are your solution for that. But for shorter journeys, obviously, connecting different train stations or connecting homes to the train stations, you are going to need buses. One can't really function without the other.
17.Shifani: Oh, that's always difficult. Trying to tell a car _________ that he should not drive his car ever again will become their worst nightmare.
19.I used to have a Turbo Nissan Sylvia when I was growing up, in my _______years. And if someone told me not to drive my car, I think I would be very mad.
So yes, it's quite a barrier that I have to go through.
Todd: Well, good luck.
Shifani: Thank you. I'm going to need it.