Natalie Yu>试卷(2013/01/24)

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101 年 - 臺北市立復興高級中學101學年度第一次正式教師甄選 英文科教師甄選筆試題目卷 #9449 

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1.1. When Nancy realized she had dropped her gloves, she decided to her steps.
(A) resume
(B) return
(C) retrace
(D) regress

2.2. Although aging brings about profound physiological changes, it does not often alter an individual’s : an irascible thirty year old will probably still be at seventy.
(A) stature … robust
(B) outlook … benevolent
(C) anatomy … churlish
(D) disposition … cantankerous

3.3. No longer considered ________, the belief that all of Puerto Rico s indigenous Taino people perished centuries ago appears to be a _______ now that modern Taino descendants have come forward.

(A) tenable … misconception 

(B) erroneous … delusion 

(C) hypothetical … digression 

(D) mythical … possibility

Far from being ___, bears in some national parks are surprisingly ______ when approached by humans; still, visitors must exercise caution.

(A) benign … frisky 

(B) reticent … bellicose 

(C) complacent … docile 

(D) aggressive … placid

5.5. Although the archaeologist the symbols on the cave wall, she was unable to them because they were too faint.
(A) replicated … ignore
(B) perused … discard
(C) obliterated … translate
(D) scrutinized … decipher

6.6. Popular interest in music performed by folk singer Jean Ritchie acted as a _______ because it _______ a wider interest in the music of Ritchie’s native Kentucky.
(A) provocation … mitigated
(B) catalyst … stirred
(C) panacea … overcome
(D) deterrent … launched

7.7. Conservationists argue that unconstrained ______ of natural resources, which might deplete them forever, should be replaced with a policy of ______ .
(A) stockpiling … extirpation
(B) consumption … dispersion
(C) dismissal … preparation
(D) exploitation … husbandry

8.8. Brachiopods, clamlike bivalves of prehistoric times, were one of the most forms of life on the Earth: more than 30,000 species have been from fossil records.
(A) anachronistic … extrapolated
(B) ornate … retrieved
(C) multifarious … catalogued
(D) scarce … extracted

9.9. Some interactive computer games are so elaborately contrived and require such strategies that only the most player can master them.
(A) byzantine … adroit
(B) nefarious … conscientious
(C) devious … lackadaisical
(D) onerous … slipshod

10.10. Professor Fernandez has been about most of the purportedly humanitarian aspects of the colonial government and has insisted that its actions were, on the contrary, .
(A) dubious … self-serving
(B) enthusiastic … contemptible
(C) disparaging … sporadic
(D) disillusioned … benevolent

11.11. The controversial plans also include permission for additional night flights and will _____ the compulsory purchase of farmland, as well as the demolition of a number of private homes.
(A) involve
(B) request
(C) assume
(D) need

12.12. The garden too is an area where waste can be recycled. Start a compost heap using old food scraps and garden weeds instead of putting them in the dustbin. And it is surprising _____ can be done with some other things we usually throw away.
(A) it
(B) the following
(C) this
(D) what

13.13. Royal scandals and royal divorces illustrated with tasteless photographs and supported by the worst kind of journalistic excess have proved to be _____ the thing for raising newspaper circulations.
(A) made
(B) merely
(C) more than
(D) just

14.14. If you feel like something just a little different in the way of a skiing holiday, why not try heli-skiing in Canada? The last person I suggested _____, answered predictably, “What the hell is that?”
(A) going
(B) this to
(C) this
(D) they went

15.15. So if the idea attracts you, and you have about $4000 to spend on a week’s holiday, and the skiing ability _____ with the conditions, it might be just the thing for you.
(A) to cope
(B) and you agree
(C) appropriate
(D) joined

16.16. Would you mind______ these plates a wipe before putting them in the cupboard.
(A) giving
(B) getting
(C) making
(D) doing

17.17. I have no idea how the mistake ______in the first place.
(A) came round
(B) came about
(C) came through
(D) came off

18.18. The opposition party of the country has to decide____ and for all what its position is on this point.
(A) here
(B) first
(C) finally
(D) once

The old way of making things involved taking lots of parts and screwing or welding them together. Now a product can be designed on a computer and “printed” on a 3D printer, which creates a solid object by building up _____19 __________ layers of material. The digital design can be tweaked with a few mouse clicks. The 3D printer can run unattended, and can make many things which are too complex for a traditional factory to handle. In time, these amazing machines may be able to make almost anything, anywhere—from your garage to an African village.

The applications of 3D printing are especially _____20_____ mind-boggling. Already, hearing aids and high-tech parts of military jets are being printed in customized shapes. The geography of supply chains will change. An engineer working in the middle of a desert who finds he lacks a certain tool no longer has to have it delivered from the nearest city. He can simply download the design and print it. The days when projects ground to a halt for want of a piece of kit, or when customers complained that they could no longer find spare parts for things they had bought, will one day seem quaint.

【題組】19. What is the most suitable word for the blank?
(A) successive
(B) informative
(C) massive
(D) productive

20.【題組】20. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to the word “mind-boggling”?
(A) Threatening.
(B) Confusing.
(C) Surprising.
(D) Wide-ranging.

21.【題組】21. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) 3D printing technology is highly sophisticated. Currently there is no factory that is superior to it.
(B) In the future, there will no longer be demand for spare parts.
(C) 3D printing is largely used in areas where mass production is needed.
(D) Industrial zones will no longer have the same degree of privilege they currently enjoy.

Other changes are nearly as (22) __________. New materials are lighter, stronger and more durable than the old ones. Carbon fiber is replacing steel and aluminum in products ranging from airplanes to mountain bikes. New techniques let engineers shape objects at a tiny scale. Nanotechnology is giving products enhanced features, such as bandages that help heal cuts, engines that run more efficiently and crockery that cleans more easily. Genetically engineered viruses are being developed to make items such as batteries. And with the internet allowing ever more designers to collaborate on new products, the barriers to entry are falling. Ford needed heaps of capital to build his colossal River Rouge factory; his modern equivalent can start with little besides a laptop and a hunger to invent.

(23) __________ all revolutions, this one will be disruptive. Digital technology has already rocked the media and retailing industries, just as cotton mills crushed hand looms and the Model T put farriers out of work. Many people will look at the factories of the future and shudder. They will not be full of grimy machines manned by men in oily overalls. Many will be squeaky clean—and almost deserted. Some carmakers already produce twice as many vehicles per employee as they did only a decade or so ago. Most jobs will not be on the factory floor but in the offices nearby, which will be full of designers, engineers, IT specialists, logistics experts, marketing staff and other professionals. The manufacturing jobs of the future will require more skills. Many dull, repetitive tasks will become obsolete: you no longer need riveters when a product has no rivets.

【題組】22. What is the most suitable word for the blank?
(A) unceremonious
(B) spontaneous
(C) momentous
(D) avaricious

23.【題組】23. What is the most suitable word for the blank?
(A) In favor of
(B) Concerning
(C) Unlike
(D) Like

24.【題組】24. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) The 3D printing technology is made available because of new materials like carbon fiber.
(B) With the easy access of the Internet, ideas can be easily swapped, which makes it easier to start a new manufacturing project.
(C) The new technology will bring an end to all factory jobs; hence operating a machine will no longer be a grimy job.
(D) 3D printing may be smart, but its productivity does not really match its promise.

No one should be forced to wear a uniform under any circumstance. Uniforms are demeaning to the human spirit and totally unnecessary in a democratic society. Uniforms tell the world that the person who wears one has no value as an individual but only lives to function as a part of a whole. The individual in a uniform loses all self-worth.
    There are those who say that wearing a uniform gives a person a sense of identification with a larger, more important concept. What could be more important than the individual himself? If an organization is so weak that it must rely on cloth and buttons to inspire its members, that organization has no right to continue its existence. Others say that the practice of making persons wear uniforms, say in a school, eliminates all envy and competition in the matter of dress, such that a poor person who cannot afford good-quality clothing need not be belittled by a wealthy person who wears expensive, quality clothing. Those persons conveniently ignore such critical concepts as freedom of choice, motivation, and individuality. If all persons were to wear the same clothing, why would anyone strive to be better? It is only a short step from forcing everyone to wear the same clothing to forcing everyone to drive the same car, have the same type of house, eat the same types of foods. When this happens, all incentive to improve one’s life is removed. Why would parents bother to work hard so that their children could have a better life than they had when they know that their children are going to be forced to have exactly the same life that they had?
Uniforms also hurt the economy. Right now, billions of dollars are spent on the fashion industry yearly. Thousands of persons are employed in designing, creating, and marketing different types of clothing. If everyone were forced to wear uniforms, artistic personnel would be unnecessary. Salespersons would be superfluous as well; why bother to sell the only items that are available? The wearing of uniforms would destroy the fashion industry which in turn would have a ripple effect on such industries as advertising and promoting. Without advertising, newspapers, magazines, and television would not be able to remain in business. Our entire information and entertainment industries would founder.

【題組】 25. The author’s primary purpose in writing this passage was to:
(A) Plead for the abolishment of uniforms.
(B) Show that uniforms are not possible in a democratic society.
(C) Discuss the pros and cons of wearing uniforms.
(D) Advocate stronger governmental controls on the wearing of uniforms.
(E) Convince the reader that uniforms have more disadvantages than advantages.

26.【題組】26. The author brings in the example of a parent striving to make life better for his children to make the point that:
(A) Individual motivation would be destroyed by uniforms.
(B) Parents love their children.
(C) Uniforms cause dissension between parents and children.
(D) Parents have responsibilities to their children.
(E) Uniforms would be less expensive than clothing for children.

27.【題組】27. With which of the following would the author most likely disagree?
(A) Persons have the right to dress as they please and flaunt their wealth if they choose to do so.
(B) Individuality is a luxury that a large society can no longer afford.
(C) Organizations must have more intrinsic worth than wearing a uniform would suggest.
(D) The media depend on the sale of clothing, if only in an indirect way.
(E) Freedom of choice is a right that cannot be removed by a government.

28.【題組】28. Why does the author discuss forcing everyone to buy the same car or eat the same food?
(A) To show that freedom of choice is obsolete.
(B) To show that the government has interfered too much in the lives of individuals.
(C) To hypothesize what could happen if uniforms became compulsory.
(D) To predict the way society will be in the next few generations.
(E) To criticize those who belittle self-motivation.

29.【題組】29. The next paragraph in this passage might discuss:
(A) The positive effects of wearing uniforms.
(B) More negative effects of wearing uniforms.
(C) An alternative to wearing uniforms.
(D) The legal rights of those not wishing to wear uniforms.
(E) The difference between countries that force their citizens to wear uniforms and those countries that allow their citizens the freedom of choice in their clothing.

There has been very little research on the relationship between economics and sociology. But even if many single pieces of knowledge are still missing, the main structure of the relationship can be discerned without too much difficulty. There
are only a few different ways in which economics and sociology can be related to each other. One of the two disciplines can try to take over the subject matter of the other, which would constitute a case of “economic imperialism” or “sociological imperialism.” Alternatively, they can each have their own distinct subject areas and ignore the other, as has been the case during the twentieth century. And finally there can be open borders and free communication between economics and sociology, which it is hoped represents the direction in which things are currently moving.

The early economists, such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Stuart Mill, are generally considered to have struck a happy balance between economics and sociology. They wrote about economic theory as well as social institutions with both ease and insight. It is true that “economics” and “sociology” did not exist as two distinct academic disciplines at that time, but it was of course perfectly clear to these economists when they were dealing with economic topics as opposed to social topics.

What distinguished Smith, Marx, and Mill from many later sociologists and economists was their ambition to define economics in a broad manner and to be interested in the insights of the other social sciences. Mill said, “A person is not likely to be a good economist who is nothing else. Social phenomena acting and reacting on one another, they cannot rightly be understood apart.”

Mill’s pragmatic attitude toward economic science was not popular in all circles, least of all with his colleague and one-time friend Auguste Comte. The thrust of Comte’s argument was that knowledge and society are going through an evolutionary development from lower to higher stages, and that “sociology” represents the highest stage of human knowledge. He considered economics a thoroughly useless and metaphysical enterprise. The best one could do was give it up and replace it with sociology, the “queen of all sciences.”

【題組】 30. Why does the author use the phrase “economic imperialism”?
(A) To describe the merging of two very different disciplines.
(B) To describe the creation of a new and balanced philosophy.
(C) To describe the destruction of an outdated philosophy.
(D) To describe a discipline asserting authority over another discipline.

31.【題組】31. According to the passage, John Stuart Mill was _____.
(A) the only sensible economist of the early group
(B) more interested in sociology than in economics.
(C) both practical and broad-minded
(D) the only early economist worth quoting

32.【題組】32. The passage presents Auguste Comte as ____.
(A) a detractor of the study of economics
(B) the most respectable sociologist since John Stuart Mill
(C) an environmental evolutionist
(D) a former assistant of Adam Smith

33.【題組】33. The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to _____.
(A) describe the primary differences between economics and sociology
(B) suggest that economics and sociology should interact more closely
(C) support Auguste Comte’s assertion that sociology is the “queen of all sciences”
(D) predict the development of sociology in the next century

34.【題組】34. With which of the following statements about economics and sociology would the author of the passage most likely agree?
(A) The complicated aspects of economics make it impossible to understand.
(B) Economics and sociology are separate but equal disciplines.
(C) We will never understand the difference between economics and sociology.
(D) One discipline should not simply bend with another for the sake of unity.