Yiting Lin>试卷(2015/06/18)

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102 年 - 臺北市立高級中學 102 學年度轉學生聯合招生考試 升高三英文科#22190 

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1.1. Not knowing what to do with the naughty child, the mother turned to experts for __________.
(A) balance
(B) glimpse
(C) assistance
(D) liberation
2.2. Most electric products are __________ against failure for one year from the day of purchase.
(A) converted
(B) guaranteed
(C) motivated
(D) responded
3.3. When Vicki and Ben meet, they __________ end up quarreling. I wonder why they always argue.
(A) apparently
(B) halfway
(C) relatively
(D) invariably
4.4. All the fans were ___________ with excitement while watching their favorite team winning the final victory.
(A) overwhelmed
(B) ignored
(C) emerged
(D) thrived
5.5. Don’t justify your bad driving habits by saying that you don’t deliberately __________ traffic rules. You’ll get a ticket, anyway.
(A) delete
(B) violate
(C) occupy
(D) insist
6.6. I always respect other people’s privacy. __________, I don’t want anyone to encroach upon mine.
(A) Miraculously
(B) Unconsciously
(C) Originally
(D) Likewise
7.7. Most of the main religions all teach us to have __________ for the poor and those who are in need.
(A) compassion
(B) interference
(C) coincidence
(D) significance
8.8. For the elderly to stay healthy, in addition to good nutrition, _________ exercise, such as walking, is recommended.
(A) precise
(B) humiliating
(C) moderate
(D) technological
9.9. The language center provides both English and Japanese classes that are held on Monday and Thursday __________.
(A) definitely
(B) respectively
(C) elaborately
(D) tremendously
10.10. After the earthquake, the soldiers were __________ by the army to clear up the ashes and debris among the ruins of the city.
(A) summoned
(B) executed
(C) abandoned
(D) regarded
11.11. The best __________ to attack is not to hit your enemy head-on, but to find a way around and strike from the side.
(A) solution
(B) hardship
(C) strategy
(D) twilight
12.12. Solar power is an eco-friendly source of energy that we can __________ as a substitute for the other sources to protect our planet.
(A) preserve
(B) generate
(C) operate
(D) utilize
13.13. We have had much unfailing heated __________ over the current educational policy. Some are in favor of it, but others are not.
(A) approach
(B) progress
(C) nutrient
(D) debate
14.14. To expand young children’s imagination, many parents spend a lot on LEGO bricks, which can be __________ and attached in many creative ways.
(A) collapsed
(B) assembled
(C) harvested
(D) mistreated
15.15. Failing to fulfill his duty as a doctor, Sam was accused of being __________ in not giving the patient a full examination to have the tumor found in time.
(A) graceful
(B) extraordinary
(C) negligent
(D) dominant
16.<1> People are vegetarians for some reasons, including concern for personal health, food preferences, or belief in nonviolence. What we are less aware of, however, are the effects that a vegetarian diet, 16 to a non-vegetarian diet, can have on the environment. The reasons why meat consumption is destroying our environment are as follows. First, all animals raised for meat release methane gas, a kind of greenhouse gas 17 for global warming. 20% of all methane emissions in the United States are estimated to come from livestock animals’ burps and farts. 18 , meat production affects the environment through the use of water and land. For example, the amount of water needed for a pound of meat is many times greater than the amount needed for a pound of vegetables or grains fit for human consumption. One acre of farmland used for raising livestock can only produce 250 pounds of beef, 19 one acre of farmland used for crop production can produce 40,000 pounds of potatoes. Therefore, many people now choose a vegetarian diet because of the vital role the vegetarian diet plays in protecting the environment. 20 our awareness of the environmental impact of the meat industry continues to grow, we are supposed to regulate our consumption habits.
【題組】 16.
(A) compare
(B) compared
(C) comparing
(D) to compare
17.【題組】17.
(A) responsible
(B) adequate
(C) elaborate
(D) indigenous
18.【題組】18.
(A) In this way
(B) That is
(C) For a start
(D) In addition
19.【題組】19.
(A) since
(B) though
(C) whereas
(D) unless
20.【題組】20.
(A) Until
(B) For
(C) With
(D) As
21.<2> Are you for or against death penalty? In countries where it is still legal, it remains a controversial issue. There are countless arguments raging about. For those who are for death penalty, the only 21 punishment for a killer is execution, which stops the killer from killing again. Justice demands that each person respect the rights and freedom of every other person, or 22 for not doing so. A killer who took the life of another person gives up his right to life. Why should the taxes be paid by taxpayers to keep a killer alive? 23 , for those who are against death penalty, killing the killer is a crime in itself. In some cases, murder is committed not because of cruelty but out of anger or fear. Everyone makes mistakes and deserves a second chance. Besides, the idea 24 death penalty stops criminals from committing murder is doubtful. No study has been able to show the fear of death penalty stops someone from committing murder 25 other forms of punishments. Whatever your opinions on death penalty are, no doubt controversy will still be at the center of the topic.
【題組】21.
(A) fair
(B) total
(C) capital
(D) doubtless
22.【題組】22.
(A) is punished
(B) be punished
(C) punished
(D) punish
23.【題組】23.
(A) Furthermore
(B) As a result
(C) In other words
(D) On the other hand
24.【題組】24.
(A) which
(B) , which
(C) that
(D) what
25.【題組】25.
(A) no less than
(B) any more
(C) as much as
(D) much more
26.<3>Suppose you took a walk in the woods one autumn morning. After you had enough of the cold fresh air, you returned home with numerous burs 26 to your woolen pants. Then what would you do? You would probably, like most people, spend some time removing those burs from your pants, complaining what a real nuisance they are. Yet, this is not the case with George de Mestral. 27 at how stubbornly the burs clung to his pants, he closely examined one of them under a microscope and found it covered with prickles or little hooks. Later, he 28 his accidental discovery of the hook design to his invention of Velcro, a fastening material. Mestral was not the only person who got brilliant ideas from nature. 29 , many other inventors are looking for what they can learn from Mother Nature, the best engineer of all, 30 designs should not be taken for granted, but rather be appreciated as a great source of invention.
【題組】26.
(A) stick
(B) sticking
(C) stuck
(D) to stick
27.【題組】27.
(A) Amazing
(B) Amazed
(C) Being amazed
(D) To be amazed
28.【題組】28.
(A) applied
(B) claimed
(C) led
(D) took
29.【題組】29.
(A) In fact
(B) As usual
(C) For example
(D) Above all
30.【題組】30.
(A) who’s
(B) what
(C) those
(D) whose
31.When you get sick, which doctor do you normally see, a Western doctor or a Chinese one? Those who choose to consult the 31 may not like the strong, unpleasant smell of Chinese medicine. They may also believe that Chinese medicine is 32 with severe diseases that require timely treatment. Meanwhile, Western medicine has long been referred to as the “magic bullet” 33 its quick effect. Nevertheless, Western medicine too has its own 34 . One drawback is that some patients can’t endure the painful side effects 35 western medicine. Another drawback is that the chemicals in some drugs are so 36 that they can cause irreversible damage to cells and tissues. But the biggest problem is that Western medicine is too impersonal, for it focuses on treating the symptoms 37 the patient as a whole person. The “magic bullet” kills the disease and hurts some parts of the body 38 . So which is better? 39 that more and more doctors are trying to combine natural herbs and chemicals, Chinese medicine and Western medicine can hopefully work side by side and 40 each other to create the best possible results.
【題組】 31.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
32.【題組】32.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
33.【題組】33.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
34.【題組】34.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
35.【題組】35.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
36.【題組】36.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
37.【題組】37.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
38.【題組】38.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
39.【題組】39.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
40.【題組】40.
(A) because of
(B) considering
(C) toxic
(D) as well
(E) complement (AB) accompanying (AC) former (AD) rather than (AE) ineffective (BC) disadvantages
41.People are attracted to a restaurant by more than just good food. 41 Their physical and emotional response is a result of the atmosphere—the total environment to which customers are exposed. Atmosphere is made up of the building design, decoration, interior color scheme, texture of the walls, and service. If the guests relax and have a good feeling, the proper atmosphere can make the food, service, and whole dining experience seem better. People want to escape from their problems and everyday surroundings. Thus the atmosphere should project friendliness and comfort, be attractive and interesting. 42 For the restaurant owner, this means repeat customers and, hopefully, a profitable operation. Not everyone wants the same restaurant atmosphere. 43 However, for those who work alone in a quiet environment, a noisy cafeteria might provide needed contrast. It is, therefore, very important to be familiar with the characteristics of the people you wish to serve. 44 Together these combine to make the atmosphere. Designing the “right” atmosphere takes careful consideration. The total atmosphere and operation of the restaurant should be geared in a special way. 45
【題組】 41.
(A) After working all day, most people prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxed, and intimate atmosphere.
(B) They need to attract the largest number possible from the target group.
(C) The atmosphere is remembered long after the meal is finished.
(D) Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant.
(E) People perceive such primary factors as sight, touch, smell, hearing, temperature, and tempo.
42.【題組】42.
(A) After working all day, most people prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxed, and intimate atmosphere.
(B) They need to attract the largest number possible from the target group.
(C) The atmosphere is remembered long after the meal is finished.
(D) Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant.
(E) People perceive such primary factors as sight, touch, smell, hearing, temperature, and tempo.
43.【題組】43.
(A) After working all day, most people prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxed, and intimate atmosphere.
(B) They need to attract the largest number possible from the target group.
(C) The atmosphere is remembered long after the meal is finished.
(D) Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant.
(E) People perceive such primary factors as sight, touch, smell, hearing, temperature, and tempo.
44.【題組】44.
(A) After working all day, most people prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxed, and intimate atmosphere.
(B) They need to attract the largest number possible from the target group.
(C) The atmosphere is remembered long after the meal is finished.
(D) Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant.
(E) People perceive such primary factors as sight, touch, smell, hearing, temperature, and tempo.
45.【題組】45.
(A) After working all day, most people prefer to eat in a quiet, relaxed, and intimate atmosphere.
(B) They need to attract the largest number possible from the target group.
(C) The atmosphere is remembered long after the meal is finished.
(D) Equally important is the way people feel while in the restaurant.
(E) People perceive such primary factors as sight, touch, smell, hearing, temperature, and tempo.
46.<1>Rudy Ruettiger, born in Illinois in 1948, is not only a famous football player but also an inspiring speaker. After graduating from high school, he got a job at a local factory. Without good grades and sufficient money, it was difficult for him to attend university. However, after his best friend’s tragic death, he decided to pursue his dream of playing for the Fighting Irish, which was the football team of the University of Notre Dame. Against all odds, he was finally admitted to the university and played for the Fighting Irish. After graduating from college, Rudy became an inspirational speaker. Today, he travels around the country, sharing his experiences with young people. Besides, to help more people, he started the Rudy Foundation. The organization’s main purpose is to help children around the world achieve all that they can. In addition to his speeches and foundation, the movie business has helped him convey the message that determination matters. In 1993, Rudy’s story was made into a movie called Rudy. After being released, the film soon became a hit. Rudy’s story has touched many people’s hearts. By setting a good example, he has taught the world never to give up. Actually, his spirit will be passed down from generation to generation.
【題組】 46. Which of the following statements about the movie Rudy is TRUE?
(A) It is based on a real story.
(B) Few people liked to see it.
(C) The film involves most of Rudy’s speeches.
(D) After being released, the film soon drew a lot of criticism.
47.【題組】47. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Rudy once worked at a local factory.
(B) Rudy is an inspiring speaker as well as a great athlete.
(C) The main purpose of the Rudy Foundation is to honor Rudy’s best friend.
(D) The death of his best friend had a great influence on Rudy’s career planning.
48.<2>In the Hollywood film Twister (1996), a group of scientists chased tornados close enough to drop a “Dorothy” device, which scattered sensors into the heart of twisters to measure their power. The film was loosely based on a real, far less successful, science project. But next month the biggest tornado-chasing project in history will go much farther than Twister. Dozens of scientists will be armed with an array of instruments – radar mounted on trucks, lasers, unmanned flying drones, mobile weather stations, weather balloons, and much else. They will venture out across a broad swath of Tornado Alley, the heart of the US where powerful tornados most often strike, and surround thunderstorms with their instruments to find out how tornados form. The basics are known. A clash of warm humid air and cool air erupts into violent thunderstorms. If the winds high up in the storm blow at different speeds or from different directions, they can send the storm spinning like a whirling top, and a funnel of spinning air drops to the ground as a tornado.  The most powerful tornados come from thunderstorms called supercells, which also have the power to unleash torrents of rain, huge hailstones, and violent gusts of wind. But crucial questions remain – why do so few supercells spawn tornados? And why do apparently similar storms produce weak or strong tornados? The answers will help to improve tornado warnings and save lives.
【題組】48. Where will you probably find this article?
(A) In a newspaper.
(B) In a short story.
(C) In a TV magazine.
(D) In a travel brochure.
49.【題組】49. What is the second paragraph mainly about?
(A) How Tornado Alley is formed.
(B) The measure employed to protect Tornado Alley.
(C) The contrast between the past and modern ways to research on tornados.
(D) A new project to investigate the fundamental factors that lead to tornados.
50.【題組】50. What does the word “spawn” in the last paragraph mean?
(A) To calculate.
(B) To supervise.
(C) To equal to.
(D) To result in.
51.<3>Do you often burn the midnight oil simply to play Facebook games or watch short films on YouTube? A poll of one thousand teenagers conducted by the Sleep Council shows that many teenagers today are damaging their health by not getting enough sleep and by falling asleep with electronic devices on. According to the poll, gadgets in bedrooms, such as computers and TVs, are fuelling poor quality “junk sleep.” Nearly all the teenagers surveyed have a phone, music system, or TV in their bedroom, and two thirds have all three and more. Moreover, a quarter of the teenagers surveyed often fall asleep watching TV, listening to music or with other equipment still running. Their sleep quality is affected by the non-stop noise from these electronic devices. As a consequence, they usually only get between four and six hours of sleep, which is much less than the eight hours most experts recommend. This may explain why many of them often feel tired during the day. Ironically, only ten percent of the teenagers surveyed place much importance on getting a good night’s sleep. This is an incredibly worrying trend. Sleep is important for both physical and mental functioning and well-being. Previous studies have suggested that sleep deprivation can lead to hormonal changes which tell the body to eat sugary or starchy food to provide an energy boost. Hence, people who do not get enough sleep have a much higher risk of obesity. Moreover, they tend to have bad moods and poor concentration. In some cases, lack of sleep may even interfere with the proper development of the brain.
 Teenagers need to be taught that sleep is important for their health. They should realize that when they sleep more, their body spends more time in what is known as “deep sleep,” which is when the brain refreshes itself. But it seems advising teenagers to get enough sleep is simply easier said than done.

【題組】51.Which of the following may serve as the best title of this passage?
(A) Hormone Imbalance and Teenage Obesity
(B) Harmful Effects of Junk Sleep on Teen Health
(C) Ways of Avoiding Non-Stop Noise During Sleep
(D) Physical and Mental Advantages of Sleep Deprivation
52.【題組】52.According to the Sleep Council, what is the possible number of teenagers surveyed that have a phone, music system, and TV in their bedroom?
(A) 250.
(B) 510.
(C) 660.
(D) 810.
53.【題組】53.According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A) Too much deep sleep may cause both physical and mental problems.
(B) Lack of sleep is disadvantageous to the proper development of the brain.
(C) Most teenagers surveyed do not consider it important to get a good night’s sleep.
(D) One in four teenagers surveyed often leaves electronic devices running during sleep.
54.【題組】54.What can be inferred from this passage?
(A) The more a person sleeps, the less deep sleep he will have, because his brain is busy refreshing itself.
(B) Textbooks with lessons that teach teenagers the importance of sleep may not be as effective as expected.
(C) Starchy food provides an energy boost and helps people who do not have enough sleep lower the risk of obesity.
(D) Hormonal changes caused by sleep deprivation help reduce the effects of non-stop noise from electronic devices.
55.【題組】55.What is the word ‘fuelling’ in the first paragraph closest in meaning to?
(A) Damaging.
(B) Suppressing.
(C) Increasing.
(D) Endangering