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103 年 - 臺北市 103 學年度公立國民小學教師聯合甄選初試專門類科知能試題-英文科#16524 

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1.16Which of the following is defined as the smallest unit of a word?
(A)A letter.
(B)A phone.
(C)A phoneme.
(D)A morpheme.
2.17 “Salt” is statistically more likely to flow, within two words, by “pepper” than by “sauce”, “cardboard” or “brontosaurus”; “coffee” often appears with “hot” or “strong”. Such type of binomials is an example of _________.
(A)idioms
(B)compound words
(C)collocations
(D)noun phrases
3.18 Children initially deploy the speech of others in order to communicate with others in their sociocultural environment. This social speech goes underground as inner speech, first passing through a stage of ________.
(A)holophrastic speech
(B)two-word speech
(C)telegraphic speech
(D)egocentric speech
4.19 Children use the word “apple” to refer to similar round objects such as ball and tomatoes but are able to correctly pick out the apple from a collection of such items. This phenomenon is called ______ to describe children generalization of the meaning of a word beyond the sense in the adult language.
(A)underextension
(B)overextension
(C)conventionality
(D)extendibility
5.20Speakers of any dialect of English who reside for a long periods of time in a region where a different dialect is spoken normally converge themselves to the speech; upon returning to their home region, they converge back to their native dialect. This is called _________.
(A)speech accommodation
(B)cooperative principles
(C)language shifting
(D)code switching
6.21 The structural intuitions which native speakers have about the syntax of their language are of two types, namely (i) intuitions about how sound-sequences in sentences are structured into successively larger structural units which we call _______ and (ii) intuitions about whether particular set of structural units belong to the same _____ or not.
(A)allomorphs, class
(B)morphemes, level
(C)constituents, category
(D)nodes, genre
7.22Young children initially appear to regard an entire word as if it were a single sound. However, as their vocabulary expands between 15 and 21 months of age, keeping track of a large store of independent sounds becomes very difficult for them to manage. To learn more words, children must begin to break words into smaller number of simpler units, which are sounds that can be used in different combinations to make up many other words. This feature of language can be referred to as _____________.
(A)arbitrary
(B)duality
(C)productivity
(D)culture transmission
8.23 Four traits constituting language aptitude are phonemic coding ability, grammatical sensitivity, _________, and memory.
(A) listening comprehensive ability
(B) inductive language learning ability
(C) syllable recognition ability
(D) morphemic construction ability
9.24The process of turning a message into a set of symbols, as part of the act of communication is called ____________.
(A) composing
(B) informing
(C) encoding
(D) comprehending
10.25.The fact that the meaning is not in any way predictable from the form, nor is the form dictated by the meaning indicates which feature of language?
(A)Arbitrariness
(B)Interchangeability
(C)Communication
(D)Creativity
11.26.The pair absent/present is an example of ___________.
(A)complementary pair
(B)gradable pair
(C)relational opposite
(D)synonymous pair
12.27.Which of the following violates English phonotactic constraints?
(A) [vusatk]
(B) [spred]
(C) [setir]
(D) [krust]
13.28.Errors, in Communicative Language Teaching Method, are seen as ____________.
(A)a natural outcome of language learning
(B)something that must be corrected immediately
(C)bad habit formation
(D)something that can be ignored entirely
14.29.“Hands-on activities” and “pantomime” can be grouped under ____________ Intelligence in Gardner’s term.
(A) Logical/Mathematical
(B)Visual/Spatial
(C)Body/Kinesthetic
(D)Musical/Rhythmic
15.30.____________ is a method for teaching children to read. Words are always taught in association with pictures or objects, and pronouncing the words is always required.
(A)Look-and-draw method
(B)Whole language method
(C)Look-and-say method
(D)Read aloud method
16.31.The words that are used to signal different kinds of relations between sentences and to enhance coherence of a composition are called ____________.
(A)fussy words
(B)content words
(C)transition words
(D)function words
17.32.Teaching new or difficult items which students will encounter before a reading comprehension activity can be termed as ____________.
(A)while-reading activity
(B)pre-reading activity
(C)post-reading activity
(D)selective-reading activity
18.33.Thinking about the mental processes used in the learning process, and evaluating learning after it has occurred are ____________.
(A)cognitive strategies
(B) metacognitive strategies
(C)social strategies
(D)affective strategies
19.34.“Negotiation for meaning” in Communicative Language Teaching Method means that interlocutors try to ____________.
(A) argue with each other for truth
(B) make a deal with each other
(C) understand others and make themselves understood
(D) exchange ideas and opinions
20.35.The students are given a passage in which the sentences are in a scrambled order. Then, they are told to unscramble the sentences so that the sentences are in proper order. Such activity can develop students’ language ability ____________.
(A)at word level
(B)at sentence level
(C)at phonological level
(D)at discourse level
21.36.Which of the following instructional approaches/methods mainly employs a structural syllabus?
(A)Task-Based Instruction
(B)Total Physical Response
(C)Community Language Learning
(D)Situational Language Teaching
22.37.Top-down processing is based on the knowledge of____________.
(A)grammar
(B)situational routines
(C)sounds
(D)vocabulary
23.38 . An essential aspect of __________ is facility in perceiving words as a sequence of sounds. For example, the word “ name” is composed of 3 phones /n/, /e/ and /m/.
(A)articulatory phonetics
(B)phonology
(C)phonemic awareness
(D)phonics
24.39.Differentiating highly proficient language learners from less proficient language learners is their mastery of a large stock of semi-fixed lexical phrases, also known as ______.
(A)chunks
(B)diction
(C)formulation
(D)lexis
25.40( B )根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,中年級聽說與讀寫的比例應為多少?
(A)50:50
(B) 60:40
(C) 70:30
(D) 65:35
26.41.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,以下哪一項不符「文化與習俗學習」的重點?
(A)能瞭解國內外主要節慶具代表性的習俗活動。
(B)能瞭解課堂中所介紹的國外主要節慶習俗的由來。
(C)能瞭解不同文化間有所差異。
(D)能尊重不同文化間之差異。
27.42.國小英語教學希望培養學生對何種文化的瞭解?
(A) 母語文化
(B)英語文化
(C)多元文化
(D)西方文化
28.43.下列何種書寫活動之順序是正確的?
(A)摹寫、聽寫、拼寫、書寫、創作。
(B)摹寫、書寫、創作、拼寫、聽寫。
(C)摹寫、創作、拼寫、聽寫、書寫 。
(D)摹寫、拼寫、聽寫、書寫、創作。
29.44.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,「看懂簡易的英文標示如 STOP, NO SMOKING, NO FOOD OR DRINKS, NO EATING 等」應於哪一年段達成?
(A)國小低年段
(B)國小中年段
(C)國小高年段
(D)國中
30.45.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,低年段要求學生能聽辨的重點是什麼?
(A)字詞的音節數
(B)對話中的關鍵字詞
(C)句尾語調是上揚或下降
(D)片語的重音
31.46.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,關於國民小學英文書寫教學的敘述,下列何者不正確?
(A)低年段能臨摹課堂中所學的應用字詞。
(B)低年段能抄寫課堂中所學的應用字詞。
(C)中年段能依照提示,將句子改寫。
(D)中年段能拼寫課堂中所學的應用字詞。
32.47.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,國小一、二年級學習評量方式,以下何種方式較不適當?
(A)唱遊
(B)紙筆測驗
(C)多元評量方式
(D)過關
33.48.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,「能以課堂中所學的字詞和句子回答他人所詢問關於家人或朋友的訊息(如:關係、 職業、個性、外貌及喜好等)」應於哪一個年段達成?
(A)低年段
(B)中年段
(C)高年段
(D)國中
34.49.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,中年段「能吟唱簡易歌謠韻文」之重點意涵,以下何者不正確?
(A)能跟著教師或 CD,有節奏的複誦所學的簡易歌謠韻文。
(B)能正確說出簡易歌謠韻文中的主要字詞和句子。
(C)能自己正確朗誦和吟唱簡易歌謠韻文。
(D)能以歌謠韻文中的主要字詞提問及回答。
35.50.根據臺北市國小英語課程綱要,關於國小英語學習評量,下列敘述何者不正確?
(A)以生活化趣味化為原則。
(B)評量宜採過程評量。
(C)應該瞭解考量學生的學習起點。
(D)評量結果宜多以量化評量方式呈現。