7.22 De Saussure argued that the "sign" was composed of both a signified, an abstract concept or idea, and a signifier, the perceived
sound/visual image. In different language systems, there are different words used to describe the same objects or concepts.
Thus, the relationship between signified and signifier is ______.
(A) arbitrary (B) controversial (C) flexible (D) closely related
8.23 A study undertaken by Roger Brown discovered that most children acquire morphemes in approximately the same order. The
first grammatical morpheme to develop is ______. (A) –ing (B) –ed (C) –s (D) –ly
9.24 A common language which develops as speakers of a non-dominant language accept a few key words, usually related to
business or trade, from the dominant language is called a ______.
(A) bilingual code (B) case grammar (C) pidgin (D) dialect
10.25 An assumption which claims that there is a biologically determined period of life when language can be acquired more easily is
(A) contrastive analysis hypothesis (B) critical period hypothesis
(C) input-output hypothesis (D) learning-acquisition hypothesis
11.26 Children may exhibit morphological errors during language developmental stage. For example, “-es” might be added to any
noun as plural form. This type of error is referred to as ____________.
(A) overgeneralization (B) underextension (C) understatement (D) neutralization
12.27 Chomsky and other nativists contend that each person is born with a Language Acquisition Device. They believe that LAD
provides a person a(n) ____________.
(A) general knowledge about how language is structured
(B) ability to perceive a particular relevant factor in a field of distracting items
(C) particularly salient strategy in early language learning and an important aspect of early phonological acquisition
(D) overtly observable and concrete manifestation or realization of competence
15.30 Michael Lewis is perhaps the best-known advocate for a lexical approach who emphasized lexical phrases, or _____ as central
to a language course. (A) communication (B) confrontation (C) conversation (D) collocations
16.31 Try to distinguish between a student’s systematic ______ errors (stemming from the native language or target language) and
other errors; the former will probably have a logical source that the student can be made aware of
(A) intervention (B) interaction (C) interlanguage (D) international
17.32 In what teaching method are students’ errors corrected immediately to avoid the formation of incorrect language habits?
(A) Total Physical Response (B) Audio-lingual method
(C) Computer-mediated instruction (D) Task-based language teaching
18.33 A construct that is field between what a learner can do by himself and what can be achieved with the support of a
knowledgeable peer or an instructor is termed ____________.
(A) Activation Area (B) Zone of Proximal Development
(C) Extreme-distribution Sides (D) Remediation Corner
19.34 One that yields an estimate of the position of the tested individual in a predefined population and compares one test taker to
their peers is called ____________.
(A) criterion referenced testing (B) standardized testing (C) proficiency testing (D) norm referenced testing
20.35 A hypothesis which claims that language acquisition must take place in an environment where learners are “off the defensive”
and the anxiety is low in order for the input to be noticed and reflected upon by the learner is called ____________.
(A) affective filters (B) attention span (C) immersion (D) discourse management
21.36 A visual display that helps students arrange and remember new information by drawing, or writing down ideas, and making
connection and then helps them comprehend academic texts for completing academic tasks is termed ____________.
(A) dictgloss (B) dialogue journals (C) graphic organizers (D) process writing
22.37 In the following, which is NOT the reason that supports the assumption of The Silent Way that the instructor should be silent
as much as possible and the learners should be encouraged to produce language as much as possible?
(A) Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates rather than remembers and repeats what is to be learned.
(B) Learning is facilitated by accompanying physical objects.
(C) Learning is facilitated by careful meditation and analysis.
(D) Learning should involve learners’ concentration and responsibility.
23.38 “Teacher talk” or “Caretaker speech” refers to
(A) the way of talk considering the purpose of listening activity and the type of information needed for task in an authentic
(B) spontaneous free speech, deliberate free speech, and oral presentation of a written text.
(C) the use of grammatical, lexical, phonological, semantic, pragmatic, and discourse features necessary for participation in the
(D) a simplified code, characterized by slower, more careful articulation, more frequent use of known vocabulary items, and
attempts to ensure comprehension via restatements, paraphrases, and nonverbal aids to understanding.
24.39 What are information gap activities?
(A) The students are given specific instructions that are modeled for them. They then perform an activity according to those
specific steps, using tools to practice the skills that they will need to demonstrate in the extension portion of the lesson.
(B) Students understand to communicate, providing opportunities in exercise to acquire new info (ex: from other disciplines.),
eliminating fictitious characters, and personalizing exercise to students' lives.
(C) They are task-based activities where one student has information that another student does NOT have but needs. Students
must interact with others by using the target language as means to complete the task.
(D) A kind of activity, which involves teacher explanations of rules followed by related manipulative exercises intended to
practice the new structures.
25.40 According to the English Curriculum Standard set up by the Taipei City Government, what is the proportion of teaching
focus between listening/speaking and reading/writing for the first and second grade students?
(A) 80%:20% (B) 70%:30% (C) 60%:40% (D) 90%:10%
26.41 To have students match pictures and words is the way to evaluate students’ recognition of ____________.
(A) word meanings (B) word forms
(C) word sounds and word forms (D) word forms and word meanings
27.42 What is the best way to evaluate students’ performance in the aspects of learning attitude and cultural awareness?
(A) Individual interviews. (B) Classroom observations.
(C) 5-scale Likert questionnaires. (D) Standard attitude measurement.
28.43 High grade students in Taipei municipal elementary schools are required to master the following skills EXCEPT ___________.
(A) comprehending the meanings of bilingual signs posted in campus
(B) making sentences with the words assigned for high graders to master
(C) writing a short paragraph according to the picture clues offered
(D) combining, rewriting, and making sentences according to clues provided
29.44 All of the following indicators of English Curriculum Standard are for low grade students to reach EXCEPT ____________.
(A) being able to distinguish indicative and questioning sentences correctly introduced
(B) being able to recognize the basic format for English sentences
(C) being able to match 26 pairs of lower case and upper case letters
(D) being able to understand, recognize, and say the words assigned for low graders