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95 年 - 臺北縣 95學年度國民中學正式教師聯合甄選及代理代課教師聯合筆試試卷 #25-44 文意選填 、 #55-72 篇章結構+閱讀#7460 

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1.It is tempting to say that oil and gas have become the new strategic weapons of the 21st century. The _____25_____ that the world may have hit “peak oil” seems to be taking hold. Today, oil and gas experts around the world are growing alarmed not just at future scarcity but at who's in _____26_____ of the precious stuff. As _____27_____for energy explodes worldwide, there is less of it available and less _____28_____ for it.
【題組】25.
(A). control
(B). demand
(C). exploration
(D). idea
2.【題組】26.
(A). control
(B). demand
(C). exploration
(D). idea
3.【題組】27.
(A). control
(B). demand
(C). exploration
(D). idea
4.【題組】28.
(A). control
(B). demand
(C). exploration
(D). idea
5.That is partly _____29_____ a drop-off in investment created by the decline in oil prices in the '90s. But it is also because multinational corporations like Exxon Mobil (despite its record profits) now own just six percent of supplies, _____30_____ a whopping 77 percent that's now owned by state-owned entities, _____31_____ the Petroleum Finance Corp., a Washington-based consulting group.
【題組】29.
(A). according to
(B). because of
(C). unlike
(D). versus
6.【題組】30.
(A). according to
(B). because of
(C). unlike
(D). versus
7.【題組】31.
(A). according to
(B). because of
(C). unlike
(D). versus
8.State control guarantees less efficiency in the exploration for oil, and in the _____32_____ and refinement of fuel. Further, these state-owned _____33_____ do not divulge how much they really own, or what the production and exploration _____34_____ are. These have become the new state secrets.
【題組】32.
(A). companies
(B). extraction
(C). numbers
(D). investment
9.【題組】33.
(A). companies
(B). extraction
(C). numbers
(D). investment
10.【題組】34.
(A). companies
(B). extraction
(C). numbers
(D). investment
11.Spring weather is just around the corner, so it's time to start thinking about ways to get outside and get active. Doing aerobic exercise, or any activity that _____35_____ the use of large muscles and makes your heart beat faster, for 30 minutes a day on most days of the week _____36_____ many benefits. And, remember, exercise _____37_____ your cells soak up more glucose so there's less of it in your bloodstream.
【題組】35.
(A). helps
(B). allows
(C). provides
(D). requires
12.【題組】36.
(A). helps
(B). allows
(C). provides
(D). requires
13.【題組】37.
(A). helps
(B). allows
(C). provides
(D). requires
14.If you haven't exercised _____38_____, see your doctor first to make sure it's OK for you to increase your level of physical activity. Then start _____39_____ with 5 to 10 minutes a day. Add a little more time each week, aiming for 150 to 200 minutes per week. Try walking _____40_____, hiking, climbing stairs, swimming or taking a water-aerobics class, dancing, riding a bicycle outdoors or a stationary bicycle indoors, or taking an aerobics class.
【題組】38.
(A). suddenly
(B). briskly
(C). lately
(D). slowly
15.【題組】39.
(A). suddenly
(B). briskly
(C). lately
(D). slowly
16.【題組】40.
(A). suddenly
(B). briskly
(C). lately
(D). slowly
17.If you're not quite ready to head outside yet, a great way to _____41_____ calories and feel better about yourself is to _____42_____ your spring-cleaning under way. I know I'm excited to _____43_____ reorganizing and do a deep cleaning in every room of my home. You'll be surprised at how much healthier you'll _____44_____ and how relieved you'll feel to have a clean home!
【題組】41.
(A). burn
(B). start
(C). get
(D). become
18.【題組】42.
(A). burn
(B). start
(C). get
(D). become
19.【題組】43.
(A). burn
(B). start
(C). get
(D). become
20.【題組】44.
(A). burn
(B). start
(C). get
(D). become
21. Tom is a successful sociology professor at an elite university. He is bright and enthusiastic about his work. ____55____ When planning a research project or arranging a colleague’s retirement dinner, he is convinced that everything will be a disaster. ____56____ He agonizes about all the things that could go wrong when all of the people who know him are quite confident that everything will turn out well. Most of the time, they are right. Bill is a partner in a successful architectural firm and a cheerful guy. He is quite popular both at work and in his social circle. ____57____ Besides, he is uniformly encouraging to those who approach him with ideas they want to pursue. ____58____ When his partner, Jimmy, brings up potential problems as they prepare for a presentation to a client, he laughs, first in mock exasperation, and then—if Jimmy persists—with real irritation. Before their presentation, Bill will distract himself by answering e-mails or relax by browsing through travel brochures. Tom and Bill are similar in many ways. Both are intelligent and highly educated; they both have good jobs. Both of them pretty much get done what needs to be done and, more importantly, most of what they want to get done. They are strikingly different, however, in the way to deal with their anxiety that can interfere with performance.
【題組】55.
(A) He rarely hesitates before agreeing to a new endeavor.
(B) He obsesses about every detail.
(C) You might be surprised to discover that he is also often pessimistic.
(D) He has no patience, however, for people with an aggressively negative attitude.
22.【題組】56.
(A) He rarely hesitates before agreeing to a new endeavor.
(B) He obsesses about every detail.
(C) You might be surprised to discover that he is also often pessimistic.
(D) He has no patience, however, for people with an aggressively negative attitude.
23.【題組】57.
(A) He rarely hesitates before agreeing to a new endeavor.
(B) He obsesses about every detail.
(C) You might be surprised to discover that he is also often pessimistic.
(D) He has no patience, however, for people with an aggressively negative attitude.
24.【題組】58.
(A) He rarely hesitates before agreeing to a new endeavor.
(B) He obsesses about every detail.
(C) You might be surprised to discover that he is also often pessimistic.
(D) He has no patience, however, for people with an aggressively negative attitude.
25.Microsoft has, in a relatively short time, advanced in two key areas by creating its own search engine and online advertising platform. _____59_____ Microsoft Corp. Chief Executive Steve Ballmer admits that he’d have preferred to have gotten started sooner. Redmond-based Microsoft only recently began using its own technology for delivering search results. _____60_____ Nielsen/Net Ratings reported that Google had 49 percent of the U.S. search market share in March, 2006 while Yahoo had 22.5 percent and MSN Search had 11 percent. Still, Microsoft executives have repeatedly argued that the industry is just beginning to understand the potential of Internet search and that Microsoft is in it for the long term. _____61_____ He said at one online conference, “I think we’ve made more than two years’ progress in the last two years, so I’m excited about that.” _____62_____ “I think this is one of the rare cases where we’re being underestimated,” he said at the same conference.
【題組】59.
(A) Ballmer defended the company’s advancement so far.
(B) But the software maker still has plenty of work to do.
(C) Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates insisted Microsoft’s effort is strong.
(D) It remains substantially less popular than Google and Yahoo.
26.【題組】60.
(A) Ballmer defended the company’s advancement so far.
(B) But the software maker still has plenty of work to do.
(C) Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates insisted Microsoft’s effort is strong.
(D) It remains substantially less popular than Google and Yahoo.
27.【題組】61.
(A) Ballmer defended the company’s advancement so far.
(B) But the software maker still has plenty of work to do.
(C) Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates insisted Microsoft’s effort is strong.
(D) It remains substantially less popular than Google and Yahoo.
28.【題組】62.
(A) Ballmer defended the company’s advancement so far.
(B) But the software maker still has plenty of work to do.
(C) Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates insisted Microsoft’s effort is strong.
(D) It remains substantially less popular than Google and Yahoo.
29.
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The National Security Agency may not be the only one looking at your phone records. As the agency’s controversial program of collecting Americans’ calling data continues to draw heat, new questions have emerged about whether federal and local law enforcement officials are possibly skirting privacy laws by obtaining phone records from companies that get the information in a questionable manner and then hawk it over the Internet.

Recently, Congress has been investigating such so-called data brokers for the ways in which they gather their information. Some of them use people inside the phone company who are willing to divulge the data. But more commonly, these businesses obtain phone records through an illegal practice known as “pretexting,” in which someone calls up the phone company and impersonates a subscriber to con the service representative into releasing copies of the records. 

The possible connection with law enforcement came to light when the data brokers were asked as part of the Congressional inquiry to submit letters revealing their client lists. One data broker listed as clients the FBI and unspecified “foreign governments,” while another claimed to have done work for the Department of Homeland Security. Neither company will reveal the extent of the data they gave out. Both the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security deny any wrongdoing. 

It remains an open question whether law enforcement obtaining the private phone records of Americans in this fashion is actually illegal. While most data brokers claim there is no specific law against the sale of phone records, as there is with banking records, and therefore it should not be illegal, the Federal Trade Commission and numerous state attorneys general disagree. Collectively, they have brought more than a dozen cases against data brokers based on state and federal statutes governing unfair and deceptive trade practices. 
Information brokers insist they provide a valuable service to creditors, attorneys and private investigators “to catch bad people” — among them stalkers, fugitives from the law, and deadbeat dads. Although data acquired through pretexting is not admissible in court, such information can be useful as an investigative shortcut, without having to wait for a warrant or subpoena. 
To protect your own phone records, the most secure way is to call your cellphone carrier and ask to have call details removed from your bill. The drawback is that if you have a discrepancy over minutes used, it will be more difficult to dispute, since there will be no record of your individual calls. Another way to protect your account is with a password that only you know and doesn’t contain biographical information. You should also avoid giving out your cellphone number, Social Security number, and other personal data online, when at all possible. And don't throw phone bills in the trash without shredding them first.   
 


【題組】63.What is the main idea of this article?
(A). Law enforcement tried to get private phone records illegally.
(B). The service provided by information brokers can help stop crime.
(C). People need to protect their phone records as the information may be misused.
(D). The National Security Agency has access to our privacy, including our phone records.
30.【題組】64.Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word “skirting” in Paragraph 1?
(A). avoiding
(B). abiding
(C). changing
(D). chasing
31.【題組】65.Which of the following is true about “pretexting”?
(A). It is an illegal way that phone company personnel used to get phone records.
(B). It is about using fake identity to ask the phone company to release private phone records.
(C). It is a legitimate method to obtain private phone records from service representatives.
(D). It is a kind of records circulated among people who work in the phone company.
32.【題組】66.Paragraph 4 is mainly about ___________.
(A). the popularity of doing deceptive business practices in America
(B). the legal issues involving law enforcement in getting private records
(C). the similarity between getting phone records and banking records
(D). the difference in opinions between data brokers and state attorneys
33.【題組】67.Why do data brokers think that they are doing attorneys and private investigators a service?
(A). They help provide a shortcut to investigation.
(B). The information they obtained can be used in court.
(C). The phone records can stop people from committing crimes.
(D). They can catch bad people because they have subpoena.
34.【題組】68.According to this article, who are the clients of data brokers?
(A). Creditors.
(B). Fugitives.
(C). Deadbeat dads.
(D). Stalkers.
35.【題組】69.What does the word “admissible” in Paragraph 5 mean?
(A). admitted
(B). aborted
(C). allowed
(D). afforded
36.【題組】70.Which of the following statements about information brokers is true?
(A). They work for the National Security Agency.
(B). They make money from the information they collected.
(C). They help the law enforcement agencies to lower crime rates.
(D). They gather phone records from the internet and sell them to the police.
37.【題組】71.According to this article, what can we do to protect our phone records?
(A). Avoid talking and shopping online.
(B). Don’t shred phone bills with other trash.
(C). Remove phone records from phone bills.
(D). Keep our biographical information with our passports.
38.【題組】72.The main purpose of this article is to __________.
(A). investigate the invasion of privacy
(B). argue for the importance of law enforcement
(C). reveal the illegal behaviors of some agencies
(D). raise the awareness of the use of private information