8.8. Thunder occurs when an electrical charge passes through air, causing the heated air to expand and ___ layers of cooler air.
(A) collides violently (B) violently colliding (C) collided with (D) collide violently with
10.10. The greenhouse effects occurs ____ heat radiated from the sun.
(A) when does the earth’s atmosphere trap (B) does the earth’s atmosphere trap
(C) when the earth’s atmosphere traps (D) the earth’s atmosphere trap
18.18. Institute offers a curriculum, requiring eight hours a week on topics like finance, branding, computer programming and graphic
design, as well as English, sociology, and history, the content _____ comes largely from online courses.
(A) of which (B) now that (C) furthermore (D) therefore
19.19.Redskin Joe lay stretched upon the ground, dead. He had died of hunger. His face was close to the crack of the door _____ his
eyes had been fixed to the last moment upon the light of the free world outside.
(A) as long as (B) before long (C) due to (D) as if
21.21. At a public school in this industrial Bangkok suburb, teachers wield bamboo canes and _____ students for long hair, ordering it
sheered on the spot.
(A) flannel (B) diffuse (C) dodge (D) reprimand
22.22. They crunch your calories, calculate your distance and tabulate your heart rate, but _____ those exercise machines on the floor
of every gym?
(A) how accurately are (B) how accurately (C) how accurate are (D) how accurate
27.27. In a recent study, women who did 20 minutes of cycling sprints lost _____ those who cycled slowly and steadily for 40 minutes.
(A) three times much fat as (B) three times as much fat than (C) three times as much fat as (D) three times more fat as
36.二、CLOZE Anne Boleyn, a lively young woman living at the court of King Henry VIII, played a __36__ role in English history. At the time, King Henry was growing __37__ his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, who had failed to give him a son and heir. Henry wanted a __38__ male heir to insure that his family would continue to rule England after his death. King Henry fell in love with Anne Boleyn and wanted to marry her. He expected that the pope would allow him to quietly __39__ his marriage to Catherine, such expedient measures being fairly common among the royalty of Europe at that time. However, the pope was anxious to please Henry’s __40__, the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, and continually refused the English king’s request. Due to his __41__ with Anne Boleyn and his eagerness for a male heir, Henry broke relations with the Roman Catholic Church, beginning the English Reformation. King Henry was not able to produce a male heir with Anne, and eventually had her __42__ for treason and beheaded. __43__, she did give Henry an heir, who would become one of the greatest __44__ in English history. Anne’s daughter grew up to be Elizabeth I, during __45__ long reign England became a leading world power. 【題組】36. (A) statutory (B) fiduciary (C) annexing (D) devotional
46.The analysis of nonsensical word-formation in dreams is particularly well suited to __46__ the degree of condensation effected
in the dream-work. __47__ the small number of the selected examples here considered it must not be concluded that such material is
seldom observed or is at all __48__. It is, on the contrary, very frequent, but owing to the __49__ of dream –interpretation on
psychoanalytic treatment very few examples are noted down and reported, and most of the analyses which are reported are __50__
only to the specialist in neuropathology.
【題組】46. (A) compete (B) demonstrate (C) transfer (D) incorporate
51.I needed to hire a new salesperson, and one resume stood __51___ like a sore thumb. The applicant, Ari, was a math major and
built robots ___52____ his spare time, clearly not the right skill set for sales. But my boss thought Ari looked interesting, so I called
him in for an interview. Sure enough, he bombed it. I reported back to my president that although Ari seemed like a nice guy,
__53_____ the 45-minute interview, he didn’t make any eye contact. It was obvious that he lacked the social skills to build
relationships __54____ clients. I knew I was in trouble when my president started laughing. “Who cares about eye contact? This is a
phone sales job.” We invited Ari back for a second round. Instead of interviewing him, a colleague recommended a different approach,
which made it clear that he would be a star. I hired Ari, and he ended up being the best salesperson __55___ my team. I walked away
with a completely new way of evaluating talent. Ever since, I’ve been working with organizations on rethinking their selection and
【題組】51. (A) out (B) up (C) against (D) on
55.There is evidence that DHA plays a big role in the intellectual development of humans. In one study, doctors measured the DHA
levels of mothers at the time they __56___. Their children were then tested at 12 and 18 months of age to see how well they __57___
things around them. The research team compiled data on __58___ each child focused on a toy. The toddlers ___59__ mothers had the
highest DHA levels at birth showed the greatest attention spans. These children focused for longer periods and spent much less time
simply ___60__, unfocused.
【題組】55. (A) at (B) with (C) on (D) against
61.In psychology and physiology journals, articles routinely confirm the value of omega-3 fatty acids. One published study
demonstrated that fish oil reduced __61___ in cats experiencing stroke. A study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh
showed that adults with low levels of omega-3s in their bodies ___62__ far more depressed, pessimistic, and impulsive than __63___
with normal or high levels. This evidence improves the prospects for treating depressed patients __64___. Many therapists now say
they are determined to coordinate psychological therapy with dietary therapy in order to __65___ drugs. As research continues to
show, new ways of thinking about fat can open the doors to better physical, mental, and emotional health.
【題組】61. (A) the degree of brain damage (B) the degree to brain damage
(C) to the degree of brain damage (D) the degree to which brain damage
(Please read the following passages and answer the questions. Choose the best answer for each question.)
(I) The three phrases of the human memory are the sensory memory, the short-term memory, and the long-term memory. This
division of the memory into phases is based on the time span of the memory. Sensory memory is instantaneous memory. It is an
image or memory that enters your mind fleetingly; it comes and goes under a second. The memory will not last longer than that
unless the information enters the short-term memory. Information can be held in the short-term memory for about twenty seconds
or as long as you are actively using it. If you repeat a fact to yourself, that fact will stay in either it is forgotten or it moves into
long-term memory. Long-term memory is the almost limitless memory tank that can hold ideas and images for years and years.
Information can be added to your long-term memory when you actively try to put it there through memorization or what an idea or
image enters your mind on its own. 【題組】66. The best title for this passage would be ____.
(A) The difference between Sensory and Short-term Memory
(B) How Long it Takes to Memorize
(C) How to Classify the Stages of Human Memory
(D) The Time Span of Human Phrases
67.【題組】67. The three phrases of memory discussed in this passage are differentiated according ___.
(A) location in the brain
(B) the period of time it takes to remember something
(C) how the senses are involved in the memory
(D) how long the memory lasts
70.【題組】70. According to this passage, when will information stay in your short-term memory?
(A) For as long as twenty minutes (B) As long as it be being used
(C) After you have repeated it many times (D) When it has moved into long-term memory
72.(II) It's a sign of the times. What was once considered as just a fad has become a widespread trend for an ever-increasing number of
companies. According to a recent survey, roughly twelve percent of large companies offer paid sabbaticals to their executives each
year and another twenty-five percent offer unpaid ones. Five years ago, only seven percent of all companies were willing to offer
unpaid sabbaticals. What has reversed the trend?
Employers have realized that granting their staff a gap year to travel around the world, focus on non-professional projects or
acquire new skills is a great way to increase their loyalty to the company and stimulate creativity at work. Sabbaticals are usually
offered to executive staff members who have been with their company for at least ten years and whose record of achievements is
outstanding. But, freedom has a price. During their leave, employees are seldom allowed to work for another company. Some
companies even require their employees to get involved in the actions of a charity or social service organization.
【題組】72. What percentage of companies offers unpaid sabbaticals?
(A) 25% (B) 12 % (C) 7% (D) 5%
75.【題組】75. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the passages?
(A) During their sabbaticals, employees sometimes have to serve in some charities.
(B) Executive staff members with eight-year working experience will be offered sabbaticals.
(C) The number of companies which offer unpaid sabbaticals is higher than that of companies which offer paid ones.
(D) Sabbaticals may stimulate employees’ creativity at work.
76.(III) The newest addition to human anatomy is just 15 microns thick, but its discovery will make eye surgery safer and simpler. Harminder Dua, a professor at the University of Nottingham, recently found a new layer in the human cornea, and he is calling it (can you guess?) Dua's layer. Dua's layer sits at the back of the cornea, which previously had only five known layers. Dua and his colleagues discovered the new body part by injecting air into the corneas of eyes that had been donated for research and using an electron microscope to scan each separated layer. The researchers now believe that a tear in Dua's layer is the cause of corneal hydrops, a disorder that leads to fluid buildup in the cornea. According to Dua, knowledge of the new layer could dramatically improve outcomes for patients undergoing corneal grafts and transplants. “This is a major discovery that will mean that ophthalmology textbooks will literally need to be re-written," Dua says. “From a clinical perspective, there are many diseases that affect the back of the cornea which clinicians across the world are already beginning to relate to the presence, absence or tear in this layer.”
【題組】76. Why is Harminder Dua's discovery important?
(A) Ophthalmology textbooks can be re-written. (B) It will improve outcomes for patients undergoing eye surgeries.
(C) It will lead to fluid buildup in the cornea. (D) Clinicians across the world can learn how to do research.
78.【題組】78. How was Dua's layer found?
(A) By injecting air into the corneas of eyes of patients undergoing corneal grafts and transplants
(B) By examining the many diseases that affect the back of the cornea
(C) By using an electron microscope to scan each separated layer at the back of the cornea
(D) None of the above