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101 年 - 臺南市101學年度市立國民小學正式教師(含代理教師)聯合甄選 英文暨台南文史 暨台南文史#15598 

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1.1. It was pure _____ for him to meet by accident a good friend in Disneyland.
(A) ambiguity
(B) serendipity
(C) graffiti
(D) prodigy

2.2. Teenagers are known to get _____ with anything they consider boring or routine.
(A) sentimental
(B) paranormal
(C) engaging
(D) disenchanted

3.3. The spruce bud worm that attacks pine trees is _____ in that area.
(A) sarcastic
(B) deliberate
(C) episodic
(D) endemic

4.4. Marmots spend their time foraging among meadow plants and flowers or _______ on rocky cliffs.
(A) gets sun
(B) sunning
(C) the sun
(D) sunny

5.5. February normally has twenty-eight days, but every fourth year, ______ has twenty-nine.
(A) there
(B) its
(C) is a leap year
(D) a leap year, it

6.6. There is often a _____ between what politicians say and what they do.
(A) disruption
(B) derivation
(C) dichotomy
(D) defamation

7.7. I _____ to New York and New Yorker magazines when I was studying in New York.
(A) ordered
(B) prescribed
(C) subscribed
(D) ascribed

8.8. Bread has been a _____ of the human diet since prehistoric times.
(A) strand
(B) staple
(C) stable
(D) stake

9.9. The revolutionary forces had to _____ up enough men to oppose the British army.
(A) finance
(B) muster
(C) perturb
(D) expand

10.10. Some people use _____ devices to help them remember details; for example, one way to remember that dessert is spelled with a double s is to recall that dessert is something extra at the end of a meal.
(A) animated
(B) optical
(C) provocative
(D) mnemonic

11.11. Her driver’s license ______ for almost a year since she hit a pedestrian and got arrested for drunk driving.
(A) revoked
(B) was revoked
(C) has revoked
(D) has been revoked

12.12. My father wants me to be a doctor ______ my mother hopes I become a professor.
(A) while
(B) now that
(C) therefore
(D) furthermore

13.13. Her friend recommended that she ______ see a traditional Chinese doctor since western doctors couldn’t cure her physical problems.
(A) go
(B) goes
(C) to go
(D) going

14.14. The security guard had already locked the door before he ______ to the hospital to see his wife.
(A) rushed
(B) has rushed
(C) rushes
(D) had rushed

15.15. Stress is part of our everyday life. Everyone should learn how to ____ stress in an appropriate manner.
(A) come across
(B) deal with
(C) drop by
(D) call on

16.16. As a safety measure, the detonator for a nuclear device may be made of _____ each of which is controlled by a different employee.
(A) two equipments
(B) two equipment pieces
(C) two pieces of equipments
(D) two pieces of equipment

17.17. The impact of Thoreau’s “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” might not have been so far-reaching _____ for Elizabeth Peabody, who dared to publish the controversial essay.
(A) were it not been
(B) had it not been
(C) it had not been
(D) it not having been

18.18. Marine reptiles are among the few creatures that are known to have a possible life span greater than _____.
(A) man
(B) the man’s
(C) that of man
(D) the one of man’s

19.19. Contestants in many sports _____ part of a “carbohydrate-loading” regimen that is supposed to provide quick energy.
(A) eat pasta to prepare for competing, which is
(B) eat pasta to prepare for competing for
(C) prepare for competition by eating pasta as
(D) prepare for competition and eat pasta, which is

20.20. Known to every man, woman, and child in the town, _____.
(A) friends were never lacking to my father
(B) my father never lacked no friends
(C) my father never lacked of friends
(D) my father never lacked friends

21.21. People who agree with the death penalty argue that it _____ crime.
(A) upgrades
(B) deters
(C) encourages
(D) improves

22.22. The board praised my performance and said that my proposal showed a lot of _____.
(A) literature
(B) faults
(C) insight
(D) drama

23.23. Participants jump, climb, crawl, squeeze, and slide their way through obstacles while racing against their _____.
(A) sports
(B) permission
(C) opponents
(D) teammates

24.24. Learning is a never-ending process of _____ that seems to become more valuable and meaningful the older we get.
(A) enrichment
(B) brilliance
(C) replacement
(D) application

25.25. Tim is _____ to second-hand smoke and often coughs and has difficulty breathing when someone is smoking near him.
(A) pleasant
(B) anxious
(C) allergic
(D) painful

26.26. Weekend cleaning of the house ____ much of my time; I hardly have time to go out with my friends.
(A) spares
(B) consumes
(C) regulates
(D) appeals

27.27. I’ve got a full ______ this week. Can we arrange some other time to meet next week?
(A) capacity
(B) function
(C) schedule
(D) budget

28.28. Nancy dressed up like a princess. She was praised and ______ all night.
(A) communicated
(B) composed
(C) compromised
(D) complimented

29.29. These astronauts successfully _______ their mission and brought back valuable information about the possibility of life on other planets.
(A) kidnapped
(B) enhanced
(C) discarded
(D) accomplished

30.30. With more than six million visitors every year, the Victoria Peak is the biggest tourist ____ in Hong Kong.
(A) invasion
(B) motivation
(C) substance
(D) attraction

31.31. The North Pole ______ a latitude of 90 degrees north.
(A) it has
(B) is having
(C) which is having
(D) has

32.32. Thunder occurs as ______ through air, causing the heated air to expand and collide with layers of cooler air.
(A) an electrical charge
(B) passes an electrical charge
(C) the passing of an electrical charge
(D) an electrical charge passes

33.33. The Caldecott Medal, _______ for the best children’s picture book, is awarded each January.
(A) is a prize which
(B) which prize
(C) which is a prize
(D) is a prize

34.34. Some general theories of motivation ______ of central motives, from which other motives develop.
(A) identify a limited number
(B) identification of a limited amount
(C) identify a limited amount
(D) identifying a limited number

35.35. The greenhouse effect occurs _______ heat radiated from the Sun.
(A) when does the Earth’s atmosphere trap
(B) does the Earth’s atmosphere trap
(C) when the Earth’s atmosphere traps
(D) the Earth’s atmosphere traps

36.36. _____ you the truth, no one in this room had any respect for those clownish politicians.
(A) To telling
(B) To tell
(C) Telling
(D) Tell

37.37. John is a good friend _____ is always ready to give me a hand whenever I need help.
(A) which
(B) whom
(C) who
(D) whose

38.38. He acted as if he _____ in a restaurant before.
(A) had never been
(B) is never
(C) never been
(D) was never being

39.39. _____ is not the first priority for improving traffic conditions.
(A) The streets are widened
(B) Widening the streets
(C) That the widening streets
(D) The streets of widening

40.40. The test was very hard; every one of us, _____, scored over 90% and passed it with flying colors.
(A) but
(B) yet
(C) therefore
(D) however

41.In many homes and offices, it is common to see a small statuette of the three wise monkeys. Of the three monkeys, one is covering his eyes, another is hiding his ears, and __(41)__ has his paws placed over his mouth. While the monkeys are amusing, their meaning has been __(42)__ as the ability of a disciplined mind to avoid evil. __(43)__, one should see no evil, hear no evil, and speak no evil. The three monkeys were first introduced __(44)__ Japan by a Buddhist monk from China in the 8th century A.D. In Japan, the three monkeys became associated with a __(45)__ god by the name of Vadjra. The monkeys are covering their ears, eyes, and mouth because of Vadjra’s command. There are also those who believe the monkeys __(46)__ foolish people. These people walk through life with their ears covered, in order not to hear; their mouths shut, so as not to speak; and their eyes hidden, so they would be __(47)__ to anything unpleasant. They choose not to get involved with anyone or anything. The final lesson from the three monkeys goes back to the god Vadjra. It is __(48)__ that if we follow all three commands of “see no evil, hear no evil, and speak no evil,” then we will be spared evil.
(A) the other
(B) another other
(C) others
(D) still other

(A) mistaken
(B) exchanged
(C) interpreted
(D) translated

(A) By the way
(B) In other words
(C) On one hand
(D) So to speak

(A) to
(B) in
(C) at
(D) on

(A) blue-face
(B) blue-faced
(C) face-blue
(D) face-blued

(A) deal in
(B) amount to
(C) live on
(D) stand for

(A) bound
(B) prone
(C) blind
(D) deaf

(A) taken
(B) held
(C) made
(D) given

49.In recent years, more and more Taiwanese students have gone abroad to study in summer camps. Once they return home, these students often have more __(49)__ in their English skills and feel more independent than before. Generally speaking, cities in the US and UK are __(50)__ than other destinations. US-bound students are likely to __(51)__ New York, Boston, Seattle, or San Francisco, __(52)__ students going to the UK tend to choose London or Edinburgh. Since customs vary from country to country, it is necessary to do some research before registering for a summer program. You better find out about the culture, climate, and scenic attractions of your destination before you __(53)__
(A) resource
(B) illustration
(C) construction
(D) confidence

(A) popular
(B) the most popular
(C) more popular
(D) popularer

(A) head to
(B) prepare for
(C) take into
(D) make up for

(A) instead of
(B) while
(C) in terms of
(D) therefore

(A) take off
(B) turn to
(C) register in
(D) point out

54.Dissatisfaction with controlled composition and the paragraph-pattern approach, due to the belief that neither adequately engendered thought or its expression and to their perceived linearity and prescriptivism, paved the way for the process approach, another import from mainstream composition studies. This tradition __(54)__ the composing process as a recursive, exploratory and generative process __(55)__ ideas were discovered and meaning made. It was believed that guidance through and intervention in the process was preferable __(56)__ the imposition of organizational patterns or syntactic or lexical constraints, and __(57)__, where there was a need or desire to communicate, content would determine form so as to convey meaning successfully. The advent of the “process approach” __(58)__ research on composing that focused on the person (that is, the writer) and the process (that is, strategies) involved in writing. Many variables __(59)__ second language writers have been identified and addressed in the literature. The second language writer has been looked at primarily in terms of the __(60)__ of transfer of first language proficiency or writing ability __(61)__ second language writing and the relationship between general second language proficiency and second language writing ability. Also __(62)__ are the possible connections between second language writing ability and first language writing experience and expertise, writing apprehension, gender, learning style, language and instructional background, the second language writer’s perceptions with regard to writing and writing instruction, and the amount of reading (in both first and second languages) a second language writer __(63)__. Research in this area has gone from seeing writer variables as simple and relatively discrete to very complex and greatly intertwined.
(A) heard
(B) saw
(C) felt
(D) agreed

(A) wherein
(B) which
(C) that
(D) what

(A) for
(B) from
(C) to
(D) by

(A) which
(B) what
(C) of which
(D) that

(A) caused
(B) deduced
(C) forced
(D) prompted

(A) which affecting
(B) are affecting
(C) are affected
(D) affecting

(A) extant
(B) extent
(C) extenuation
(D) extension

(A) for
(B) by
(C) to
(D) in

(A) in interest
(B) of interest
(C) interested
(D) interested in

(A) engages in
(B) engages
(C) is engaged with
(D) is engaged to

Children who live with dogs and cats are less likely to develop allergies to those 
animals later in life, but only if the pet is under the same roof while the child is still 
an infant, a new study suggests. Compared to babies born into cat-free homes, those 
who grew up with cats were roughly half as likely to be allergic to them as 
teenagers, the study found. Growing up around a dog reduced the risk of dog 
allergies by about the same amount for boys, but not for girls — a finding that 
mystified researchers. [ i ] 
Being exposed to pets anytime after the first year of life appeared to have no 
effect on allergy risk, however, which indicates that timing may be everything when 
it comes to preventing allergies. 
Though they can’t say for sure, the researchers suspect that early exposure to pet 
allergens and pet-related bacteria strengthens the immune system, accustoms the 
body to allergens, and helps the child build up a natural immunity. “Dirt is good,” 
says lead researcher Ganesa Wegienka, Ph.D., summing up the theory. “Your 
immune system, if it’s busy with exposures early on, stays away from the allergic 
immune profile.” [ ii ] 
This isn’t the first study to find that having a household pet may protect kids 
from allergies, but it is the first to follow children until they were 18 years old. 
Previous studies have had mixed results — some have even linked pet exposure 
during infancy to an increased risk of allergy — so it’s too early to recommend 
getting a dog or cat just to ward off allergies in your infant, says David Nash, M.D., 
clinical director of allergy and immunology at the Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. 
“In the end, we’ll probably find out that there are periods of opportunity when 
exposure to allergens, for some people, is going to have a protective effect,” says Dr. 
Nash, who was not involved with the new study. “But we’re a long way from 
figuring out who it’s protective for and when that optimal period is.” [ iii ] 
By the same token, don’t give away your beloved family pet because you’re 
concerned the critter will provoke allergies. “I would not get rid of my dog if I was 
having a child,” says Wegienka, an epidemiologist in the department of public health 
sciences at Henry Ford Hospital, in Detroit. “There’s no evidence that you should get 
rid of a dog or a cat.” [ iv ] 

【題組】64. What is the main theme of this passage?
(A) Keeping pets at home is a way to cure children’s allergies.
(B) Pets could be the main source of household allergens.
(C) Living with pets may protect young children from allergies.
(D) Parents should get rid of pets to prevent children’s allergies.

65.【題組】65. Why is the research important?
(A) It conducts longitudinal follow-ups on children until they were 18.
(B) It identifies pet-related bacteria from household pets that cause asthma.
(C) It confirms that exposures to pets strengthen children’s immune system.
(D) It concludes that dust, not pets, provokes allergies in the infancy.

66.【題組】66. Which of the following argument is suggested in the research?
(A) Teenagers owning cats or dogs are less likely to develop allergies to those animals later in life.
(B) A child who has been living with pets anytime after one year old has a significant lower risk of having allergies.
(C) There is a certain period of time in which exposure to pets may have a protective effect against allergies.
(D) Sending away pets is an effective way to prevent children’s allergies.

67.【題組】67. What of the following is closest in meaning to the word “mystified” (in line 7)?
(A) upset
(B) bewildered
(C) satisfied
(D) bestowed

68.【題組】68. Where can the following sentence be inserted into the passage? It’s possible that factors other than having a dog or cat in the house influenced the study participants’ risk of allergy.
(A) [i]
(B) [ii]
(C) [iii]
(D) [iv]

69.Climate, more than any other single factor, determines the distribution of life on Earth. Climatic boundaries establish the limits within which organisms can survive. Plants, even more than animals, must be well adapted to climate in order to survive. They cannot move about or take shelter but must be equipped to endure whatever weather conditions are likely to occur. In the harsh conditions of the tundra, for example, low growing mosses, lichens, and a few flowering plants all bug the ground for shelter from icy winds. Animals, despite their ability to move about and find shelter, are just as much influenced by climate as plants are. Creatures such as the camel and the penguin are so highly specialized that they have an extremely limited distribution. Others, such as bears, are flexible enough to adapt to a broad range of climates. Ocean-dwelling organisms are just as sensitive to climatic changes—in this case temperature and salinity—as land animals. Reef corals can survive only in clear warm seawater. Certain foraminifers are so sensitive to changes in their environment that their presence can be taken as an index of sea temperature. Human beings are among the least specialized of an index of all animals and can live almost anywhere. Their clothes and their homes act as a sort of “miniature climate” that can be taken with them everywhere.
【題組】69. According to the passage, which of the following factors MOST influences where life is found on Earth?
(A) Climatic conditions.
(B) The length of days and nights.
(C) Ocean tides.
(D) Geographic boundaries.

70.【題組】70. According to the passage, plants on the tundra grow close to the ground
(A) to avoid being eaten by arctic animals.
(B) because fertilizer is not readily available.
(C) to minimize exposure to the cold.
(D) because unfrozen water supplies are very scarce.

71.【題組】71. According to the passage, which of the following can be found in the greatest number of different climate areas on Earth?
(A) Reef corals.
(B) Penguins.
(C) Bears.
(D) Camels.

72.【題組】72. It can be inferred from the passage that foraminifers are a
(A) kind of weather pattern.
(B) form of sea life.
(C) species of tundra plant.
(D) type of miniature penguin.

73.【題組】73. According to the passage, human beings can survive almost everywhere on Earth because
(A) they have developed advanced forms of transportation.
(B) they have learned how to process seawater for drinking.
(C) their body temperature can vary considerably.
(D) their shelters and clothing help them to adapt to the environment.

74.Languages seem to be converging to a smaller number, as languages like English seem to eat up regional ones. The three languages used the most by first language speakers today are Mandarin Chinese, English, and Spanish. English is being used more and more as the main language for business, science, and popular culture. Evidence suggests that the dominant languages are squeezing out the local tongues of various regions in the world. Linguists estimate that of the approximately 6,500 languages worldwide, about half are endangered or on the brink of extinction. According to some linguists, the estimated rate of language extinction is one lost in the world every two weeks. If this sounds like the world is losing a species, in a way it is. When a language is lost, meaning no living person can teach another, a world perspective is lost. Some foreign language expressions simply cannot be translated. Colloquial phrases are pleasant to the ear, not only because they are familiar, but also because they reflect a unique aspect of a culture. Aboriginal languages in Canada and other countries such as Australia have words that reflect a way of life that is connected closely to the Earth. There are fifty different words that mean “snow” in one Canadian native language, and in the Eastern Arrernte language of Central Australia, the word nyimpe translates to “the smell of rain.” Languages are much like living creatures that become endangered when numbers dwindle. Local natural disasters, war, and famine are some of the reasons languages slip through the cracks of history. The language that bore the different daughter languages for the Eskimo and Inuit was almost wiped out after World War II. The mother language, Proto-Eskimo Aleut, was under siege when the Aleut people were forced to leave their land. Fortunately, some Proto-Eskimo Aleut, which originated 6,000 to 8,000 years ago, is still spoken. Languages also become endangered when they are not passed on to children or when a metropolitan language dominates over others.
【題組】74. Which of the following sentence from the passage is the effect, rather than the cause?
(A) Languages seem to be converging to a smaller number.
(B) Languages like English seem to eat up regional ones.
(C) The three languages used the most by first language speakers today are Mandarin Chinese, English, and Spanish.
(D) The estimated rate of language extinction is one lost in the world every two weeks.

75.【題組】75. Which of the following statement is TRUE about the passage?
(A) Since about half of the languages worldwide are endangered, languages seem to be converging to a smaller number.
(B) As languages like English seem to eat up regional ones, about half of the languages worldwide are on the brink of extinction.
(C) Approximately 6,500 languages worldwide are endangered.
(D) The three languages used the most by first language speakers today are Mandarin Chinese, English, and French.

76.【題組】76. Which of the following statement is NOT true about the passage?
(A) English is being used more and more as the main language for business, science, and popular culture.
(B) Mandarin Chinese, English, and Spanish are the dominant languages.
(C) Approximately 3,250 languages worldwide are on the brink of extinction.
(D) The estimated rate of language extinction is two lost in a week.

77.【題組】77. The phrase “on the brink of” is closest in meaning to
(A) hanging on
(B) verging on
(C) holding on
(D) converging on

78.【題組】78. What can be inferred from the second paragraph ?
(A) A language is simply a communication tool.
(B) Colloquial phrases are used as a written tool.
(C) Teaching is one of the methods to reserve a language.
(D) Every language can be translated into another language.

79.【題組】79. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as the causes why languages become endangered?
(A) Earthquake
(B) War
(C) Not passed on to children
(D) International trade

80.【題組】80. What does “slip through the cracks of history”?
(A) disappear in the world
(B) human history has cracks
(C) start to be used by human
(D) compete with other languages in the world