Earthquakes symbolize a kind of dialogue between man and earth, and in Taiwan’s history there has been a
continual contact sustained to different extents with the inhabitants of this land and their rulers. On September 21,
1999, a powerful earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale shook Taiwan at 1:47 a.m. 41 its epicenter
12.5 km from Sun Moon Lake in Nantou County. State radio described it as the most 42 quake to hit
Taiwan in one hundred years. In terms of human loss, 2412 people lost their lives, 11,305 were injured when they
were trapped under the rubble of 43 buildings and homes. 44 screamed for help from piles of
crumpled concrete as rescue crews carried the wounded down ladders to safety. Panic-stricken residents stood
outside their homes, clothed only in underwear or pajamas. 26,831 homes were completely destroyed, another
24,495 were partially destroyed. 45 those who were immediately affected by the earthquake at the instant
it occurred, many others were struck by the incoming dangers and inconveniences that came when power and
water supplies were cut off and roads were blocked or destroyed. These are all things that will surely stay in our
【題組】41. (A) by (B) of (C) for (D) with
Four years ago, PepsiCo began rolling out a wellness program that charges its employees $50 a month if
they smoke or have obesity-related medical problems such as diabetes, hypertension, and high blood pressure.
Workers can avoid the surcharge if they attend classes to learn how to break their nicotine addictions or lose
weight. When about 400 unionized PepsiCo bottlers and truck drivers in central New York learned early last year
they’d be subject to the fee, they rebelled. It’s a “sin tax,” says Ozzie Martucci, secretary-treasurer of Teamsters
Local 669 in Albany. “We’re against that type of tax, frankly. It feels wrong.”
PepsiCo opposes so-called sin taxes when it comes to levying them on its own products— an idea Congress
floated in 2009 as a way to pay for health-care reform. Thirty states introduced legislation for soda taxes meant to
improve residents’ health and close budget gaps. PepsiCo spent at least $17 million on lobbying and advertising
to battle the proposals from 2009 to 2011, according to the Center for Science in the Public Interest, a
Washington advocacy group. In the end, none of the taxes passed. “Most rational people understand that one
product is not the cause of obesity,” says DeCecco. “It’s caused by a multitude of factors.”
The soda maker doesn’t think of its $50 assessment as a sin tax. Says DeCecco: “What company wouldn’t
want a healthy, engaged workforce?”
【題組】46. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage above?
(A) Sin Tax vs. Soda Tax (B) Health Insurance Scandal
(C) Controversy Over Sin Tax (D) Health Hazards of Sin Tax
22.【題組】47. Under what situation will a PepsiCo employee NOT be charged with the fee of $50?
(A) When an employee smokes (B) When an employee is on a diet
(C) When an employee has cardiovascular diseases (D) When an employee refuses to attend weight-loss classes
23.【題組】48. Which of the following is TRUE about PepsiCo’s attitude toward sin tax?
(A) PepsiCo fundamentally opposes sin tax.
(B) PepsiCo believes that levying sin taxes helps close budget gaps.
(C) PepsiCo spent tens of millions of dollars to help their employees improve their health.
(D) PepsiCo insists that the assessment fee is to promote employees’ overall health.
25.【題組】50. Which of the following about soda taxes is NOT true?
(A) Thirty states passes legislation for soda taxes.
(B) Many state governments wanted to levy soda taxes to improve their people’s health.
(C) Levying soda taxes could bring more money to the state governments.
(D) PepsiCo’s lobbying against soda taxes succeeded.