7.7 For most students, the idea of “work” does not depend so much on the type of activity being done as on whether
or not the person in authority requires it be done.
(A)Most students take an activity as “work” because they are required by their classmates to do it.
(B)Most students define “work” based on whether their teacher likes that activity or not.
(C)Most students consider every uninteresting activity they have to do in school as “work.”
(D)Most students only take the activities assigned by their teacher as “work.”
8.8 The presence of women students in such great numbers in professional schools stands in stark contrast to their
numbers in the professions themselves.
(A)The great numbers of women students in professional schools represent a drastic change in the role of women
in the society.
(B)Professional schools, which do not require much standing, are much more desirable for women than the
(C)In professional schools, the attendance rates of women students are much higher than those of their male
(D)Although many women study in professional schools, only few of them are actually working in the
9.9 We have had plenty of time to consider the pros and cons of a single currency.
(A)We have had lots of time to mull over the generally agreed issue with regard to using one type of legal tender
for the whole area.
(B)We have had sufficient time to find out the outcomes of using the same type of money that was once said to be
(C)We have had sufficient time to think about both sides of the arguments that support and oppose the idea of
using the same type of money.
(D)We have had much time to think about the proposals for using the same types of coins and notes for the area.
10.10 Residents of Florida often have a closer view of crocodiles than they would like.
(A)Some crocodiles are raised as family pets in Florida.
(B)Crocodiles are quite popular among the people of Florida.
(C)It is not rare that crocodiles may get close to and scare people in Florida.
(D)Florida is a paradise for children where they can watch crocodiles closely.
11.11 A member cannot remain faithful to the party unless its political ideas have created a minimal success in the
(A)A member cannot remain faithful if his/her political ideas have been created successfully.
(B)For a member to remain faithful to a party, its political ideas should be somewhat successful.
(C)A member cannot be faithful to the party if its political ideas are successful.
(D)A member with successful political ideas will remain faithful to the party.
12.請依下文回答第 12 題至第 15 題
The word tolerance is an ambiguous term worth thinking about. To tolerate others, according to The American
Heritage Dictionary, means, on the one hand, to recognize and respect them, their beliefs or practices, without
necessarily agreeing or sympathizing with them. On the other hand, the word can mean to put up with or bear with
others, though you may 12 them, because some force, such as the law, requires that you do so. It seems to me that
people often pretend to use the first meaning of the word when they really have in mind the second meaning. In such
cases, people are 13 when they use the word, and I do not admire them. They pretend respect for others, but in
reality they are merely putting up with them. It is 14 they were saying, “Behave yourself and I will be gracious
enough to permit you to exist.” Does anyone have the right to be that gracious, I wonder? The idea can be
expressed 15 , “If you will accept my superiority, I will tolerate you.” With such an attitude, the word tolerance
implies a sense of inequality that is unacceptable to me. Because the word is ambiguous and often used in an insulting
manner, I often wonder what people mean when they use it, and I sometimes think we would be better off without the
【題組】12 (A) respect (B) despise (C) abandon (D) seduce
16.請依下文回答第 16 題至第 20 題
An endangered species is any plant, animal, or living thing whose ability to live and reproduce has been __16__ by
human activities. Without protection it will be in immediate danger of extinction. __17__ , it will die out completely if
nothing is done to stop the cause of its decline. Habitat __18__ is one of the most important causes of species
endangerment by humans. By destroying forests, __19__ forests and natural grasslands to farms and ranches, draining
wetlands for farmland and __20__ , and polluting marine environments, humans destroy the habitats of many animals
and plants. If its natural habitat is destroyed, a species may not be able to find food or shelter, so it vanishes. 【題組】
16 (A) preserved (B) neutralized (C) jeopardized (D) accelerated
21.請依下文回答第 21 題至第 25 題
The next time someone says, “I smell danger in the air,” that might literally be true.
At the tip of the noses of mammals is a ball of nerve cells known as the Grueneberg ganglion, named after Hans
Grueneberg, the scientist who described the structure in mice in 1973. Grueneberg thought it was just a nerve ending. Only in
the last few years did scientists realize that the Grueneberg ganglion is a component of the olfactory system. But they still did
not know what the ganglion smelled. Recently, researchers in Switzerland report that they have figured it out.
All sorts of organisms, including plants, insects, and mammals, release “alarm pheromones” when they sense danger;
the pheromones waft through the air to warn others. Very little is known about the alarm pheromones of mammals other than
that they exist. Nonetheless, the Swiss scientists could collect the pheromones by simply stressing mice and sucking up the
air around them.
When other normal mice were exposed to the danger-scented air, they froze in their tracks. But mice whose Grueneberg
ganglia had been removed did not notice anything wrong and continued to wander around their cages without a care in the
21 Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?
(A)The Pros and Cons of Alarm Pheromones (B)How the Nose Sniffs Danger in the Air
(C)The Evolution of the Grueneberg Ganglion (D)The Contribution of Hans Grueneberg
22.【題組】22 The word “literally” in the first sentence means “_____ .”
(A)to be taken word for word (B)to be interpreted at different levels
(C)not to be taken seriously (D)to be understood according to the context
23.【題組】23 According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true about the Grueneberg ganglion?
(A)It releases alarm pheromones.
(B)It is located at the tip of the nose.
(C)It can be found in both humans and mice.
(D)Our understanding of its function has changed over time.
24.【題組】24 What does the experiment by the Swiss scientists tell us?
(A)Alarm pheromones are released by insects and mammals.
(B)Hans Grueneberg was correct about the Grueneberg ganglion.
(C)Alarm pheromones can easily be collected in the air.
(D)Mice without the Grueneberg ganglia cannot sense danger.