Helen Chen>试卷(2014/07/11)

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103 年 - 高雄市103 學年度市立國民小學教師聯合甄選_專門科目_英語#16889 

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1.1. I. Questions on ESL/EFL Teaching Methodologies. 1. _____ promises great results if we will simply use the human brain power within us. With this teaching method, people are capable of learning much more than they give themselves credit for.
(A) Total Physical Response
(B) Natural Approach
(C) Community Language Learning
(D) Suggestopedia
2.2. Which of the following components about communicative language ability should NOT be included?
(A) language knowledge
(B) authenticity
(C) strategic competence
(D) background knowledge
3.3. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Audiolingual Method?
(A) There is dependence on mimicry, memorization of set phrases, and over-learning.
(B) Vocabulary is strictly limited and learned in context.
(C) There is tendency to emphasize content and disregard language.
(D) Great importance is attached to pronunciation.
4.4. Which is NOT one of the characteristics of Silent Way?
(A) Learning is facilitated if the learner discovers or creates rather than remembering and repeats what is to be learned.
(B) Learning is facilitated by accompanying physical objects.
(C) Learning is facilitated by problem solving involving the material to be learned.
(D) Learning is facilitated if new material is presented in dialog form
5.5. Which one of the following statements about responses to errors is INCORRECT in Communicative Language Teaching Approach?
(A) Errors of forms are tolerated during fluency-based activities.
(B) Errors should be avoided to ensure effective communication.
(C) Errors are seen as a natural outcome of development in communication.
(D) Errors are ignored at all throughout the learning activities.
6.6. “________” refers to an act of students who learn to answer automatically without stopping to think.
(A) Autolearn
(B) Omnilearn
(C) Everlearn
(D) Overlearn
7.7. Which of the following statements about Total Physical Response is INCORRECT?
(A) The imperative is a powerful linguistic device.
(B) Written language should be prioritized than spoken language.
(C) Beginning foreign language instruction should address the right hemisphere of the brain, the part which controls nonverbal behavior.
(D) Correction should be carried out in an unobtrusive manner.
8.8. ________Hypothesis states that the first few years of life is the crucial time in which an individual can acquire a first language if presented with adequate stimuli. If language input doesn't occur until after this time, the individual will never achieve a full command of language.
(A) Natural Approach
(B) Constructivist
(C) Critical Period
(D) Whole Language Approach
9.9. According to Chamot and O’Malley, strategies that are used to plan, monitor and evaluate a learning task are called ______________.
(A) Cognitive strategies
(B) Metacognitive strategies
(C) Affective strategies
(D) Social Strategies
10.10. The work by __________ on multiple intelligences has been influential in language teaching circles.
(A) Howard Gardner
(B) Stephen Krashen
(C) Diane Larsen-Freeman
(D) Parker Palmer II. Vocabulary and grammar
11.11. There are continuous attacks on Ukraine despite _____ agreement.
(A) ceiling
(B) cease-fire
(C) complimentary
(D) cold steel
12.12. The 2014 World Cup in Brazil has shown the _____ global interest in football, according to broadcast figures released by the game’s governing body FIFA.
(A) coming
(B) humming
(C) turning
(D) breaking
13.13. According to the latest statistics, one in 10 deaths among adults between the ages of 20 and 64 are due to ______ alcohol consumption.
(A) empty
(B) extreme
(C) excessive
(D) explanatory
14.14. The ____ weather in late June didn’t stop pro-democracy Hong Kongers to vote for an unofficial referendum in support of free elections for the next leader.
(A) suffocating
(B) surfing
(C) superficial
(D) sublime
15.15. The _____ bread of Baker Pao Chun Wu is his creative rose and lychee bread, which won him a gold award in France.
(A) signature
(B) super
(C) fun
(D) superlative
16.16. Nearly 400 people have died in the _____ of deadly Ebola which started in Guinea and has spread to neighboring Sierra Leone and Liberia.
(A) outweigh
(B) outburst
(C) outcry
(D) outbreak
17.17. Organ trafficking is an illegal, yet ____ trade around the globe. Nepal is a growing market for it in recent years.
(A) thriving
(B) throwing
(C) thrilling
(D) thrusting
18.18. As the new terrorist group continues to capture and control more territory in Xingjiang, it is important to realize what is ____ stake in the region.
(A) at
(B) with
(C) for
(D) as
19.19. ______ scale of Grand Canyon, it is difficult to include it in just one photograph.
(A) Regardless of the
(B) Based on the
(C) Just as the
(D) Because of the
20.20. Colloquialisms, _____ of informal spoken language, are generally thought to be improper for more formal written language.
(A) expressions which are characteristic
(B) in which characteristics expressions
(C) are expressions that characteristic
(D) that are be characteristic expressions
21.21. Tornados, strong, disastrous wind storms, take place most likely in the spring when hot winds ____ over flat land meet heavy, cold air.
(A) which to rise
(B) that rises
(C) to be rising
(D) rising
22.22. ____ ballet dancers learn five basic positions for the arms and feet.
(A) All of
(B) Each of the
(C) All the
(D) For all
23.23. Students appear to be overjoyed and _________ when the bell rings on the last day of school.
(A) exuberant
(B) downcast
(C) obtuse
(D) cantankerous
24.24. The old man is considered to be __________ as he is reluctant to spend unnecessary money.
(A) parsimonious
(B) supercilious
(C) lavish
(D) torrential
25.25. December 21st marks the _______ -- the first day of winter in northern hemisphere.
(A) equinox
(B) solstice
(C) sodium
(D) eclipse
26.26. Tigers, Leopards and Lions are examples of __________.
(A) herbivores
(B) omnivores
(C) carnivores
(D) detritivores
27.27. Drums and cymbals are common _________ instruments.
(A) reed
(B) wind
(C) percussion
(D) strike
28.III. Cloze Test   A ‘text message’ or SMS (short message service) is a short message ( ___28 ___ 160 characters) sent or received from a cell phone or similar device. The act of “texting” has seen a significant rise in ___29 ___ in recent years. Texts can be sent from anywhere there is a cell phone signal, so it’s a safe bet that many texts have been sent from people driving in their cars. This ___30 ___ the question: how safe is it to send a text while driving? In an independent test, two drivers’ reaction times were tested. First they were tested as they were texting and driving, next they were tested while driving intoxicated. The study found ___31 ___ the drivers’ reaction time while intoxicated was very poor, reaction time while texting was significantly worse.   Both test subject thought they were good drivers and didn’t realize how much texting would slow their reaction time. But in order to drive safely, it’s necessary to keep your focus on the road. Texting is too distracting and can’t be done safely while driving. While driving under the influence of alcohol is illegal, laws ___32 ___ texting and driving are not yet widely implemented and even if they were, the laws may be difficult to enforce. So the next time you need to send a text while driving, find a place to pull over. You’ll be improving the safety of the road for both yourself and the other drivers.
【題組】28.
(A) not more than
(B) no more than
(C) no less than
(D) no much than
29.【題組】29.
(A) popular
(B) population
(C) popularity
(D) polarization
30.【題組】30.
(A) raises about
(B) rises
(C) arises with
(D) raises
31.【題組】31.
(A) as if
(B) despite of
(C) as long as
(D) even though
32.【題組】32.
(A) regarding
(B) regarding of
(C) regarding as
(D) regarding to
33.IV. Sentence Completion: Choose the most appropriate answer. When I was a very small boy I was made to learn by heart certain of the fables of La Fontaine, and the moral of each was carefully explained to me. Among those I learnt was The Ant and the Grasshopper, which is devised to bring home to the young the useful lesson 33 . In this admirable fable, the ant spends a laborious summer gathering its winter store, 34 . Winter comes and the ant is comfortably provided for, 35 : he goes to the ant and begs for a little food. Then the ant gives him her class answer: “What were you doing in the summer time?” “Saving your presence, I sang, I sang all day, all night.” “You sang. Why, then go and dance.” I could not help thinking of this fable when the other day I saw George Ramsay lunching by himself in a restaurant. I never say anyone wear an expression of such deep gloom. He was staring into space. He looked as though the burden of the whole world sat on his shoulders. I was sorry for him: I suspected at once 36 .
(A) but the grasshopper has an empty larder
(B) that his unfortunate brother had been causing trouble again
(C) that in an imperfect world industry is rewarded and giddiness punished
(D) while the grasshopper sits on a blade of grass singing to the sun

【題組】33.
34.【題組】34.
35.【題組】35.
36.【題組】36.
37.The challenge that Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) poses is not just to Iraq’s stability but also to the whole world’s security. So what can we do to resist it? 37 For example, the US President’s decision to send 300 advisers to Iraq is a good first step, but their ability to deter ISIS will be limited. Second, we also need to understand that our lack of an effective Syria strategy has allowed ISIS to take hold and flourish in the region. 38 We need to begin to tackle the root causes of the problem in Syria by overtly arming the moderate Syrian rebels that are fighting ISIS in that country even as we simultaneously tackle the challenge they currently pose to Iraq. 39 This is all a response to same problem, and must be part of a unified strategy. Third, as ISIS has gained ground in Iraq, its wealth and ability to make money have increased. We need to stop their ability to sell the Syrian and Iraqi oil they attempt to market to the outside world. 40 Jordan deserves special attention and assistance. Jordan is already dealing an influx of hundreds of 第 6 頁,共 9 頁   thousands of refugees from the conflict in Syria and Jordan is a likely target of ISIS’s attention.
(A) ISIS has been able to develop its capabilities, increase its ranks, and obtain combat experience for its fighters over the last 18 months in Northern Syria.
(B) The whole world should consider additional counter terrorism measures in Syria, perhaps working with regional partners.
(C) First and foremost, we need to move now to degrade ISIS’s capabilities.
(D) Finally, our partners in the region need our support

【題組】37.
38.【題組】38.
39.【題組】39.
40.【題組】40.
41.V. Reading Comprehension   Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones gradually weaken and become fragile so that they break more easily. This increased risk of fractures makes osteoporosis a real concern in older adults. When an older person suffers a fracture they often end up in hospital, thus are more likely to lose their independence, and in many cases lose much of their enjoyment in life.   Bone is a living tissue that is constantly replacing itself. Osteoporosis occurs when there is an imbalance in the bone remodeling process –when bone breakdown exceeds bone replacement. This change causes bones to become less dense, weaker and to fracture more easily.   Osteoporosis has many component causes hence is also very preventable if correct measures are taken. Three major causes are ageing - especially due to the loss of estrogen for women during the onset of menopause, lack of exercise and nutrition.   People say we should have a diet rich in calcium, especially milk, cheese and yoghurt to prevent osteoporosis. However, it should be noted that while the United States, Finland, Sweden and United Kingdom are the countries with the highest percentage of milk consumption in the world, their population also suffer the greatest percentages of people with osteoporosis. This clearly indicates while eating a calcium-rich diet may increase bone density it does not actually prevent osteoporosis in itself.
【題組】41. What can be inferred from the passage?
(A) Osteoporosis can be a fatal disease as bone fractures occur abruptly.
(B) Osteoporosis happens to senior citizens only.
(C) Osteoporosis requires health care as it is likely to disenable a person.
(D) Osteoporosis has to do with defective bone tissue genes.
42.【題組】42. According to the passage, which of the following might be subject to Osteoporosis?
(A) Amy, female, a 55 year-old PE teacher
(B) Billy, male, a 55 year-old sports coach
(C) Carol, female, a 55 year-old software designer
(D) David, male, a 55 year-old software designer
43.【題組】43. What might be the impossible treatment to prevent Osteoporosis?
(A) Take estrogen supplements.
(B) Take adequate exercises.
(C) A nutritious diet.
(D) An anti-age cosmetic surgery
44.【題組】44. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
(A) Having a calcium-rich diet such as milk or dairy products can help increase bone density.
(B) A calcium-rich diet can help prevent Osteoporosis.
(C) In Sweden, many people suffer from Osteoporosis.
(D) Yoghurt and cheese are rich in calcium.  
45. Shakespeare's Globe is a reconstruction of the Globe Theatre, an Elizabethan playhouse in the London Borough of Southwark, on the south bank of the River Thames. The original Globe Theatre was built in 1599 by the playing company, Lord Chamberlain's Men, using timber from an earlier theatre which had been built by Richard Burbage's father, James Burbage, in Shoreditch in 1576. With the onset of more favourable weather in the following spring, the material was ferried over the Thames to reconstruct it as The Globe on some marshy gardens to the south of Maiden Lane, Southwark. While only a hundred yards from the congested shore of the Thames, the piece of land was situated close by an area of farmland and open fields. It was poorly drained and, notwithstanding its distance from the river, was liable to flooding at times of particularly high tide; a "wharf" (bank) of raised earth with timber revetments had to be created to carry the building above the flood level. On 29 June 1613 the Globe Theatre went up in flames during a performance of Henry VIII. A theatrical cannon, set off during the performance, misfired, igniting the wooden beams and thatching. The theatre was rebuilt by June 1614 (the exact opening date is not known), but was officially closed by pressure of Puritan opinion in 1642 like all the other theatres in London and demolished in 1644.   
     The modern reconstruction is an academic approximation based on available evidence of the 1599 and 1614 buildings. It was founded by the actor and director Sam Wanamaker and opened to the public in 1997 under the name "Shakespeare's Globe Theatre", with a production of Henry V and has staged plays every summer. The site also includes the Sam Wanamaker Playhouse, an indoor theatre which opened in January 2014. This is a reconstruction of the Blackfriars Theatre, another Elizabethan theatre.   
     The modern Globe is located on Bankside, about 230 metres (750 ft) from the original site—measured from centre to centre. The Thames was much wider in Shakespeare's time and the original Globe was on the riverbank, though that site is now far from the river, and the river-side site for the reconstructed Globe was chosen to recreate the atmosphere of the original theatre. Like the original Globe, the modern theatre has a thrust stage that projects into a large circular yard surrounded by three tiers of raked seating. The only covered parts of the amphitheatre are the stage and the seating areas. Plays are staged during the summer, usually between May and the first week of October; in the winter, the theatre is used for educational purposes. Tours are available all year round. 
  The reconstruction was carefully researched so that the new building would be as faithful a replica of the original as possible. This was aided by the discovery of the remains of the original Rose Theatre, a nearby neighbour to the Globe, as final plans were being made for the site and structure. Performances are engineered to duplicate the original environment of Shakespeare's Globe; there are no spotlights, plays are staged during daylight hours and in the evenings (with the help of interior floodlights), there are no microphones, speakers or amplification. All music is performed live; the actors and the audience can see each other, adding to the feeling of a shared experience and of a community event.
   The building itself is constructed entirely of English oak, with mortise and tenon joints and is, in this sense, an "authentic" 16th century timber-framed building, as no structural steel was used. The seats are simple benches (though cushions can be hired for performances) and the Globe has the first and only thatched roof permitted in London since the Great Fire of 1666. The modern thatch is well protected by fire retardants, and sprinklers on the roof ensure further protection against fire. The pit has a concrete surface, as opposed to earthen-ground covered with strewn rush from the original theatre. The theatre has extensive backstage support areas for actors and musicians and is attached to a modern lobby, restaurant, gift shop and visitor centre. Seating capacity is 857 with an additional 700 "groundlings" standing in the pit, making up an audience about half the size of a typical audience in Shakespeare's time.

【題組】45. Which of the following statements about the Globe Theater is CORRECT?
(A) It was built in 1599 by Sam Wanamaker.
(B) It was built with amazing water-proof construction methods.
(C) It recycled the timber used by an earlier theatre.
(D) It was located far from the River Thames.
46.【題組】46. According to the passage, the Globe Theatre was pulled down in _________.
(A) 1613
(B) 1614
(C) 1642
(D) 1644
47.【題組】47. Which of the following statements about the modern Globe Theatre is INCORRECT?
(A) It was renamed “Shakespeare’s Globe.”
(B) It was built on the original site of the old Globe Theatre.
(C) It was inaugurated with the production of Henry V.
(D) It offers performances during the summer.
48.【題組】48. What can be inferred from the passage?
(A) Puritans were supporters of the operation of playhouses.
(B) Blackfriars Theatre was next to the Globe.
(C) The River Thames is wider today than it was in Elizabethan times.
(D) No structural steel was used in the modern Globe Theatre.
49.【題組】49. Which of the following equipment can be found in Shakespeare’s Globe?
(A) live music
(B) speakers
(C) microphones
(D) spotlights
50.【題組】50. According to the passage, approximately how many spectators could be admitted into the Globe Theatre in Elizabethan times?
(A) 700
(B) 857
(C) 1557
(D) 3114