1.Different kinds of tea differ in the ___________ used to process leaves.
(D)instructions (E) mechanic
2.Death Valley in California received its name because of its _______ desert.
(D)deadly (E) desolate
3.The survivor _______ for 3 days on seaweeds and water.
(D)subscribed (E) subsided
4.In the Chinese culture, it is traditional to prepare __________ meals to celebrate the Chinese New Year.
(D)lavish (E) infinite
5.The amount of open space has _________ as more and more houses are built.
(D)dwindled (E) demolished
6.The Indian government can legally ___________ sites promoting hate speech, terrorism or pornography, but in reality, sites are rarely banned.
(D)skirt (E) pluck
7.Except for a few wrinkles and a head of silvery, cotton-ball hair, Bennett doesn't
look _________ old.
(D)decisively (E) mysteriously
8.Beijing has limited foreign ownership of Chinese banks to 25%, and even that has
left Mr. Hu __________ to criticism at home that he is giving away the family silver.
(D)indifferent (E) vulnerable
9.I used to think of nonfiction books as a kind of economic indicator: in boom years, ___________ books sell well, while pessimism rules the bookstore in recession.
(D)biologic (E) statistic
10.Before the war, he told me that he hoped Saddam's fall would ________ a wave of democratic reforms in the region.
(D)take in (E) put up
11.On the coast _________ picturesque fishing villages and manufacturing towns.
(D)can observe (E) there are
12.The type of clothes people wear tells others a lot about __________.
(A)who are they
(B)who they are
(C)are they who
(D)they are who (E) they themselves
13.___________ for a career in sports generally begins at an early age.
(D)When training (E) The people train
14.Birds head south to warmer climate when ________.
(A)is cold weather
(B)cold weather comes
(C)cold weather will come
(D)does cold weather come (E) comes cold weather
15.Prospectors rushed to San Francisco in 1800s ________ was discovered there.
(A)after gold soon
(B)they found gold
(C)gold was soon after
(D)soon after gold (E) when gold soon
16.A Singapore-based biotech company claims _______ human embryonic stem cells
designed for clinical use.
(D)to have created (E) creating
17.Before patients' blood pressure is measured in a doctor's office, _________ and at rest for at least 10 minutes appears to give more reliable results.
(A)have them sat
(B)having them set
(C)to have them set
(D)having them seated (E) have them seated
18.Our research suggests that hoarding is a complex problem ________ people have
difficulty processing information to organize items and solve problems.
(D)in where (E) in it
19.The energy shortage is dividing Americans into two camps: those who are behaving as if the crisis were genuine __________.
(A)and who are not
(B)and they are not
(C)and those who are not
(D)and who do not (E) and those who do not
20.What he says is not consistent with ________.
(A)things he does
(B)that he does
(C)which he does
(D)what he does (E) what does he
21.My 32-year-old husband has been playing computer war games for more than two years now. He has also installed a TV in ___21____ every room. He started this
behavior about six months ___22___ we got married, which made it very difficult to get his attention on wedding details. ___23___, a few months after we were married, I found out I was pregnant. This seemed to increase his many hours watching TV
and ___24___ online. After I had our son, I ___25___ thought he would adjust his
schedule to find time for his family. This, ___26___ did not happen. ___27___ our
son is 9 months old. When my husband comes home from work, he'll told the
baby, but he either watches TV or plays on the computer while going it. 【題組】21
(D)really (E) safely
(D)as (E) while
28.I was not born and raised to be a geisha: I was meant for one in my teenage years.
My mother and grandmother were both beauties, but ___28___ in my family
heritage had anything to do with geisha. Our house ___29___ in an inconspicuous,
tranquil little village ___30___ the vast sea, ___31___ some people barely earned
their livelihood by fishing. The only connection with our family tradition was fishing
___32___ the stinking smell from it. My sister and I would go to help our father
drag in the daily catch from the fishing boat. ___33___ came as no surprise that
we smelled of stinking fish. We were accustomed to the practice of the long-
standing occupation. We were poor, but we relished the life pattern. My family
___34___ gone on with this happy-go-lucky life. But ___35___happened that
disrupted the atmosphere and split up my family 【題組】28
(D)both (E) some
29.【題組】29 (A)is located
(D)to locate (E) locating
(D)overlooking (E) was
(D)but (E) where
(D)for (E) as well as
36.John B. Calhoun did a classic series of experiments to determine the effects of overpopulation on communities of rats in the 1960s. In each of these experiments, an equal number of male and female adult rats were placed in an enclosure and given an adequate supply of food, water and other necessities. He allowed the rat populations to increase to approximately twice the number that could live in the enclosure without experiencing stress due to overcrowding. He then carefully observed and recorded behavior in these overpopulations communities. At the end of these experiments, Calhoun was able to conclude that overcrowding caused a breakdown in the normal social relationships among rats.
The females, the most seriously affected by the high population density, showed deviant， pathological maternal behavior: they did not behave as mother rats normally do. For example, mothers sometimes abandoned their pops, and, without their mothers’ care，the pops died. Under normal conditions，a mother rat would not leave her pops alone to die. The dominant male, the least affected by overpopulation, claimed an area of the enclosure as his own. Therefore，these individuals did not experience the overcrowding in the same way as the other rats did. They did behave pathologically at times. Their antisocial behavior consisted of attacks on weaker male, female, and immature rats. Nondominant males in the experiments also exhibited deviant social behavior. Some withdrew completely; they moved very little and ate and drank at times when the other rats were sleeping in order to avoid contact with them. Other nondominant males were hyperactive, chasing other rats and fighting each other. This segment of the rat population, like all the other parts, was affected by the overpopulation.
36.What is the main idea of this passage?
(A) Overpopulation results in deviant behavior in rats.
(B) Calhoun’s experiments have influenced many people.
(C) The social behavior of rats is seriously affected by overcrowding.
(D) Overall crowding, along with other factors, causes social pathology.
(E) Female rats are more easily affected by overcrowding than the male rats.
37.【題組】37. Which of the following statements can be inferred from the passage?
(A) Mother rats usually take care of the pops.
(B) Calhoun had experimented with rats before.
(C) Stress does not occur in rat community unless there is overcrowding.
(D) The rats in the experiments have deviant behavior because they fought for necessities of life.
(E) Calhoun manipulated the experiment so that the only factor that caused stress is overpopulation.
38.【題組】38. Which of the following statements is true based on the reading?
(A) Overpopulation causes pathological behavior in rat population.
(B) Female rats are more seriously affected than the nondominant males.
(C) The dominant males are less seriously affected than the nondominant males.
(D) The dominant males are less affected because they had more adequate space.
(E) Overpopulation exerts different influences on different personalities of male rats.
39.【題組】39.The nondominant males behave pathologically by which of the following behavior?
(A) eating less (B) withdrawing (C) Being inactive
(D) avoiding other rats (E) Being hyperactive
40.【題組】40.What would be an appropriate title of this passage?
(A) Enclosure of rats
(B) Rats’ social disease
(C) The deviant behavior of rats
(D) Overpopulation and social behavior
(E) The effect of overcrowding on rats
When most people think of Latin American oil, their thoughts turn to Venezuela and Mexico. But production by Petroleos de Venezuela, or PdVSA, and Petroleos Mexicanos，or Pemex, remains largely domestic and their output stagnant or falling. Brazil cannot compete with Venezuela or Mexico in terms of reserves, but Petrobras may soon surpass PdVSA to become the second-largest company behind Pemex in production. Petrobras, which remains 55.7 percent state-owned, is investing its rush of profit to bolster output to 2.5 million barrels of oil a day by 2010，up from an average of 1.9 million this year.
Its production last year led to net sales of $45.22 billion and a net profit of $10.02 billion, a 50 percent increase from net profit of $6.69 billion in 2004. That puts it on a much stronger financial footing than both PdVSA and Pemex, which lost money last year.
The rapid production gains reflect Petrobras，s success in developing new deep-sea drilling techniques, enabling it to pump farther from shore than other producers and increase its output more quickly than any other company in Latin America. The techniques, similar to those later developed by giants like Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron, enabled Petrobras to pump oil from depths once thought inaccessible and helped Brazil to attain long-sought self-sufficiency in oil production early this year. In the 1980，s，foreign activities by Petrobras were once aimed at negotiating imports, as the company traded machinery and agricultural products for oil from the Middle East. But now, the company is focused on developing deepwater fields abroad.
【題組】41.Why will Petrobras be able to reach the production of 2.5 million barrels a day by 2010?
(A) Because it is investing its profit to prop up production.
(B) Because its daily production is 1.9 million barrels this year.
(C) Because it is mostly government-owned.
(D) Because it is partly privately owned.
(E) Because it is using its production gains to raise output.
42.【題組】42.1n terms of financial condition, which of the following statements is true?
(A) Petrobras’s net gains last year amounted to 43.22 billion.
(B) Petrobras has better financial condition than PdVSA and Pemax.
(C) Both PdVSA and Pemex were in the red last year.
(D) Pemex lost more money than PdVSA last year.
(E) PdVSA lost more money than Pemex.
43.【題組】43 .What makes it possible for Petrobras to have rapid output profit?
(A) It has a strong financial footing.
(B) It has a successful deep-sea drilling techniques.
(C) It has an average of 1.9 million barrels a day this year.
(D) It managed to exploit more offshore oil reserves.
(E) Last year it saw a 50 percent increase from net profit of $6.6 billion in 2004.
44.【題組】44. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron developed deep-sea drilling techniques after Petrobras did.
(B) Petrobras exported much oil in the 1980，s.
(C) Petrobras used to manufacture machinery and agricultural products.
(D) Petrobras modeled its deep-sea drilling techniques after those of Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron.
(E) Not until early this year could Brazil provide itself sufficiently with oil it produced.
45.【題組】45 .What operational strategy does Petrobras adopt?
(A) It still aims at negotiating with the Middle East to import more oil.
(B) It makes good use of its deepwater drilling techniques to pump oil in foreign countries.
(C) It no longer gives priority to ensuring that Brazil imports enough oil.
(D) It tries to pump more oil from depths once thought inaccessible onshore.
(E) It cooperates closely with both Royal Dutch Shell and Chevron.