3.The _____ of wealth between the rich and the poor is getting wider. Some people are too poor to have three meals a day, while the rich can afford to spend $100,000 on a bag.
(A)contribution (B)distribution (C)reference (D)resistance
18.After careful and complete examination, the police ________ the possibility that he was murdered. Lots of evidence showed that it was more likely that he committed suicide.
(A)cleaned up (B)put forward (C)ruled out (D)thought over
21.Traditionally, Americans and Asians have had very different ideas about love and marriage. Americans believe in “romantic” marriage – a boy and girl are attracted to each other, fall in love, and decide to marry each other. Asians, __(21)__ , believe in contractual marriage – the parents of the bride and groom decide on the marriage, __(22)__terms of the agreement; the bride and groom may never meet __(23)__ their wedding day; and love – __(24)__ it ever develops – is supposed to follow marriage, not precede it. Generation after generation of Asian men and women have entered matrimony __(25)__ the more business-like arrangements of the marriage contract.
【題組】21 (A)for example (B)in the end (C)on one hand (D)on the other hand
26.John B. Calhoun did a classic series of experiments to determine the effects of overpopulation on communities of rats in the 1960s. In each of these experiments, an equal number of male and female adult rats were placed in an enclosure and given an adequate supply of food, water and other necessities. He allowed the rat populations to increase to approximately twice the number that could live in the enclosure without experiencing stress due to overcrowding. He then carefully observed and recorded behavior in these overpopulations communities. At the end of these experiments, Calhoun was able to conclude that overcrowding caused a breakdown in the normal social relationships among rats.
The females, the most seriously affected by the high population density, showed deviant, pathological maternal behavior: they did not behave as mother rats normally do. For example, mothers sometimes abandoned their pops, and, without their mothers' care, the pops died. Under normal conditions, a mother rat would not leave her pops alone to die. The dominant male, the least affected by overpopulation, claimed an area of the enclosure as his own. Therefore, these individuals did not experience the overcrowding in the same way as the other rats did. They did behave pathologically at times. Their antisocial behavior consisted of attacks on weaker male, female, and immature rats. Nondominant males in the experiments also exhibited deviant social behavior. Some withdrew completely; they moved very little and ate and drank at times when the other rats were sleeping in order to avoid contact with them. Other nondominant males were hyperactive, chasing other rats and fighting each other. This segment of the rat population, like all the other parts, was affected by the overpopulation.
【題組】What is the main idea of this passage?
(A)Overpopulation results in deviant behavior in rats.
(B)Calhoun's experiments have influenced many people.
(C)The social behavior of rats is seriously affected by overcrowding.
(D)Overall crowding, along with other factors, causes social pathology.
27.【題組】Which of the following statements can be inferred from the passage?
(A)Mother rats usually take care of the pops.
(B)Calhoun had experimented with rats before.
(C)The rats in the experiments have deviant behavior because they fought for necessities of life.
(D)Calhoun manipulated the experiment so that the only factor that caused stress is overpopulation.
28.【題組】Which of the following statements is true based on the reading?
(A)Overpopulation causes pathological behavior in rat population.
(B)The dominant males are less affected because they did not need their own space.
(C)Female rats are more seriously affected than the nondominant males.
(D)The dominant males are less seriously affected than the nondominant males.