11.41 It is discouraging to visit a potential employer _____ that he is more interested in your appearance than your
(A) only to find out (B) to have found out (C) finding out (D) only finding out
14.About forty percent of all email traffic in the United States is spam, and this figure is climbing rapidly. Spam is
usually defined as unsolicited, mass commercial email. It is often 44 advertisements for pornographic websites,
drugs, or surgery that can enhance your sex life. Within another year or so, industry experts 45 , half of all email
messages will be unsolicited.
The flood of email marketing causes headaches for email users. 46 , it costs corporations billions of dollars and
reduces employee productivity. According to a recent study, the average employee spends almost seven minutes
handling an average of 13 spam messages. This 47 to major corporate losses. The annual cost of spam has
reached $9 billion for US corporations alone. 【題組】44. (A) confused with (B) associated with (C) rejected by (D) replaced by
18.A very strong element of our cultures is context. This refers to our environment, particularly how much of it is
significant during communication.
In terms of context, there are two types of cultures, i.e., high context cultures and low context cultures. High context
cultures assign a lot of importance to the environment surrounding a message. Some cultures usually put into this
category include the Japanese, Han Chinese, and Gulf Arab. High context speakers may not state a message very directly.
The meaning of the message is implied, not expressed. In order to understand what is being said, the listener must
understand the situation and his or her relationship to the speaker. In different situations, a given statement could
have very different meanings.
In contrast, low context cultures (such as German and American cultures are said to be) place the highest
importance on the message itself, which is often quite explicit. External factors like interpersonal relationships or family histories do not usually alter the message very much. In such cultures, it is common to send a message to a large number of people and expect them all to understand the message in the same way. 【題組】48 What does the word “explicit” mean in this passage?
(A) Ambiguous (B) Meaningful (C) Clear (D) Flexible
19.【題組】49 According to this passage, which of the following is true about low context cultures?
(A) A statement is often expected to be understood by most people.
(B) External factors often influence the meaning of a statement.
(C) Speakers usually fail to state a statement straightforwardly.
(D) The same message may be interpreted differently.
20.【題組】50 According to the passage, which of the following is true about high context cultures?
(A) People place the highest importance on the statement itself.
(B) The meaning of a statement is always explicitly expressed.
(C) The environment surrounding a statement does not alter the meaning very much.
(D) Part of the meaning of the statement depends on the situation and the interpersonal relation.