5.All animals grow and change before they become adults. The way an animal grows and changes is _____5_____ its life cycle. In fact, not all animals _____6_____ their parents when they are very young. For example, before a butterfly _____7_____ an adult, it goes through some very big changes. After each change, it starts a new stage, or part, of its life. There are four main stages in a butterfly’s life. They are egg, caterpillar, pupa (蛹), and adult. First, a female butterfly lays eggs. Then a caterpillar _____8_____ from an egg. It begins to eat and grow. Later, the caterpillar gets rid of its skin and becomes a pupa. When the adult butterfly has formed, it is ready to come out. Some butterflies live for as long as eighteen months. But some live for only two weeks. During that time, most butterflies _____9_____ their mates. The female butterflies will lay eggs, and the life cycle will begin again.
【題組】5. (A)asked (B)called (C)explained (D)told
10.John: What’s your phone number? Mary: 3621888. Please feel free to call me any time. John: O.K. ___________
(A)I only wanted to help. (B)I’ll keep in touch. (C)The line is busy. (D)Let’s call information.
11.I have a special rule for travel: Never carry a map. I prefer to ask for directions. Sometimes I get lost, but I usually have a good time. And there are some other advantages: I can practice a new language, meet new people, learn new customs, and the like. I can find out about different “styles” of directions every time I ask, “How can I get to the post office?” Here are some illustrations of those differences.
Tourists are often confused in Japan. That’s because most streets there don’t have names; outside big cities, people most often use landmarks in their directions. For example, the Japanese might tell travelers something like this: “Go straight down to the corner. Turn left at the big hotel with the sushi bar and go past the fruit market. The post office is next to the fast-food place.”
People in Los Angeles, California, have no idea of directions or distance on the map. Residents there are almost always in their cars, so they measure distance in time. “How far away is the post office?” you ask. “Oh,” they might answer, “I guess it’s about five minutes from here.” You say, “Yes, but how many miles away is it?” They rarely know.
What if a person doesn’t know the answer to your question about the location of a place? A New Yorker might say, “Sorry, I have no idea” and walk away quickly. But in Yucatan, Mexico, not many residents answer, “I don’t know.” People in Yucatan may believe that a quick “I don’t know” is impolite; they might stay and talk to you—and usually they’ll try to give an answer, sometimes a wrong one. A tourist without a good sense of direction can get very lost in this southern region!
One thing will help you everywhere—in Japan, Los Angeles, Mexico, or any other place. You might not understand a person’s words, but you can probably understand the body language—the facial expressions, gestures, motions, movements, and so on. He or she will usually turn and then point. Go in that direction and you’ll find the post office—maybe!
【題組】What’s the best title for the article?
(A)Getting around without a Map (B)The Importance of the Body Language
(C)The Use of Landmarks in Giving Directions (D)How Can I Get to the Post Office?
12.【題組】According to the author, which of the following is considered the advantage of travel without maps?
(A)You can meet local people. (B)You get familiar with some landmarks.
(C)You can measure distance in time. (D)You can practice the body language.
13.【題組】According to the article, which of the following statements is true?
(A)To avoid confusion, it’s better to include landmarks in directions.
(B)People in various places in the world give directions in different ways.
(C)One of the common ways to give directions is in miles.
(D)All over the world, words in sentences are easier to understand than the body language.
15.【題組】What can be inferred from the article?
(A)Mexicans are more friendly and polite than New Yorkers.
(B)Making good use of the body language is very important.
(C)People in Los Angeles cannot read maps very well.
(D)There may be cultural and regional differences in giving directions.