HsinLing Yen>试卷(2016/03/29)

高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文題庫 下載題庫

98 年 - 098年 民航三等#9457 

选择:40题,非选:4题
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1.After having been a victim of _____ violence for years, she finally decided to sue her husband for beating her up constantly.
(A)credulous
(B)domestic
(C)majestic
(D)meticulous
2.The school has been granted one million dollars to renovate the library. I am sure the ______ money will give the school library a better appearance.
(A)forthcoming
(B)high-living
(C)outgoing
(D)upbringing
3.The government is going to raise tax in order to cut the _____ deficit.
(A)stock
(B)budget
(C)money
(D)proposal
4.The police _____ an investigation into the car accident.
(A)fixed
(B)invited
(C)launched
(D)testified
5.He is _____ ! He tried to set up his own company many times but has never succeeded.
(A)apathetic
(B)empathetic
(C)pathetic
(D)sympathetic
6.The company’s _____ is to provide the highest level of quality and service for every customer.
(A)announcement
(B)commitment
(C)temptation
(D)consumption
7.Every year we have _____ days to raise money for people in poverty.
(A)giving
(B)generous
(C)goodwill
(D)charity
8.For decades, Bill has been a strong _____ of peaceful resolution. He will never resort to force.
(A)advocate
(B)beneficiary
(C)opponent
(D)prosecutor
9.An astounding finding by some therapists was that extra-marital love affairs may cultivate, instead of _____ , intimacy in a marriage.
(A)enhancing
(B)mystifying
(C)provoking
(D)strangling
10.When designing the building, the architect was concerned more about the _____ than the decorative features. The result is that every space has its practical and unique function.
(A)gregarious
(B)horrendous
(C)miraculous
(D)utilitarian
11.The criminal burned the neighbor’s house out of a _____ action: He lost his own house two years ago in a fire.
(A)compassionate
(B)flamboyant
(C)gibberish
(D)vindictive
12.After workers had demonstrated in protest at the pension reform, many of them appeared to have _____ accepted that the forthcoming policy was inevitable.
(A)grudgingly
(B)dauntingly
(C)passionately
(D)substantially
13.With the shrinkage of manufacturing jobs, service industry now _____ more than four fifths of the total labor market.
(A)accounts for
(B)attributes to
(C)stands up for
(D)subjects to
14.Jennifer is considered an _____ leader because she never seeks the opinions of her colleagues.
(A)inactive
(B)autocratic
(C)affable
(D)ambiguous
15.My friends were supposed to fly home to Taipei last night after spending the weekend with us, but they were _____ because of bad weather.
(A)stretched
(B)strengthened
(C)strangled
(D)stranded
16.This milk must be spoiled, because it is _____ a nasty smell.
(A)giving back
(B)cutting back
(C)calling up
(D)giving off
17._____ This milk must be spoiled, because it is a nasty smell.
(A)giving back
(B)cutting back
(C)calling up
(D)giving off
18.In any field of science, small samples lead to _____ results. To find reliable answers, researchers need a lot of data.
(A)obscene
(B)obsolete
(C)scarce
(D)spurious
19.Meteorites fascinate scientists because they are the smashed-up _____ of asteroids—the tiny planets that orbit between Mars and Jupiter.
(A)corpses
(B)genetics
(C)remnants
(D)traumas
20.This country is made up of four major islands, all of _____ have a special feature of their own.
(A)whom
(B)that
(C)which
(D)them
21.Please accept my sincere apology. I didn’t mean what I said; it’s only a _____ .
(A)bite of lip
(B)lip service
(C)slip of the tongue
(D)tongue-twisting
22._____ hearing her husband’s sudden death in a car crash, Lucy fainted on the spot.
(A)With
(B)By
(C)Of
(D)On
23.I am becoming forgetful; I can’t recall the name of the person _____ .
(A)to the moment
(B)by the moment
(C)for the moment
(D)in the moment
24.The committee offers an explanation _____ why both developed and developing countries may benefit from open trade.
(A)and
(B)yet
(C)as to
(D)due to
25.Many experts are convinced that the Greenhouse Effect is irreversible, _____ they advise us to plan now for how to cope with environmental changes.
(A)so
(B)for
(C)because
(D)yet
26. As the violence in American television programs increased, so did national concern __26__ the possible harmful effects that such programming might be having on children. Many authorities __27__ in the field of psychiatry and other disciplines of social behavior took the position that the amount and types of crime, brutality, and violence portrayed on television were having a __28__ impact on the mental and social health and attitudes of the child audience. The causal relationship between televised violence and antisocial behavior is __29__ to warrant appropriate and immediate remedial action. __30__ research and Congressional hearings have further confirmed the validity and seriousness of this conclusion.
【題組】26
(A)over
(B)at
(C)of
(D)above
27.【題組】27
(A)relevant
(B)imminent
(C)prominent
(D)diffident
28.【題組】28
(A)subjective
(B)objective
(C)positive
(D)negative
29.【題組】29
(A)proficient
(B)deficient
(C)efficient
(D)sufficient
30.【題組】30
(A)Delinquent
(B)Subsequent
(C)Succinct
(D)Deferential
31.The trees have been cut down in large amounts. The _____ of the world’s rain forests becomes a serious problem.
(A)depreciation
(B)deformation
(C)deforestation
(D)decomposition
32.So central is language to political organization that in many societies defining the language has become tantamount to defining nationality.
(A)The language issue has become a central topic essential to political organizations.
(B)In many societies a person’s nationality can be defined by the language he speaks.
(C)The language has been used to determine whether one is patriotic to one’s nation.
(D)The language has been defined as a tool for the nation to unify political organizations.
33.It would be a case of the tail wagging the dog if the school is completely controlled by the students’ demands.
(A)The school demands the students to control the wagging dog.
(B)The school should put the students’ demands under complete control.
(C)The school should not be completely controlled by the students’ demands.
(D)The students of the school demand to have a complete control over the wagging dog.
34.The great triumphs of technology and exploration begin as the dreams and hypotheses of bold thinkers. As economic and environmental pressures build on Earth, the dreams—a satellite, men and women in space, the first walk on the moon and Mars, space stations, and a shuttle—become an essential alternative.
(A)Bold dreams and hypotheses produce technological success and explorations into the space.
(B)Economic and environmental pressures will be replaced by explorations into the space.
(C)Technology and exploration into space initially take the form of dreams and hypotheses, but become an alternative when Earth encounters problems.
(D)Satellites, space stations, shuttles and other extraordinary adventures result in the dreams and hypotheses of bold thinkers.
35.Adversity has the effect of eliciting talent that in prosperous circumstances would have lain dormant.
(A)Advice from prosperous people may help to elicit one’s talent.
(B)Talent is the dominant factor to make one prosperous.
(C)One’s talent will be activated through hardship.
(D)Prosperous circumstances lie in one’s talent.
36.Decades of research offer guidance _____ how physicians can incorporate aspects of the placebo effect to make accepted medicines more effective.
(A)that
(B)so that
(C)as to
(D)so as to
37. A major deterrent to recycling is that the prices of local garbage disposal rarely reflect the actual cost of disposal. Most collection systems are controlled or owned by governments, which assess a flat sum for garbage collection, sometimes as part of municipal taxes. The trash collector picks up whatever waste people leave at the curb, and people are not rewarded for discarding only a small amount or penalized for discarding a lot. __37__ In contrast, privately owned systems, operating without municipal price regulation, would have to accurately price garbage disposal to stay profitable. __38__ Unfortunately, recycling has not taken the form of privatization or freeing up of municipal controls. __39__ A few cities, such as Seattle, have, however, experimented with charging for each trash can that has to be picked up. This has led 70 percent of Seattle residents to cut down on their waste. __40__ And it means that those who choose not to reduce their waste pay the full cost of the burden they place on the collection system.
【題組】37
(A)Such “per-can” charges provide an inducement to reduce waste, whether through recycling or other means.
(B)A fairer way to encourage recycling is to price the costs of disposal accurately.
(C)Instead, more and more local governments have mandated curbside separation.
(D)Thus, they have no incentive to reduce their waste.
38.【題組】38
(A)Accurate pricing would encourage people to reduce their waste. 
(B)Recycling is the process of converting waste products into reusable materials. 
(C)Instead, more and more local governments have mandated curbside separation.
(D)Such “per-can” charges provide an inducement to reduce waste, whether through recycling or other means.
39.【題組】39
(A)Such “per-can” charges provide an inducement to reduce waste, whether through recycling or other means.
(B)Instead, more and more local governments have mandated curbside separation.
(C)A fairer way to encourage recycling is to price the costs of disposal accurately.
(D)Thus, they have no incentive to reduce their waste.
40.【題組】40
(A)Such “per-can” charges provide an inducement to reduce waste, whether through recycling or other means.
(B)Recycling is the process of converting waste products into reusable materials.
(C)Instead, more and more local governments have mandated curbside separation.
(D)Thus, they have no incentive to reduce their waste.

【非選題】

一、英譯中:請將下列英文譯成中文。(30 分)

【題組】 ⑴ The worst terrorist attack of all time Tuesday struck at the economic and political heart of the United States in a bloody coordinated assault that razed New York’s World Trade Center, collapsed parts of the Pentagon and sent shock waves across the world.

#168728
高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文- 98 年 - 098年 民航三等#9457
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【非選題】【題組】 ⑵ Scientists tell us that the world of nature is so small and interdependent that a butterfly flapping its wings in the Amazon rainforest can generate a violent storm on the other side of the earth.

#168729
高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文- 98 年 - 098年 民航三等#9457
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【非選題】【題組】 ⑶ For some young Japanese people—believe it or not—being in cold water has a very special meaning. They celebrate their coming of age by bathing in icy cold water as part of an ancient rite. Participants believe that the ceremony gives them a chance to purify themselves and start their adult life with a clean slate at the age of 20.

#168730
高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文- 98 年 - 098年 民航三等#9457
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【非選題】二、英文作文:請寫一篇短文,描述學習英文過程中的趣事。(文長不超過 200 字) (20 分)

#168731
高普考/三四等/高員級◆英文- 98 年 - 098年 民航三等#9457
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