8.The chairperson’s speech was full of _____. Many people thought her language was meant to be intentionally vague so as to please everybody.
(A) ambiguities (B) compensations (C) disturbances (D) harassments
10. The food, eating, and nutrition practices and patterns of a society have been discussed in many ways, each of which offers different perspectives for analyses of social dynamics. Foodways is a term often used by ( 10 ) who seek to portray the traditional food and eating patterns in a society. Foodways typically denote such traditional societal practices ( 11 ) are informally transmitted and may be difficult to modify. More recently, the term food culture has been used to denote the components of a larger culture ( 12 ) food, eating, and nutrition. Both foodways and food culture have specific connotations, with foodways having more specific historical and geographical referents ( 13 ) food culture offers more universalistic and scientific connotations. To avoid the past images conjured up under foodways (and related terms such as food habits or cuisine), food culture will be used here to ( 14 ) the food, eating, and nutrition-related categories, rules, and plans used in a particular society. 【題組】
10 (A) those (B) one (C) them (D) he
15.Mr. Lin: I come to say sorry for what I did to you last week. Mr. Chiang: I don’t understand. What for?
Mr. Lin: I felt really bad about talking back to you.
Mr. Lin: So we’re OK?
Mr. Chiang: Sure.
(A) Don’t worry about that. (B) No problem. You’re always welcome.
(C) I’ll be a good listener. (D) It won’t take too long.
16.Passenger 1: Can you tell me where I can change my money?
Passenger 2: ____________________________
(A) Sorry, I don’t have any change. (B) No, it’s rude of you to say so.
(C) I don’t know where your money is. (D) At most banks and hotels.
17.Andy: I’ll mail the letter for you on my way to school.
James: You won’t forget, will you?
Andy: Don’t worry. ______________
(A) Go ahead. (B) I can’t agree more.
(C) You can count on me. (D) You can say that again.
18. The term Black English is a relatively “new” word in American English. During the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, the adjective “black” became popular. It replaced “Negro,” which recalled the memories of slavery. Black was considered a more dignified word. Americans began speaking about Black English, Black studies, Black Power, Black History, and so forth.
The origins of Black English really go back to West Africa. The English slave traders were often unfamiliar with the various African languages. They needed a common language to deal with the slaves. The slaves, who came from many different tribes, needed a common language to communicate. This mixture of English and the various African languages was the foundation of Black English.
During the long trip to the New World, the slaves spoke this “new” language. They built new friendships through this common bond. More important still, they kept some of their African traditions and customs alive in this “new” language. Some of the slaves went to the West Indies. Today Caribbean English has its own grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Despite the common origins, there are differences between the English of a Caribbean Black and an American Black. 【題組】
18 According to this passage, why did people start using “black” to replace Negro?
(A) Because “black” was a relatively popular word.
(B) Because people wanted to remember the history of slavery.
(C) Because in the 1960s, people wanted to use a word that could show respect to the black people.
(D) Because the word “Negro” reminded people of the Civil Rights Movement.
19.【題組】According to this passage, which of the following is NOT true about the origins of Black English?
(A) The slaves, who came from different tribes, couldn’t communicate with each other without a common language.
(B) The slave traders were not familiar with the various African languages, so they invented a whole new language.
(C) The birth of Black English has much to do with the slave trade in West Africa.
(D) Black English came from the mixture of English and African languages.
20.【題組】According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) The origins of Black English can be traced back to West Africa.
(B) With a “new” language, the slaves couldn’t keep their old traditions and customs alive.
(C) Black people in different parts of the world speak the same language.
(D) Black English is derived from the one used in the West Indies.