6.The saying “Dogs are people’s best friends” is an old one. People and dogs _____6_____ together since ancient times. Many dogs serve _____7_____ as pets. But some dogs have real jobs to do. They work as police dogs and as guide dogs for the blind. Some breeds of dogs do these jobs _____8_____ others. Very often, people choose German shepherds for this work. What makes these dogs so good at it? German shepherds have many _____9_____ that make them good work dogs. For one thing, they are the right size. They are quite large and strong. They also look alert and are very smart. So it is easy to train them to do hard jobs. What’s more, German shepherds have the right traits. They are patient and can wait _____10_____ for a long time. The dogs’ calm and gentle natures show that they can be well trained. 【題組】6 (A)are living (B)had lived (C)have lived (D)would be living
11.Schools can contribute to the socialization of gender roles. Books that children use in learning to read influence their ideas about _____11_____ is suitable behavior for males and females. Traditionally, males have been more likely to be portrayed as clever, heroic, and adventurous in these books, _____12_____ females have been more likely to be shown doing domestic chores. As youngsters progress through the school system, they are often channeled in career directions considered appropriate for their sex. For example, males have been more likely to be encouraged to study mathematics and to work toward becoming engineers or doctors. Females have _____13_____ been encouraged to take classes in home economics and to work toward becoming nurses or homemakers.
【題組】11 (A) it (B)that (C)which (D)what
14.Buying overpriced indulgences may feel good in the short term, but you pay the price later. Or at least that’s the conventional wisdom. But a study by a couple of business-school professors says splurging now makes you happier later. Even more surprising: not splurging now gives you pangs of regret later.
One study in the Harvard Business Review polled college students and alumni on the subject of spring breaks. Regret about not having spent more money or traveling during breaks increased with time, whereas regret about not having worked, studied, or saved money during breaks decreased with time.
The authors write: “We saw a similar pattern in a study of how businesspeople perceived past choices between work and pleasure. Over time, those who had indulged felt less and less guilty about their choices, whereas those who had been dutiful experienced a growing sense of having missed out on the pleasures of life.”
The authors also did a study of mall shoppers, asking about their regret about buying an expensive item of clothing. Those who anticipated short-term regret bought less-expensive items, while those who anticipated long-term regret splurged.
Luxury-goods makers, of course, will eat this up. I can see the slogan now: “Luxury: It’s Good for Life.” Well, whether luxury is good for your finances is another matter.
Wealth Report readers, what do you think? Do the long-term benefits of indulgence outweigh the short-term risks of regret? 【題組】14 According to the study, who is going to regret in the long run?
(A)Those who take a luxurious spring vacation. (B)Those who have bought a brand-name item.
(C)Those who spend money on expensive clothes. (D)Those who devote themselves to their jobs.
15.【題組】15 What does the author mean by saying “luxury-goods makers will eat this up?”
(A)More luxurious food will be produced for the market.
(B)Luxury-goods businesses will be harmed by the study.
(C)Luxury-goods makers will make full use of this study.
(D)Consumers will regret that they have eaten too much luxurious food.
16.【題組】16 What does a person who “splurges” do?
(A)He/she overworks all the time.
(B)He/she has deep life-long regret.
(C)He/she budgets his/her money when going shopping.
(D)He/she spends more money than he/she can usually afford.
17.【題組】17 Who did the Harvard Business Review survey in the study mentioned in the passage?
(A)College professors and tourists. (B)College students and businesspeople.
(C)Shopowners and their customers. (D)Producers of luxury goods.
18.Gaviotas, a rural area in Colombia, is an example of how even desolate places in the countryside can be developed for sustainable human use. This area had been considered a wasteland: dry brown savanna, without enough water, plant, or animal life to support a town. But today a green spot of a 25,000-acre forest and big aluminum sunflowers begin to dot the empty savanna.
Under the trees are low white buildings and colorful houses, all with solar collectors. Begun in 1971 as a scientific experiment, Gaviotas is now a self-sufficient town of 200, supported by clean, renewable industries. In the beginning of restoring the unproductive savanna to a place where humans can live well, the first problem was finding pure water. The Gaviotans invented a special kind of hand pump to reach deepwater reservoirs. Another goal was to restore the soil and plants. After years, they discovered that Caribbean pines from Honduras could grow in the area’s thin, acidic soil.
As more people moved to Gaviotas, it was important to consider a pollution-free way of transportation. Village mechanics developed a bicycle especially designed for the area’s rough land. Bicycles are now the official mode of transportation, cheap and pollution-free. Gaviotas is a remarkable accomplishment of sustainable development. This once dry landscape has been turned into a near paradise. 【題組】18 What is this passage mainly about?
(A)How to get pure water. (B)How to restore the soil and plants.
(C)How to turn a wasteland into a self-sufficient town. (D)How to create sustainable living areas in cities.
19.【題組】19 Why had this area been considered a wasteland?
(A)There were no plants at all. (B)Not enough animal life was seen.
(C)There was not enough public transportation. (D)There was only dry green savanna.
20.【題組】20 Which of the following statements is NOT true?
(A)Bicycles, the official means of transportation, are expensive in Gaviotas.
(B)The Gaviotans invented a special pump to reach deepwater reservoirs.
(C)The soil is thin and acidic, but Caribbean pines from Honduras can grow there.
(D)Inhabitants in Gaviotas are able to provide for their needs without outside help.